Wigan North Western railway station

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Wigan North Western National Rail
Wigan North Western
Location
Place Wigan
Local authority Wigan
Coordinates 53°32′35″N 2°37′55″W / 53.5430°N 2.6320°W / 53.5430; -2.6320Coordinates: 53°32′35″N 2°37′55″W / 53.5430°N 2.6320°W / 53.5430; -2.6320
Grid reference SD581053
Operations
Station code WGN
Managed by Virgin Trains
Number of platforms 6
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  1.254 million
2005/06 Increase 1.397 million
2006/07 Decrease 0.544 million
2007/08 Increase 0.999 million
2008/09 Increase 1.039 million
2009/10 Decrease 0.960 million
2010/11 Increase 1.067 million
2011/12 Increase 1.073 million
2012/13 Decrease 1.071 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE Greater Manchester
History
Original company North Union Railway
Pre-grouping London and North Western Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
31 October 1838 (1838-10-31) Opened as Wigan
2 June 1924 Renamed Wigan North Western
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Wigan North Western from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Wigan North Western railway station is one of two railway stations serving the town centre of Wigan, Greater Manchester, England.

It is a moderately-sized station on the West Coast Main Line. It is operated by Virgin Trains, and is also served by Northern Rail. London Midland used to offer a daily service to Preston during the evening rush hour on weekdays which called here, but this was withdrawn at the end of the 2007-08 timetable.

Wigan's other station is Wigan Wallgate, which is about 110 yards (100 m) away, on the opposite side of the street named Wallgate, for services to Manchester (Victoria, Deansgate, Oxford Road & Piccadilly), Southport and Kirkby. Both stations are centrally located on the southern fringe of Wigan town centre. The station is named North Western, not because it is situated in the North West of the town but because it was at one point operated by the London and North Western Railway (see below). The drop in usage figures for Wigan North Western in 2006/07 was due to the adjustment of the allocation between the town's two stations. In 2009 North Western station was identified as one of the ten worst category B interchange stations for mystery shopper assessment of fabric and environment, and was set to receive a share of £50m funding for improvements.[1]

Description[edit]

The station was rebuilt in the early 1970s to a contemporary functional style (see picture, right). The tracks are above street level and access to the six platforms is via a subway and stairs. Recently the goods lifts were modified to allow public use.

The platforms have heated waiting rooms. The British Transport Police have an office on platform 4 near the station's cafe.

The station in 1957
View NW in 1957 on the West Coast Main Line
Locomotive shunting at Wigan Goods Station in 1957

Services[edit]

The station is served by Virgin Trains. There is an hourly service on the West Coast Main Line from London Euston, which continues northwards to Preston, Lancaster, Carlisle and Glasgow Central. The journey time from London is less than two hours (1 hour and 55 minutes): see National timetable, table 65. There is also an hourly service in the opposite direction generally calling at Warrington Bank Quay and London Euston only (although certain trains call additionally at one of Crewe, Rugby or Milton Keynes Central). It is also served by Virgin's services from London Euston via Birmingham New Street to Glasgow Central and Edinburgh. The single London Midland service from Birmingham New Street to Preston that used to call in the evening was withdrawn at the end of the 2007-8 timetable.

With completion of the first stage of the North West electrification programme, TransPennine Express services between Manchester and Scotland have been re-routed via Wigan instead of Bolton by connecting with the West Coast Main Line near Newton-le-Willows. First Transpennine Express now operates services from Wigan to Manchester Airport and Cumbria/Scotland. All of these services stop at Wigan North Western, except for one train in each direction which run non-stop between Manchester Oxford Road and Preston and some peak services continue to operate via Bolton.[2]

Northern Rail operates a half-hourly service from Liverpool Lime Street, along the Liverpool-Wigan Line via St Helens Central with a handful of services running to Liverpool via the Lowton Chord and Newton-le-Willows. There is also an hourly service from Liverpool which continues north along the West Coast Main Line to Preston, then usually on to Blackpool North. Northern Rail also operates occasional services to Manchester Victoria and Manchester Piccadilly. In recent years, most services from Manchester use Wigan Wallgate station.

Northern Rail services are operated by a mix of Pacer and Sprinter units. Virgin Trains services southwards to London Euston and northwards to Carlisle and Glasgow are always operated by electric Pendolino trains. Services southwards to London Euston via Birmingham New Street and northwards to Carlisle, Glasgow and Edinburgh are operated by either by electric Pendolino trains diesel Super Voyager units. First Transpennine Express services are operated by a mix of Diesel Desiro units and Electric Desiro units.

Future train services[edit]

Wigan could have another direct link to Glasgow as Glasgow Trains would run the new Liverpool-Glasgow service, running two trains a day calling only at Preston and Carlisle. According to Glasgow Trains outline proposals these services would be operated by carriages hauled by Class 67 locomotives. Under HS2 and Government proposals High Speed trains would stop here from Glasgow before joining the new HS2 line to Birmingham and London.[citation needed]

Post electrification service proposals include an additional hourly fast to Liverpool Lime Street and 2 new hourly fast services between Wigan and Manchester Via parts of the WCML and Manchester - Liverpool line after electrification of the Manchester to Liverpool line, the rerouting of Scotland services achieves half of this target.

History[edit]

Key dates[edit]

3 September 1832 The Wigan Junction Railway opened between the Liverpool and Manchester Railway at Parkside Junction (in Newton-le-Willows) and Wigan. The original station in Wigan was located close to Chapel Lane, and three trains per day were provided, connecting with the Liverpool and Manchester trains at Parkside.
31 October 1838 The North Union Railway opened between Wigan and Preston and connected with the line from Parkside.
Wigan station was relocated to its present position.
1846 The London and North Western Railway was formed as a result of the progressive amalgamation of various earlier lines, including the Grand Junction Railway. In collaboration with the Caledonian Railway, through trains were introduced between London Euston and Glasgow.
2 August 1873 A major accident occurred at the station. An overnight express from London to Scotland derailed while passing through the station at high speed. 13 people died and 30 were badly injured. The subsequent inquiry into the accident resulted in the introduction of facing point locks to passenger-carrying lines throughout the UK.
1888–1894 The station was substantially enlarged. The London and North Western Railway's Manchester and Wigan Railway connected with the North Union Railway at Springs Branch, and services to Manchester Exchange via Tyldesley which began in September 1864, terminated at the enlarged station. This line closed in 1969.
2 June 1924 Renamed from "Wigan" to "Wigan North Western".[3]
July 1972 During 1971 and 1972, the run-down Victorian-era station buildings were demolished and the track layout re-modelled as a prelude to electrification. The re-built station was officially opened in July 1972.
1 October 1972 All signalling through Wigan North Western and adjacent sections of the West Coast main line came under the control of the new Warrington Power Signal Box.
Two large signal boxes were closed - Wigan No.1 and Wigan No.2, which had controlled train movements at the south and north ends of station respectively.
23 July 1973 Electric train services began between London Euston and Preston, via Wigan North Western.
Express trains, formerly hauled by one or two Class 50 diesels, were now powered by Class 86 or new Class 87 electrics.
6 May 1974 The West Coast electrification project was complete and electric trains operated through to Glasgow.

Withdrawn passenger services[edit]

Lines around Wigan in 1907

Being located on the West Coast Main Line, Wigan North Western has retained regular trains to a wide range of destinations. However, there were several local passenger services from the station which fell under the Beeching Axe and earlier, and the lines have since been closed:-

Trains departed northwards before diverging from the main line at Boar's Head Junction, 2 14 miles (3.6 km) north of Wigan. From Boar's Head, a line ran to Adlington where it joined the Manchester to Preston Line as far as Chorley. From Chorley another branch line ran to Cherry Tree station and joined the existing line from Preston to Blackburn. In addition to the local service, this route was also occasionally used by long distance trains when these were diverted over the Settle and Carlisle line. Until at least 1963 a "private" non-advertised return passenger service was operated for workers at the Royal Ordnance Factory at Euxton.[4]
  • Manchester (Exchange) via Tyldesley (local stopping passenger service withdrawn 1962, with some remaining non-stopping local services withdrawn in January 1968: some expresses continuing until May 1969).
The line from Wigan to Manchester Exchange via Tyldesley and Eccles was the L&NWR's route from Manchester to the north and Scotland. Before closure, this route was used both by local trains and by long-distance expresses between Manchester and destinations such as Windermere and Glasgow. Trains from Wigan North Western to Manchester Exchange travelled south for 1 12 miles (2.4 km) along the main line before diverging onto the Tyldesley line at Springs Branch Junction. In fact the timings of the non-stop express trains were such that trains between Manchester Exchange and Wigan could (and did) take the (longer) route via Lowton.
  • Local Trains along main line
Passenger services were provided to a number of smaller stations located along the main line. Except for Leyland and Balshaw Lane (which was reopened in 1998 as Euxton Balshaw Lane) these stations are now closed. Closure of some of these smaller stations started before the Beeching report (for example Boar's Head and Bamfurlong in 1949 and Golborne in 1962) and was completed in the late 1960s.
Local trains called at:-
Northwards Southwards
Boar's Head Bamfurlong
Standish Junction Golborne
Coppull Lowton
Balshaw Lane & Euxton Newton-le-Willows
Leyland Earlestown
Farington Vulcan Halt
Preston Warrington Bank Quay

There are currently proposals to re-open some of the closed local stations (e.g. Golborne), but none has been approved at this stage.

Wigan Central[edit]

Wigan had a third station: Wigan Central which has been demolished.

Wigan Central was located in Station Road, still in the town centre but some way away from the two main stations (at North Western and Wallgate). It was a terminal station on the branch line to Glazebrook and on to Manchester Central.

Wigan Central was opened by the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (later to become the Great Central) in October 1892 and was closed to passengers in November 1964.

Historical references[edit]

  • A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain – vol.10 The North West.  G.O.Holt, pub. David & Charles (1986) ISBN 0-946537-34-8
  • A Lancashire Triangle – Part 1.  D.J.Sweeney, pub. Triangle Publishing (1996) ISBN 0-9529333-0-6

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "£50m revamp for 'worst stations'". BBC News. 2009-11-17. Retrieved 2009-11-17. 
  2. ^ "December Changes: Changes to services between Manchester, Bolton, Chorley, Preston and Cumbria / Scotland". tpexpress.co.uk. 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-01. 
  3. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 250. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  4. ^ PSUL 1963:6-33 a.m. SX Wigan North Western—Chorley R.O.F. Halt and return at 4-29 p.m. SX Chorley R.O.F. Halt—Wigan North Western

External links[edit]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Bryn
Garswood on Sundays
  Northern Rail
Liverpool to Wigan Line
  Terminus
St. Helens Central   Northern Rail
Blackpool-Liverpool Line
  Euxton Balshaw Lane
Warrington Bank Quay   Virgin Trains
West Coast Main Line
  Preston
Warrington Bank Quay   Virgin Trains
Birmingham - Glasgow/Edinburgh
  Preston
Manchester Oxford Road   First TransPennine Express
TransPennine North West
  Preston
Disused railways
Bryn   London and North Western Railway
Lancashire Union Railway
  Boar's Head