Wikipedia:WikiProject Merge

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For proposing article mergers {{merge}}, see WP:PM. For proposing category mergers {{cfm}}, see WP:CFD. For proposing template mergers {{tfm}}, see WP:TFD.

WikiProject Merge

Articles to be merged
All articles 10,937
Articles to be merged after an Articles for deletion discussion
All articles 122

Welcome to WikiProject Merge.

Several Wikipedians have formed this collaboration resource and group dedicated to improving the merging process. This page and its subpages contain their suggestions and various resources; it is hoped that this project will help to focus the efforts of other Wikipedians interested in the merge process. If you would like to help, please join the project, inquire on the talk page and see the to-do list below.

The main project focus at this time is reducing the articles to be merged backlog!



  • Reduce the 3-year backlog at Category:Articles to be merged to a point where all merge proposals are dealt with within a reasonable time period.
  • Begin community process to address issues that have lead to such a big backlog.
  • Provide a noticeboard where problems with individual mergers and proposed changes to processes can be raised.
  • Keep notice of the related information pages and articles needing to be merged.

WikiProject Merge needs your help! You can assist by merging a random article from the backlog, by clicking the icon below.

Help clear our backlog, merge a random article!

[1]==Progress== This section shows our progress in clearing the backlogs of articles tagged on or before December 31st, 2012.

84% complete
Help contribute. Become a member!

Current collaboration

Help contribute. Become a member!


From Help:Merging and Wikipedia:Merging

A merger is a process by which the content of two pages are united on one page for one or more of the following reasons:

  • Unnecessary duplication of content
  • Significant overlap with the topic of another page
  • Minimal content that could be covered in or requires the context of a page on a broader topic.

A copy paste merger creates "attribution dependency". To license the content from the originating article you must, at minimum, provide a direct link to the original article in the edit summary of the page where content is being placed. You should also place the {{Copied}} tag on the originating article as well as the target article.

Merging should be avoided if the articles are sufficiently distinct to stand on their own and the resulting article will be too long or "clunky"; the separate topics could be expanded into longer standalone (but cross-linked) articles; the topics are discrete subjects and deserve their own articles even though they may be short.

If you need direction for making a new merge proposal see Wikipedia:Proposed mergers. On Wikipedia, articles may be boldly merged without any proposal taking place, though it is recommended where the merge is expected to be controversial. If you boldly merge an article and it is reverted, this should be considered part of the BOLD, revert, discuss cycle and not undone until discussion takes place—do not edit war.

Project Merge Guidelines[edit]

Listing and Delisting[edit]

A merge is listed once a tag is placed on the article, such as {{Merge}} or {{Merge to}}. Removing the tag, delists the article. Never remove a proposed merge tag unless you are intending to delist the article and only do so when all issues have been addressed. If the proposer of the merge did not start a discussion for the merge, and it is not obvious why the articles should be merged, it is acceptable to remove the tags. If the reason for the merge is obvious, you can either merge the articles boldly, or start a new discussion.

Editors should always close a proposal uncontroversially. Complex cases can be referred to the project's talk page. Merging an article where there was a consensus-based decision to do so at an AfD discussion that has been closed by an administrator is not controversial, and may be undertaken with no further discussion or closing procedure. Local consensus should determine a merge with redirect if discussion is underway for even a very old merge proposal, however, content may still be boldy added to the target page if it is not already present, has context and has references. If content can be saved by taking the extra time to copy edit for original prose, references, formatting, etc. an editor is encouraged to do so.

If an article is original and has sufficient differences from the target article it can be retained and not be redirected or merged and delisted. A merge tag represents the efforts of an editor to gain consensus. If no other discussion is made it is an individual judgement call, whether or not to carry out a "Merge with redirect" from a proposal. If a MWR is reverted by another editor after being carried out by a project participant (or other editor) with no discussion we can assume opposition to the merge and delist as "no consensus".

Stale merge proposals[edit]

If there has been no discussion generated after a reasonable amount of time then the merge proposal is stale. Stale merge proposals more than one year should be immediately delisted if any of the following apply:

  • The merge has been completed already.
  • Either the target or destination article has been deleted.
  • Either the target or destination article is a redirect to a different topic. (This does not include redirects for capitalization, spelling or formatting)
  • The merge discussion doesn't name both articles to be merged. (Close the discussion as void due to confusion about what articles are involved)
  • The tags propose a merge from a very narrow topic to a very wide topic, or vice versa (Example - merging Killdeer, North Dakota to United States)
  • The tags propose merging a biography to another biography without justification. This almost never makes sense, and there is a strong burden of proof on the proposer.
  • The article qualifies for speedy delete. Redirect it to a logical target if there is one, otherwise nominate for speedy deletion.
  • The article faced an articles for deletion discussion while the merge tag was on the page and not a single user proposed the merge in the discussion. Be sure to check the article history to make sure the merge tag was there during the deletion discussion.

Stale merge proposals less than a year old[edit]

Once a reasonable amount of time has passed and no discussion is generated the proposal becomes stale. Stale proposals of less than one year may be delisted if any or all of above apply as well as additional standards for newer proposals:

  • No AFDs/ANI or Dispute resolution is in process or about to begin. Do not remove the merge tag from the proposed article if the AFD is merge related. Tags are not removed during disputes. Any edit done during an AFD is subject to admin approval or decline but are generally allowed.
  • Neither article would benefit from a straight merge with redirect. Examples may be articles that receive substantial expansion or are already large enough for C class when or since proposed or a target article already far too large.
  • Unreasonable merge to destination/target. Either article does reasonably fit the other.
  • The article qualifies for speedy deletion. Redirect it to a logical target if there is one, otherwise nominate for speedy deletion.
  • The proposal has not been closed after no less than two weeks with no discussion or two weeks from last edit with no consensus reached.

If the articles listed for merge meet the above standards then you may simply remove the tags as a stale merge/old proposal no consensus. No merging takes place.

Merging content[edit]

If none of the above apply or it is your decision to carry out the merge, be sure and follow the steps as laid out by Help:Merging.

Editing and merging during disputes[edit]

Editors should not merge content during an AFD. AfD participants should not work "around" consensus by beginning a merge process on their own, before discussion. While preservation of content is a good consideration, copying may be contentious and may create additional steps and administrative work if undoing any copying is necessary. Such a merge also causes an attribution dependency breakage between articles that may require the merging of article history that would be lost if the source page is deleted. AFD participants may offer proposals and negotiate with the other participants during the discussion. If needed, editors may ask the closing admin how to rescue the content or what additional steps that need to be taken.

Using reference merge[edit]

Any editor may add contents and references if the prose used is completely original. In this manner the merged content is not merely copied and pasted but all original content makes use of the available references (see Wikipedia:EDITATAFD). Rather than merging, the content can be rewritten. In this case, there is no attribution problems as the content is new. However, one should exercise extreme caution BEFORE undertaking such a controversial merge. While it is not strictly prohibited, Wikipedia:WikiProject Merge recommends that all editors refrain from such tasks in the spirit of collaboration. Unless there is a strong case for the merger specified by deletion policy it is preferred that editors wait until the discussion period is complete.


Once the content is merged do not forget to blank the originating page and add:

  • #REDIRECT [[PAGENAME]] {{R from merge}}

Attribution of originating content[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Wikipedia:Copying within Wikipedia.

At minimum, attribution must be provided in the edit summary of the page into which content is placed. This step is required in order to conform with Wikipedia's licensing requirements. Do not omit it nor omit the page name. It is important to remember, once a merge has been made and the redirect set or even when a redirect is not set in place, to add this template on both the target and originating article talkpage and fill out completely:

{{Copied |from= |from_oldid= |to= |diff= }}

This code, when filled, out produces the name of the two articles and the original diff from your action of adding the material in full or in part and is needed to attribute the work of the authors. Below is this example for the Merge guidelines copied in full or in part from Help:Merging.

Help contribute. Become a member!

2 people Participants[edit]

Please feel free to add yourself here, and indicate any areas of particular interest.
Please post new entries at the end of the list.

  1. Quasihuman (talk · contribs) (I plan on working on closing merge discussions and doing simple merges. Also interested in working out new ways of streamlining the system.) 23:03, 25 February 2012 (UTC)
  2. Markvs88 (talk · contribs) (I am going to start with all merges beginning with the letter "M"... for no particularly good reason!) 20:28, 27 February 2012 (UTC)
  3. Ebe123 (talk · contribs) Overpopulated backlog. ~~Ebe123~~ → report 20:40, 27 February 2012 (UTC)
  4. Intwizs (talk · contribs) Badam.. tsss (drum sounds)
  5. Dondegroovily (talk · contribs) still grinding thru them 21:34, 27 February 2012 (UTC)
  6. Mark Miller (talk · contribs) This user has merged 1 article from the February articles for merger list Drakula (1920 film)
  7. Extra999 (talk · contribs) going to help and keep this project going 03:32, 28 February 2012 (UTC)
  8. Northamerica1000 (talk · contribs) 00:50, 4 March 2012 (UTC)
  9. Cerebellum (talk · contribs) - Working on AfD merges. --Cerebellum (talk) 01:02, 8 March 2012 (UTC)
  10. Wikishagnik (talk · contribs) - Working Merge and wikify tags
  11. OlEnglish (talk · contribs) - Certainly support this project and will try to help when I have time.
  12. The_mobot (talk · contribs) - Working on merge - going to try and get as much of it done as I can
  13. Khatie Lou (talk · contribs) - Will work on random articles to merge.
  14. DoctorKubla (talk · contribs) - I'll do what I can.
  15. Karl.brown (talk · contribs) - I'm still learning... 05:27, 5 April 2012 (UTC)
  16. Thegreatgrabber (talk · contribs) - Work on some random things, applying templates, just help along.
  17. Kelpso1 (talk · contribs) - I'll do as much as I can starting right now. 05:47, 11 April 2012 (UTC)
  18. Gsingh (talk · contribs) - I have begun merging articles starting from Feb 2009, will work on articles of any topic. Gsingh (talk) 04:28, 25 April 2012 (UTC)
  19. Dark Silver Crow (talk · contribs) - Working on random articles to merge when able.
  20. Coastside (talk · contribs) - Interested in working on scientific articles
  21. BDD (talk · contribs) I like working on the full backlog rather than the AfD one, where there are many simple fixes, including stale tags and discussions just waiting to be closed.
  22. Wbm1058 (talk · contribs) Expect to revive the bot that updates Wikipedia:Proposed mergers/Log soon; analyzing procedures in search of improvements to alleviate the backlog here. Started helping with the backlog – 17:16, 25 January 2013 (UTC)
  23. GenQuest (talk · contribs) I have been working on mergers (through the PM noticeboard) since October 2012. I have been doing a bunch of the Afds also, since the backlog has grown to over 125. I try to do a copyedit on the finished product whenever my editing time allows. GenQuest "Talk to Me" 22:52, 29 January 2013 (UTC)
  24. --NickPenguin(contribs) 01:22, 25 February 2013 (UTC)
  25. ComfyKem (talk · contribs) Will help clear backlog ComfyKem (talk) 01:27, 11 June 2013 (UTC)
  26. Skr15081997 (talk · contribs) I had done more than 50 mergers last year, and I am already a member of Mergist Association . Skr15081997 (talk) 17:16, 15 January 2014 (UTC)
  27. Iamozy (talk) 02:29, 6 February 2014 (UTC) Interested in science, especially, biology, neurology, and medicine.
  28. P199 (talk · contribs) (Working on long-overdue dead or stale merges. Have been working on this sporadically for the last few years already...) 21:16, 3 March 2014 (UTC)
  29. Logical1004 (talk · contribs) Working on dead, or Indian election related or Physics related merges. Logical1004 (talk) 17:40, 24 March 2014 (UTC)

Open tasks[edit]


edit·history·watch·refresh Stock post message.svg To-do list for Wikipedia:WikiProject Merge:
  • Reduce the 3-year backlog at Category:Articles to be merged to a point where all merge proposals are dealt with within a reasonable time period.
  • Begin community process to address issues that have lead to such a big backlog.
  • Provide a noticeboard where problems with individual mergers and proposed changes to processes can be raised.
  • Keep notice of the related information pages and articles needing to be merged.
  • Participate in the current collaboration: AfD merge backlog elimination drive
  1. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Arabic Letter Keyboard Intellark into Arabic keyboard (Discuss)
  2. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Australian mass murders with List of massacres in Australia (Discuss)
  3. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Valet#Famous fictional valets into List of fictional butlers (Discuss)
  4. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Celticization with Celts (Discuss)
  5. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport in the UK into Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (Discuss)
  6. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Computational journalism with Data driven journalism (Discuss)
  7. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Computer-assisted reporting with Data driven journalism (Discuss)
  8. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Corona Theatre School into Corona Stage Academy (Discuss)
  9. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Daai Chin with Chho tribe (Discuss)
  10. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Datagram service into Datagram socket (Discuss)
  11. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Droving into Drover (Australian) (Discuss)
  12. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Diluted Earnings Per Share into Earnings per share (Discuss)
  13. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Kentucky Education into Education in Kentucky (Discuss)
  14. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Erol Onaran into Erol's (Discuss)
  15. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Microsomal ethanol oxidizing system into Ethanol metabolism (Discuss)
  16. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Sufficiently large into Eventually (mathematics) (Discuss)
  17. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Financial future with Futures contract (Discuss)
  18. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Fire alarm call box with Fire Alarm Pull Station (Discuss)
  19. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Boobie Miles into Friday Night Lights: A Town, a Team, and a Dream (Discuss)
  20. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Hanging on by a Thread Sessions Vol. 1 with Hanging on by a Thread Sessions Vol. 2 to Hanging on by a Thread Sessions (Discuss)
  21. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Dominance versus overdominance into Heterosis (Discuss)
  22. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Internment of German Americans with World War II related internment and expulsion of Germans in the Americas (Discuss)
  23. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Jankalyan Nagar with Malad (Discuss)
  24. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Kaju barfi with Kaju Katli (Discuss)
  25. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge knots and graphs into Knot (mathematics) (Discuss)
  26. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Kuninkaantammi with Kaarela (Discuss)
  27. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge List of personalities of KUTV with KUTV (Discuss)
  28. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Kings of Númenor into List of rulers of Númenor (Discuss)
  29. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Ruling Queens of Númenor into List of rulers of Númenor (Discuss)
  30. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge List of Serbian mottos with Serbian nationalism (Discuss)
  31. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Abruzzese Mastiff into Maremma Sheepdog (Discuss)
  32. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Mind Quiz: Exercise Your Brain into Mind Quiz: Your Brain Coach (Discuss)
  33. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Mitsubishi Maven with Suzuki APV (Discuss)
  34. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge My-HiME EXA into My-HiME (manga) (Discuss)
  35. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Inequality in the workplace into Occupational inequality (Discuss)
  36. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Paschal Full Moon with Computus (Discuss)
  37. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Phoolka with Phulkian sardars (Discuss)
  38. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Pony bottle with Alternative air source and Bailout bottle (Discuss)
  39. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Michael Pousti with (Discuss)
  40. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Prebinding with prelink (Discuss)
  41. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Ranking minority member into Ranking member (Discuss)
  42. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge History of the St. Louis Rams into St. Louis Rams (Discuss)
  43. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Riyadh the facilitator into Abdu Ali al Haji Sharqawi (Discuss)
  44. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Che people into She people (Discuss)
  45. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Sign language on television with Sign_language (Discuss)
  46. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Snickers pie into Snickers (Discuss)
  47. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Brazil income inequality into Social issues in Brazil (Discuss)
  48. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Strategic partnership with Strategic alliance (Discuss)
  49. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Striae_gravidarum into Stretch marks (Discuss)
  50. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Sublette Station into Sublette, New Mexico (Discuss)
  51. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Tembleque with manjar branco (Discuss)
  52. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge The Dividend Decision with Dividend policy (Discuss)
  53. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Underground restaurant with pop-up restaurant (Discuss)
  54. Merge-arrows.svg Request to merge Wayside Inn with Wayside Inn Historic District (Discuss)
  55. Mergefrom.svg Request to merge Wazir (Bagram detainee, 2002) into Pacha Wazir (Discuss)


To display all subcategories click on the "►":
Articles to be merged(45 C, 3 P)
To display all subcategories click on the "►":

Tagged articles[edit]

This section is updated by Merge bot.


  • 16,000 to be merged: March 2, 2012
  • 15,000 to be merged: May 7, 2012
  • 14,000 to be merged: June 16, 2012
  • 11,500 to be merged: January 9, 2014


User box templates

{{User WikiProject Merge}} produces:
Symbol merge vote.svg This user is a member of
WikiProject Merge.

{{User merge}} produces:
mer This editor is a mergist.

{{User mergist}} produces:
AMW This user is a member of the Association of Mergist Wikipedians.

Talk page templates

The following template should be used on the merging articles talkpage as part of the elimination drive for noncontroversial articles. This may be placed within the discussion first to draw attention to an upcoming merge and then placed on target article's project listings.

  • {{WikiProject Merge}}
WikiProject Merge
WikiProject icon This page is within the scope of WikiProject Merge, an attempt to reduce the articles to be merged backlog and improve the merging process. If you wish to help, you can edit the page attached to this talk page, or visit the project page, where you can join the project and/or contribute to the discussion.

Another template can be placed along with other project banners. Rate the article for class and importance to project. This template also has the additional attribution template added to be used on each page after merge.

  • {{WikiProject Merge Copied}}
WikiProject Merge  
WikiProject icon This page is within the scope of WikiProject Merge. You can edit the page and visit the project page to contribute or discuss a merge. Visit Help:Merging to seek help to merge this article, guiding through the merging process.
 ???  This page does not require a rating on the project's quality scale.

which contains contents copied from:


This template goes on the merge article talk page and target article project listings

  • {{Merge done}}

  YesY Merger complete

If a nomination for deletion results in a merge with delete, add:

  • {{afd-merged-from}}

For a list of all merge templates, go to Category:Merge templates or Wikipedia:Template messages/Merging.

Barnstars for WikiProject

This barnstar could be given to a prolific merger or a user who has contributed significantly to the project. It is the official barnstar for this project.

{{subst:WikiProject Merge Barnstar|Message}}


The WikiProject Merge Barnstar The Merging Barnstar


For project assessment of articles go to Wikipedia:WikiProject Merge/Assessment.



Related WikiProjects[edit]

Directory Directory of WikiProjects


Council WikiProject Council


Guide Guide to WikiProjects

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