Whitworth, Lancashire

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Coordinates: 53°39′47″N 2°10′37″W / 53.663°N 2.177°W / 53.663; -2.177

Whitworth
View over Whitworth to Brown Wardle Hill.jpg
A view over Whitworth, to Brown Wardle Hill
Whitworth is located in Lancashire
Whitworth
Whitworth
 Whitworth shown within Lancashire
Population 7,500 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference SD882185
Civil parish Whitworth
District Rossendale
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ROCHDALE
Postcode district OL12
Dialling code 01706
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Rossendale and Darwen
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Whitworth is a small town and civil parish within the Borough of Rossendale in Lancashire, England. It is set amongst the foothills of the Pennines, between the towns of Bacup, to the north, and Rochdale, to the south. It has a population of 7,263.

The territory of Whitworth spans the entire length of the Whitworth Valley, an area of 7 square miles (18.1 km2). It consists of the areas of Healey, Broadley, Whitworth, Facit and Shawforth that are linked by the A671 road, part of the great turnpike built in the 18th century,[1] together with a number of smaller hamlets now subsumed into the main areas of Whitworth itself. There are several such hamlets now making up parts of Whitworth, such as Cowm Top which was removed to make way for Cowm Reservoir,[2] together with others that have been absorbed by Whitworth and other nearby towns, such as Prickshaw which is now a part of Rochdale.[3]

Whitworth is twinned with Kandel, Germany[4]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The early history of Whitworth is unclear; exact dates are difficult to pin down. At the very earliest period, Whitworth was at the edge of the famed and extensive Forest of Rossendale, which covered 22,000 acres (89 km²) and reached a point somewhere near Bacup. Flint arrows, stone hammers and spearheads found in the area point to the existence of Mesolithic man who roamed the bleak open moors.[5] Whitworth has a substantial history, notably the Whitworth Doctors who occupied Whitworth House, a property still in existence in Whitworth Square.[6]

In those early years, Whitworth came within the ancient parish of Rochdale which, although vast, was itself a part of the hundred of Salford, one of the main divisions into which the historic county boundaries of Lancashire were divided during Norman times. The Abbot of Whalley Abbey held much of the land in this area. Saxton’s Map of Lancashire of 1577 does mark Whitworth, setting it between neat pyramid-like hills on either hand.[7]

Development[edit]

The 16th century saw the beginnings of sheep farming, the growth of weaving and eventually the first industry in the area, with coal mining being recorded in the 17th century[5] Industrialisation, however, remained a "household" affair through the 18th century and the settlements of Whitworth, Facit and Shawforth remained villages. Impetus was given to the development of the area through the construction, during the middle of the century, of a turnpike road through the valley.[1] It ran from Manchester via Rochdale and Whitworth to Bacup and then on to Burnley, Colne and Skipton.[8] It was one of the few such roads in East Lancashire and provided a ready means of conveying local goods to Manchester and Yorkshire. The road was of vital importance in Whitworth’s industrial expansion and with it, the settlements in the township thus began to grow. By the 19th century, quarrying and coal mining were the chief industries although the manufacture of yarn remained important.[9]

Towards the end of the 19th century a great deal of development was visible including the opening in 1881 of a rail link between Bacup and Rochdale. Passenger services on the railway stopped in 1947.[10] Two reservoirs, at Cowm and Spring Mill, were completed in 1877 and 1887 to augment Rochdale’s water supplies.[2] In 1910, a tram service was introduced by Rochdale Corporation, first to Whitworth and later extended to Bacup. Buses replaced these in 1932.[11] The population of Whitworth reached its peak of 9,574 in 1901 following which the recession in industry in the 1930s and the effects of World War II saw it decline. The first post war census in 1951 declared a population of 7,442 which declined further to 7,031 by 1961. Since then, however, the figure has risen to its present total of around 7,500.[12]

Governance[edit]

It is part of the Rossendale and Darwen constituency, with Jake Berry having been the Member of Parliament since 2010.[13]

Local government services in Whitworth are provided by three local authorities; Lancashire County Council, Rossendale Borough Council and Whitworth Town Council.[14]

Whitworth Town Council was formed in 1974 following the Local Government Act 1972, as part of the terms of successor parishes. Prior to this date, Whitworth formed the Whitworth Urban District which was the administrative unit of the valley but was abolished following the reorganisation.

The history of local government in Whitworth began in 1874. The latter end of that century, as has previously been mentioned, saw a great deal of local development. As a result, a local board was set up in 1874 to administer Whitworth. Further independence arrived towards the end of the century with the creation of the Parish of Whitworth, one of nineteen new parishes carved out of the original vast Rochdale Parish. Complete independence came in June 1894 when an urban district council replaced the Local Board. The first meeting was held on 3 January 1895 and the first chairman was William Ernest Whitworth. With this, Whitworth had become ecclesiastically and administratively autonomous from its neighbour. However, in 1974 when Whitworth Urban District was abolished and Whitworth was absorbed into the newly created Rossendale Borough.[15]

Today the town council consists of twelve elected members and a part-time town clerk. Its mission statement is "To improve the quality of life for the community of Whitworth". The town council acts as a pressure group upholding the rights and values of Whitworth, a sounding board for local opinion and a centre for promoting the town's historical, cultural and social identity.[14]

Councillors[edit]

Whitworth's current mayor is Councillor Karen Ruane and the current deputy mayor is Councillor Jim Mellor.[16] They lead a twelve strong council made of six councillors representing two wards. Facit and Shawforth to the north of the town, and Whitworth and Healey to the south.[17]

Ward Councillor Party
Facit and Shawforth Tom Aldred Labour[17]
Facit and Shawforth Lynda Barnes Conservative[17]
Facit and Shawforth David Chorlton Independent[17]
Facit and Shawforth Madeline De Souza Independent[17]
Facit and Shawforth Jim Mellor Conservative[17]
Facit and Shawforth Sean Serridge Labour[17]
Whitworth and Healey David Barnes Conservative[17]
Whitworth and Healey Marie Gibbons Conservative[17]
Whitworth and Healey Maureen Jones Community First[17]
Whitworth and Healey Ian Mycock Labour[17]
Whitworth and Healey Alan Neal Community First[17]
Whitworth and Healey Karen Ruane Community First[17]

Geography[edit]

The River Spodden running through Healey Dell.

Situated between the towns of Bacup to the north and Rochdale to the south, the town is a built around the Whitworth Valley in the Pennines.

In April 1976, an area in and surrounding Healey Dell, at the south end of the valley became legally designated as a statutory local nature reserve. A prominent feature of Healey Dell is the railway viaduct which stands 150 feet above the River Spodden, which rises in the Lancashire Pennine hills above Whitworth and proceeds south through Healey Dell and on to Rochdale, where it merges with the River Roch.[18]

Brown Wardle is a hill between Whitworth and the village of Wardle, Greater Manchester The summit is on the border of Greater Manchester and Lancashire and stands 400m (1,312 ft) above sea level. The hill is part of the South Pennines, lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire.[19]

Whitworth experiences a temperate maritime climate, like much of the British Isles, with relatively cool summers and mild winters. There is regular but generally light precipitation throughout the year.

Communal facilities[edit]

The facilities available in Whitworth for the pursuit of sports, although limited, are varied, and in some instances unique. Chief among these is water sports. The Whitworth Waterski and Recreation Centre[20] based at Cowm Reservoir provides integrated facilities for both the able bodied and the disabled.

It specialises in providing for the latter but facilities for all include water skiing, inflatables and banana rides. The Whitworth Leisure Centre in John Street was opened in June 2003 thanks largely to the efforts of the Community Leisure Association of Whitworth (CLAW). The centre, which replaced the defunct Whitworth Swimming Pool, caters for a variety of activities including swimming in the refurbished pool. The location of Whitworth close to high moorland, and Brown Wardle Hill in particular, makes it an ideal venue for hang gliding while the rugged quarry areas make for interesting motor sports.

More usual sporting activities are also catered for including golf at Lobden Golf Club,[21] crown green bowls at the Festival Park Bowling Club and fishing care of the Whitworth Angling Club.

Construction of a new civic hall on Market Street in Whitworth began in early 2006 after the previous hall was destroyed by an electrical fire on 6 December 2003.[22] The new hall is called "The Riverside" and is run by the Community Leisure Association of Whitworth (CLAW). It was officially opened at 2pm on Saturday, 28 October 2006.

A number of football clubs exist in the area, the most senior of which is the Whitworth Valley Football Club.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Robertson, William (1897). Rochdale and The Vale of Whitworth. Kelsall. pp. 92–93. ISBN 094657121X. 
  2. ^ a b http://www.abandonedcommunities.co.uk/rochdale.html
  3. ^ http://rochdale.streetmapof.co.uk/prickshaw-lane/
  4. ^ http://www.rossendale.gov.uk/info/662/town_twinning/85/town_twinning/4
  5. ^ a b http://lancsarchaeology.wordpress.com/2009/09/11/introduction-to-the-archaeology-and-early-history-of-whitworth/
  6. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/domesday/dblock/GB-388000-417000/page/3
  7. ^ http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~genmaps/genfiles/COU_files/ENG/LAN/saxton_lancs_1579.htm
  8. ^ http://www.mapquest.com/maps?address=A671&city=Rochdale&zipcode=OL12+8&country=GB&redirect=true
  9. ^ Rothwell, Mike (2008). A GUIDE TO THE INDUSTRIAL ARCHAEOLOGY OF WHITWORTH INCLUDING BROADLEY, FACIT, MILLGATE AND SHAWFORTH. Bridgestone Press. ISBN 1897605080. 
  10. ^ Suggit, Gordon (2003). Lost Railways of Lancashire. Countryside Books. ISBN 1853068012. 
  11. ^ http://www.petergould.co.uk/local_transport_history/fleetlists/rochdale.htm
  12. ^ http://www.rossendale.gov.uk/download/downloads/id/1578/healey_and_whitworth_ward_profile
  13. ^ http://www.conservatives.com/People/Members_of_Parliament/Berry_Jake.aspx
  14. ^ a b http://www.whitworth.gov.uk/council.php
  15. ^ http://www.whitworth.gov.uk/docs_publications/view.php?file=Annual%20Reports/2012-13/Annual%20Report%202012-2013.pdf
  16. ^ http://www.lancashiretelegraph.co.uk/news/rossendale/whitworth/10479140.print/
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m http://www.whitworth.gov.uk/councillors.php
  18. ^ http://www.healeydell.org.uk/railway_viaduct.html
  19. ^ http://www.hill-bagging.co.uk/mountaindetails.php?rf=108583
  20. ^ http://www.whitworthwaterski.co.uk
  21. ^ http://www.lobdengolfclub.co.uk/
  22. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lancashire/3296469.stm

External links[edit]