Whitley Bay Metro station

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Whitley Bay
BSicon lINT.svg
Whitley Bay Metro station
View of the inside of the station, showing the platforms and canopy
Location
Place Whitley Bay
Local authority North Tyneside
Fare zone information
Network One zone 3
Metro zone C
Original (1979) zone 19
Station code WTL
History
Opened 3 July 1882
Closed for conversion 10 September 1979
Metro since 11 August 1980
Tyne and Wear Metro
List of Tyne and Wear Metro stations

Whitley Bay Metro station is a station on the Yellow line of the Tyne and Wear Metro network, in Whitley Bay, North Tyneside. It is located in a residential area, a short walk from both the town centre and the beach which attracts many of its passengers.

History[edit]

In 1860 the Blyth and Tyne Railway opened its line from Tynemouth to Dairy House Junction, south of the Northumbrian village of Hartley. The original station serving the town was named Whitley, and was located around 600 metres west of the present station site. However, this was only open for four years, being closed in 1864 and replaced by a station to the north, adjacent to present day Monkseaton Metro station.[1][2]

In 1882 the North Eastern Railway (NER) opened its coastal route from Tynemouth to Monkseaton, replacing the inland Blyth and Tyne route, and a new station designed by William Bell was opened the same year, also called Whitley ('Bay' being added to the station's name in 1899).[3][4] From 1904 the station was served by the electric trains of the NER.[5] The electric services became so popular with people living in Whitley Bay and travelling to Newcastle to work, and also with those visiting the town for a day out or a holiday, that a new station became a necessity.[6] The new building opened on 9 October 1910.[7][8] Architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner later said of the building that it "(lends) some distinction to an undistinguished neighbourhood"[9]

The "Tyneside Electrics" were withdrawn by British Rail in 1967 and replaced by diesel multiple unit trains.[5] The diesel trains provided a slower service, and trains called at intervals of every 30 minutes instead of every 20, although a limited-stop express service also called every hour.[8]

In preparation for its second conversion to electric train operation, this time to join the Tyne and Wear Metro system, the station lost its services to Newcastle via Monkseaton on 23 January 1978, and was closed completely on 10 September 1979. It reopened on 11 August 1980, the first day of Metro service.[10] The main changes involved in the station's conversion were shortening of the train shed at each end of the platforms and replacement of the original footbridge, with no further major changes having been made as of 2014. The station's main building and train shed were given Grade II listed building status in 1986.[11]

Services[edit]

Whitley Bay station exterior in 2011
The station's north entrance featuring the well-known clock tower

Trains on the Yellow line towards St James (southbound) and South Shields via South Gosforth and Newcastle city centre (westbound) serve the station roughly every 12 minutes throughout the day, and every 15 minutes on Sundays.[12] Go North East bus services W1 and W1A to Whitley Bay town centre, Monkseaton and Earsdon Grange depart from the station forecourt.[13] Station facilities include a cafe, cycle parking and free car parking. There is also a taxi rank outside the station.[12]

Station artwork[edit]

In 1983 the artwork Passing by Ian Patience was installed in the entrance hall to platform 2. It depicts a family on a day trip to the beach and also shows a nocturnal seascape in the central panel.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Disused Stations: Whitley (First site)". Disused Stations. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Disused Stations: Monkseaton (First site)". Disused Stations. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  3. ^ M. Quick, Railway Passenger Stations in Great Britain - A Chronology. p. 410. Railway and Canal Historical Society, 2005. ISBN 978 0 901461 575.
  4. ^ "Disused Stations: Whitley Bay (First site)". Disused Stations. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  5. ^ a b J.C Gillham, The Age of the Electric Train - Electric Trains in Britain since 1883, Ian Allan, 1988, p.36-7. ISBN 0 7110 1392 6
  6. ^ G. Biddle, Britain's Historic Railway Buildings, Oxford University Press, 2003, p.396-7
  7. ^ M. Quick, p. 410.
  8. ^ a b "Disused Stations: Whitley Bay (Second site)". Disused Stations. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  9. ^ N. Pevsner et al, The Buildings of England: Northumberland. Yale University Press 2002, p.626.
  10. ^ Quick, p.410
  11. ^ "The National Heritage list for England - English Heritage". English Heritage. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Whitley Bay - Nexus". Nexus. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "Go North East - View all routes". Go North East. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  14. ^ "'Passing' by Ian Patience". Nexus. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 55°02′24″N 1°26′34″W / 55.0400°N 1.4427°W / 55.0400; -1.4427

Preceding station   Tyne and Wear Metro   Following station
towards St James
Yellow line
towards South Shields