Wikimedia project

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The Wikimedia projects logo family

A Wikimedia project is a wiki-based project run by the Wikimedia Foundation,[1] a nonprofit organization founded in San Francisco, California in 2003. The Foundation operates many free software and free content projects, which are listed below.

List[edit]

Content on most Wikimedia Foundation websites is licensed for redistribution under v3.0 of the Attribution and Share-alike Creative Commons licenses. This content is sourced from contributing volunteers and from resources unrestricted by copyright, such as copyleft material and works in the public domain.

The order in the table below is as listed in the Wikimedia SiteMatrix.

Logo Name Web address Launched Description Editions
Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg
Wikipedia wikipedia.org 2001-01-15 Encyclopedia articles. 286 languages
Wiktionary-logo-51px.png
Wiktionary wiktionary.org 2002-12-12 Dictionary, including etymologies, synonyms, and translations. 172 languages
Wikibooks-logo-35px.png
Wikibooks wikibooks.org 2003-07-19 Educational textbooks and learning materials. 121 languages
Wikinews-logo-51px.png
Wikinews wikinews.org 2004-11-08 News source. 33 languages
Wikiquote-logo-51px.png
Wikiquote wikiquote.org 2003-07-10 Collection of quotations. 89 languages
Wikisource-logo-35px.png
Wikisource wikisource.org 2003-11-24 Library of source documents and translations. 64 languages
Wikiversity-logo-41px.png
Wikiversity wikiversity.org 2006-08-15 Educational and research materials and activities. 15 languages
Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg
Wikivoyage wikivoyage.org 2006-12-10
(2013-01-15 as a WMF project)
Travel guide. 15 languages
Commons-logo-31px.png
Wikimedia Commons commons.wikimedia.org 2004-09-07 Repository of images, sounds, videos, and other media files. 1 (multilingual)
Incubator-logo.svg
Wikimedia Incubator incubator.wikimedia.org 2006-06-02 Testing possible new languages for existing projects. 1 (multilingual)
Meta-logo-35px.png
Meta-Wiki meta.wikimedia.org 2001-11-09 Coordination of the other Wikimedia projects. 1 (multilingual)
Wikispecies-logo-35px.png
Wikispecies species.wikimedia.org 2004-09-14 Directory of species data on all forms of life. 1 (multilingual)
Wikidata-logo.svg
Wikidata wikidata.org 2012-10-30 Knowledge base. 1 (multilingual)
Wikimania.svg
Wikimania wikimania.wikimedia.org 2005-08-04 Wikimania conference websites. 1 for each year

Language codes[edit]

Wikimedia projects use language codes to identify language specific editions of a Wikimedia project. The codes are often used as a subdomain, e.g. for the Wikipedia editions it is a subdomain below wikipedia.org. Interlanguage links in the English Wikipedia are sorted by that code.

The codes mostly correspond to the language codes defined by ISO 639-1 and ISO 639-3, and the decision of which language code to use is mostly in accordance with the IETF language tag policy.

One code is not a language code ('be-x-old') but refers to a specific orthography.

Codes that do not agree with the ISO 639 meaning or are deprecated[edit]

Several codes are used for project editions where the ISO 639 meaning is different from the content contained in the project.[2]

This makes the codes partially "not useful".[3]

Project codes[edit]

WP edition name WP code ISO 639 code Meaning of WP code if read as ISO 639 code Note
Albanian sq als Broader meaning than edition content: Macrolanguage, Albanian with four individual languages, but Tosk Albanian is mainly used. 'als' is the individual code for Tosk Albanian, but this code is already used for Alemannic Wikipedia.
Alemannic als gsw Unrelated language: Tosk Albanian.[4] 'gsw' is the ISO 639-2 and -3 code for Swiss German, Alemannic and Alsatian. 'gct' is the ISO 639-3 code for Colonia Tovar dialect, 'swg' is for Swabian German and 'wae' is for Walser German.
Arabic ar Broader meaning than edition content: Macrolanguage 'ara'/'ar' [5] is Arabic in general. Egyptian Arabic Wikipedia uses code 'arz'. Modern Standard Arabic has the code 'arb'.
Aromanian roa-rup rup (Not an ISO code.) 'roa' in ISO is Romance (Other).
Banyumasan map-bms (Not an ISO code.) 'map' is Austronesian (Other), bms is Bilma Kanuri, a language of Niger.
Dutch Low Saxon nds-nl (several) (Not an ISO code.) 'nds' is 'Low Saxon', restricted to Germany in Ethnologue. The Low Saxon dialects in the Netherlands have their own ISO codes.
Belarusian (Taraškievica) be-x-old (Not an ISO code.) Valid would be 'be-tarask'.
Bihari bh (several) Broader meaning than edition content: collective code 'ISO 639:bih' includes Bhojpuri bho, Maithili mai, Magahi mag and nine others[6]
Yue zh-yue yue (Not an ISO code.) This is a Chinese Wikipedia in written Cantonese.
Chinese zh cmn Broader meaning than edition content: Macrolanguage 'zho'/'zh' [7] is Chinese in general. Chinese Wikipedia is written in modern written vernacular Chinese with four standard forms.[a] Modern written vernacular Chinese is based on modern Mandarin (cmn).
Classical Chinese zh-classical lzh (Not an ISO code.)
Min Nan zh-min-nan nan (Not an ISO code.) 'min' is unrelated. This is a Chinese Wikipedia in written Hokkien POJ.
Malay ms Broader meaning than edition content: Macrolanguage that includes more than 30 individual languages/dialects Wiki excludes Indonesian because Indonesian Wikipedia (id) exists independently.
Norman nrm Unrelated language: Narom [8]
Norwegian Bokmål no nb Broader meaning than edition content: Norwegian in general, i.e. Bokmal ('nb'/'nob') and Nynorsk ('nn'/'nno'). Nynorsk correctly uses 'nn'.
Ripuarian ksh Narrower meaning than edition content: Kölsch, one variety of the Ripuarian languages
Samogitian bat-smg sgs (Not an ISO code.) 'bat' is Baltic (Other), 'smg' is Simbali language.
Serbo-Croatian sh hbs Deprecated: 'sh' for the Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has been deprecated.[9]
Simple English simple en (Not an ISO code.)
Syriac arc syc not the best match. 'syc' is better suited for the content [10]
Tarantino roa-tara (Not an ISO code.) 'roa' is Romance (Other).
Võro fiu-vro vro (Not an ISO code.)
Zamboanga Chavacano cbk-zam (Not an ISO code.) 'cbk' is Chavacano. zam is unrelated Miahuatlán Zapotec.

Internal code changes[edit]

The following codes have been changed for the mark-up:[11]

  • bat-smg -> sgs (Wikipedia)
  • fiu-vro -> vro (Wikipedia)
  • zh-classical -> lzh (Wikipedia)
  • zh-min-nan -> nan (Wikipedia, Wiktionary, Wikibooks, Wikiquote, Wikisource)
  • zh-yue -> yue (Wikipedia)
  • be-x-old -> be-tarask (Wikipedia)
  • als -> gsw (Wikipedia, wiktionary, Wikibooks, Wikiquote)
  • roa-rup -> rup (Wikipedia, Wiktionary)

Redirects[edit]

  • 'dk' redirects to 'da' [12]

Usage in Wikimedia projects[edit]

Project specific codes[edit]

Wikidata[edit]

In Wikidata a property named "Wikimedia language code" exists.[14]

Software projects and other backstage projects[edit]

The Foundation also hosts various private wikis – such as those for the Chapters Committee, Board of Trustees, OTRS, and Wikimedia Foundation Office – and various public wikis – for specialized groups such as Outreach, the regional Chapters, and thematic organizations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ They are the standards for Mainland Chinese and Singaporean (written in simplified Chinese characters), and Taiwanese and Hong Kong/Macau (in traditional Chinese characters). They are automatically converted by the wiki machine. See Chinese Wikipedia.
  1. ^ "Our projects". Wikimedia Foundation. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  2. ^ Nonstandard language codes and Language codes
  3. ^ "This leads to a situation where the Wikimedia Foundation project codes are not useful". Translatewiki.net. 2012-09-03. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  4. ^ "ISO 639 code tables". Sil.org. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  5. ^ "ISO 639 code sets". 01.sil.org. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  6. ^ "Invalid id". Ethnologue.com. 1999-02-19. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  7. ^ "ISO 639 code sets". 01.sil.org. 2009-01-16. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  8. ^ "ISO 639 code sets". Sil.org. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  9. ^ "ISO 639 code sets". 01.sil.org. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  10. ^ "Bug 26725 – Renaming the Aramaic (arc) Wikipedia to the Syriac (syc) Wikipedia". Bugzilla.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  11. ^ "Bug 34866 – Change wgLanguageCode of several wikis to be renamed". Bugzilla.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  12. ^ "Bug 15357 – Redirect dk.wiktionary and dk.wikibooks to da.wiktionary and da.wikibooks respectively". Bugzilla.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  13. ^ "Wiktionary:List of languages – Wiktionary". En.wiktionary.org. 2013-08-02. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  14. ^ "Wikimedia language code". Wikidata. Retrieved 2013-09-01.