Wijayaba Kollaya

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Vijayaba Kollaya (Spoiling of Vijayabahu) in1521, is a historic event, where the Kotte king's (Vijayabahu VII of Kotte) three sons mutinied against their father killing him and divided the Kingdom among themselves. King Vijayabahu VII had three sons by his first marriage named Bhuvanekabahu (later Bhuvanekabãhu VII of Kotte), Pararajasingha (later Raigam Bandara) and Mayadunne (later Mayadunne of Sitawaka). Queen Kiravella, whom the king married second, had a son named Deva Rajasinghe by her first marriage. The princes who came to know that the king intended to make Devaraja the heir to the throne, at the request of his second queen, became hostile to the king. The king was murdered in the palace itself by a hired foreigner. This event is known as the Wijayaba Kollaya.

Background[edit]

Sri Lanka geopolitics - after "Spoiling of Vijayabahu"

Before his elevation to the throne, prince Vijayabahu used to reside with his brother Chakrayudabahu [note 1], and his wife Kirawelle Mahabiso Bandara, as an associate husband.[2] During their stay at Menikkadawara, the princess gave birth to four princes, Maha Rayigam Bandara who died at a young age,[2] Bhuvanekabahu, Para Rajasinghe, and Mayadunne Raja. Soon Chakrayudabahu and his wife died, leaving the three princes with Vijayabahu.[2]

Once Vijayabahu was raised to the throne as King Vijayabahu VII, he married another princess of Kirawelle. She brought with her a boy named Deva Rajasinghe whom Vijayabahu adopted.[2] Later King Vijayabahu VII plotted with two of his courtiers, Kandure Bandara and Ekanayake Mudali, in order to make Deva Rajasinghe his heir.[3] The three princes came to know about the plot and with the assistance of the priests[1] fled from the capital (Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte) and remained hidden in Borales Migomuwa (Boralesgamuwa in Salpiti Korale).[4] From there, prince Mayadunne made his way to the Kingdom of Kandy ruled by King Jayavira whose queen was Mayadunne’s cousin.[4] With her help, Mayadunne managed to secure the assistance of King Jayavira who provided Mayadunne the army of Four Korale.[4]

Marching down, Mayadunne ravaged Pitigal Korale and camped closed to Kelaniya in the vicinity of Sri Jarawardenapura Kotte. He was joined by his two brothers and together made preparations for war.[4] Meanwhile part of King Vijayabahu VII’s army was in favor of the princes[4] and declared “we will not fight against the royal princes”.[5] As a result, King was forced to sue for peace[4] and the princes insisted that the two ministers to be handed over for punishment. Kandure Bandara was flogged to death by their orders but Ekanayake Mudali managed to seek sanctuary with the priests.[6]

Spoiling of Vijayabahu[edit]

Three princes entered the capital with their army. Unknown to them, King Vijayabahu had a detachment of sixty chosen soldiers lying in concealment at Rahas Kunda Watta [note 2] in order to bar the palace gates and to assassinate the princes.[4] Unsuspecting princes entered the palace leaving their army outside. On their way, they met young prince Deva Rajasinghe who was seven years old. When Mayadunne inquired about the current events of the city, he innocently told about the soldiers who were waiting to fall up on them.[6] Three princes dashed out, through the Karandupathi gate and escaped to their army. The army was informed about the King’s treachery and decided to kill the King.[4] A game of Nirogi [note 3] was organized and the crowds gathered to see it were persuaded to join their cause. Meanwhile princes managed to win over the king’s army and both armies broke into the palace, with the angry mob.[7]

They plundered the palace, treasury.[6] and the harem.[7] They burst open the treasure chests and gems, gold, silver, silk and pearls were looted. Kings valuables and royal wardrobe was tossed from hand to hand. However strict orders were conveyed by beating drums, that none of the citizens to be harmed so to prevent looting in the streets. Meanwhile King Vijayabahu was allowed to escape to the upper storey. He locked himself in a room with two of his concubines.[7]

During the night it was decided to assassinate the King. However since none of the Sinhalese dared to shed royal blood [note 4], a foreign assassin called Selemba [note 5]was hired to finish the deed and King was killed inside his chamber.[7]

Rebellion of Hapitigama[edit]

Following morning, the council of ministers assembled and selected prince Bhuvanekabahu, the eldest prince, to succeed to the throne. .[7] The succession was challenged by the King Vijayabahu’s sisters’ son, Pilesse Widiye Bandara (also known as Vira Surya). With the assistance of Mannamperiya the Aswela Arachchila (late king’s equerry[6]) he left Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte with a considerable number of followers.[8] Through Aluthkuruwa they arrived at Ambana and Pasonnuwara[9] and raised the standard of rebellion in Hapitigama Korale. Prince Mayadunne arrived with an army and subdued the rebellion by killing both the ringleaders. Inhabitants of the Hapitigama Korale were severely punished and several high caste nobles were given over to Pannayo, one of the lowest castes, whose duty was to cut grass for the elephants.[8]

Kingdom Divided[edit]

After pacifying the rebellion, a formal coronation took place and Bhuvanekabahu came to the throne as King Buvanekabahu VII. As advised by the great minister Illangakon the kingdom was divided into three parts.[10] Youngest prince, Mayadunne, received Sitawaka, Denawaka and Four Korales as Kingdom of Sitawaka while Prince Rayigam Bandara received Raygama, Walallawiti and Pasyodun Korale (excluding the sea ports) as the Principality of Raigama.[8] These were granted as fiefs by Royal sannas and they were given the titles as Kings while Bhuvanekabahu ruled the rest of the territory as emperor.[11]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ According to Rajavaliya his name was Sri Rajasinghe[1]
  2. ^ According to Rajavaliya , at Kudawatta.[6]
  3. ^ It is believed to be a martial sport. According to Parangi Hatane, Sinahalese troops performed a game of Nirogi at Randenivala after the defeat of the Portuguese army.[4]
  4. ^ Referring to this claim, historian Paul E Peiris state “..Even to touch the King was an act of profanity. There is still current a story about Rajasinghe II, who in order to test his courtiers, pretended to be in danger of being drowned while bathing in a river. One of the attendants rushed into the water and dragged him on land. He was rewarded for his zeal but was severely punished for is temerity in laying hands on the King instead of waiting for the King to lay hands on him….[7]
  5. ^ Salma, according to Rajavaliya.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Rajavaliya p74.
  2. ^ a b c d Paul E Peiris p63.
  3. ^ S.G.Perera p16.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Paul E Peiris p64.
  5. ^ Rajavaliya p75.
  6. ^ a b c d e f Rajavaliya p76.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Paul E Peiris p65.
  8. ^ a b c Paul E Peiris p66.
  9. ^ Rajavaliya p77.
  10. ^ Paul E Peiris p67.
  11. ^ S.G.Perera p17.

Bibliography[edit]

  1. B. Gunasekara, The Rajavaliya. AES reprint. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services, 1995. ISBN 81-206-1029-6
  2. Paul E. Peiris, Ceylon the Portuguese Era: being a history of the island for the period, 1505–1658, Volume 1. Tisara Publishers Ltd.: Sri Lanka, 1992.. OCLC 12552979.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. S.G. Perera, A history of Ceylon for schools – The Portuguese and Dutch period. The Associated Newspapers of Ceylon Ltd.: Sri Lanka, 1942.. OCLC 10531673.  Missing or empty |title= (help)