Wicomico County, Maryland
|Wicomico County, Maryland|
Location in the state of Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
399.79 sq mi (1,035 km²)
377.17 sq mi (977 km²)
22.62 sq mi (59 km²), 5.66%
262/sq mi (101/km²)
Wicomico County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Maryland. The county's name is pronounced wy-KAHM-ih-koh. It was named for the Wicomico River, which in turn derives from Algonquian language words wicko mekee, meaning "a place where houses are built," apparently referring to an Indian town on the banks. The county seat is Salisbury. As of 2010, the population was 98,733. It is included in the Salisbury, Maryland, Metropolitan Statistical Area. The newspaper of record is The Daily Times.
Wicomico County was granted a charter form of government in 1964. The legislative functions of government are vested in the County Council. The County Council consists of seven members, five of whom are elected from individual districts; the other two are elected at-large. Councilman Matt Holloway is the current Council President. Executive authority in the county is vested in the office of County Executive. Rick Pollitt (D), former Fruitland City Manager, is the first to hold the title County Executive. The county executive is elected in a countywide vote.
Law enforcement in the county is provided by the Wicomico County sheriff's office. The sheriff, Mike Lewis (R), is an elected official. Municipal police agencies exist in the town of Delmar and the cities of Fruitland and Salisbury.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 399.79 square miles (1,035.5 km2), of which 377.17 square miles (976.9 km2) (or 94.34%) is land and 22.62 square miles (58.6 km2) (or 5.66%) is water.
The county's boundary with Delaware is composed of the Mason-Dixon line and the Transpeninsular Line. The intersection of these two historical lines is the midpoint of the Transpeninsular Line, fixed by Mason and Dixon between 1763 and 1767. The midpoint is located about 8 miles (13 km) northwest of Salisbury, near the center of the Delmarva Peninsula. The county is generally flat, characteristic of the region, with a few small hills in the northeast. The lowest elevation is at sea level and the highest elevation is 98 ft (30 m).
Adjacent counties 
- Dorchester County, Maryland (northwest)
- Somerset County, Maryland (southwest)
- Sussex County, Delaware (north)
- Worcester County, Maryland (southeast)
As of the census of 2010, there were 98,733 people, 37,220 households, and 24,172 families residing in the county. The population density was 261.7 people per square mile (101/km²). There were 41,192 housing units at an average density of 109.2 per square mile (42.2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.7% White, 24.2% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 1.90% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. 4.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 37,220 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.1% were non-families. 25% of households had individuals 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county the population was spread out with 6.2% under age 5, 6.2% age 5 to 9, 6.1% 10 to 14, 9.1% from 15 to 19, 9.5% from 20 to 24, 6.4% from 25 to 29, 5.8% from 30 to 34, 5.7% from 35 to 39, 6.1% from 40 to 44, 7.1% from 45 to 49, 7.1% from 50 to 54, 6.3% from 55 to 59, 5.4% from 60 to 64, 4.1% from 65 to 69, 2.8% from 70 to 74, 2.4% from 75 to 79, 1.9% from 80 to 84, and 1.8% over the age of 85. The median age was 35.7 years. For every 100 females there were 91.00 males. Females made up 52.3% of the population, while males made up the remaining 47.7%.
As of the census of 2000 The median income for a household in the county was $39,035, and the median income for a family was $47,129. Males had a median income of $32,481 versus $23,548 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,171. About 8.70% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over
Cities and towns 
This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:
- 2 Cities:
- 6 Towns:
The United States Census Bureau recognizes no Census-Designated Places in Wicomico County, which is unusual for Maryland counties, which usually have many unincorporated population centers.
Some areas not listed as Census-Designated Places include:
Colleges and universities 
Primary and secondary schools 
Wicomico County Public Schools operates public schools in the county.
Economy and businesses 
Perdue Farms, Inc., a multi-national poultry and grain corporation, is headquartered in Salisbury, MD, the county seat of Wicomico County. Piedmont Airlines is headquartered in unincorporated Wicomico County, at the airport and near the City of Salisbury. Other major employers in Wicomico County include: Salisbury University, Verizon, Peninsula Regional Medical Center, The Knowland Group, and Pepsi Bottling of Delmarva.
Other industries in Wicomico County include electronic component manufacturing, pharmaceuticals, shipbuilding, and agriculture.
- The Daily Times
- Wicomico Weekly - weekly publication of the Daily Times
- Metropolitan Magazine - monthly magazine
- Delmarva Youth - bimonthly magazine
- WBOC Channel 16, DT 21.1 CBS
- WBOC-DT2 (Fox 21 Delmarva) DT 21.2 Fox
- WMDT Channel 47, DT 53.1 ABC
- WMDT-DT2 (The CW 3 Delmarva) DT 53.2 The CW
- WCPB Channel 28, DT 58.1 & 58.2 PBS -- additional subchannels 58.3-58.5
- PAC 14 Public, Educational, and Government Access Television Channel 14 (Comcast)
Notable residents 
- Erin Burnett, Born in Mardela Springs, Burnett was a CNBC Host and is currently host of Erin Burnett, OutFront on CNN
- Joseph Stewart Cottman, (1803–1863), born near Allen, United States Congressman from Maryland
- Sarah Louise Northcott, convicted of murder in 1928 in Riverside County, California for her role in the notorious Wineville Chicken Coop Murders. Northcott served 12 years in a California prison for her crimes. Following her parole in 1940, she moved to Parsonsburg, Maryland, where she resided until her death in 1944. The Chicken Coop Murders gained renewed public interest and attention following the release of the 2008 movie "Changeling", directed by Clint Eastwood and starring Angelina Jolie.
- Frank Perdue Former president and CEO of Perdue Farms.
See also 
- Weiner,Tim. "Ex-Director of C.I.A. Disappears While Canoeing on Choppy River", The New York Times, 1996-04-30. Retrieved on 2009-04-25.
- County Council Members
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- U.S. Census Bureau American FactFinder - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010
- "Career Opportunities." Piedmont Airlines. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
- "About Piedmont." Piedmont Airlines. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- Nothing is Strange with You: The Life and Crimes of Gordon Stewart Northcott. Bloomington, Indiana: Xlibris Corporation. 2008.
- Wicomico County government
- Wicomico County Convention and Visitor's Bureau
- Wicomico Public Library
- Your Community Link: A Database of Community, Government, and Non-Profit organizations on the Lower Shore
||Dorchester County||Sussex County, Delaware|
|Somerset County||Worcester County|