Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 19
This is a list of selected July 19 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 19, 2015 featured article or the July 19, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|Independence Day in Laos (1949)||refimprove|
|1333 – Second War of Scottish Independence: Scottish forces under Sir Archibald Douglas were heavily defeated by the English at the Battle of Halidon Hill while trying to relieve Berwick-upon-Tweed.||needs more footnotes|
|1919 – Following Peace Day celebrations marking the end of the First World War, English ex-servicemen who were unhappy with unemployment and other grievances rioted and burnt down the Luton Town Hall.||refimprove|
|1947 – Centrist Korean politician Lyuh Woon-hyung was assassinated by an active member of a nationalist right-wing group.||Needs more footnotes|
|1979 – Sandinista rebels overthrew the US-backed government of the Somoza family in Nicaragua.||multiple issues|
- 1545 – The English warship Mary Rose sank just outside Portsmouth during the Battle of the Solent.
- 1553 – Lady Jane Grey was replaced by Mary I as Queen of England after holding that title for just nine days.
- 1843 – SS Great Britain, the first ocean-going ship that had both an iron hull and a screw propeller, launched from Bristol, UK.
- 1870 – A dispute over who would become the next Spanish monarch following the deposition of Isabella II during the 1868 Glorious Revolution led France to declare war on Prussia.
- 1903 – French cyclist Maurice Garin won the first Tour de France.
- 1908 – Feyenoord Rotterdam, today one of the "big three" professional football teams in the Netherlands, was founded as the club Wilhelmina in a pub.
- 1916 – First World War: "The worst 24 hours in Australia's entire history" occurred when Australian forces suffered heavy losses in their unsuccessful assault on the Germans at the Battle of Fromelles in France.
- 1947 – Burmese nationalist Aung San and six members of his newly formed cabinet were assassinated during a cabinet meeting.
- 1989 – After suffering an uncontained failure of an engine which destroyed all of its hydraulic systems, United Airlines Flight 232 broke up during an emergency landing in Sioux City, Iowa, US, killing 111 people.
- 1997 – The Provisional Irish Republican Army permanently resumed its ceasefire to end its 25-year campaign against British rule in Northern Ireland.
- 64 – The Great Fire of Rome started among the shops around the Circus Maximus, eventually destroying three of fourteen Roman districts and severely damaging seven others.
- 1702 – Great Northern War: A numerically superior Polish–Saxon army of Augustus II the Strong, operating from an advantageous defensive position, was defeated by a Swedish army half its size in the Battle of Klissow.
- 1848 – The two-day Women's Rights Convention, the first women's rights and feminist convention held in the United States, opened in Seneca Falls, New York.
- 1981 – French President François Mitterrand privately revealed to U.S. President Ronald Reagan (both pictured) documents showing that the Soviets had been stealing American technological research and development.
- 1992 – A car bomb killed anti-Mafia judge Paolo Borsellino and five policemen in Palermo, Italy, less than two months after the murder of his friend and colleague Giovanni Falcone.