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- The fish originally known by the name 'whiting' in English is Merlangius merlangus, in the family Gadidae. This species inhabits the eastern Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the North Sea on the East Coast of Britain. In the USA, it is commonly known as the English whiting.
- In the USA, the name whiting on its own is often used for various species of hake in the genus Merluccius.
- In Canada, it is used for the Alaska pollock, Theragra chalcogramma.
- In the Southern Ocean, the southern blue whiting is found.
- Species Menticirrhus americanus (also known as the southern kingfish, southern kingcroaker, king whiting, and Carolina whiting) found along the Atlantic and Gulf Coast of the United States.
- In India, Australia and throughout the Indo-Pacific, the name whiting is used for fish in the Sillaginidae family. (Well-known members include King George whiting, Japanese whiting, northern whiting, sand whiting and school whiting.
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