Portal:Indonesia

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The Indonesian Portal

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Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is a nation of islands consisting of almost 18,000 islands located in the South East Asian Archipelago. It covers the distance from Sabang in the west to Merauke to east (about 5,000 kilometres [3,100 mi]) and from the island of Miangas in the north to the islands of Rote to south (about 1,000 kilometres [620 mi]). The country respects its diversity with the motto Bhinneka Tunggal Ika or "Unity in Diversity". Jakarta, the nation's capital city, is located on island of Java, which is one of the five most populous islands in the nation, along with Sumatra, Kalimantan (Borneo), Sulawesi and New Guinea.

Europeans first started visiting the archipelago in the Sixteenth Century. For example the famous British circumnavigator, Sir Francis Drake arrived in Ternate in the Moluccas Islands in November 1579. Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch and British continued to arrive over the next century. Later, these countries demanded more than spices and began colonising the archipelago. The Dutch ruled the area for more than 300 years and, in 1942, the Japanese arrived in Indonesia and ruled for three years. Indonesia declared its independence on 17 August 1945. It is the world's fourth most populous country and the most populous Muslim-majority nation, with more than 250 million citizens.

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Barongsai Pasar Baru 2.JPG

Chinese Indonesians (barongsai pictured) are Indonesians descended from various Chinese ethnic groups. Their population grew rapidly during the colonial period when workers were contracted from their home provinces in southern China. Indonesia's 2010 census reported more than 8.8 million self-identified ethnic Chinese: 3.7 percent of the country's population. Evidence of discrimination against Chinese Indonesians can be found throughout the history of Indonesia, although government policies implemented since 1998 have attempted to redress this. The Chinese Indonesian population of Java accounts for nearly half of the group's national population. Although they are generally more urbanized than Indonesia's indigenous population, significant rural and agricultural communities exist throughout the country. Among the overseas residents, their identities are noticeably more Indonesian than Chinese. (Read more...)

Selected biography

Dian David Michael Jacobs (born 1977), commonly referred to as David Jacobs, is an Indonesian athlete who competes in table tennis, currently Class 10 Paralympic table tennis. Born in Ujung Pandang (now Makassar), Indonesia, he took up table tennis at the age of ten and rose quickly through national tournaments, receiving much of his training in the national capital of Jakarta, although other training was obtained in Beijing. By 2000 he training to play internationally, and in 2001 he won his first gold medal, at the SEATTA Games in Singapore. Since 2010 he has competed in Paralympic table tennis, having spent most of his career competing against athletes with full functionality. He competed for Indonesia in the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London, winning a bronze medal. (Read more...)

Did you know

Dewi Sandra

  • ... that in 2004 Dewi Sandra (pictured) was selected as one of the sexiest women in the world by FHM?
  • ... that Nias has a manhood ritual to see if a young man can leap over a 2-metre (6 ft 7 in) high thick stone tower, even with a sword in his hand?
  • ... that the matriarchal society of Minangkabau in West Sumatra has been considered the largest and most stable matrilineal society in the modern world?

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Maria Ulfah Santoso

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Semar Kris (alt) 3.jpg
A decorative kris; the kris is a traditional dagger found in much of Indonesia and Malaysia

Photographer: Crisco 1492; Restoration: JJ Harrison; License: Creative Commons CC-BY-SA

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