Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 12
This is a list of selected July 12 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 12, 2015 featured article or the July 12, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|1580 – The Ostrog Bible, the first Bible in Old Church Slavonic, was printed in Ostroh, Ukraine, by Ivan Fyodorov.||no footnotes|
|1690 – Williamite forces defeated Jacobite troops at the Battle of the Boyne just outside Drogheda, Ireland, marking a turning point in the Williamite War.||refimprove, original research|
|1790 – The Civil Constitution of the Clergy was passed, a law that subordinated the Roman Catholic Church in France to the French government.||needs more footnotes|
|1806 – Sixteen German states left the Holy Roman Empire and formed the Confederation of the Rhine.||needs more footnotes|
|1967 – Race riots began in Newark, New Jersey, leading to 27 deaths in four days.||neutrality disputed|
- 927 – Æthelstan, King of England, secured a pledge from Constantine II of Scotland that the latter would not ally with Viking kings.
- 1493 – The Nuremberg Chronicle, one of the best-documented early printed books, was first published.
- 1543 – King Henry VIII of England married Catherine Parr, his sixth and last wife, at Hampton Court Palace.
- 1801 – French Revolutionary Wars: A squadron of British Royal Navy ships of the line defeated a larger squadron of ships from the Spanish Navy and French Navy in the Gut of Gibraltar.
- 1843 – Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, proclaimed a revelation recommending polygamy.
- 1862 – The Medal of Honor, the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government, was first authorized by the U.S. Congress.
- 1917 – Vigilantes forcibly deported about 1,300 striking mine workers, their supporters, and innocent bystanders from Bisbee, Arizona, US, to New Mexico.
- 1920 – The Soviet–Lithuanian Peace Treaty was signed, with Soviet Russia agreeing to recognize an independent Lithuania.
- 1943 – World War II: German and Soviet forces engaged each other at the Battle of Prokhorovka, one of the largest tank battles in military history.
- 1948 – Arab–Israeli War: Israeli Defense Force officer Yitzhak Rabin signed the order to expel Palestinians from the towns of Lod and Ramla.
- 1963 – In Gorton, England, 16-year-old Pauline Reade disappeared, the first victim of Ian Brady and Myra Hindley in the Moors murders.
- 1971 – The Australian Aboriginal Flag, one of the official flags of Australia, was flown for the first time.
- 1979 – Rowdy fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago stormed the field during a promotional event in which a crate of disco records was blown up.
- 2005 – Prince Albert II was enthroned as ruler of Monaco.
- 2006 – Hezbollah forces crossed the Israel–Lebanon border and attacked Israeli military positions while firing rockets and mortars at Israeli towns, sparking a five-week war.
- 2007 – Two US Army AH-64 Apache helicopters conducted a series of air-to-ground attacks in Baghdad; classified cockpit gunsight footage was released to the Internet in 2010.
- 1561 – Saint Basil's Cathedral (pictured), located at the geographic center of Moscow, was consecrated.
- 1789 – French Revolution: Journalist Camille Desmoulins gave an impassioned speech protesting the dismissal of finance minister Jacques Necker the day before, inspiring listeners to storm the Bastille two days later.
- 1918 – An explosion in the ammunition magazine of the Japanese battleship Kawachi resulted in the loss of over 600 officers and crewmen.
- 1962 – British rock band The Rolling Stones played their first concert at the Marquee Club in London.
- 1986 – The Homosexual Law Reform Act became law in New Zealand, decriminalising consensual homosexual sex.