Wikipedia:Did you know/Darwin Day 2009
Darwin Day, February 12, 2009, marks the 200th anniversary of Charles Darwin's birth. This page is an attempt to collect history of biology- and evolution-themed Main Page content, with History of evolutionary thought as the Featured Article, following the model of the Halloween 2008 and December 25 Main Page programs. Articles meeting the Did you know? requirements should be created in the five days before February 12, 2009, along with suggested hooks at T:TDYK, and it should be noted that they are intended to be used on Darwin Day.
Articles can be created ahead of time on user space pages, and added to the "Ready to go" section below, to be moved into article space when the time to list them at T:TDYK comes.
Possible DYK articles
These articles either don't exist or could be expanded 5-fold to meet the DYK requirement.
- The Temple of Nature - poem by Erasmus Darwin
- Natural Theology (Paley) – von Sydow covers important influence on Darwin's search for natural laws
- Philosophie Zoologique - Lamarck's 1809 book on evolution
- The Variation of Animals and Plants Under Domestication - Treated only as part of Darwin's biography, needs an article on the book itself
- The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs Darwin's first published theory – User:dave souza/The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs ready to go
- Geological Observations of Volcanic Islands, Darwin speculating on uniformitarian geology
- Geological Observations on South America, Darwin's main work on uniformitarian geology
- Pencil Sketch of 1842 and Essay of 1844 – first drafts of theory, title to be considered
- Fertilisation of Orchids, Darwin's first detailed demonstration of the power of natural selection.
- The Formation of Vegetable Mould through the Action of Worms, Darwin's final book. (I'm reading it and will add an article, Wikiquote page and perhaps Commons page in the next two or three days Richard001 (talk) 02:26, 8 February 2009 (UTC)).
- Herbert Spencer Jennings
- George Todaro and Robert Huebner (biologist) - studied the origins of cancer
- William A.F. Browne who proposed Darwin for membership of the Plinian society in 1826, a radical who went on to become Commissioner in Lunacy for Scotland and pioneered art therapy
- John Brodie Innes, Vicar of Downe 1846-1869 and a close personal friend of Darwin's for many years – User:Dave souza/John Brodie Innes rough stub started
- Any of the redlinked geneticists who have received the Thomas Hunt Morgan Medal, or recipients of other Genetics Society of America awards who don't have articles
- Aaron Franklin Shull, an American geneticist who wrote a popular book on evolution in 1936 (Evolution)
- Any of the redlinks in List of members of the National Academy of Sciences (Evolutionary biology)
- Eugenics Record Office -
- Allozyme - an important concept for early molecular population genetics research
- Ethical, Legal and Social Implications Research Program (ELSI) - part of the Human Genome Project intended to allay fears about the eugenic and other possibilities of human DNA research
- Biological Sciences Curriculum Study - post-Sputnik effort to revamp high school biology education, and they recently published a celebratory history of the organization
- Recombinant DNA controversy
- the bryzoan Flustra, Darwin's first scientific discovery was that their larvae were motile
- skate leech, Darwin's first published discovery was their eggs, black spores inside oyster shells
- Plinian Society, a student natural history society which Darwin joined in 1826 – now ready to go
- The Dell (Thurrock) - hook(?) DYK that Charles Darwin's co-discoverer of the theory of natural selection, Alfred Russel Wallace built one of the earliest concrete houses - the Dell in Grays.
List of portraits in progress
Any help compiling and documenting a list of Portraits of Charles Darwin would be appreciated.
Ready to go
If you wish to create articles for Darwin Day ahead of time before moving them to mainspace, please list them here. These ones are ready to be deployed when the time comes:
- Vitamin C and the Common Cold (book) - listed at DYK
- Darwin Centennial Celebration (1959) - listed at DYK
- Non-Darwinian Evolution - listed at DYK
- Sickle Cell Anemia, a Molecular Disease - listed at DYK
- One gene-one enzyme hypothesis - listed at DYK
- T4 rII system - listed at DYK
- Plinian Society - listed at DYK
- William A. F. Browne - listed at DYK
- The Structure and Distribution of Coral Reefs - listed at DYK
- The Dell (Thurrock) - listed at DYK
- Portraits of Charles Darwin - listed at DYK
- Fertilisation of Orchids - listed at DYK
- Derby Philosophical Society - listed at DYK
- Saxifraga - listed at DYK and being held, may need hook adjustment
- William Erasmus Darwin - listed at DYK
- John Brodie-Innes - listed at DYK
The history of evolutionary thought has roots in antiquity. However, until the 18th century, Western biological thinking was dominated by essentialism, the belief that every species has essential characteristics that are fixed and unalterable. During the Enlightenment, naturalists began to focus on the variability of species; the emergence of paleontology with the concept of extinction further undermined the static view of nature. In the early 19th century, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck proposed his theory of the transmutation of species, the first fully-formed scientific theory of evolution. In 1858, Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace published a new evolutionary theory, which was explained in detail in Darwin's On the Origin of Species. The theory was based on the idea of natural selection. The synthesis of natural selection with Mendelian genetics during the 1920s and 1930s founded the new discipline of population genetics. The gene-centered view of evolution rose to prominence in the 1960s, followed by the neutral theory of molecular evolution, sparking debates over adaptationism, the units of selection, and the relative importance of genetic drift versus natural selection. In the late 20th century, DNA sequencing led to molecular phylogenetics and the reorganization of the tree of life into the three-domain system. (more...)
|Picture of the day|
A portrait of naturalist Charles Darwin in his old age, from the Victorian photography studio Elliott & Fry. By his final years Darwin's fame had spread far and wide, as had his image—always with his iconic beard—in the form of carte de visite and cabinet card photographs. This portrait is from a photography session at Darwin's home, Down House, in 1879. It is one of the most widely distributed images of Darwin: it was issued by Elliott & Fry on heavy card stock around 1880 and subsequently reproduced on postcards, cigarette cards, commemorative stamps, and other memorabilia.