Whitechapel, Lancashire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Whitechapel
Whitechapel Church 230-30.jpg
St James' Church, Whitechapel
Whitechapel is located in Lancashire
Whitechapel
Whitechapel
 Whitechapel shown within Lancashire
Civil parish Goosnargh
District Preston
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESTON
Postcode district PR3
Dialling code 01995
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Coordinates: 53°51′58″N 2°40′23″W / 53.866°N 2.673°W / 53.866; -2.673

Whitechapel is a tiny hamlet in the civil parish of Goosnargh in Lancashire, England. It lies on the border of the Forest of Bowland near the foot of Beacon Fell, and close to the neighbouring village of Inglewhite. Its name is marked as White Chapel on some maps.

The area was known as "Threlfall" in the Domesday Book.[1] A tiny 27×13-foot private chapel was built for the Threlfall family in Elizabethan times, and was rebuilt as St James' Church about 1738.[2] The churchyard contains a sundial dated 1745 which is a Grade II listed building.[3]

The name "Whitechapel" came into use in the early nineteenth century, named after the church. It was originally a part of Goosnargh ecclesiastical parish, but acquired independent parish status in 1846.[2]

The village primary school originated in 1705, within the church, acquiring its own building in 1810.[4]

On Pancake Day the children of Whitechapel, Inglewhite and the surrounding area keep alive an age-old tradition that was once more widespread in the Goosnargh, Garstang and Fylde areas of Lancashire.[5] They visit local households and ask "please a pancake", to be rewarded with oranges or sweets. It is thought the tradition arose when farm workers visited the wealthier farm and manor owners to ask for pancakes or pancake fillings.[6][7] In 1888, Richard Cookson wrote, "The children go from house to house and are treated with ginger-bread, toffies and other sweet meats."[8]

WICE (Whitechapel and Inglewhite Community Enterprises) is a community organisation to enable a sustainable and resilient community.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dewhurst, p.5
  2. ^ a b Dewhurst, p.7
  3. ^ Images of England, accessed 12 September 2009
  4. ^ Dewhurst, p.17
  5. ^ Lofthouse, p. 198
  6. ^ (7 February 2008), "Pancake traditions in village", Longridge News, accessed 2010-06-16
  7. ^ "Pancake Day at Whitechapel!", Whitechapel Primary School website, accessed 2010-06-16
  8. ^ Cookson, p.285

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Whitechapel, Lancashire at Wikimedia Commons