Whiting, Indiana

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City of Whiting, Indiana
City
Whiting's business district on 119th Street
Whiting's business district on 119th Street
Whiting's location in Lake County (left)and the state of Indiana (right).
Whiting's location in Lake County (left)
and the state of Indiana (right).
Coordinates: 41°40′34″N 87°29′26″W / 41.67611°N 87.49056°W / 41.67611; -87.49056Coordinates: 41°40′34″N 87°29′26″W / 41.67611°N 87.49056°W / 41.67611; -87.49056
Country United States United States
State Indiana Indiana
County Lake
Township North
Incorporated (Town) 1895
Incorporated (City) 1903
Named for "Pop" Whiting
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Joseph M. Stahura (D)
 • City Council
 • City Clerk John T. Haynes (D)
 • City Judge Ann Patricia Likens (D)
Area[2]
 • Total 3.23 sq mi (8.37 km2)
 • Land 1.80 sq mi (4.66 km2)
 • Water 1.43 sq mi (3.70 km2)
Elevation 587 ft (179 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 4,997
 • Estimate (2013) 4,891
 • Density 2,776.1/sq mi (1,071.9/km2)
Standard of living (2008-12)[3]
 • Per capita income $21,427
 • Median home value $111,500
Time zone Central (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central (UTC-5)
ZIP code 46394
Area code 219
FIPS code 18-84122[4]
GNIS feature ID 0445988[5]
U.S. and State Routes

US 12.svg US 20.svg US 41.svg Indiana 312.svg


Waterway

Lake Michigan


Amtrak station Hammond-Whiting
Website whitingindiana.com
Demographics (2010)[6]
White Black Asian
76.3% 3.5% 0.7%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.7% 18.8% 40.7%

Whiting is a city located in the Chicago Metropolitan Area in Lake County, Indiana, which was founded in 1889. The city is located on the southern shore of Lake Michigan. It is roughly 16 miles from the Chicago Loop and two miles from Chicago's South Side. Whiting is home to Whiting Refinery, the largest oil refinery in the Midwest. The population was 4,997 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Whiting is located at 41°40′34″N 87°29′26″W / 41.67611°N 87.49056°W / 41.67611; -87.49056 (41.676027, -87.490460).[7]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 3.23 square miles (8.4 km2), of which 1.80 square miles (4.7 km2) (or 55.73%) is land and 1.43 square miles (3.7 km2) (or 44.27%) is water.[2]

The Whiting post office (46394) serves not only the City of Whiting, but also the adjacent Hammond neighborhood of Robertsdale, immediately to the west. Addresses in this Hammond neighborhood show “Whiting, Indiana.” While not legally a part of the City of Whiting, locally the area has long been informally considered to be a culturally integrated part of Whiting. References to Whiting businesses or residents often include those technically from Hammond’s Robertsdale.[8][9][10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 115
1890 200 73.9%
1900 3,983 1,891.5%
1910 6,587 65.4%
1920 10,145 54.0%
1930 10,880 7.2%
1940 10,307 −5.3%
1950 9,669 −6.2%
1960 8,137 −15.8%
1970 7,054 −13.3%
1980 5,630 −20.2%
1990 5,155 −8.4%
2000 5,137 −0.3%
2010 4,997 −2.7%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 4,997 people, 1,899 households, and 1,210 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,776.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,071.9 /km2). There were 2,197 housing units at an average density of 1,220.6 per square mile (471.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.3% White, 3.5% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 15.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40.7% of the population.

There were 1,899 households of which 37.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.3% were non-families. 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.32.

The median age in the city was 34.4 years. 26.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.3% were from 25 to 44; 24.7% were from 45 to 64; and 11.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.1% male and 50.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

The Hoosier Theater Building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 5,137 people, 2,091 households, and 1,281 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,914.1 people per square mile (1,126.9/km²). There were 2,313 housing units at an average density of 1,312.1 per square mile (507.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 87.37% White, 0.56% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.91% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 9.09% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.56% of the population.

There were 2,091 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,972, and the median income for a family was $40,994. Males had a median income of $33,565 versus $21,981 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,518. About 10.1% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Parks[edit]

Whihala Beach

Whiting is home to five parks. Whiting Park, located on the Lake Michigan shoreline, is the most well known. It is a popular picnic spot for residents of Lake County, the South Side of Chicago, and Southland. Whihala Beach is located next to Whiting Park between Whiting and neighboring Hammond.

Education[edit]

Whiting Public School

School City of Whiting serves Whiting. Whiting High School is the sole public high school serving Whiting. The city is also home to the historic Carnegie Library, built in 1905.[11] Whiting Public Library is located at 1735 Oliver Street.[12]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Amtrak's Wolverine line stops at Hammond–Whiting station in nearby Hammond.

Airports serving Whiting are Chicago's O'Hare International Airport, Midway International Airport, and Gary/Chicago International Airport located in Gary, Indiana.

Notes of interest[edit]

Polish Dancers at Pierogi Fest

Pierogi Fest is held each year on 119th Street in downtown Whiting to honor the venerable pierogi dumpling. Spanning three days on Friday, Saturday, and Sunday during late July, the event draws in crowds from around the Calumet Region with guests coming from all over the globe.

The city was featured in an episode of MTV's High School Stories.[13]

Scenes from the movie Rudy, starring Sean Astin, as well as the 1981 drama Four Friends, were shot in Whiting.[14][15]

Standard Oil of Indiana, later Amoco, was founded and headquartered here.

Notable people[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2014 Public Officials Directory". Lake County Board of Elections and Voter's Registration. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  2. ^ a b "Places: Indiana". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-10. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2014-06-30.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ Whiting History
  9. ^ Whiting, Indiana - Chamber of Commerce
  10. ^ Journey Through Calumet - Place
  11. ^ "[1]." Retrieved on April 17, 2010.
  12. ^ "Whiting Public Library Home Page". Whiting Public Library. Retrieved on January 21, 2009.
  13. ^ "IMDb listing for High School Stories". Retrieved 2009-03-29. 
  14. ^ IMDb listing #1 for Four Friends
  15. ^ IMDb listing #2 for Four Friends