Widcombe, Bath

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Widcombe
Widcombe Crescent Bath.jpg
Widcombe Crescent
Widcombe is located in Somerset
Widcombe
Widcombe
 Widcombe shown within Somerset
OS grid reference ST754642
Unitary authority Bath and North East Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BATH
Postcode district BA2
Dialling code 01225
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Bath
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°22′34″N 2°21′07″W / 51.376°N 2.352°W / 51.376; -2.352

Widcombe is a district of Bath, England, immediately south-east of the city centre, across the River Avon.

Widcombe was part of the hundred of Bath Forum.[1][2]

Widcombe Manor House is a grade I listed manor house built in 1656. It is located on Church Street adjacent to St Thomas à Beckett Church.

Crowe Hall is a Georgian house. It is a Grade II listed building,[3] and the gardens are on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens of special historic interest in England.[4] It was built around 1780 for Brigadier Crowe. It has had a succession of owners since who each adapted and renovated the building. A serious fire in 1926 destroyed a lot of the fabric of the building and further restoration was required.[5] The house is surrounded by several hectares of sloping gardens, below Prior Park, which are terraced and include a rock garden and grotto.[6]

Widcombe Crescent is a terrace of 14 Georgian houses built in 1808 by Thomas Baldwin, and designated a Grade I listed building.[7]

Widcombe is where the Kennet and Avon Canal meets the River Avon. Bath Locks are a series of locks, just south of Pulteney Bridge, which climb through Widcombe. Alongside the bottom lock[8] is a side pond and pumping station which pumps water up the locks to replace that used each time the lock is opened.[9] The next stage of Bath Deep Lock is numbered 8/9 as two locks were combined when the canal was restored in May, 1976. A road bridge carrying the A36, constructed while the canal was in a state of disrepair passes over the original site of the lower lock.[10] The new chamber has a depth of 19ft 5ins, making it Britain's second deepest canal lock.[11] Just above the 'deep lock' is an area of water enabling the lock to refill and above this is Wash House Lock (number 10),[12] and soon after by Abbey View Lock (number 11), a grade II listed building[13] by which there is another pumping station and in quick succession Pulteney Lock (12) and Bath top Lock (13).[14] Above the top lock the canal passes through Sydney Gardens where it passes through two tunnels[15][16] and under two cast iron footbridges dating from 1800. Cleveland tunnel is 173 feet long and runs under Cleveland House, the former headquarters of the Kennet and Avon Canal Company. A trap-door in the tunnel roof was employed to exchange paperwork between clerks above and bargees below.[17] This is now a grade II* listed building.[18] Many of the bridges over the canal are also listed buildings.[19][20][21][21][22][23][24]

In 1877 a bridge across the river at Widcombe collapsed with the loss of many lives amongst those crossing from the station to the Bath and West Agricultural show.[25]

Geography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Reverend John Collinson (1791). The History and Antiquities of the County of Somerset 1. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-171-40217-6. 
  2. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  3. ^ "Crowe Hall". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  4. ^ "Crowe Hall". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  5. ^ Edwards, Adam (12 March 2010). "Property in Somerset: Crowe Hall for sale". Telegraph. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "Grotto below south terrace at Crowe Hall". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  7. ^ "Number 1 to 14". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 3 September 2009. 
  8. ^ "Bath Bottom Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  9. ^ "former engine house". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  10. ^ "Second Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  11. ^ "Deepest Canal Locks in England". Pennine Waterways. Retrieved 2 October 2007. 
  12. ^ "Wash House Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  13. ^ "Abbey View Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  14. ^ "Top Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  15. ^ "Tunnel under Beckford Road". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  16. ^ "Tunnel under Cleveland House and Sydney Road". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  17. ^ Pearson, Michael (2003). Kennet & Avon Middle Thames:Pearson's Canal Companion. Rugby: Central Waterways Supplies. ISBN 0-907864-97-X. 
  18. ^ "Cleveland House". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  19. ^ "Footbridge Adjoining Top Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  20. ^ "Footbridge adjoining Wash House Lock". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  21. ^ a b "Footbridge over Canal". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  22. ^ "Canal Bridge". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  23. ^ "Bridge over Canal". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  24. ^ "Canal Bridge (Pulteney Gardens)". Images of England. Retrieved 4 September 2006. 
  25. ^ Sly, Nicola (2010). A grim almanac of Somerset. Stroud: History Press. pp. 85–86. ISBN 9780752458144.