Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 10
This is a list of selected July 10 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 10, 2015 featured article or the July 10, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|48 BC – Caesar's civil war: Julius Caesar barely avoided a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in the Battle of Dyrrhachium in Macedonia.||refimprove|
|1584 – William the Silent, the Prince of Orange, was assassinated at his home in Delft, Holland, by Balthasar Gérard.||unreferenced section|
|1796 – German mathematician and scientist Carl Friedrich Gauss discovered that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.||refimprove section|
|1962 – Telstar, the world's first active, direct relay communications satellite, was launched by NASA aboard a Delta rocket from Cape Canaveral.||unreferenced section|
|1976 – An industrial accident in a chemical manufacturing plant near Milan, Italy, resulted in the highest known exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin in residential populations, which gave rise to numerous scientific studies and standardized industrial safety regulations.||unreferenced section|
|1978 – Moktar Ould Daddah, the first President of Mauritania, was ousted in a coup d'état led by Mustafa Ould Salek.||refimprove|
|1985 – French intelligence agents bombed and sank the Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior while docked in the port of Auckland to prevent her from interfering in a nuclear test in Moruroa.||unreferenced sections|
- 1460 – War of the Roses: King Henry VI of England was captured by Yorkists at the Battle of Northampton.
- 1645 – English Civil War: The Parliamentarians destroyed the last Royalist field army at the Battle of Langport, ultimately giving Parliament control of the West of England.
- 1800 – Lord Wellesley, Governor-General of the British Raj, founded Fort William College in Fort William, India, to promote Bengali, Hindi and other vernaculars of the subcontinent.
- 1913 – The air temperature in California's Death Valley reached 134 °F (56.7 °C), the highest reading ever recorded on Earth.
- 1921 – One day after a truce between the Irish Republican Army and British forces, violence between Catholics and Protestants in Belfast resulted in sixteen dead.
- 1925 – Indian mystic and spiritual master Meher Baba began his silence until his death in 1969, only communicating by means of an alphabet board or by unique hand gestures.
- 1941 – The Holocaust: A group of non-Jewish ethnic Poles from around the nearby area murdered hundreds of Jewish residents of Jedwabne in occupied Poland.
- 1942 – An American naval aviator discovered a downed Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island, Alaska, US, which was used to devise aerial tactics against it.
- 1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of American oil magnate J. Paul Getty, was kidnapped in Rome.
- 2011 – The British tabloid newspaper News of the World published its last edition before closing due to allegations that it hacked the voicemails of murdered schoolgirl Milly Dowler, victims of the 7/7 attacks and relatives of deceased British soldiers.
- 1519 – Zhu Chenhao declared the Ming dynasty emperor Zhengde a usurper, beginning the Prince of Ning rebellion, and led his army north in an attempt to capture Nanjing.
- 1553 – Four days after the death of her predecessor, Edward VI, Lady Jane Grey (pictured) was officially proclaimed Queen of England, beginning her reign as "The Nine Days' Queen".
- 1806 – Indian sepoys mutinied against the East India Company when they broke into Vellore Fort and killed or injured 200 British troops.
- 1940 – The German Luftwaffe began attacks on British convoys in the English Channel to start the Battle of Britain.
- 1966 – Martin Luther King, Jr. led a rally in support of the Chicago Freedom Movement, one of the most ambitious civil rights campaigns in the northern United States.