Wholesaling, jobbing, or distributing is the sale of goods or merchandise to retailers; to industrial, commercial, institutional, or other professional business users; or to other wholesalers and related subordinated services. In general, it is the sale of goods to anyone other than a standard consumer. In the United Kingdom, the Cash and Carry is a term used describe a wholesale warehouse, particularly those that are open to the general public on payment of a subscription.
According to the United Nations Statistics Division, "wholesale" is the resale (sale without transformation) of new and used goods to retailers, to industrial, commercial, institutional or professional users, or to other wholesalers, or involves acting as an agent or broker in buying merchandise for, or selling merchandise to, such persons or companies. Wholesalers frequently physically assemble, sort and grade goods in large lots, break bulk, repack and redistribute in smaller lots. While wholesalers of most products usually operate from independent premises, wholesale marketing for foodstuffs can take place at specific wholesale markets where all traders are congregated.
Traditionally, wholesalers were closer to the markets they supplied than the source from which they got the products.
However, with the advent of the internet and E-procurement there are an increasing number of wholesalers located nearer manufacturing bases in China, Taiwan, and Southeast Asia. For example, Chinavasion, Ankaka, Ownta, Salehoo, and Modbom. These companies offer drop shipping services to companies and individuals.
In the banking industry "wholesale" usually refers to wholesale banking, providing tailored services to large customers, in contrast with retail banking, providing standardized services to large numbers of smaller customers.
Direct selling 
The alternative to selling wholesale to distributors or retailers is to sell retail either though company owned stores or online. Advantages include receiving a larger slice of the price paid by the consumer; disadvantages include difficulty in reaching consumers.
See also 
|Look up wholesale in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- WTO - World Trade Organization
- UNSTATS - United Nations Statistics Division
- Chandler, A. D. (1994). Scale and scope The Dynamics of Industrial Capitalism. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press. p. 29.
- Federal Manufacturers', Wholesale, and Retail Sales Taxes from TaxAnalysts.org
- "Als Lieferant mitmachen" (in German). eu-lieferanten.de. Retrieved 9 April 2013.
- Ian Mount (March 6, 2013). "Clothing Companies Trying to Find More Direct Paths to Customers". The New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
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