Wikipedia:Jewish Encyclopedia topics

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Star of David3.png Welcome to the Jewish Encyclopedia Topics Project
These pages contain a directory of topics covered in the public domain Jewish Encyclopedia [1]. Although the JE was published in 1901-1906 and thus does not cover major 20th century events such as the Holocaust, and the foundation of the State of Israel, it has few equals in providing a comprehensive English-language synthesis of pre-20th Century scholarship and opinions on Jewish history, religion, culture, and biography. Be aware, though, that more modern scholarship, and a more modern viewpoint-- in these topics is not covered; the best general source for this is the Encyclopedia Judaica -- in the second edition of 2006-7. It is not free, but all academic libraries have it, and most medium sized public libraries also . The "redlinked" items on the lists do not have direct equivalents in Wikipedia at present.



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You may do the following things to make the redlinks go blue:

  • Create a new article for the topic; or
  • Redirect the redlink if there is a corresponding article on Wikipedia which bears an alternative name; and
  • Merge any relevant material from the JE into Wikipedia.
There are several articles that are present in the Jewish Encyclopedia which already have topics in Wikipedia, but Wikipedia does not have some or any of the content which is present in the Jewish Encyclopedia. In many cases this is obvious when the article is about a Jewish topic (e.g., an aspect of the Torah) and contains much information easily collected from popular knowledge, but little or no information from academic studies. This is particularly obvious when an article contains no historical-critical information. If you spot an article that has such an appearance, it may be worth checking the corresponding article(s) on the Jewish Encyclopedia.

Once done, please do not delete the topic from the list (now blue-linked), but preserve it so we can continue to compare JE articles to their equivalents in Wikipedia (cf the 1911 verification project).

Method[edit]

As part of your efforts to start a new article or augment existing articles on Wikipedia, you are welcome to copy and paste the text from the JE. Click on the external link next to each entry on the list to see a digital transcription of the original JE article. The transcriptions on the JE website have not been edited, so please check the text against the accompanying facsimile of the page from the hard-copy volume.

DO NOT indiscriminately dump text from the JE into Wikipedia! At a minimum, please:

  • format the text according to the Wikipedia Manual of Style;
  • correct any spelling errors;
  • rephrase any awkward-sounding prose to improve clarity and flow;
  • remove 19th century references unless they really move the text along.

You are also encouraged to research and update the articles with new information.

When you have finished editing your article, add the {{JewishEncyclopedia|article=...|url=...}} template. This practice not only creates a proper reference of the source of the text, but will also help locate articles which demand updates since some of the information from the JE may be obsolete.

For a good example of a Wikipedia article adapted from the JE, see Yiram of Magdiel.

All "live" (blue-linked) topics should be tagged in bold before the JE link with any of the following tags:

  • DAB - our link goes to a dab page, with no entry for the subject of the JE article. (But if there is a relevant article, use a piped link to link directly to that article instead).
  • + - Wikipedia has some general coverage of the topic, but it doesn't reference the JE, or use any of its material. The article may not even take into account a Jewish angle. But the link at least goes somewhere appropriate.
  • JE - the Wikipedia article contains a {{JewishEncyclopedia}} link back to relevant article in the JE, and incorporates (at least some) of its content.
  • EL:JE - the article does not contain JE content directly, but references the JE article as an external link.
  • FR:JE - the article does not contain JE content directly, but references the JE article as "further reading".
  • REF:JE - the article references the JE for at least some points it discusses; but does not contain a {{JewishEncyclopedia}} template.
  • S 2009-10-18 - a version of the article as of this date can be "signed off" as containing everything that it would be useful to extract from the JE; and also is up-to-date with more recent scholarship/outlooks (and Wikipedia best practice such as NPOV). Typically such articles will in fact be marked JE S, as they will also include a JE template.
  • UNR - Wikipedia has an article (the link is blue), but the subject is unrelated.
  • >> - The JE topic title leads to a general article; but Wikipedia also has (or should have) an article more specifically related to the JE subject-matter
    (eg: France >> History of the Jews in France).

Transliteration of Hebrew[edit]

In the following lists, some changes have been made to the spelling of the article titles. In transliterating the Hebrew consonants chet ח, tet ט, tsadi צ, kuf ק, the JE uses dotted versions of the letters h, t, z, and k [2]. Because many Wikipedians work from machines that cannot display these diacritics, these characters have been converted to ch, t, tz, and q (or k) for the purpose of listing the titles.

Related projects[edit]

Alphabetical Listing of Topics[edit]

Page From - to Initial Blue links JE content Signed off
A1 Aach - Abraham Laniado ben Samuel 500 238 47.6% 54 10.8% 0 0%
A2 Abraham of Lerida - Aholiab 500 217 43.4% 45 9% 0 0%
A3 Aholibamah - Andrea de Monti 500 278 55.6% 52 10.4% 0 0%
A4 Andreas II - Ashre 500 264 53% 30 6% 0 0%
A5 Ashre - 'Azzut Panim 234 128 54.7% 16 6.8% 0 0%
B Ba'al - Aaron Beer 500 290 58% 78 15.6% 1 0.2%
B2 Adolf Beer - Beuthen 500 221 44.2% 35 7% 0 0%
B3 Bevis Marks Gazette - Victor-Claude, Prince De Broglie 500 267 53.4% 44 8.8% 0 0%
B4 Broker - Byzantine Expire 142 98 69% 20 14.1% 0 0%
C1 Cabala - Chufut-Kale 500 379 75.8% 127 25.4% 173 34.6%
C2 Aron Mendes Chumaceiro - Jan Czynski 463 293 63.3% 35 7.6% 173 37.4%
D Dabbasheth - Dualism 500 282 56.4% 39 7.8% 0 0%
D2 Luis Duarte - Dyvin 49 32 65.3% 5 10.2% 0 0%
E Eagle - Ethics of the Fathers 500 276 55.2% 58 11.6% 0 0%
E2 Ethiopia - Ezrahite 85 63 74.1% 5 5.9% 0 0%
F Fable - Meyer ben Elhanan Fürth 469 266 56.7% 51 10.9% 0 0%
G Gabbai - Karl Siegfried Günsburg 500 313 62.6% 41 8.2% 0 0%
G2 Günzburg - Gymnasium 25 9 36% 5 20% 0 0%
H Moses M. Haarbleicher - Hecht 500 223 44.6% 40 8% 0 0%
H2 Emanuel Hecht - Hypocrisy 500 285 57.0% 47 9.4% 0 0%
H3 Hypothecation - Hyssop 6 6 100% 1 16.7% 0 0%
I I - Izraelita Magyar Néptanitó 388 184 47.4% 52 13.4% 0 0%
J Jaarbooken vor de Israeliten - Joseph ben Meïr Te'omim 500 261 52.2% 75 15% 0 0%
J2 Joseph ben Mordecai Gershon ha-Kohen - Moses Mordecai Juwel 241 105 43.6% 32 13.3% 0 0%
K Kab - Abraham Gershon ben Ephraim Kuttower 463 242 52.3% 75 16.2% 0 0%
L1 Isaac La Peyerre - Löb ben Moses ha-Kohen 500 300 60% 100 20% 84 16.8%
L2 Löb of Polonnoye - Lysimachus 154 95 61.7% 18 11.7% 48 31.2%
M1 Maacah - Meshullam Phoebus ben Israel Samuel 500 260 52% 60 12% 0 0%
M2 Meshullam ben Solomon - Hermann Munk 500 253 50.6% 46 9.2% 0 0%
M3 Immanuel Munk - Mysticism 34 14 41.2% 2 5.9% 0 0%
N Naamah - Nyons 384 225 58.6% 36 9.4% 0 0%
O Oak - 'Ozer ben Meïr 197 126 64% 19 9.6% 0 0%
P1 Pablo Alvaro - Precedence 500 310 62% 46 9.2% 132 26.4%
P2 Precentor - Lionel Edward Pyke 119 91 76.5% 6 5% 0 0%
Q Ummidius Caius Quadratus - Quorum 10 10 100% 5 50% 10 100%
R Raab - Carl Victor Ryssel 485 248 51.1% 44 9.1% 0 0%
S Saadia - Karl Borromäus Alexander Sessa 500 274 54.8% 59 11.8% 0 0%
S2 Set-off - Isaac Elhanan Spektor 500 277 55.4% 64 12.8% 0 0%
S3 Spell - Henrietta Szold 232 136 58.6% 23 9.9% 0 0%
T Ta'amim - Tyrol 376 278 73.9% 42 11.2% 53 14.1%
U U-Ba Le-Tzion - Uzziel 66 49 74.2% 13 19.7% 29 43.9%
V Vaez - Vulture 117 72 61.5% 14 12% 0 0%
W Wa'ad Arba' Aratzot - Ludwig Wysber 297 168 56.6% 47 15.8% 111 37.4%
X Xabillo - Xystus 7 7 100% 3 42.9% 6 85.7%
Y Ya'abetz - Yusuf ibn Teshufin 92 42 45.7% 7 7.6% 18 19.6%
Z Joseph Zabara - Paul Zweifel 175 104 59.4% 33 18.9% 73 41.7%
Total 15,310 8,859 57.8% 1,759 11.4% 911 6%