Wide Streets Commission

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The Wide Streets Commission (officially the Commissioners for making Wide and Convenient Ways, Streets and Passages)[1] was established by an Act of Parliament in 1757, at the request of Dublin Corporation, as a body to govern standards on the layout of streets, bridges, buildings and other architectural considerations in Dublin. The commission was abolished by the Dublin Improvement Act of 1849, with the final meeting of the Commission taking place on 2 January 1851.[2]

History[edit]

The Wide Streets Commission was established in 1757. Over the following decades, the commission reshaped the old medieval city of Dublin, and created a network of main thoroughfares by wholesale demolition or widening of old streets or the creation of entirely new ones.[3]

One of the first projects was to widen Essex Bridge (now Grattan Bridge), in 1755 to cope with the traffic congestion caused by human, horse-drawn, and bovine traffic crossing the River Liffey from Capel Street. The building of Parliament Street and the Royal Exchange (now Dublin City Hall), to create a vista from across the river Liffey on Capel Street, soon followed.[4]

Other major initiatives, under the then Chief Commissioner John Beresford, included the effort to merge and widen several narrow streets into one new street on Dublin's northside, creating Sackville Street (now called O'Connell Street). The main north-south axis of the city was thus moved from Capel Street and Parliament Street to the new thoroughfare further east.

The widening of Dame Street, between Cork Hill, the centre of Anglo-Irish power[clarification needed] and College Green the centre of Anglo-Irish learning[clarification needed] was the second great initiative of the commission. This work was initiated in 1777, but it was not until 1782 that the first new building was built at Palace Street. Christchurch and George's Street are also the result of the project of widening Georgian Dublin's congested streets. North Frederick Street was created from 1789 linking Sackville Street and Dorset Street.

Between 1785 and 1790 further phases of the Dame Street project was undertaken between George's Lane and Trinity Street. Drawings exist dated 1832 for the buildings between Fownes Street and Temple Lane.[citation needed]

Westmoreland Street (90'-0" wide), and D'Olier Street (90'-0" wide and designed by Henry Aaron Baker)[5] and part of Burgh Quay (1806) including the new Corn Exchange, formed part of the work of the commission.[6] Originally many of the new houses had 15'-0" high granite shop fronts at street level which were divided into three bays, a narrow bay at each side, incorporating a door, and a wide bay at the middle of the facade for the display of goods. Many of these shopfronts still remain on the west side of d'Olier Street.[citation needed]

Wellington Quay - with its arcaded shop fronts - and Merchants Arch are also part of the commission's work, as are Eden Quay, Lower Abbey Street, Bachelor's Walk, and Beresford Place.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sheridan, Edel. "Designing the Capital City". In Brady, Joseph; Simms, Anngret. Dublin Through Space & Time. Four Courts Press. p. 112. ISBN 1-85182-641-6. 
  2. ^ de Courcy, J.W. (1996) The Liffey in Dublin, Dublin, Ireland: Gill & Macmillan, ISBN 0-7171-2423-1
  3. ^ Nevin, Seamus. "History Repeating: Georgian Ireland’s Property Bubble". History Ireland 20 (1). JSTOR. pp. 22–24. Retrieved 2014-03-16. 
  4. ^ Dublincastle.ie — History — Creation of Parliament Street for access
  5. ^ Archiseek - Baker, Henry Aaron (1753-1836)
  6. ^ Archiseek - Development of Dublin City