Wigan Junction Railways

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Wigan Junction Railway
Overview
Status closed
Locale North West England
Termini Glazebrook West Junction
Wigan
Technical
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Route map
A Railway Clearing House map showing railway lines around Wigan in 1907
A Railway Clearing House map showing (left) railway lines around Glazebrook & Partington in 1903

The Wigan Junction Railways connected Glazebrook West Junction with the Lancashire Coalfields at Wigan.

History[edit]

The Wigan Junction Railways (WJR) was incorporated on 16 July 1874.[1] It was to link the coalfields around Wigan with the Cheshire Lines Committee (CLC) line at Glazebrook,[2] on the line between Liverpool Central and Manchester Central.[3] Promoted by local businessmen, it came to the interest of the board of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (MSLR) which suggested that it might become an extension of the CLC, in which the MSLR had a one-third share.[4] However, of the MSLR's other two joint partners in the CLC, the Midland Railway (MR) were in favour, whereas the Great Northern Railway (GNR) were not. Accordingly, the MSLR and MR decided that its construction should be supported by both companies, and later on be formally added to the Sheffield and Midland Railway Companies' Committee (SMRCC), a body which was owned jointly by the MSLR and MR only.[5]

Construction began on 27 October 1876, the first sod being cut by the Home Secretary, the Rt. Hon. R.A. Cross,[5] who was also MP for South West Lancashire.[6] The line was opened between Glazebrook and Strangeways for goods on 16 October 1879, and was extended to Wigan on 1 April 1884; passenger services also began on 1 April 1884.[3] The trains were provided by the MSLR.[3] Wigan Central railway station was opened on 3 October 1892.[3]

A branch to St Helens was built from Lowton St. Marys:[7] the Liverpool, St Helens and South Lancashire Railway (LSHSL); it opened on 2 January 1900.[8][9]

The CLC constructed a curve from their line at Dam Lane Junction to the WJR line at Glazebrook Moss Junction; known as Glazebrook West Curve. 37 chains (740 m) in length, it was authorised on 25 May 1900 and opened on 1 July 1900, creating a triangular junction at Glazebrook; by this means, trains from Wigan (and also St. Helens) could run to Warrington and Liverpool Central.[10][11]

On 4 August 1905 the GCR was authorised to absorb both the WJR and the LSHSL, which was formally carried out on 1 January 1906.[3][12]

Route[edit]

In April 1884, there were seven trains in each direction per day, all running between Manchester Central and Wigan. Six of them called at all stations between Glazebrook and Wigan, and some also called at Urmston, Flixton and Irlam. There were two expresses: the 10:40 from Manchester reached Wigan at 11:15, calling only at Glazebrook; and the 12:00 from Wigan, which ran non-stop to Manchester in half an hour. The Sunday service was of just two trains in each direction, calling at Urmston, Flixton, Irlam and all stations between Glazebrook and Wigan.[17]

Future[edit]

Recently ATOC has suggest reinstating the south part of the line to connect Glazebrook with the Chat Moss line for freight use.[18]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dow 1962, pp. 68,104.
  2. ^ Conolly 1976, p. 45, sections C3,C2,D2.
  3. ^ a b c d e Awdry 1990, p. 171.
  4. ^ Dow 1962, p. 8.
  5. ^ a b Dow 1962, p. 104.
  6. ^ Rayment 2010, Lancashire South West.
  7. ^ Conolly 1976, p. 45, sections C3,D3.
  8. ^ Awdry 1990, p. 144.
  9. ^ Dow 1965, pp. 9–11.
  10. ^ Dow 1965, p. 194.
  11. ^ Dow 1965, p. 32.
  12. ^ Dow 1965, p. 106.
  13. ^ Disused Stations: Lower Ince
  14. ^ Disused Stations: Bickershaw & Abram
  15. ^ Disused Stations: West Leigh & Bedford
  16. ^ Disused Stations: Lowton St. Marys
  17. ^ Dow 1965, p. 354.
  18. ^ "Connecting Communities" (pdf). Association of Train Operating Companies. June 2009. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 

References[edit]