Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 11
This is a list of selected July 11 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 11, 2015 featured article or the July 11, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|1302 – Flemish infantry successfully halted a French invasion near Kortrijk at the Battle of the Golden Spurs.||refimprove section|
|1789 – French Revolution: Jacques Necker was dismissed as Director-General of Finances of France, sparking public demonstrations in Paris that led to the Storming of the Bastille three days later.||refimprove section|
|1811 – Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro published a hypothesis on the molecular content of gases, now known as Avogadro's law.||Avogadro: Needs more footnotes; Avogadro's law: refimprove; date not in either article|
|1889 – Tijuana, the westernmost city in Mexico, was founded.||Needs more footnotes|
|1893 – Japanese entrepreneur and inventor Mikimoto Kōkichi first created the hemispherical cultured pearl.||date not cited|
|1921 – The Irish War of Independence ended with a truce, resulting in negotiations that eventually led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty and the establishment of the Irish Free State.||refimprove section|
|1943 – In a massive ethnic cleansing operation, units of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army attacked various Polish villages in the Volhynia region of present-day Ukraine, killing the Polish civilians and burning those settlements to the ground.||neutrality issues|
|1947 – The passenger ship Exodus departed France with the intent of taking Jewish emigrants to British-controlled Palestine.||refimprove|
|1978 – A tanker truck loaded with 23 tons of highly flammable liquid propylene caught fire and exploded in Alcanar, Spain, killing 217 people and severely burning 200 others.||refimprove|
|2006 – A series of seven bombs exploded over a period of 11 minutes on the Suburban Railway in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India, killing 209 people and injuring over 700 others.||refimprove section|
- 1804 – U.S. Vice President Aaron Burr mortally wounded former U.S. Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton during a duel in Weehawken, New Jersey.
- 1833 – Noongar warrior Yagan, wanted for leading attacks on white colonists in Western Australia, was killed, becoming a symbol of the unjust and sometimes brutal treatment of the indigenous peoples of Australia by colonial settlers.
- 1882 – Anglo-Egyptian War: British naval forces began their bombardment of Alexandria against Urabi forces.
- 1921 – Former President of the United States William Howard Taft was sworn in as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, making him the only person to ever hold both positions.
- 1940 – French World War I hero Philippe Pétain became Chief of State of Vichy France.
- 1960 – To Kill a Mockingbird, a novel by Harper Lee, featuring themes of racial injustice and the destruction of innocence in the American Deep South, was first published.
- 1991 – Shortly after takeoff from King Abdulaziz International Airport, Saudi Arabia, Nigeria Airways Flight 2120 caught fire in mid-flight and crashed, killing all 261 occupants on board.
- 1995 – Bosnian Genocide: Bosnian Serb forces began the Srebrenica massacre in the region of Srebrenica, Bosnia and Herzegovina, eventually killing an estimated total of 8,000 Bosniaks.
- 2011 – An explosion at the Evangelos Florakis Naval Base killed 12 people, including the head of the Cyprus Navy, making it the worst peacetime military accident in Cypriot history.
- 1405 – Marking the start of Ming China's treasure voyages, Admiral Zheng He's expeditionary fleet (pictured) set sail towards foreign regions on the South China Sea and Indian Ocean.
- 1848 – London Waterloo station, Britain's busiest railway station by passenger usage, was opened by the London and South Western Railway.
- 1864 – American Civil War: Confederate forces under Jubal Early began an unsuccessful attempt to capture Washington, D.C..
- 1914 – USS Nevada, the United States Navy's first "super-dreadnought", was launched.
- 1957 – Prince Karīm al-Hussaynī succeeded Sultan Mahommed Shah as the Aga Khan, becoming the 49th Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims.