Wieden

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Wieden
4th District of Vienna
Coat of arms of Wieden
Coat of arms
Location of the district within Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
Country Austria
City Vienna
Government
 • District Director Susanne Reichard (ÖVP)
 • First Deputy Karl Timel (ÖVP)
 • Second Deputy Karl Richter (SPÖ)
 • Representation
   (40 Members)
SPÖ 12, Green 12, ÖVP 11,
FPÖ 5
Area
 • Total 1.80 km2 (0.69 sq mi)
Population (2013-01-01)[1]
 • Total 30,989
 • Density 17,000/km2 (45,000/sq mi)
Postal code A-1040
Address of
District Office
Favoritenstraße 18
A-1040 Wien
Website www.wien.gv.at
  /bezirke/wieden/

Wieden is the 4th municipal District of Vienna, Austria (German: 4. Bezirk). It is near the center of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but borders changed later.[2] Wieden is a small region near the city center.[2] After World War II, Wieden was part of the Soviet sector of Vienna for 10 years.

History[edit]

Wieden was first named in 1137, and is thus the oldest Vorstadt (former municipality within the Linienwall) of Vienna. The main street (Wiedner Hauptstraße) is certainly even older. Under Ferdinand II the royal Summer residence was completed, and was expanded many times until Maria Theresa decided not to use it anymore and sold it to the Jesuits.

In the beginning of 18th century, the development of Wieden as a suburb began. Many palaces and other buildings were built. Two small Vorstädte in the area of the present fourth district were Hungelbrunn and Schamburgergrund.

These three areas along with a number of others were incorporated into the city of Vienna as the fourth district on March 6, 1850. Because of social and economic differences, Margareten was separated from the fourth district to form the fifth district in 1861.

The so-called Freihaus, built in 1700 and the largest apartment building/tenement of the time, was located in this area, although by 1970 its state had deteriorated. During the occupation by the allies (1945–1955), Wieden was part of the Soviet sector of Vienna.

Famous residents[edit]

St. Charles's Church at night
The ORF Funkhaus (radio building) is located in Wieden

Sights[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistik Austria – Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn seit 2002 nach Politischen Bezirken", Statistik Austria.
  2. ^ a b Wien.gv.at webpage (see below: References).

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.
  • "Wien - 5. Bezirk/Wieden", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-wieden (in German).

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°11′22″N 16°21′42″E / 48.18944°N 16.36167°E / 48.18944; 16.36167