Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 13
This is a list of selected July 13 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 13, 2015 featured article or the July 13, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|Statehood Day in Montenegro (1878)||multiple issues|
|1174 – William the Lion, a key rebel in the Revolt of 1173–74, was captured at Alnwick by forces loyal to Henry II of England.||refimprove|
|1643 – English Civil War: Royalists defeated the Parliamentarians at the Battle of Roundway Down near Devizes in central Wiltshire.||needs more footnotes|
|1772 – Under the command of explorer James Cook, HMS Resolution set sail from Plymouth, England, along with HMS Adventure.||needs more footnotes|
|1787 – The Northwest Ordinance was passed by the Congress of the Confederation, creating the Northwest Territory as the first organized territory of the United States.||refimprove section|
|1977 – A power outage in New York City resulted in city-wide looting and other disorder.||unreferenced section|
|1985 – Live Aid rock music concerts, organised by singers Bob Geldof and Midge Ure to raise funds for famine relief in Ethiopia, were held at Wembley Stadium in London and John F. Kennedy Stadium in Philadelphia.||refimprove sections|
- 1793 – Charlotte Corday (pictured) assassinated Jean-Paul Marat, a leader in both the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror, in his bathtub.
- 1830 – The Scottish Church College, the oldest continuously running Christian liberal arts and sciences college in India, was founded as the General Assembly's Institution.
- 1863 – Three days of rioting began in New York City by opponents of new laws passed by the United States Congress to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.
- 1941 – The Communist Party of Yugoslavia initiated a general and popular uprising against Italian occupation forces in Montenegro that was suppressed within six weeks.
- 1977 – Ethiopia and Somalia went to war over the disputed Ogaden region in eastern Ethiopia.
- 2003 – French DGSE personnel aborted an operation to rescue Colombian politician Íngrid Betancourt from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, causing a political scandal when details were leaked to the press six days later.
- 2011 – Three coordinated bombings across Mumbai, India, killed 26 victims and injured 130 more.
- 1260 – The Livonian Order suffered its greatest defeat in the 13th century in the Battle of Durbe against the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
- 1814 – The Carabinieri (modern Carabiniere pictured), the national military police of Italy, was founded by Victor Emmanuel I as the police force of the Kingdom of Sardinia.
- 1878 – At the conclusion of the Congress of Berlin, the major powers in Europe signed the Treaty of Berlin, redrawing the map of the Balkans.
- 1962 – In an unprecedented action, British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan dismissed seven members of his Cabinet.
- 2008 – War in Afghanistan: Taliban guerrillas attacked NATO troops near the village of Wanat in the Waygal district in Afghanistan's far eastern province of Nuristan.