|Harry Elkins Widener
|At completion, 1915|
|Branch of||Harvard College Library|
|Items collected||Primarily humanities and social sciences|
|Access and use|
|Access requirements||Harvard faculty, students & staff|
The Harry Elkins Widener Memorial Library, housing some 3.5 million books in its "labyrinth" of stacks, is the centerpiece of the Harvard College Libraries (the libraries of Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences) and, more broadly, of the entire Harvard Library system. It honors 1907 Harvard College graduate and book collector Harry Elkins Widener, and was constructed by his mother after his death in the sinking of the RMS Titanic in 1912.
Widener Library's holdings, which include works in more than one hundred languages, comprise "one of the world's most comprehensive research collections in the humanities and social sciences," including a number of departmental libraries and special collections, such as in the history of science, Islamic studies, and paleography.
At the building's heart are the Widener Memorial Rooms, displaying papers and mementos recalling the life and death of Harry Widener, as well as the Harry Elkins Widener Collection, "the precious group of rare and wonderfully interesting books brought together by Mr. Widener", to which was later added one of the few perfect Gutenberg Bibles—a gift of the Widener family in 1944 and the object, in 1969, of a theft attempt conjectured by Harvard's police chief to have been inspired by the heist film Topkapi.
The library's 57 miles (92 km) of shelves, along four miles (6 km) of aisles spread over ten levels, prompted one student to declare that she "could not enter without feeling that she ought to carry a compass, a sandwich, and a whistle." In the 1990s an epidemic of books cut from their bindings was traced to a former library employee preoccupied with texts on early Christianity in Greek, Latin, and Icelandic.
Campus legends holding that Harry Widener's fate led to institution of an undergraduate swimming requirement, and that an additional donation from his mother subsidizes ice cream at Harvard meals, are without foundation.
- 1 Background
- 2 Building
- 3 Collections and stacks
- 4 Harry Elkins Widener Collection
- 5 Swim-requirement and ice-cream legends
- 6 "The Slasher"
- 7 Renovation
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
In 1912 Harry Elkins Widener—scion of two of the wealthiest families in America, a 1907 graduate of Harvard College, and an "avid and knowledgeable bibliophile"[B]—died in the sinking of the RMS Titanic. His father George Dunton Widener was lost as well, but his mother Eleanor Elkins Widener survived.
Harry Widener's will instructed that his mother, when "in her judgment Harvard University shall make arrangements for properly caring for my collection of books ... shall give them to said University to be known as the Harry Elkins Widener Collection."[C] To enable the fulfillment of her son's wish, Eleanor Widener briefly considered donating an addition to Gore Hall (Harvard's grossly overburdened existing library)[D] but soon determined to give "the whole": a completely new, and far larger, library costing some $2 million—"a memorial to my dear son"—which would (as the formal Deed of Gift recited) "not only house the special collection of her son, but also the general library of Harvard."
A number of stipulations accompanied this gift,:43 including that the building's architects be the firm of Horace Trumbauer & Associates, which had built several mansions for both the Elkins and the Widener families.:27:243 "Mrs. Widener does not give the University the money to build a new library, but has offered to build a library satisfactory in external appearance to herself," wrote Harvard president Abbott Lawrence Lowell. "The exterior was her own choice, and she has decided architectural opinions.":361 Though Harvard awarded Trumbauer an honorary degree on the day of the new library's dedication,:362:147 it was Trumbauer associate Julian F. Abele who had overall responsibility for the building's design.[E]
After Gore Hall was demolished to make way, ground was broken February 12, 1913, and the cornerstone laid on June 16.[F]
At Harvard's "geographical and intellectual heart", directly across Tercentenary Theatre from Memorial Church, the Harry Elkins Widener Memorial Library is a hollow rectangle of stone and brick, 250 ft by 200 ft by 80 ft high (76 x 61 x 24 m), "colonnaded on its front by immense pillars with elaborate [Corinthian capitals],:362 all of which stand at the head of a flight of stairs that would not disgrace the capitol in Washington." Above the main door are the hallmarks of great printers of the fifteenth century: Caxton of England; Rembolt of France; Aldus of Italy; Fust and Schöffer of Germany.
The east, south, and west wings house the stacks, while the north contains administrative offices and the Loker Reading Room—which, spanning the entire breadth of the building and some 42 feet (13 m) in both depth and height, was termed by Harvard architectural historian Bainbridge Bunting "the most ostentatious interior space at Harvard.":154 In the building's center, between what were originally two light courts (since enclosed as additional reading rooms) are the Widener Memorial Rooms (see below).
Dr. John Warren, university marshal, led the way up the steps of the library, and the seniors then formed a double line, leaving a broad path for the entrance of the dignitaries. Mrs. Widener, who, with her guests, had gone into the library by the west door, was at the main door as the procession approached, and as President Lowell reached her side, she handed him the keys to the building.
The first book placed in the new library was the 1634 edition of John Downame's The Christian Warfare Against the Devil, World, and Flesh, believed at the time (though no longer believed) to be the only volume, of those bequeathed to the school by John Harvard in 1636, to have survived the 1754 burning of Harvard Hall.
In the Memorial Rooms the portrait of Harry Widener (commissioned by Eleanor Widener from French painter Gabriel Ferrier) was unveiled, then remarks delivered by Senator Henry Cabot Lodge (speaking on behalf of Eleanor Widener) and Lowell. ("There was not a word too much or too little", said the Harvard Alumni Bulletin.):713 The Transcript continued:
After the ceremony of presentation, the doors were thrown open, and both graduates and undergraduates had an opportunity to see the beauties and utilities of this important university acquisition.
Amenities and deficiencies
Amenities touted at the building's opening included "telephones, pneumatic tubes, book lifts, book conveyors and passenger elevators", as well as "a dining-room and kitchenette for the ladies of the staff".[G] Advertisements for the manufacturer of the building's shelving highlighted their product's "dark brown enamel finish, harmonizing with oak trim."
Nonetheless certain deficiencies were noted almost immediately,:107:89 including a severe inadequacy in toilet facilities, particularly in the stacks.:59 "There is something rather humiliating", wrote Harvard librarian Archibald Cary Coolidge,[when?] "in having to proclaim to the world that we have 300 stalls [i.e. stacks study carrels] which furnish unequalled opportunity to the scholar and investigator who wishes to come here, but that in order to use these opportunities he must bring his own chair, table and electric lamp." (J. P. Morgan, Jr. eventually supplied this need.):109 Faculty squabbling over the seventy:327 coveted private studies, giving direct access to the stacks, has at times required significant attention from school administrators.:72-75
Later-built tunnels, from the stacks level furthest underground, connect to nearby Pusey Library and Lamont Library. An enclosed bridge connecting to Houghton Library (exiting Widener through one of its windows, and thus respecting Eleanor Widener's stipulation no "single brick or stone" of the exterior be disturbed):86:42 was removed in 2004.
Collections and stacks
The ninety-unit Harvard Library system,:361 of which Widener is the anchor, is the only academic library among the world's five "megalibraries"—Widener, the New York Public Library, the Library of Congress, France's Bibliothèque Nationale, and the British Library—making it "unambiguously the greatest university library in the world," in the words of a Harvard official.
According to the Harvard College Library's own description:
The humanities and social sciences collections of the Widener Library are represented by distinguished holdings in the history, literature, public affairs, and cultures of five continents. Of particular note are the collections of Africana, Americana, European local history, Judaica, Latin American studies, Middle Eastern studies, Slavic studies, and rich collections of materials for the study of Asia, the United Kingdom and Commonwealth, France, Germany, Italy, Scandinavia, and Greek and Latin antiquity. These collections include significant holdings in linguistics, ancient and modern languages, folklore, economics, history of science and technology, philosophy, psychology, and sociology.
Again alone among the "megalibraries", only Widener allows patrons the "long-treasured privilege" of entering the stacks to browse as they please, instead of requesting books through library staff. Its 3.5 million volumes occupy 57 miles (92 km) of shelves along four miles (6 km) of aisles on ten separate levels divided into three wings each:4—a "labyrinth" which one student "could not enter without feeling that she ought to carry a compass, a sandwich, and a whistle."[H] Though until a recent renovation the stacks had little signage—"There was the expectation that if you were good enough to qualify to get into the stacks you certainly didn't need any help" (as an official put it) so that "learning to [find books in] Widener was like a rite of passage, a test of manhood"—at times color-coded lines and shoeprints have been applied to the floors to guide the bewildered.
As of 1997 the number of volumes reshelved each year was about 600,000. Another 1.5 million Widener items reside offsite (along with 3 million items from other Harvard libraries) at the Harvard Depository in Southborough, Massachusetts, from which they are retrieved overnight on request.:170-1
Departmental and special libraries
The building also houses a number of special libraries in dedicated spaces outside the stacks, including the Fred N. Robinson Celtic Seminar Library, the Hamilton A.R. Gibb Islamic Seminar Library, the Milman Parry Collection of Oral Literature, the James A. Notopoulos Collection of Modern Greek Ballads and Songs, the Herbert Weir Smyth Classical Library, the English Department's Francis James Child Memorial Library, and collections in the history of science, linguistics, Near Eastern languages and civilizations, paleography, and Sanskrit.
Harry Elkins Widener Collection
Widener Memorial Rooms
The central Memorial Rooms—an outer Rotunda housing memorabilia of the life and death of Harry Widener, and an inner Library displaying the 3300 rare books collected by him—were described by the Boston Sunday Herald soon after the building's dedication:
The [outer room] is of Alabama marble except the domed ceiling, with fluted columns and Ionic capitals [while the inner] is finished in carved English oak, the carving having been done in England; the high bookcases are fitted with glass shelves and bronze sashes, the windows are hung with heavy curtains, and in glass-covered cases under them are arranged some examples of the autographed presentation volumes which came to Mr. Widener. Handsome chairs and desk make the furnishings here, and upon the desks are vases filled with flowers. Flowers will always be a part of the furnishings of this room, as the donor ... has arranged that they shall be supplied at regular intervals.
The big marble fireplace and the portrait of Harry Widener occupy a large portion of the south wall. Standing front of the fireplace one may look through the vista made by the doorways, the staircases within and the stairs without and get a glimpse of the green campus.
The same line of sight means that, conversely, "even from the very entrance [of the building] one will catch a glimpse in the distance of the portrait of young Harry Widener on the further wall [of the Memorial Rooms], if the intervening doors happen to be open.":325
In 1920 the university commissioned John Singer Sargent to paint, within the fourteen-foot-high arched panels flanking the entrance to the Memorial Rotunda, two murals giving tribute to the university's World War I dead.[J] Above the Rotunda entrance is inscribed:
TO THE MEMORY OF • ELEANOR ELKINS RICE • WHOSE NOBLE AND ENDEARING SPIRIT • INSPIRED THE CONCEPTION AND COMPLETION • OF THIS MEMORIAL LIBRARY • 1938.
(At the library's dedication Eleanor Widener had made the acquaintance of Harvard professor and surgeon Alexander Hamilton Rice, a noted South American explorer who had received an honorary degree earlier in the day, and they married less than four months later. She died in 1937.)
The works displayed in the Memorial Rooms comprise Harry Widener's collection at the time of his death, including Shakespeare first folios;:362 a copy of Poems written by Wil. Shake-speare, gent. (1640) in its original sheepskin binding; an inscribed copy of Boswell's Life of Samuel Johnson; Johnson's own Bible; first editions, presentation copies, and similarly valuable volumes of Dickens, Robert Louis Stevenson, Thackeray, Charlotte Brontë, Blake and George, Isaac, and Robert Cruikshank; and the petty cash book kept by Dickens as a young law clerk.
Book collector and dealer George Sidney Hellman, writing soon after Harry Widener's death, commented on
the excellence of his technical knowledge ... His enthusiasm as a collector and his winning personality ... afforded many opportunities of obtaining treasures whose acquisition cannot be explained alone on the basis of the wealth which he commanded. Had he not perished in the Titanic catastrophe, beyond question ... his library would surely have eventually become one of the greatest collections of books in modern times. [He] was not satisfied alone in having a rare book or a rare book inscribed by the author; it was with him a prerequisite that the volume should be in immaculate condition.
"He died suddenly, just as he was beginning to be one of the world's great collectors," said the Harvard Alumni Bulletin. "They formed a young man's library, and are to be preserved as he left it"—except that the Widener family has the privilege of adding to it. By far the most valuable work in the collection is one of the only thirty-eight perfect copies extant of the Gutenberg Bible; purchased while Harry was abroad by his grandfather Peter A. B. Widener (who intended to surprise Harry with it after the Titanic docked in New York), it was donated to the Collection by the Widener family in 1944.[L] (Like all Harvard's valuable books, works in the Widener Collection may be consulted by researchers demonstrating a bona fide research need.)[M]
Gutenberg Bible theft
On the night of August 19, 1969 an attempt was made to steal the Gutenberg Bible, valued at $1 million. The would-be thief hid in a lavatory until after closing, then made his way to the roof, from which he descended via a knotted rope to a Memorial Room window, which he broke into. But after smashing the Gutenberg's display case and placing its two volumes in a knapsack, he found it impossible to reclimb the rope carrying the 70-pound (32 kg) booty.:D
Eventually he fell some 40 feet (12 m) to the pavement of one of the light courts, where (despite landing on the knapsack):D he lay semiconscious until discovered around 1 a.m., "considerably the worse for his adventure":D with injuries including a fractured skull. "It looks like a professional job all right, in the fact that he came down the rope," commented Harvard Police Chief Robert Tonis. "But it doesn't look very professional that he fell off." Tonis speculated that the attempt may have been modeled on a similar caper depicted in the 1964 film Topkapi.
Only the books' bindings (which are not original) were damaged. Since the incident only one or the other Bible volume is displayed at any given time, while the undisplayed volume is secured in the library's vault.:E
Swim-requirement and ice-cream legends
A Harvard legend holds that, to ensure no other Harvard man would share her son's fate, Eleanor Widener insisted that future graduates be required to demonstrate an ability to swim.[O] "Among the many myths relating to Harry Elkins Widener, this is the most prevalent", says the Harvard University Library's "Ask a Librarian" service:
A review of records in the Harvard Archives indicates that there have been swimming requirements at various times in Harvard history, but none were related in any way to Mr. Widener or the gift of the library to Harvard by his mother ... In his 1980 publication [on Widener Library], Harvard historian William Bentinck-Smith wrote, "There is absolutely no evidence in the President's papers, or the faculty's, to indicate that [Harry Widener's mother] was, as a result of the Titanic disaster, in any way responsible for [any] compulsory swimming test."
Another story, holding that Eleanor Widener donated a further sum to ensure the perpetual availability of ice cream (purportedly Harry Widener's favorite dessert) in Harvard dining halls, is also without foundation.
Around 1990, empty bindings stripped of their pages began to be found hidden in the Widener stacks. Eventually some 600 mutilated books were discovered, the vandal preferring works in Greek or Latin by early Christian Church leaders, and texts on early Christianity in unusual languages such as Icelandic.
Notes left at Widener, and later at Northeastern University libraries, threatened library workers with graphically described mutilations, instructed that $500,000 be left in a Northeastern library, and demanded that Northeastern "terminate all Jew personnel". Other notes directed that $1 million be left in the Widener stacks: "pUt THe mONEy FucKer BEhiNd THE eLevATOR on D WEST in THE basemENT WhERE tHe 1,000,000.00 dollaRS IN rare GreEK bOOks wAS slASHEd ApARt MIGNE GREEK PATROLOGIA." The FBI staked out these "ransom drops" without result.
In 1994 police connected an incident at Northeastern, in which a library worker there (a former Widener employee) was caught stealing chemistry books, with the fact that chemistry texts had been among the works mutilated at Widener. Officials found "a kind of renegade reference room" in the worker's basement, including library books, piles of ripped-out pages, a microfilm camera, and hundreds of unusable microfilms he had haphazardly made of books he had destroyed. At trial "The Slasher" said his acts were revenge for the eighteen months he had been detained, in a state psychiatric hospital, after expiration of a six-month jail term he had received for a minor offense.
A $97 million renovation completed in 2004—the first since the building opened—added fire suppression and environmental control systems, upgraded wiring and communications, enclosed the light courts to create reading rooms, and remodeled various public spaces. "Claustrophobia-inducing" elevators were replaced, the bottom shelves on the lowest stacks level were removed in recognition of chronic seepage problems, Widener's "olfactory nostalgia ... actually the smell of decaying books" was addressed, and unrestricted light and air—seen as desirable when Widener was built but now considered "public enemies one and two for the long-term safety of old books"—were brought under control.
The work was complicated by the terms of Eleanor Widener's gift, which forbade that "structures of any kind [be] erected in the courts around which the said building is constructed, but that the same shall be kept open for light and air".:86:42 The need to relocate each of the building's 3.5 million volumes twice—first to temporary locations, then back, as work proceeded aisle by aisle—was turned to advantage, so that by the end of the renovation related materials in the library's two parallel classification systems—the older "Widener" system,[P] and the Library of Congress system adopted in the 1970s:256:159—were physically adjacent for the first time. The chart showing the floor and wing location, within the stacks, of each subject classification was revised sixty-five times during construction.
-  Across the vestibule another tablet reads: THIS LIBRARY • ERECTED • IN LOVING MEMORY OF • HARRY ELKINS WIDENER • BY HIS MOTHER • ELEANOR ELKINS WIDENER • DEDICATED • JUNE 24 1915. In the inner entrance hall an inscription alludes to Ecclesiasticus 33:17: HARRY ELKINS WIDENER • A.B. 1907 • LOVED THE BOOKS • WHICH HE HAD COLLECTED • AND THE COLLEGE • TO WHICH HE BEQUEATHED THEM • "HE LABORED • NOT FOR HIMSELF • BUT FOR ALL THOSE • WHO SEEK LEARNING." • THIS MEMORIAL • HAS BEEN PLACED HERE • BY HIS CLASSMATES.:672
- :361 Harry Widener had belonged to both the Bibliophile Society of Boston and the Grolier Club, "the most important club of [bibliophiles] in the world. The late J. P. Morgan had sent word ... that he would like Harry made a member. The question of a seconder was waived; it was understood that Mr. Morgan's endorsement of his protégé's qualifications was sufficient."
-  According to a friend's reminiscences, not long before Harry Widener died he had said, "I want to be remembered in connection with a great library, [but] I do not see how it is going to be brought about." After his death Eleanor Widener wrote to Abbot Lawrence Lowell ("an acknowledged expert on world politics and political theory", and Eaton Professor of the Science of Government until he became Harvard's president soon after Harry Widener graduated), "My dear son Harry was a great admirer of yours & often spoke of the pleasure he had while in your classes. He loved Harvard & on our last voyage home, Mr. Frank Millet was a fellow passenger, & he & Harry would sit up very late talking of their love & ambition for the University."
- Alarms had been issuing for many years about Harvard's desperate need for a new library, for despite two major additions:152 to Gore Hall (constructed 1838)—including the pioneering, in 1876, of "one of the most notable inventions of the 19th century", the bookstack—the general collection had outgrown Gore's 500,000-volume capacity:276 decades earlier, forcing dormitory basements into service as overflow storage.
So cramped was Gore that each seated reader blocked access to "several hundred, in some alcoves 1,000 or 1,500 volumes, to get at which it is necessary for the occupant to rise, move the chair, frequently the table, and remain standing till the steps are adjusted, the book is found, and sometimes even consulted; and to replace everything before resuming work." Electric lighting installed after an 1895 fireproofing constituted Gore's first artificial illumination of any kind. Prior to this "the Corporation that built Gore Hall were well aware of its inflammable quality, and from the beginning [had] made the regulation that no lights should ever be used in the building"; an 1885 visitor described students "slowly, and, as it seemed, reluctantly, leaving the building" as darkness fell on a winter afternoon.
Harvard Librarian Justin Winsor concluded his 1892 Annual Report by writing, "I have in earlier reports exhausted the language of warning and anxiety, in representing the totally inadequate accommodations for books and readers which Gore Hall affords. Each twelve months brings us nearer to a chaotic condition.":15 This linguistic exhaustion was apparently literal, for in his 1894 report Winsor did little more than quote himself: "What I have repeatedly said about the insufficiency of Gore Hall for the uses of the Library, I can only repeat with renewed emphasis: 'I have exhausted the language of warning and anxiety ...'":177
In some respects it was Winsor himself who had created this emergency, for he had long sought "to make the library the focus of the intellectual life of the college [in light of the emerging] system of instruction which constantly impels its students to independent investigation". It was for Winsor "a fundamental principle that books should be used to the largest extent possible and with the least trouble", so that during his tenure as librarian Gore Hall became a very different place from what it had been during his own days as a student at Harvard, when it had been open
- six hours a day for the first four secular days of the week, and four hours on Friday ... Seniors and Juniors apply for books on Monday and Thursday, Sophomores on Tuesday, Freshmen on Wednesday.
In 1903 the Harvard Graduates Magazine complained that while "only the Congressional Library and the Boston Public Library surpass [Harvard's collection], what avails this wealth of material, if it be not properly housed? As well not possess, as to be powerless to use what you possess." Gore was dark, the staff worked under "sweat-shop" conditions, and "open-work iron floors render quiet impossible ... the mud on the boots of the student above drops onto the head of the student below ... Cataloguing falls behind, for there Is not sufficient room to seat the cataloguers.
The situation was exacerbated by Harvard's "generous policy of serving scholars everywhere ... The number of writers and investigators who come to Cambridge to consult its treasures constantly grows ..." And though in an earlier era "the library was used by comparatively few, with the development of the elective system and of higher courses in research, access to books [had become] as indispensable for students in the literary branches as laboratories are to scientific students." As a result,
- other colleges—younger, smaller, less richly endowed—profiting by the methods organized at Harvard, have now outstripped us in capacity for usefulness ... Columbia, Princeton, Cornell, and the University of Wisconsin have now each a million dollar building. We can certainly rejoice for them, but what can we say of ourselves? ... There are throughout the country rich men, looking for fit objects for benefaction. It ought not to be difficult to persuade one of these that in providing a library for Harvard he would be doing a work of national benefit.
A few years later a committee of architects drew up a plan for the staged replacement of Gore Hall, and Andrew Carnegie was approached (via J. P. Morgan) to fund the project, though without success. In May 1911 the Boston American (published by disgraced Harvard dropout William Randolph Hearst) carried a mock advertisement: "Wanted—a millionaire. Will some kind millionaire please give Harvard University a library building? Tainted money not barred. Mr. Rockefeller, take notice. Mr. Carnegie, please write."
"The committee's Beaux Arts design, with its massiveness and symmetry, offered monumentality with nothing more particular to monumentalize than the aspirations of the modern university", Biel has written—until Harry Widener died and "through delicate negotiation, [Harvard's librarian Archibald Cary Coolidge and its president Abbot Lawrence Lowell] convinced Eleanor Widener that the most eloquent tribute to Harry would be an entire library rather than a rare book wing."
-  Biel wrote that "Horace Trumbauer had made his name and fortune by knowing that 'only a magnificent setting could hope to satisfy an American with a magnificent income,' and he had already imparted such magnificence to the Widener and Elkins mansions and an assortment of other palaces ... [He] knew who his client was, so he gave elaborate attention to memorializing Harry in style" in the Memorial Rooms.:89
Nonetheless Trumbauer was extremely shy, and sensitive about his lack of formal education. "He had literally to be dragged to Cambridge and dressed in his academic gown by Mrs. Widener for the graduation ceremonies in June 1915, when Harvard awarded him his only honorary degree, a master of arts.":333
Sources disagree as to whether the building's style is "Beaux-Arts", "Georgian",:57:457 "Hellenistic",:281 or "the austere, formalistic Imperial [or 'Imperial and Classical'] style displayed in the Law School's Langdell Hall and the Medical School Quadrangle".:361
- Because a cold prevented Eleanor Widener from attending the groundbreaking, Harry Widener's brother George did the ceremonial digging, the frozen ground softened in advance by a two-day bonfire.:87 At the later cornerstone-laying ceremony Eleanor Widener, using a silver trowel, buried in the cornerstone an inscribed silver tablet; the morning's Boston and New York newspapers; photographs of Harry Widener, Eleanor Widener, and Harry's father George Dunton Widener; newspapers reporting the February groundbreaking; and United States coins ranging in value from one cent to twenty dollars.
In the basement (now converted to additional shelving as stacks Level D):362 was the
- somewhat elaborate machinery needed for the use of the building—the dynamos which run the five elevators and two book-lifts, the compressed air machinery for the pneumatic tubes, the dynamo and fan for the vacuum-cleaning system, a pump connected with the steam-heating apparatus, enormous fans which pump warm air into the Reading-Room and the stack, a filter through which passes all water which enters the building, and the connections for electric light and power. The building is to be heated by steam, conveyed through a tunnel from the plant of the Elevated Railroad Company, which also furnishes heat to the other buildings of the College Yard and to the freshman dormitories. Such, in brief, is the superb building which Mrs. Widener has erected as a memorial of her son, and which will provide unequalled facilities for study that we have long lacked and to which we have eagerly looked forward.:328
In addition, the marble floors were polished using a machine "so simple that any laborer of ordinary intelligence can operate it to advantage [yet it] can do the work of ten men rubbing by hand."
-  In H. P. Lovecraft's fictional universe Cthulhu Mythos, "a 17th century edition" of the Necronomicon is hidden somewhere in the Widener stacks. Thomas Wolfe, who earned a Harvard master's degree in 1922 wrote of "[wandering] through the stacks of that great library like some damned soul, never at rest—ever leaping ahead from the pages I read to thoughts of those I want to read"; his alter ego Eugene Gant (in his 1929 novel Look Homeward, Angel) read with a watch in his hand, "laying waste of the shelves." Historian Barbara Tuchman considered "the single most formative experience of my career" the writing of her undergraduate thesis, when she "was allowed to have as my own one of those little cubicles with a table under a window" in the Widener stacks, which were "my Achimedes' bathtub, my burning bush, my dish of mold ... The experience was marvelous, a word I use in the exact sense meaning full of marvels."
-  A Widener curator's compilation of "fanciful oral history" recited by student tour guides includes "Flowers mysteriously appear every morning outside the Widener Room" and "Harry used to have carnations dyed crimson to remind him of Harvard, and so his mother kept up the tradition."
-  "Six years later[clarification needed] the University published plans [to build what is now known as] Memorial Church to face Widener across the Yard and permanently display the Honor Roll, listing the names of the nearly four hundred Harvard men who perished in the war. This programmatic ensemble, located at the physical center of the University, forms the most elaborate World War I memorial in the Boston area."
-  The rug is a Heriz Persian, the lamp on the desk an (unsigned) Tiffany. In the library's early years, when the inner Memorial Room served as the office of the Widener Collection's curator, fires sometimes burned in the fireplace.
-  Harry Widener knew his grandfather had bought the Gutenberg Bible, but not that it was intended for him. "I wish it was for me but it is not", he wrote to a friend. After Harry's death, and (soon after) that of P. A. B. Widener, the Bible passed to Harry's uncle;[clarification needed] at the uncle's death Harry's brother and sister added the Bible to the Harry Elkins Widener Collection because it "had been bought for Harry and should be among his books." Yale also has a Gutenberg, though not in "quite as fine condition" as Harvard's, according to Harvard officials.
-  Though still housed in Widener Library's Memorial Rooms, the Harry Elkins Widener Collection is administered through Houghton Library, Harvard's rare book and manuscript library.
- In 1931 Joel C. Williams was arrested after attempting to sell two books bearing Harvard College Library stamps to a Harvard Square book dealer, after which (the Harvard Crimson reported) "C. R. Apted, Superintendent of Caretakers, together with officials of the Library, made a trip to Williams' home", where they found thousands of stolen books. Though strictly accurate the bookplate is misleading: the Harvard charges were dropped after Williams was indicted on book-theft charges in another jurisdiction, which imposed the hard-labor sentence.
-  "The only [one of Eleanor Widener's stipulations] not upheld was the swimming requirement, dropped in the late 1970s because it was deemed discriminatory against physically disabled students", the Harvard Crimson reported erroneously in 1995.
- "Widener's system persists in the stacks to this day, preserving traces of the division of knowledge in its turn-of-the-century formulation. The 'Aus' class contains books on the Austro-Hungarian Empire; the 'Ott' class serves the purpose for the Ottoman Empire. Dante, Molière, and Montaigne each gets a class of his own." (Battles):15
- Hanke, Timothy (June 4, 1998). "Counting Libraries at Harvard: Not as Easy as You Think". Harvard University Gazette (The President and Fellows of Harvard College).
- Harvard College Library (2009). "Widener Library Collections. Overview". hcl.harvard.edu. The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Retrieved 2014-05-15.
- Harvard College Library (2009). "Harry Elkins Widener Collection. Overview". hcl.harvard.edu. The President and Fellows of Harvard College. Retrieved 2014-05-15.
- Library planning, bookstacks and shelving, with contributions from the architects' and librarians' points of view. Snead & Company Iron Works. 1915. pp. 11, 152–8.
- "Harvard Commencement. Widener Is Dedicated – Senator Lodge Makes the Speech of Presentation – President Lowell Accepts Gift for Harvard – In Presence of Many Distinguished Guests – Mrs. Widener, Donor, Delivers the Keys – Bishop Lawrence in Benediction and Prayer – Exercises are in Library Memorial Room – University Marshal Warren Is in Charge". Boston Evening Transcript. June 24, 1915. p. 2.
- Kelley-Milburn, Deborah (Mar 25, 2013). "What are the inscriptions to Harry by his mother in the entrance to the memorial library at Harvard?". Harvard Library. Ask a Librarian. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
- Lane, William Coolidge (May 1915). "The Harry Elkins Widener Memorial Library. The Widener Memorial". The Library Journal 40 (5): 672–7.
- "Mrs. A. H. Rice Dies in a Paris Store – New York and Newport Society Woman, Wife of Explorer, Noted for Philanthropy – A Survivor of Titanic – Lost First Husband and Son in Disaster – Gave Library to Harvard University", New York Times, July 14, 1937
Bethell, John T.; Hunt, Richard M.; Shenton, Robert (May 2014). Harvard A to Z. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-02089-4.[better source needed]
- John Woolf Jordan (1911). Colonial Families of Philadelphia. Lewis Publishing Company. p. 1500.
- Grolier Club (1921). Transactions of the Grolier Club. Grolier Club. p. 179.
- A. Edward Newton (September 1918). "A Remembrance of Harry Elkins Widener". The Atlantic Monthly 122. pp. 351–6.
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