Help:IPA for Czech and Slovak

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Czech language and Slovak language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

Stress is always on the first syllable.

English approximations are in some cases very loose, and only intended to give a general idea of the pronunciation. See Czech phonology and Slovak language for a more thorough look at the sounds.

IPA Consonants
Czech
Czech Republic
Slovak
Slovakia
Examples nearest English equivalent
b byl bill
c těšit, teď, lať stew (UK), ty-
d délka delta
dz dz[1] heads
bán jab
f foukat, záchvěv focus
ɡ gag, kdo gag
ɦ hořet ahead
j jenom yellow
ɟ ďas dew (UK), dy-
k kolo, ping-pong scold
l lak lack
Vltava little
ʎ veľ failure
l̩ː vĺča little left (long)
m mouka mocha
n nyní ninny
ɲ koně, laň canyon
ŋ Hanka Hank
p pyl, nabob spill
r robot robot (trilled)
vrba US: verb (trilled)
r̩ː vŕba US: verb (trilled, long)
řeka simultaneous [r] and [ʒ]
r̝̊ chřest simultaneous [r] and [ʃ]
s stůl stole
ʃ šelest shell
t ten, led stand
ts cena bats
čas chase
v vítr vittle
w pravda, krv crowd
x chomout, práh Bach
z zima zoo
ʒ žár fusion
IPA Monophthongs
Czech
Czech Republic
Slovak
Slovakia
Examples nearest English equivalent
a matka father (shorter)
máma father
ɛ let, päť let
ɛː létat British square
ɪ i klid, byl kid
klít, být cleat
o pod pot
móda British thought
u kup fool (shorter)
úroda, kůlna fool
IPA Diphthongs
Czech
Czech Republic
Slovak
Slovakia
Examples nearest English equivalent
ou louka local
ɛu euro say oo
au auto out
wo jahôd woe
ja piaty young
viera yes
ju vyššiu use
IPA Stress
ˈ Stress falls on the first syllable of a word

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ /d͡z/ is a phoneme in Slovak, but only an allophone of /t͡s/ before voiced consonants in Czech.