Wikipedia:List of hoaxes on Wikipedia

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Nuvola apps important.png Please do not attempt to create new hoaxes on Wikipedia. Here's why.

This is a list of known historical hoaxes on Wikipedia. Its purpose is to document hoaxes on Wikipedia, in order to improve our detection and understanding of them. It is considered a hoax if it was a clear or blatant attempt to make up something, as opposed to libel, vandalism or a factual error. A hoax is considered notable if it evaded detection for more than one month or was discussed by reliable sources in the media. This list is incomplete, as many hoaxes remain undiscovered.

A hoax can be added to this page if it meets the requirements above. Do not list Wikipedia April Fools' Day pranks, or factual articles about encyclopedic notable hoaxes. Start/End Date and Length are the dates and approximate time the article was generally visible.

For many of the below hoaxes, you can see an archived version of the deleted article by clicking on its title (see also list of archived hoaxes). Some also remain available from mirror sites. Any administrator can create an archived version of a hoax upon request by following the instructions below.

Hoaxes extant for at least one year[edit]

Hoax Length Start date End date Links
Gaius Flavius Antoninus
Supposed assassin of Julius Caesar
8 years,
1 month
June 9, 2004 July 13, 2012 Discussion at WikiProject Classical Greece and Rome
Chen Fang
A Wikipedian noticed in November 2012 that The Harvard Guide to Using Sources said that "an Expos student who was writing a paper about the limitations of Wikipedia posted a fictional entry for himself, stating that he was the mayor of a small town in China. Four years later, if you type in his name, or if you do a subject search on Wikipedia for mayors of towns in China, you will still find this fictional entry." No longer.
6 days February 11, 2005 February 17, 2005 2005 VfD, Discussion on the Admin noticeboard
7 years,
2 months
September 25, 2005 November 19, 2012
Olimar The Wondercat
Fictional children's television programme. Author later admitted he made it for his cat.
6 years,
11 months
August 5, 2006 July 9, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Olimar The Wondercat
George Colby and Colby Pirates
A supposed British privateer and profiteer ("Colonial Colonel Cheese Colby"), and his group of pirates, of the French and Indian War (1754–1763)
6 years,
10 months
August 5, 2006 June 7, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/George Colby, Believed by at least one book and many people online
Murder of Andre Marshall
Imaginary murder in Bridgeport, Connecticut.
6 years,
9 months
November 30, 2006 August 26, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Murder of Andre Marshall
Tillery
Band that supposedly perished in an airplane crash on December 12, 1956 en route to a "Lester Concert Hall", which also does not exist.
6 years,
6 months
November 20, 2005 May 14, 2012 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Tillery
Crocodile shears
Supposed torture device
6 years,
4½ months
March 20, 2006 July 30, 2012 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Crocodile shears Named by Listverse as the most gruesome medieval torture device
Rough Creek Ranch
Supposed ranch in Oklahoma which claimed to be "the first parcel to be purchased in a long-term plan to re-establish the equivalent of conditions in Oklahoma which existed prior to the arrival of Europeans in the 16th through 18th centuries."
6 years,
3½ months
September 5, 2006 December 15, 2012 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Rough Creek Ranch
Allegation that Brierfield, Lancashire, with its smoking mills, was Tolkien's inspiration for the evil land of Mordor. 6 years,
½ month
March 8, 2006 March 21, 2012 added removed; was spotted by a blogger in August 2006 but didn't follow up
Unit 773
Imaginary Japanese biological weapons unit in the imaginary Chinese city of "Songo", created by a banned user
5 years,
9 months
October 7, 2006 July 3, 2012 Unit 731 is a similar actual article
Saint Ofelia 5 years 10 months June 8, 2008 April 14, 2014 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Saint Ofelia
Bryan Tyler and Mark Sims as members of Eli Young Band 5 years,
9 months
February 6, 2008 October 9, 2013
Bicholim conflict
Fictitious war between the Portuguese rulers of Goa and the Maratha Empire which supposedly took place from mid-1640 to early 1641. Was assessed as a good article in September 2007, but failed a featured article nomination the next month as page numbers were not provided for references. ShelfSkewed (talk · contribs) investigated these references in 2012 and found that the main works cited do not actually exist.
5 years,
6 months
July 4, 2007 December 29, 2012 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Bicholim conflict
Reference at Daily Dot and Yahoo! News
Majeed Pejajj
Fictitious Muslim cleric
5 years,
5½ months
April 8, 2007 September 21, 2012 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Majeed Pejajj
K890 (G3)
a fictitious submachine gun
5 years,
3½ months
November 22, 2006 March 1, 2012 Included in book by Source Wikipedia
Antón de Palategui
fictitious 16th century conquistador and poet
5 years,
3½ months
December 4, 2008 March 17, 2014 deleted by PROD
"Adyhaffe people" in List of ethnic groups 5 years,
2½ months
September 28, 2007 December 10, 2012 added removed
Reich Corps of the Trombone (G3)
fictitious Nazi organization of trombonists created by Joseph Goebbels for propaganda purposes
5 years,
2 months
January 29, 2006 March 31, 2011 Confession on Slashdot Axis History Forum image at ookaboo
Fictitious claim about Oscar Wilde added to List of Latin phrases 5 years,
2 months
September 19, 2005 November 26, 2010 added, removed, Story and explanation
Fictitious clitoris research 4 years,
9 months
October 26, 2001 July 26, 2006 added, removed first part, removed second part, Discussion
5 years,
1½ months
December 4, 2006
Hinckley Band of Thieves 4 years,
9½ months
August 31, 2005 June 16, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Hinckley Band of Thieves
Joseph Warshaw
"one of the least Known Highwayman": speedily deleted, then {{hoax}} tagged and prodded when recreated the day it was started, but it took more than four years until it was deleted once more
4 years,
9½ months
February 17, 2006 December 3, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Joseph Warshaw
Argusto Emfazie 4 years,
7½ months
February 25, 2002 October 5, 2006 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Argusto Emfazie
Hilfiger High School 4 years,
6½ months
July 14, 2008 February 4, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Hilfiger High School
Reference to "glucojasinogen" in diabetic neuropathy 4 years,
4½ months
October 7, 2007 February 29, 2012 added, removed; original edit appears word for word in S.V. Tembhurne and D.M. Sakarkar (June 2010). "Influence of Murraya koenigii on experimental model of diabetes and progression of neuropathic pain". Res Pharm Sci. 5 (1): 41–47.  and Talha Jawaid, Ashok K Shakya, Mehnaz Kamal, and Sarfaraz Hussain (June 2008). "Amitriptyline and Sertraline in Diabetic Neuropathy: A Comparative View". International Journal of Health Research 1 (2): 73–78. .
Section on the fictional non-league football career of minor British soap opera actor Will Mellor 4 years,
4 months
January 12, 2007 May 9, 2011 added, removed. Claim was repeated on the website for the artists agency represents Mellor. [1]
Manão
Fictitious mountain village in Portugal
4 years,
2½ months
April 30, 2007 July 14, 2011 PROD deleted
Martin Coleman (American football)
The story of a non-existent American football player who played for Clemson, Pitt, and the Oakland Raiders. It was recreated several days after deletion and lasted for nearly another month before being deleted again.
4 years,
2½ months
November 5, 2006 January 23, 2011 See also Martin I. Coleman
Bryan J. Baldelli
Non-existent American baseball player
4 years February 26, 2008 February 28, 2012 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Bryan J. Baldelli. Listed at Bryan (given name) in good faith
Colin Kennedy
Fictitious American Old West criminal who supposedly murdered John Sutter's brother in San Francisco on April 9, 1853
3 years,
10 months
April 8, 2009 February 7, 2013 Prod deleted; see [2]
Phoedelia
"The ecclesiastical name for one of the stoppers which accompany the cruets used in [Christian] liturgical rites" that no one but the article creator had ever heard of.
3 years,
9½ months
October 31, 2009 August 12, 2013 Discovery and discussion. Added to cruet the next day, added to bung in 2011. Was widely believed by people on the Internet, including multiple auctioners. Note that Phoedelia is a real girl's name.
Jean Moufot
Fictitious French philosopher. Article first appeared on nl.wikipedia, then translated versions subsequently appeared in French, German and English Wikipedias. Hoax was discovered by Dutch Wiki and deleted across the wikis in two days.
3 years,
9½ months
September 24, 2004 July 16, 2008 discussion on nl.wikipedia, discussion on de.wikipedia, discussion on de.wikipedia, mirror with links to discussion
Bunaka (G3)
Non-existent Indonesian island
3 years,
9 months
March 18, 2007 December 20, 2010 discussion
Charles E. Whitmeyer
Fictitious North Carolina politician, undertaker, and inventor of the child leash
3 years,
9 months
March 13, 2007 December 16, 2010
Bucharest Film Festival
A hoax created to support an article on Yuri Gadyukin.
3 years,
9 months
June 16, 2009 March 12, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Bucharest Film Festival
3G Boyz
Completely fabricated contents created by manager to support new band.
3 years,
9 months
December 27, 2009 October 16, 2013 Prod
Jûtien-Gustave DuRoi and Sallah Ukhmed
Fictitious husband-and-wife writers, with a list of works that was expanded over time
3 years,
8 months
(DuRoi)
June 9, 2006 February 7, 2010 (DuRoi) Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Jûtien-Gustave DuRoi
Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Sallah Ukhmed
Claim that, due to her fame in Japan, female wrestler Kaoru Matsumoto was known as the "Niall Quinn of Joshi" 3 years,
7½ months
October 13, 2008 May 24, 2012 added, removed
Yuri Gadyukin
Fictitious Soviet filmmaker defected to the UK and murdered there in 1960 at the age of 28. Apparently, was created to support a low-budget movie.
3 years,
7 months
August 3, 2009 March 6, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Yuri Gadyukin; explanation of history and purpose
Shantal Méndez
4-time Grammy Winner, or so the article said of this hypothetical singer
3 years,
7 months
September 27, 2007 May 3, 2011 Discussion at Wikipedia talk:Unreferenced_BLP_Rescue
Former American Gladiator Jonathan Byrne
Series of edits regarding an eccentric and non-existent American Gladiator
3 years,
5½ months
June 19, 2006 December 6, 2009 Thirty pages unraveled over a two day period by Jeandré du Toit.
First edit
Others: [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] [17] [18] [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24] [25] [26] [27] [28] [29] [30] [31]
Other edits had been previously removed on an individual basis.
Brahmanical See 3 years,
5½ months
August 4, 2004 January 21, 2008 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Brahmanical See, Mirror and discussion at WR
Upton H. Pennyworth (Prod) (G3 speedy deletion)
Fictitious British explorer
3 years,
5½ months
September 7, 2007 February 18, 2011 discussion
Sarah River
List of rivers of New Zealand was vandalized changing "Saxon" to "Sarah", and was later turned into an article by bot
3 years,
4 months
May 18, 2006 September 13, 2009 original vandalism, Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Sarah River, article now at Saxon River
Monarch (butterfly) as Canada's national insect 3 years,
3½ months
December 9, 2004 March 26, 2008 added, removed
Trundu
An ancient tribe belonging to the Trund civilisation
3 years,
3½ months
May 22, 2006 September 7, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Trundu
Sei Wee Lim
Supposedly an Olympic swimmer from Brunei
3 years,
3 months
September 15, 2006 December 16, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Sei Wee Lim
Morton Schwartz
Supposedly a B-movie actor
3 years,
3 months
May 4, 2007 July 27, 2010 Discussion at Unreferenced BLP Rescue
Fredric Croix and Quickslide Rick
Two supposed 1920s Michigan Blues Musicians
3 years,
2 months
February 9, 2008 02011-04-15April 2011 WP:Articles for deletion/Fredric Croix and Quickslide Rick
Kevin Musker
Name-change plagiarism of "Charles Ferguson Smith", suspected for 3 years but retained
3 years,
1½ months
February 24, 2006 April 13, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Kevin Musker, Revision of Charles Ferguson Smith article was based on
19th-century invention of the hair iron attributed to fictitious persons, "Erica Feldman" (changed from Madam C. J. Walker) and another name (apparently a classmate) on English and Simple English Wikipedia. Both names are now widely credited on the Internet (as well as in one book) with the invention of the hair straightener [32][33][34][35][36] 3 years,
1 month
August 14, 2006 September 15, 2009 Erica Feldman, I. G., [37], [38], discussion at Wikipedia Review
Rosie the Riveter
Original Rosie was Shirley Karp: hoax
Original Rosie was Shirley Karp Dick: vandalism
3 years,
½ month
January 16, 2009 January 24, 2012 Historian Max Hastings published in the first edition of his November 2011 book Inferno: The World at War, 1939–1945 (called All Hell Let Loose in the UK): "Another much-publicised 'Rosie' was Shirley Karp Dick, who was paid $6 to model for photos, of which the most famous showed her treading on Hitler's Mein Kampf."[39] A second edition was published October 2012 after the hoax was revealed.
James Geiss
Fictitious English whaler
3 years June 29, 2006 June 30, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/James Geiss
Slow Blind Driveway
fictitious blues musician
2 years,
9½ months
November 16, 2006 August 26, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Slow Blind Driveway
Mittapalli
Nonexistent Indian village, based on old revision of Bandarlapalle
2 years,
9 months
July 23, 2010 April 27, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Mittapalli
Ocular citrosis
A fictional type of eye infection resulting from periodic exposure to acidic substances. Created on 1st April and referred to in other disease articles a few weeks later.
2 years,
9 months
April 1, 2010 January 7, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Ocular citrosis
Vitus Sebastian Barbaro
fictitious member of a real Venetian family repeatedly added to real articles by numerous sockpuppets: Wikipedia:Requests for checkuser/Case/Societyfinalclubs, Wikipedia:Sockpuppet investigations/Mctrain/Archive
2 years,
9 months
May 29, 2007 February 25, 2010 User:Barneca/watch/societyfinalclubs
Richard Hopkins (chess player) and Ruy Lopez, Hopkins Gambit
Fictitious chess player and the opening chess moves allegedly named after him.
2 years,
8½ months
December 28, 2010 September 22, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Richard Hopkins (chess player)
Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Ruy Lopez, Hopkins Gambit
Ruy Lopez, Marshall Attack, Rombaua Trap
Fictitious chess trap
2 years,
8 months
January 7, 2011 September 9, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Ruy Lopez, Marshall Attack, Rombaua Trap
The Tarsus Club and Murray Chance
Articles on a fictitious club and individual created as guerrilla marketing for the film The Conspiracy
2 years,
7 months
December 17, 2010 August 10, 2013 Wikipedia:Administrators' noticeboard/IncidentArchive807#Elaborate hoax articles
Eric Clapton's various girlfriends 2 years,
7 months
May 9, 2011 December 19, 2013 A paragraph was inserted listing 15 women that Clapton supposedly dated. One was Alicia Witt who eventually saw the list and complained on Facebook that it was not true about her. The whole paragraph was supported by a hoax reference initially listing the Boston Beacon which was soon changed to the Boston Globe, even though no such article exists.
The "Cohen-Cruse Ruse": an elaborate set of hoax articles and edits over many articles including the fictitious people Baron Cruse-Cohen, Jean Alexandre Cohen, Jonathan Cohen, Sir David Cohen, and Stephen B. Jacobsohn, and several fictitious synagogues including Beth Sadeh Synagogue and Sephardic Temple Adat David. A small project was formed to hunt down all the various edits involved. 2 years,
5½ months
02009-05-01Spring 2009 02011-10-15October 2011 User:Vivisel/cohen cruse ruse, Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Baron Cruse-Cohen, Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Stephen B. Jacobsohn, additions to Salisbury, North Carolina, etc.
Balboa Creole French
Fictitious highly endangered French-based creole language, supposedly spoken exclusively by about 20 people on Balboa Island in Newport Beach, an extremely wealthy suburban town in Orange County, California.
2 years,
5 months
April 3, 2010 September 10, 2012 Blogpost referencing Balboa Creole French as one of "Seven Languages That Are About To Die"
Trembulo
Fictitious musical instrument
2 years,
5 months
July 26, 2010 December 27, 2012 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Trembulo
Fictitious "further reading" on bullshit 2 years,
4½ months
November 23, 2007 April 8, 2010 added, deleted
Långrocken
Fictitious Swedish serial rapist in 1893, allegedly searched by undercover policemen in women’s clothes
2 years,
4½ months
July 24, 2005 December 8, 2007 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Långrocken
Functional temporalism
Postmodern Anthropological Theory
2 years,
4 months
August 8, 2007 December 7, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Functional temporalism
Sean MacLeod

Fictional comedian

2 years,
4 months
September 9, 2006 January 8, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Sean MacLeod
Fictitious Illyrian gods 2 years,
3½ months
October 27, 2005 February 18, 2008 Old revision of Paleo-Balkanic mythology showing fictitious gods, discussion
Wander Donkey

Fictitious adventure game for the Nintendo DS

2 years,
3½ months
02007-05-15May 2007 September 5, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Wander Donkey, archived forum confession from September 3, 2009
Characterisation of Shane (name) signifying a violent individual 2 years,
3½ months
December 21, 2007 April 12, 2010 added, deleted, believed by [40] and [41]
Peace breaker's muzzle
Fictitious torture device
2 years,
4½ months
August 2, 2004 December 10, 2006 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Peace breaker's muzzle, added to Torture article, removed
Parfact
A secret language of Worcestershire teenagers
2 years,
3 months
November 8, 2006 February 1, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Parfact
Monvilla
non-existent Shropshire village
2 years,
2½ months
January 3, 2006 March 21, 2008 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Monvilla
Matthew Lyons
Texas frontiersman and CSA cavalry soldier
2 years,
2 months
February 18, 2008 April 19, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Matthew Lyons
Fadl Attraction
Fictitious Canadian male porn star
2 years,
2 months
November 4, 2007 January 10, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Fadl Attraction
Curtis James
Real high-school runner with spectacular fictitious professional career
2 years,
1½ months
October 4, 2008 November 18, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Curtis James
Shai Bernstein
Fictitious Jewish-Russian thinker - Bernstein was actually a student in Houston
2 years,
½ month
Sep 6, 2007 Sep 16, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Shai Bernstein, had a Hebrew translation
Just When I Needed You Most
Cover version by "Daniel Selby"
2 years,
½ month
January 22, 2011 January 31, 2013 added, removed
Reference to Selby also added on songwriter Randy VanWarmer's page (removed)
PC Card
Claimed to be invented by "Jacob D. Holm" in 1986. In reality, the PCMCIA organization was formed in 1989-09, based on the initiative of Poqet Computer Corporation's Ian Cullimore with support from Fujitsu and Intel since 1989-07.
2 years,
½ month
August 18, 2011 August 30, 2013 added, removed
Moroccans with Disabilities Act of 1992
"Copied from a past revision of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 article".
2 years September 10, 2009 September 13, 2011 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Moroccans with Disabilities Act of 1992
Taylor Mowry
Fictitious actor; based closely on an old revision of Tristan Wilds
1 year,
11 months
02009-12-15December 2009 02011-11-15November 2011
Canyon View Junior High School
Fictitious school in Edmonton, Alberta
1 year,
11 months
02011-02-15February 2011 02013-01-15January 2013 Investigation followed by an admission on Talk:Canyon View Junior High School
Let Me Be There and If You Love Me (Let Me Know)
For nearly two years, both articles credited a "Navin Harris" as the backing vocalist instead of Mike Sammes.
1 year,
9½ months
June 17, 2010 April 2, 2012 (both articles) Appears in this article and this publication of Olivia Newton-John related Wikipedia articles
Content was repeatedly re-added by an IP-hopper after first removal in April 2012, even after the addition of a source verifying the real vocalist's name, leading to indefinite semi-protection of both articles; see also Wikipedia:Administrators' noticeboard/IncidentArchive747#Repeated vandalism for a likely source of the name.
Lustfaust hoax
The real band Lustfaust, which the article is now about, used this fake band as a marketing tactic
1 year,
9 months
October 15, 2005 July 14, 2007 Old revision of article about fake band, NYT article describing fake article
Involvement of Brian Reddyb in the band Rednex
1 year,
8½ months
October 17, 2005 July 3, 2007 added, removed; User:Brian Reddyb vocally defended his hoax edits until he was banned, and Rednex personally denounced his story. Brian made a similar hoax edit to Saddam Hussein.
Marathonius Granthius (G3)
Fake Roman soldier
1 year,
8½ months
August 21, 2006 May 2, 2008 Discovered when blanked by an IP who warned that it was a hoax
European Tennis Club of Culture (PROD) 1 year,
8 months
02005-11-15November 2005 02007-07-15July 2007 Noticed in April 2007 on talk page
Æblerød (CSD)
Fictional Danish municipality
1 year,
8 months
January 12, 2004 September 8, 2005 Removal from municipalities list, discussion, featured in Danish newspaper Politiken (December 5th, 2006)
Battle of Stuart's Pond 1 year,
7½ months
May 29, 2008 January 18, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Battle of Stuart's Pond
Baldock Beer Disaster
Was listed on Did You Know?
1 year,
8 months
02005-11-15November 2005 02007-07-15July 2007 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Baldock Beer Disaster
Did You Know entry
Discussion
Was temporarily made into an article about the hoax before being deleted regardless.
Zobin Baygan
Fictional musician
1 year,
7 months
02007-04-15April 2007 November 13, 2008 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Zobin Baygan
Traffic cones called "kafele boothe cones" 1 year,
7½ months
October 4, 2010 May 24, 2012 [42] [43]
Maria Portaro (G3)
fictitious marine biologist with "500 published papers"
1 year,
7 months
March 3, 2008 October 3, 2009
Oyster Injustice
Fictitious financial disaster affecting Chesapeake Bay fishermen
1 year,
7 months
July 6, 2007 February 4, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Oyster Injustice
Earl of Aldbury (G3)
non-existent 17th-century peer
1 year,
6½ months
May 13, 2009 December 3, 2010
"Conrad Dean" as backing vocalist on Whatcha Gonna Do with a Cowboy 1 year,
6 months
March 29, 2012 September 25, 2013
Talinsfadasporia (G3)
fictitious Indian town, mostly cut and pasted from Dibrugarh
1 year,
5½ months
May 31, 2009 November 20, 2010
Dexter, New York and Dexter, Maine
On two distinct occasions, it was falsely claimed the town was named after "Dexter Borup". The IP that made the first edit also added the name uncapitalized to Dexter,Maine
11 months February 23, 2007 January 17, 2008 first time: added, removed; second time: added, removed. Was picked up by other resources on the town.[dead link]

Maine:[44],[45]

1 year,
6 months
February 1, 2009 July 30, 2010
11 months February 27, 2007 February 23, 2008
Fake Tristan material
Sir Tristan as an "overweight knight"
1 year,
5½ months
September 2, 2004 February 20, 2006 Added, removed
Anaxiphales
presocratic philosopher
1 year,
4½ months
February 12, 2005 June 28, 2006 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Anaxiphales
Ingrid Vakaslavik 1 year,
3½ months
02009-02-15Feb 2009 May 31, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Ingrid Vakaslavik
Crowborough Caves
With "Dr. SP Leo Logist"
1 year,
3 months
April 8, 2007 July 27, 2008 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Crowborough Caves. Pun on speleologist. Their hoax website now links back to this page. First detected by an anon who called it "a well known 'fun' story / hoax".
Addition of three trees to Man-eating tree, one of which (Duñak) is completely fabricated
Inspired several pieces of artwork and literature, including a novel.[dead link]
1 year,
3 months
October 26, 2008 February 2, 2010 added, removed. Believed by The Epoch Times (May 5, 2009)
Emerson LaSalle
Fictitious author
1 year,
3 months
November 27, 2007 February 27, 2009 After the deletion discussion had started, the original author rewrote the article to describe the subject as fictional (as well as to criticize the deletion), but it was still deleted.
Freedom Channing
Fictitious "conductor" of the Underground Railroad
1 year,
3 months
July 11, 2005 October 8, 2006 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Freedom Channing
Amorica (legend)
Given its own article for 8 months rather than deletion
1 year,
2½ months
November 9, 2004
See original article
January 22, 2006 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Amorica (legend)
8 months May 24, 2005
Francis Bunbury (PROD)
Non-existent architect; names in article taken from The Importance of Being Earnest.
1 year,
2 months
October 24, 2009 December 26, 2010 First noted by an anon October 2010
Joshua G. Cantor-Stone (G4)
Fictitious Jewish WWII naval aviator and hero
1 year,
1½ months
February 22, 2009 April 11, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Joshua G. Cantor-Stone
Fictitious sons of Aaron
Nada and Abidjan
1 year,
1½ months
March 16, 2008 April 26, 2009 Added
Magnesium lasering Article about a nonsense science practice. 1 year,
1 month
May 14, 2009 June 13, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Magnesium lasering
Earl of Iford
Partial name-change plagiarism of Earl of Shaftesbury
1 year,
1 month
April 13, 2008 May 11, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Earl of Iford
Federlandese (coin)
"Had this "coin" been real, it would have pre-dated the oldest known Scandinavian coins by perhaps ~800 years, so we would have heard of it elsewhere. Also, people in Scandinavia didn't have a monetary economy 2100 years ago."
1 year,
½ month
December 2, 2009 December 22, 2010 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Federlandese (coin)
Vanda Varvara
Fictitious painter
1 year January 26, 2012 January 29, 2013 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Vanda Varvara
Eric Radloff
Fictitious singer-songwriter
1 year,
½ month
July 5, 2004 August 23, 2005 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Eric Radloff
Ladedaism
Invented social/artistic movement
1 year,
½ month
July 7, 2005 July 19, 2006 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Ladedaism
The Bierrum Effect
Fictitious biological effect occurring in isolated environments
1 year September 3, 2008 September 7, 2009 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/The Bierrum Effect
James and the Pontoons
Fake rock band
1 year July 20, 2007 July 21, 2008 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/James and the Pontoons
Hevstäf
Fictitious Czech village
1 year October 12, 2006 October 15, 2007 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Hevstäf

Hoaxes extant for at least one month[edit]

This section lists hoaxes covered for at least one month but less than one year. See Wikipedia:List of hoaxes on Wikipedia/Less than one year for the full list. This section lists only hoaxes covered in reliable, independent sources.

Hoax Length Start Date End Date Links
John Seigenthaler Sr.
Real journalist who had a hoax article in 2005 claiming he was a suspect in the assassination of John F. Kennedy and Robert F. Kennedy.
4½ months May 26, 2005 October 7, 2005 The subject of Wikipedia biography controversy. Widely reported in the press and led to the introduction of the Wikipedia:Biographies of living persons policy.

Hoaxes extant for less than one month[edit]

Note: This section should list only hoaxes covered in independent third-party sources. Short-lived hoaxes are innumerable and so we do not normally track them — they can be found by searching deletion logs for "hoax".
Hoax Length Start Date End Date Links
Alan Mcilwraith
A "Walter Mitty" character who faked a bio of his supposed military record on Wikipedia. It initially lasted three weeks before being deleted at AfD. It was recreated three times but deleted within a day each time, but then the story hit the headlines in April 2006 and the article was recreated to be about him as a hoaxer
21 days October 5, 2005 October 26, 2005 The hoax version
Upper Peninsula War
Account of a fictional conflict in 1843 between the State of Michigan and Canada over a disputed territorial line in the Upper Peninsula and subsequent secession attempt by the governor of Michigan.
13 days May 2, 2007 May 15, 2007 Wikipedia:Articles for deletion/Upper Peninsula War
Ronnie Hazlehurst
Erroneous information (alleging that he had co-written a pop hit for band S Club 7) inserted into this article led to several news outlets repeating it in his obituary following his death, which in turn led to verifiable citations. The incident was widely reported in the UK meta-media, in particular by Private Eye & Have I Got News for You (the latter featuring the editor of the former as a regular panellist.
11 days September 20, 2007 October 1, 2007 The incorrect information talk page discussing the issue
John F. Street
Vandalism from IP editor inserting false information about how the Philadelphia mayor had formerly worked as Bozo the Clown.
5 days January 14, 2007 January 19, 2007 The incorrect information. Other IPs restore the vandalism [46][47] but it is quickly reverted. Talk page discussing the issue. Article about the hoax in the Philadelphia Inquirer(dead link). A couple of months later, an IP editor added information about the hoax to the biography.[48] Over the next few years this material was variously kept as reliably sourced, or deleted as trivial.
Falsified quotes by Maurice Jarre
Went viral in mainstream media after his death
24 hours March 30, 2009 March 31, 2009 added
Discussion at Irish Times
Helen Anne Petrie, Strutt Family Trust
South African painter whose falsified biography was seeded on the internet in an apparent attempt to increase the value of artwork. Related names included Sebastian L.S Schwagele, Fan Moniz and PR by a Marlene Duval, User:Marlene Duval
37 minutes June 19, 2007 June 19, 2007 Afd discussion, Afd discussion, SSI report, Commons Village Pump
London Times article(registration required)
South African Art Times article
8 days May 1, 2009 May 9, 2009
2 days October 29, 2009 October 31, 2009
Roger Vinson
Addition that the individual was an amateur taxidermist who mounted bear heads above the door of his courtroom. The hoax information became known when Rush Limbaugh misused it on his radio program.
1 day September 13, 2010 September 14, 2010 Huffington Post
New York Times
Wall Street Journal
Pensacola News Journal
MESSENGER (NASA probe)
Destination of interplanetary probe changed from Mercury (planet) to Canada.
5 minutes January 17, 2008 January 17, 2008 Uncle John's Bathroom Reader Plunges into Canada, ISBN 9781607101000 page 272, inexplicably devotes two thirds of a printed page to this short-lived bit of vandalism, explaining in detail how MESSENGER was the first mission to visit Canada in over 30 years, studying its environment and characteristics from orbit.

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Uncategorized[edit]

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