Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 1
This is a list of selected July 1 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 1, 2015 featured article or the July 1, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|1569 – The Union of Lublin was signed, merging the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.||refimprove section|
|1862 – The Russian State Library, the first free public library in Moscow and now the national library of Russia, was founded.||refimprove|
|1898 – The Battle of San Juan Hill, the most famous battle of the Spanish–American War, took place in Santiago, Cuba.||refimprove section|
|1948 – The State Bank of Pakistan, the central bank of Pakistan, commenced operation.||no footnotes|
|1979 – Sony introduced the Walkman portable audio player, changing music listening habits by allowing people to carry their own choice of music with them.||original research, refimprove/unreferenced sections|
|1997 – The United Kingdom transferred sovereignty of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China, ending over 150 years of British colonial rule.||needs more footnotes|
|2002 – The Rome Statute entered into force, establishing the International Criminal Court to prosecute individuals for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes of aggression.||Rome Statute has refimprove section, ICC has unreferenced section|
- 1770 – Lexell's Comet passed closer to the Earth than any other comet in recorded history, approaching to a distance of 0.015 AU.
- 1862 – American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee unsuccessfully launched a series of disjointed assaults on the nearly impregnable Union position on Malvern Hill in Henrico County, Virginia.
- 1867 – The British North America Act came into effect, uniting the Province of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia into the Canadian Confederation.
- 1874 – The Remington No. 1, the first commercially successful typewriter, went on sale.
- 1879 – American evangelist Charles Taze Russell published the first issue of The Watchtower, the most widely circulated magazine in the world.
- 1911 – The German gunboat Panther arrived in the Moroccan port of Agadir, sparking the Agadir Crisis between Germany, Great Britain, and France.
- 1915 – World War I: German fighter pilot Kurt Wintgens became the first person to shoot down another plane in aerial combat using a synchronized machine gun.
- 1922 – Seven of the sixteen American railroad labor organizations in existence at the time staged a nationwide strike that lasted two months.
- 1935 – Grant Park Music Festival, the United States' only annual free outdoor classical music concert series, began its tradition of free symphonic music concerts in Chicago's Grant Park.
- 1943 – Tokyo City was dissolved, with its territory divided into the special wards of the newly created Tokyo Metropolis.
- 1963 – The British government revealed that former MI6 agent Kim Philby had engaged in espionage for the Soviet Union.
- 1999 – Legislative governance of Scotland was transferred from the Scottish Office in Westminster to the Scottish Parliament.
- 2006 – The Qinghai–Tibet Railway, the only railway line to the Tibet Autonomous Region, was inaugurated.
- 2008 – Rioting erupted in Ulan Bator, Mongolia, in response to allegations of fraud surrounding the recent legislative elections.
- 1643 – The Westminster Assembly of Divines, assembled to restructure the Church of England, held its first meeting in Westminster Abbey, London.
- 1782 – American Revolutionary War: Five American privateer vessels attacked the British settlement at Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
- 1916 – First World War: The first day of the Battle of Albert, the opening phase of the Battle of the Somme, became the bloodiest day in the history of the British Army, with 57,470 casualties of which 19,240 were killed or died of wounds.
- 1960 – Ghana became a republic with Kwame Nkrumah (pictured) as its first president.
- 2002 – Bashkirian Airlines Flight 2937 and DHL Flight 611 collided in mid-air over the towns of Owingen and Überlingen in Germany, killing all 71 people aboard both aircraft.