South Ferry – Whitehall Street (New York City Subway)

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South Ferry – Whitehall Street
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Whitehall Street - South Ferry.JPG
South Ferry station canopy
Station statistics
Address South Street & Whitehall Street
New York, NY 10004
Borough Manhattan
Locale Financial District
Coordinates 40°42′09″N 74°00′46″W / 40.702472°N 74.012833°W / 40.702472; -74.012833Coordinates: 40°42′09″N 74°00′46″W / 40.702472°N 74.012833°W / 40.702472; -74.012833
Division A (IRT), B (BMT)
Line       BMT Broadway Line
      IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Services       1 all times (all times)
      R weekdays except late nights (weekdays except late nights)
Other information
Opened March 16, 2009; 5 years ago (2009-03-16)[1]
Passengers (2013) 6,192,660 (station complex)[2] Decrease 21.3%
Rank 68 out of 421

South Ferry – Whitehall Street is a New York City Subway station complex in the Manhattan neighborhood of Battery Park, shared by the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and the BMT Broadway Line. It is served by the:

  • 1 train at all times
  • R train during weekdays

Formerly two unconnected stations, the 2009 completion of the new South Ferry IRT terminal added a free transfer between the 1 train and the R train at the older Whitehall Street station.

This station complex is the third on the site to bear the name South Ferry. The second, opened from 1905 to 2009, served the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line and Lexington Avenue lines. The first was an elevated station opened from 1877 to 1950, and served the former IRT Ninth, Sixth, Third, and Second Avenue lines.

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit / Entrance
(Elevator at SW corner of Whitehall and State Streets. Note: Elevator out of service)
Loop platforms
Side platform, not in service
Separating wall
Inner loop NYCS 5 does not stop here (Bowling Green is the next stop)
Outer loop NYCS 1 toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (Rector Street (Seventh))
Side platform, doors open on the right for the first five cars only
Mezzanine to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
B2 Mezzanine Passageway between platforms
Broadway Line platforms
Northbound No regular service
NYCS R (under construction) toward 71st Avenue (Rector Street (Broadway))
NYCS N (under construction) toward Ditmars Boulevard late nights (Rector Street (Broadway))
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Center track NYCS R toward Forest Hills – 71st Avenue weekdays (Rector Street (Broadway))
Island platform, not in service
Southbound No regular service
NYCS R (under construction) toward Bay Ridge – 95th Street (Court Street)
NYCS N (under construction) toward Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue late nights (Court Street)
Seventh Avenue Line platform
Track 4 No regular service
NYCS 1 (planned) toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (Rector Street (Seventh))
Island platform, not in service Handicapped/disabled access
Track 1 No regular service
NYCS 1 (planned) toward Van Cortlandt Park – 242nd Street (Rector Street (Seventh))

IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line platforms[edit]

Old South Ferry station loop platforms (1905–2009, 2013–present)[edit]

New passageway built in 2013 leading to the old South Ferry station
Main article: South Ferry loops

The South Ferry loops, used by the 1 train as of April 2013, are two side platforms (the inner one is walled off) on curved balloon loop tracks; however, free transfers were unavailable between the platforms and each platform was meant to be served by its own line. The most recent configuration using both tracks consisted of the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line on the outer loop platform and the IRT Lexington Avenue Line on the inner loop platform. Both stations are individually named South Ferry; the name "South Ferry loops" is used to distinguish these platforms from the successor station. The outer loop platform reopened on April 4, 2013, to provide temporary replacement service for the newer island platform station that was closed because of damage caused by Hurricane Sandy.[3]

New South Ferry station (2009–2012)[edit]

South Ferry
no regular service
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Station condition as of January 2013
Station statistics
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Services no regular service
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened March 16, 2009; 5 years ago (2009-03-16),[1] June 2016 (planned)[4]
Closed October 28, 2012; 21 months ago (2012-10-28)
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line only; elevator not in service)
Station succession
Next north Rector Street: no regular service
Next south (Terminal): no regular service

Next Handicapped/disabled access north Chambers Street: no regular service
Next Handicapped/disabled access south none: no regular service

The South Ferry station of the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line has two tracks and one island platform. The two tracks end at bumper blocks at the south end of the platform. This station is the newest in the entire transit system, built as a replacement for the loop station, which was relegated to being used for turn-arounds once the new station opened. Unlike the loop station, this station only can access IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line local trains, and does not connect with the Lexington Avenue Line.


In mid-2005, construction commenced on the new station, which is located underneath the loop station. It is designed as an ADA-accessible, two-track terminal, which allows all ten cars of the train to platform and all doors to be opened. The new station offers three street entrances (the loop station originally had only one before it reopened with a connection to the South Ferry – Whitehall Street complex in 2013) and has added a free transfer to the Whitehall Street – South Ferry station on the BMT Broadway Line. Landscaping for Peter Minuit Plaza was completed in May 2010.

On December 11, 2008, the New York Times and the cable news channel NY1 reported that the new station was essentially finished. It features monumental artwork, See it split, see it change,[5] consisting of fused glass wall, stone mosaic, and a stainless steel fence. The artwork by artists Doug & Mike Starn depicting Manhattan topography is installed in the mezzanine.[6] In November and December 2005, centuries-old walls were discovered in two places in the proposed right-of-way. The walls are on display in the park, and in the new terminal.[7][8][9]

Originally budgeted at $400 million, the new South Ferry station cost a total of $530 million, with most of the money being a grant from the Federal Transit Administration earmarked for World Trade Center reconstruction.[10] In January 2009, the opening was delayed because the tracks were too far from the edge of the platform. The problem was corrected and the station opened on March 16, 2009.[11][12] It was the first new subway station completed since 1989 when the IND 63rd Street Line stations opened.

On April 16, 2009, MTA Capital Construction awarded a $19.2 million contract to Tully Construction Company to reconstruct Peter Minuit Plaza, which is above the station.[13]

Hurricane Sandy[edit]

On October 29, 2012, the new South Ferry station suffered extensive flooding damage caused by Hurricane Sandy. Salt water filled the station from the track level all the way up to the station mezzanine, turning the station into a "large fish tank," as former MTA chairman Joseph Lhota described it.[14] As a result, this section of the complex was closed until further notice. The MTA estimated that repairs would cost $600 million and might continue until 2016.[14][15] The terminal for the routes serving the station was moved back to Rector Street until the old loop station could be put back into service. The old loop station reopened on April 4, 2013, as a temporary replacement station until the newer, "replacement" station is restored to revenue service.[16][17] The station is expected to reopen in August 2016 after renovations, signal room relocations, and extensive waterproofing work.[18] The signal room itself could be delayed to 2019. The bid process for the contractor is to start in early 2014.[4]

The station, in addition to being the newest station in the system, is also notable for being the most recently closed station in the entire subway system – it closed after only three years in service.

BMT Broadway Line platforms[edit]

Whitehall Street – South Ferry
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Whitehall Street–South Ferry BMT 121823502 6024ba329b.jpg
Station statistics
Division B (BMT)
Line       BMT Broadway Line
Services       R weekdays except late nights (weekdays except late nights)
Structure Underground
Platforms 2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks 3 (1 in regular service)
Other information
Opened September 20, 1918; 95 years ago (1918-09-20)
Station succession
Next north Rector Street: R weekdays except late nights
Next south (Terminal): R weekdays except late nights
Court Street: no regular service
R40 4252 on the W train at Whitehall Street before the transfer to South Ferry opened. Both the car model and service route have been retired.

Whitehall Street – South Ferry[19] on the BMT Broadway Line has three tracks and two island platforms. The station is rather deep, as much of it goes under Bowling Green on the IRT Lexington Avenue Line. The fare control area and transfer to the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line platforms are at the extreme south end of the station, with additional exits at the north end. Both platforms are approximately 12–15 feet (3.7–4.6 m) wide, enough to fit several narrow stairways along the platform's length; this is why, although the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line's island platform is wheelchair-accessible, the BMT Broadway Line's platforms are not.

South of this station, a pair of bellmouths exists, allowing for a connection to a never-built East River tunnel south of the Montague Street Tunnel, going towards the proposed DeKalb Avenue bypass, using the old LIRR Atlantic Avenue Tunnel or under another street in Brooklyn. Further south is a flying junction joining from Broad Street on the BMT Nassau Street Line. Also south of this station, the emergency exit from the Montague Street Tunnel is located in the Nassau Street Connection which means before the Nassau Street Line was built, the emergency exit was actually in the bellmouth for the proposed line. The bellmouth was visible for years until it was used by the Nassau Street Connection when the entire line opened in 1931.

When this station opened, it was the terminal for the Broadway Line until the connection to Brooklyn opened in March 1920.

As of August 2, 2013, this portion of the station is the southern terminal of the R train's Queens-Manhattan section on weekdays until October 2014. During this period, it short turns on the center track. This is due to Hurricane Sandy recovery work being done in the Montague Street Tunnel by the MTA. All weekend R and night N trains cross over the Manhattan Bridge south side. During those times, this portion of the station is closed.

Notable places nearby[edit]


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]