Wicomico County, Maryland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wicomico County, Maryland
Seal of Wicomico County, Maryland
Seal
Map of Maryland highlighting Wicomico County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded 1867
Named for Wicomico River
Seat Salisbury
Largest city Salisbury
Area
 • Total 400 sq mi (1,036 km2)
 • Land 374 sq mi (969 km2)
 • Water 26 sq mi (67 km2), 6.4%
Population
 • (2010) 98,733
 • Density 264/sq mi (102/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.wicomicocounty.org

Wicomico County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. The county's name is pronounced wy-KAHM-ih-koh.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 98,733.[2] The county seat is Salisbury.[3] The county was named for the Wicomico River, which in turn derives from Algonquian language words wicko mekee, meaning "a place where houses are built," apparently referring to an Indian town on the banks.

Wicomico County is included in the Salisbury, MD-DE Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The newspaper of record is The Daily Times.

History[edit]

Wicomico County was created from Somerset and Worcester counties in 1867.

Government[edit]

Wicomico County was granted a charter form of government in 1964. The legislative functions of government are vested in the County Council. The County Council consists of seven members, five of whom are elected from individual districts; the other two are elected at-large. Councilman Matt Holloway is the current Council President.[4] Executive authority in the county is vested in the office of County Executive. Rick Pollitt (D), former Fruitland City Manager, is the first to hold the title County Executive. The county executive is elected in a countywide vote.

Law enforcement in the county is provided by the Wicomico County sheriff's office. The sheriff, Mike Lewis (R), is an elected official. Municipal police agencies exist in the town of Delmar and the cities of Fruitland and Salisbury.

Wicomico County Sheriff's Deputy Patrol

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 400 square miles (1,000 km2), of which 374 square miles (970 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67 km2) (6.4%) is water.[5]

The county's boundary with Delaware is composed of the Mason-Dixon line and the Transpeninsular Line. The intersection of these two historical lines is the midpoint of the Transpeninsular Line, fixed by Mason and Dixon between 1763 and 1767. The midpoint is located about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury, near the center of the Delmarva Peninsula. The county is generally flat, characteristic of the region, with a few small hills in the northeast. The lowest elevation is at sea level and the highest elevation is 98 ft (30 m).

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 15,802
1880 18,016 14.0%
1890 19,930 10.6%
1900 22,852 14.7%
1910 26,815 17.3%
1920 28,165 5.0%
1930 31,229 10.9%
1940 34,530 10.6%
1950 39,641 14.8%
1960 49,050 23.7%
1970 54,236 10.6%
1980 64,540 19.0%
1990 74,339 15.2%
2000 84,644 13.9%
2010 98,733 16.6%
Est. 2013 100,896 2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[10] of 2010, there were 98,733 people, 37,220 households, and 24,172 families residing in the county. The population density was 261.7 people per square mile (101/km²). There were 41,192 housing units at an average density of 109.2 per square mile (42.2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.7% White, 24.2% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 1.90% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. 4.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest ancestry groups in Wicomico County are 23% African American, 14% English American, 13% German, 12% Irish and 4% Italian.[11]

There were 37,220 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 25% of households had individuals 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 6.2% under age 5, 6.2% age 5 to 9, 6.1% 10 to 14, 9.1% from 15 to 19, 9.5% from 20 to 24, 6.4% from 25 to 29, 5.8% from 30 to 34, 5.7% from 35 to 39, 6.1% from 40 to 44, 7.1% from 45 to 49, 7.1% from 50 to 54, 6.3% from 55 to 59, 5.4% from 60 to 64, 4.1% from 65 to 69, 2.8% from 70 to 74, 2.4% from 75 to 79, 1.9% from 80 to 84, and 1.8% over the age of 85. The median age was 35.7 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. Females made up 52.3% of the population, while males made up the remaining 47.7%.

As of the census of 2000 The median income for a household in the county was $39,035, and the median income for a family was $47,129. Males had a median income of $32,481 versus $23,548 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,171. About 8.70% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Wicomico County Public Schools operates public schools in the county.

Colleges and universities[edit]

Economy[edit]

Perdue Farms, Inc., a multi-national poultry and grain corporation, is headquartered in Salisbury, MD, the county seat of Wicomico County. Piedmont Airlines is headquartered in unincorporated Wicomico County,[12] at the airport and near the City of Salisbury.[13] Other major employers in Wicomico County include: Salisbury University, Verizon, Peninsula Regional Medical Center, The Knowland Group, and Pepsi Bottling of Delmarva.

Other industries in Wicomico County include electronic component manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, shipbuilding, and agriculture.

Media[edit]

Periodicals[edit]

  • The Daily Times
  • Wicomico Weekly - weekly publication of the Daily Times
  • Metropolitan Magazine - monthly magazine
  • Delmarva Youth - bimonthly magazine

Television[edit]

Communities[edit]

Salisbury

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weiner,Tim. "Ex-Director of C.I.A. Disappears While Canoeing on Choppy River", The New York Times, 1996-04-30. Retrieved on 2009-04-25.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "County Council Members". Wicomico County government. August 14, 2012. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 14, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "Wicomico County, MD Ancestry & Family History". Podunk, Inc. Retrieved October 2, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Career Opportunities." Piedmont Airlines. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  13. ^ "About Piedmont." Piedmont Airlines. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  14. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°22′N 75°38′W / 38.37°N 75.63°W / 38.37; -75.63