Wietenberg culture

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Wietenberg culture battle axes found at Valea Chioarului, Maramureş County, Romania. In display at the National Museum of Transylvanian History, Cluj-Napoca

The Wietenberg culture was a Middle Bronze Age archeological culture in Central Transylvania that roughly dates to 2200–1600/1500 BCE. Represented a local variant of Usatovo culture and was replaced by Noua culture. Its name was coined after the eponymic Wietenberg Hill near Sighișoara.

People of this culture traded with the Mycenaeans. Burial sites contain bronze battle axes and maces with stone heads. Pottery consists of amphorae with spiral and meandric ornament.

On the left, Mycenaean bronze sword found at Dumbrăvioara, Mureş County, Romania. On the bottom right, Wietenberg culture battle axes found at Valea Chioarului, Maramureş County, Romania. The image also includes pottery (top left) and fibulae (top middle). In display at the National Museum of Transylvanian History, Cluj-Napoca.

By 1964 about 200 settlements of this culture were discovered.

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Wietenberg ohne Mykene?Gedanken zu Herkunft und Bedeutung der Keramikverzierung der Wietenberg-Kultur von Laura Dietrich, Berlin, und Oliver Dietrich, Berlin

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