Wick Park Historic District
Wick Park Historic District
|Architectural style||Late Victorian, Bungalow/Craftsman|
|NRHP Reference #||90000601 (original)
|Added to NRHP||April 5, 1990|
|Boundary increase||September 24, 2001|
Wick Park Historic District is a historic neighborhood on the north side of Youngstown, Ohio, with Wick Park as its centerpiece. During the first half of the 20th century, the residential district surrounding Wick Park included some of the city's most affluent neighborhoods. The district is "roughly bounded by 5th Ave, Park Ave, Elm St. and Broadway".
In the era of industrialization, Youngstown's wealthiest business leaders and professionals migrated away from the downtown to the wooded areas near the city's northern border. These semi-suburban neighborhoods were secluded from the noisy activity of the city's steel mills and retail businesses. Wick Avenue is sometimes described as Youngstown's version of Euclid Avenue (Cleveland's Millionaire's Row), or Fifth Avenue in New York City: it was home to the community's most established families.
Although some of these mansions have survived, few are currently used for residential purposes. Youngstown State University, whose campus is located south of Wick Park, purchased several of these homes and renovated them for administrative use. One campus-area mansion now holds the Arms Family Museum of Local History.
Running through the western portion of the district is Fifth Avenue, which is lined with stately homes that were built by members of the area's elite. The most well-preserved of these homes are located along the upper reaches of the street, near Gypsy Lane, in the North Heights neighborhood. On the western edge of Wick Park, on Fifth Avenue, stands the Neoclassical landmark Stambaugh Auditorium, which is also listed on the National Register.
The most prominent landmark located south of the Wick Park Historic District is the former Pollock estate, which sits along the main artery of Wick Avenue. Restored and expanded in the 1980s, the mansion was turned into an upscale hotel known as the Wick-Pollock Inn. Since the hotel's closure in the late 1990s, the university allowed the renovated structure to sit vacant. However, in February 2010, the YSU Board of Trustees voted to restore the home and designate it as the official residence of the university president. YSU students have led recent efforts to restore the historic sunken garden located behind the structure.
The George J. Renner, Jr. House, a house listed individually on the National Register, is also included in the district.
Wick Park is named for donor James Wick, a Youngstown-area industrialist. The park occupies a central portion of the district and, maintained by the Youngstown Department of Parks and Recreation, is well tended. While it remains an important site of recreation, Wick Park draws fewer residents than the Metroparks' Mill Creek Park, which is the second largest metropolitan park in the United States behind New York City's Central Park. A recent effort to revitalize the park is being led by a coalition of local organizations including the Raymond John Wean Foundation, CityScape, Wick Park Neighborhood Association (www.wickparkneighbors.org) and Treez Please.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
- Pellegrini, Mary Ellen (January 22, 2007). "Wick Park historic district – three groups will work together to ensure that striking neighborhoods will be preserved". The Vindicator.
- Arms Family Museum of Local History Accessed 2007-03-07 Archived October 9, 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- Libecco, Katie (October 10, 2006). "Student Government plans to help restore the abandoned garden". The Vindicator.
- Schmitt, Angie (November 8, 2007). "Groups strive to revitalize historic park". The Vindicator. p. 1.