Wigan (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Wigan in Greater Manchester.
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
|Electorate||76,779 (December 2010)|
|Member of Parliament||Lisa Nandy (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Wigan, South West Lancashire|
|Number of members||Two|
|Type of constituency||Borough constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||North West England|
- 1 History
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Sources
Wigan was one of the important places called upon to send a representative (a 'burgess') to the Model Parliament of 1295 and to another in January 1307, however was not summoned during the remainder of the medieval period to send its representative to Westminster, instead waiting until Henry VIII's grant of two members to the town which is believed to have already been incorporated as a borough in 1246 following the issue of a charter by Henry III. After the end of the Middle Ages, in the Tudor period, Wigan was one of four boroughs in Lancashire possessing Royal Charters; the others were Lancaster, Liverpool and Preston.
The death of Roger Stott in office in 1999 made him the fourth Wigan MP in the twentieth century to die in office (uniquely for a constituency in the United Kingdom): (the others being John Parkinson, Ronald Williams and William Foster).
- Political history
- Prominent frontbenchers
- William Ewart was of an age when Private members bills were more important to social advancement than government bills: in 1834 he successfully carried a bill to abolish hanging in chains, and in 1837 he was successful in getting an act passed to abolish capital punishment for cattle-stealing and other similar offences. In 1850 he carried a bill for establishing free libraries supported out of public rates, and in 1864 he was instrumental in getting the Act of 1864 passed that legalized the use of the metric system of weights and measures.
- Hon. Algernon Egerton was Parliamentary Secretary to the Admiralty (1874-1880)
- Alan Fitch was Vice-Chamberlain of the Household, a mid-level whip in the First Wilson ministry (1968-70).
- Roger Stott was a longtime joint chairman of the Council for the Advancement of Arab-British Understanding, and served as Parliamentary Private Secretary to James Callaghan during his government.
Following their review of parliamentary representation in Greater Manchester prior to the 2010 general election, the Boundary Commission recommended alterations to the existing constituencies in the Wigan metropolitan borough area. The electoral wards used in the altered Wigan constituency are:
- Aspull New Springs Whelley, Douglas, Ince, Pemberton, Shevington with Standish Lower Ground, Standish-with-Langtree, Wigan Central, and Wigan West in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan.
The seat is productive and has excellent links to Manchester as well as close links to the M6 just within its western border, however has witnessed a drop in manufacturing supporting the economy of Greater Manchester, particularly in textiles which have been unable in production of more general items to compete with the Indian subcontinent and the Far East, for this seat a lesser employer also of note in its vicinity until the mid 20th century was coal mining which has ceased in this part of Lancashire.[n 4]
Workless claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 higher than the national average of 3.8%, and regional average of 4.4%, at 5.5% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
Members of Parliament
MPs since 1885
- The Honourable Orlando Bridgeman from 1796
- On petition, the election of Crosse was declared void and after scrutiny of the votes his opponent, Standish, was declared duly elected.
- On petition, Powell's election was declared void and the writ was suspended. The following year a new writ was issued and a by-election was held
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2010: Wigan|
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Clayton||6,797||15.4||−1.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Wigan|
|Liberal Democrat||Denise Capstick||6,051||17.7||+2.9|
|Community Action||Kevin Williams||1,026||3.0||N/A|
|General Election 2001: Wigan|
|Liberal Democrat||Trevor Beswick||4,970||14.8||+4.8|
|Socialist Alliance||Dave Lowe||886||2.6||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Wigan by-election, 1999|
|Liberal Democrat||Jonathan Rule||2,148||13.3||+3.3|
|Socialist Labour||William Kelly||240||1.5||N/A|
|National Democrats||Stephen Ebbs||100||0.6||N/A|
|Natural Law||Paul Davis||64||0.4||+0.2|
|General Election 1997: Wigan|
|Conservative||Mark A. Loveday||7,400||16.9||−6.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Trevor R. Beswick||4,390||10.0||−1.0|
|Referendum Party||Anthony Bradborne||1,450||3.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||William J. Ayliffe||94||0.2||−0.2|
|General Election 1992: Wigan|
|Conservative||Edward J.W. Hess||13,068||23.6||−0.9|
|Liberal Democrat||George Davies||6,111||11.0||−3.0|
|Liberal||Kevin J. White||1,116||2.0||−12.0|
|Natural Law||Mrs Annie B. Tayler||197||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987:Wigan|
|Conservative||Kenneth R. Wade||13,493||24.5|
|Liberal||Kevin J. White||7,732||14.0|
|General Election 1983: Wigan|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Wigan|
|Workers Revolutionary||A Smith||348||0.8|
|General Election October 1974: Wigan|
|General Election February 1974: Wigan|
|General Election 1970|
Elections in the 1960s
|General Election 1966|
|General Election 1964|
|Conservative||I K Paley||11,648||28.22||-3.40|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959|
|Conservative||J J Hodgson||14,615||31.62||-0.59|
|Wigan by-election, 1958|
|General Election 1955|
|Conservative||H D Lowe||14,883||32.21||-0.88|
|General Election 1951|
|Conservative||D C Walls||17,078||33.09||+3.05|
|General Election 1950|
|Liberal||I S Webster||2,651||5.06||N/A|
Elections in the 1940s
|Wigan by-election, 1948|
|King's Cavalier||Owen L Roberts||932||1.6|
|General Election 1945|
|Conservative||E C L Hubert-Powell||14,666||31.84|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935|
|General Election 1931|
|Conservative||G D Roberts||22,526||48.90|
Notes and references
- A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Exceptions were the twenty-three borough constituencies, the City of London and the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Dublin
- See UK Coal
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-24.
- "Gerard, Sir Gilbert (d.1593), of Ince, Lancs. and Gerrard's Bromley, Staffs.". "History of Parliament". Retrieved October 2013.
- "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-09-24.
- "Gerard, Sir Gilbert, 1st Bt. (1587-1670), of Flambards, Harrow-on-the-Hill, Mdx.". "History of Parliament". Retrieved October 2013.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Wigan UKPOLLING
- The BNP Announces Candidates for Makerfield, Leigh and Wigan
- "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Wigan". BBC News.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- Maija Jansson (ed.), Proceedings in Parliament, 1614 (House of Commons) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1988)
- J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
- Henry Stooks Smith, The Parliaments of England from 1715 to 1847 (2nd edition, edited by FWS Craig - Chichester: Parliamentary Reference Publications, 1973)