Wikipedia:Edit summary legend

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Edit summary legend

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This is a list of commonly used edit summary abbreviations. Press Ctrl+F or +F to search terms on this page. This page does not lay down any official guidelines on how to fill out an article's edit summary. Wikipedians are encouraged to write accurate and detailed summaries. For more information, see Help:Edit summary.

A more concise list is available in the quick reference. You can find other Wikipedia terms in the glossary. See also Wikipedia abbreviations. For help, see Wikipedia:Help index.

Addition of category

cat, +cat
Meaning: I added a category to the page
[[Category:Whatever]] will put a link to the appropriate category page into the edit summary

Addition of comment

cm, cmt or re followed by either the comment itself or the topic. Also +com.
Meaning: I added a comment to this page
Examples:
cm rattlesnake
re : rattlesnake

Addition or rephrasing of a short text

ft followed by the full text that has been added (perhaps with a little context), or the new version of what was changed.
Thus the edit summary fully informs about the edit; there's no need to open the article unless you want to read the text in the context of the article.

Addition of text

+, add, addition
Meaning: I have added text to the article, and here's a summary.
Example:
+Future expeditions or add:Future Expeditions
May also be used to indicate that the user has added his support/opposition on consensus building; it is then usually preceded by the section name
Example:
→ Support: +
or
→ Oppose: +me

Alphabetization

alpha, abc
Meaning: I have put this list in alphabetical order.

Capitalization

cap, caps, capital, cpt, lc, lcase, uc, ucase
Wikipedia's article titles are case-sensitive, except for the first letter of the article, which always appears as a capital. Also, according to Wikipedia:Manual of Style, except for compound proper nouns (such as "New York Fire Department") only the first letter of the first word in section headings should be capitalized. The above abbreviations indicate fixing of capitalization mistakes, or lowercasing or uppercasing specific words. cap, capital, cpt indicate general fixing of capitalization. caps is for those instances when every letter of a word is capitalized, when the word is to be made ALL CAPS. lc and lcase mean lowercasing the first letter of some word, and uc and ucase mean uppercasing the first letter of some word.

Cleanup

cl, cleanup
Meaning: "I have made some general "tidying-up edits." These may include reformatting, spelling and grammar fixes, markup fixes, and other such minor edits. Useful if you make many different kinds of small changes in a single edit.

Copy edit

copyedit, cpyed, ced, c/e, ce, mce
Miscellaneous copy editing.
It is encouraged that you specify the changes.
Examples:
copyedit: major reorganization, left original text
cpyed: from 'Tell Joe and I to ...' to 'Tell Joe and me to ...'
'It took 4 years to build...' -> 'It took four years to build...'

Correction

cr
Miscellaneous copy editing.
Often used when correcting ones own edits, or when correcting obvious mistakes.
Examples
cr
cr after session failed
cr were -> where

Creation of a new article

creation, new
Meaning: I have created a new article.
If there are remarks you wish to make, add them after two single dashes (-).
No other abbreviations need to be used since the article is new.
Examples:
creation
new
creation – NPOV check please
new – NPOV check please

Disambiguation

See Removal of ambiguity (this page)

Edit that is explained on the article's Talk Page

see Talk, see talk
Meaning: I have discussed / explained this edit on the article's talk page.
If possible, combine with other text, e.g rephrased, see Talk.

External links

EL, xl, ext lk, ext lks, ext lnk, ext lnks, ext link, ext links, rm el, URL, http
Meaning: I have added or removed an external link.
If there is possibility for confusion, name the link specifically.
Example: ext lk: filipino strategy guide

Formatting

fm, fmt, frmt, formatting, MoS, mos, MOS, wf, wfy
Meaning: "I have applied formatting to this article". For example, to adhere to Wikipedia's Manual of Style, or to make the article look consistent, etc.
There is no need to specify the formatted text.

Grammar

gm, gr, grmr
Meaning: I have fixed the grammar of a sentence or sentences.

Headers

head, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6
Meaning: I have fixed header markup or changed header wording. Often seen when a page has been incorrectly laid out with level 3 headers at the top level (=== text ===) instead of level 2 headers (== text ==).

Internal links

lk, lks, link, links, lnk, ln, wikilink, wl, dl
Meaning: I have created a link from this Wikipedia article to another one, or removed a link from this article to another.
In the summary, put the link between single apostrophes ('), or copy it from the edit box so that it appears in double brackets [[ ]]
This is especially useful when the link is to a new article: people watchlisting the current page are likely to be interested in the new page.
Examples:
link: 'Train'
[[train]]
lks: 'snow', 'hail'
+wl
See also: External links (this page).

Interwiki

iwk, iw
Meaning: I added one or more interwiki links to this page.

Merge

mrg, mrgd, merged in
Meaning: I have merged some other article(s) into this article.
All the articles merged should be specified.
Example (for United States of America): mrgd: USA & United States of America

Miscellaneous

misc
Miscellaneous edits
Use only when a more specific and more useful edit summary is not practical.

Manual of Style

MOS
Meaning: I have made minor edits in conformance with WP:MOS, the English Wikipedia Manual of Style.
Compare with: Formatting

Move

mv
Meaning: I have moved the article or part of it to another location. (The new location should be specified.)
Or: I have added some material which comes from another article.

(Where it comes from should be specified)

Examples:
mv to 'United States' (mrgd)
mv from 'America'

Notability

nn
Not notable; usually removal of non-notable addition, e.g. rv nn (reverting non-notable [insertion])

Null edit

null, nx, ø
The edit window has been opened and the page re-saved with no change of text (occasionally necessitated by non-automated changes, like those to templates included in the page).

Organization

org, reorg, order
Meaning: I have changed the order of sections or otherwise altered the organization of the page.

Original research

OR, NOR
Meaning: I believe something to be in conflict with the no original research policy.

Point of view

POV, NPOV
Meaning: I believe something to be in conflict with the neutral point of view policy.

Punctuation

punc, punct, pct
Meaning: I have made edits to rectify punctuation. (Elaborate as needed).

Re-categorization

re-cat, recat
Meaning: I have made changes to a pre-existing category link or links.
If the change is specified, put the category link(s) between single apostrophes (') or double brackets (e.g., [[Category:Category name]]).
Examples:
re-cat
recat 'Old category' to 'New category'
recat [[Category:Old category]] to [[Category:New category]]

Redirect

REDIRECT 'Article Name', rd 'Article name', redir 'Article name'
Meaning: I have made the page redirect to another place.
The page that the article redirects to should be specified.

Reference

ref, refs
Meaning: adding or fixing source citation(s)
Examples:
+refs
fixd ref

Removal of ambiguity

disambiguation, disambig, disamb, disam, dab, byp disambig
Changing a wiki link to a disambiguation page to point to the appropriate page.
There is no need to specify any disambiguation changes.

Removal of text

-, rm, remove, del
Meaning: I have removed some text from the article.
Examples:
-some crazy folk
remove: some crazy folk

Reply

r, re
Meaning: I have replied to another editor's comment.
Note that r is also listed in Revert to a previous edit.

Revert to a previous edit

revert, rv, r
Reverted to a previous edit.
This short summary is insufficient on its own—you should always briefly explain the reason for reverting.
Examples:
rv: accident
rv: vandalism
revert blanking
rv unexpl del—revert unexplained deletion
rv changes by User:Second user to last version by User:First user; see talk
rvv or rv/v = revert vandalism
rvs or rv/s = revert spam
rvt or rvte = revert test edit
Note that r is also listed in Reply, so rv is preferred.
Note that rvv in some fonts reads as rw, so rv/v is preferred.

Sandbox

sandbox, Sandbox
Edit to the Sandbox.
This is especially useful for Wikipedians checking the Recent changes as it lets them know that they should ignore it.

Snap double redirect

snap dbl rdr, fix redir
Turned a double redirect into a single redirect

Spelling

sp, spl, spelling
Meaning: Correcting spelling mistakes.
It is not usually necessary to specify the spelling change but if you must, format it like this:
desparate -> desperate

Tweaks

tweak, twk, tw
A wide range of minor changes (rather than a specific one) including:
making article conform to the Manual of style and to consensus
removing stub messages
adjusting categories
fixing typos
rationalising, adding and fixing links
adjusting article layout
using {{reflist|2}} if appropriate

Typo

typo, typos, tpyo, tpyos, tyop, tyops
Fixed typos.
There is no need to specify the corrected typos.

User experienced edit conflict

(ec) or e/c or (e/c)

Whitespace

ws
Changes to whitespace