Whitechapel (UK Parliament constituency)

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Whitechapel
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members one
Replaced by Whitechapel St George's
Created from Tower Hamlets

Whitechapel was a parliamentary constituency in the Whitechapel district of East London. In 1885 the seat was established as a division of the parliamentary borough of Tower Hamlets. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

History and Boundaries[edit]

Whitechapel in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1885 to 1918.

The constituency was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the 1885 general election, and abolished for the 1918 general election.

Whitechapel is part of the historic county of Middlesex, in the far east of the county. The constituency was on the north bank of the River Thames. It was bordered by the constituencies of: City of London to the west; Hoxton & Bethnal Green South West to the north; and Stepney & St George's in the East to the east.

From 1889 the district was included in the administrative County of London. In 1900 the constituency became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Stepney.

In the redistribution of 1918 Whitechapel was incorporated in a new Whitechapel and St George's constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member [1] Party
1885 Sir Samuel Montagu, Bt Liberal
1900 Sir Stuart Samuel, Bt Liberal
1916 by-election James Kiley Liberal
1918 constituency abolished: see Whitechapel and St George's

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Whitechapel by-election, 1916
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Daniel Kiley unopposed
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Whitechapel by-election, 1913
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Stuart Montagu Samuel, Bt. 1,722 52.5
Conservative Capt. Edgar Monteagle Browne 1,556 47.5
Majority 166 5.0
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing -6.7
General Election December 1910: Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Stuart Montagu Samuel 1,731 59.2
Conservative Capt. Edgar Monteagle Browne 1,191 40.8
Majority 540 18.4
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing +0.9
General Election January 1910: Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Stuart Montagu Samuel 1,963 58.3
Conservative L. Greenlees 1,402 41.7
Majority 561 16.6
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing +3.2

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906: Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Stuart Montagu Samuel 1,925 55.1
Conservative David Hope Kyd 1,569 44.9
Majority 356 10.2
Turnout 4,279 81.7
Liberal hold Swing +4.0
General Election 1900: Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Stuart Montagu Samuel 1,679 51.1
Conservative David Hope Kyd 1,608 48.9
Majority 71 2.2
Turnout 5,004 65.7
Liberal hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Samuel Montagu
General Election 1895: Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Samuel Montagu, Bt. 2,009 50.4
Conservative Sir William Henry Porter, Bt. 1,977 49.6
Majority 32 0.8
Turnout 5,864 68.0
Liberal hold Swing -6.0
General Election 1892: Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Samuel Montagu 2,327 56.4
Conservative Col. William Le Poer Trench 1,800 43.6
Majority 527 12.8
Turnout 5,813 71.0
Liberal hold Swing -1.4

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Samuel Montagu 2,179 57.8
Conservative Col. William Le Poer Trench 1,592 42.2
Majority 587 15.6
Turnout 6,140 61.4
Liberal hold Swing +3.4
General Election 1885: Tower Hamlets, Whitechapel
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Samuel Montagu 2,353 54.4
Conservative Phineas Cowan 1,972 45.6
Majority 381 8.8
Turnout 6,140 70.4

References[edit]

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume III 1919-1945, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1979)