Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/July 27
This is a list of selected July 27 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled July 27, 2015 featured article or the July 27, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|1214 – Philip II of France decisively won the Battle of Bouvines and took undisputed control of the territories of Anjou, Brittany, Maine, Normandy and the Touraine.||refimprove section|
|1663 – The Parliament of England passed the second of the Navigation Acts, which required that all goods bound for the American colonies had to be sent in English ships from English ports.||needs copyediting|
|1778 – American Revolutionary War: French and British fleets fought to a standoff west of Ushant, which led to political disputes in both countries.||refimprove|
|1865 – A group of Welsh settlers arrived at Chubut Valley in Argentina's Patagonia region.||needs more footnotes|
|1880 – Second Anglo-Afghan War: In a Pyrrhic victory, Afghan forces led by Ayub Khan defeated the British Army near Maiwand, Afghanistan.||refimprove section|
|1996 – A pipe bomb exploded during the Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, US, killing two people and injuring 111 others.||refimprove|
- 1054 – Siward, Earl of Northumbria, led an invasion of Scotland and defeated Macbeth, King of Scotland, in a battle north of the Firth of Forth.
- 1694 – A Royal Charter was granted to the Bank of England as the English Government's banker.
- 1916 – British mariner Charles Fryatt was executed at Bruges, Belgium, after a court-martial found him to be a franc-tireur.
- 1919 – Red Summer: Race riots erupted in Chicago after a racial incident occurred on a South Side beach, leading to 38 fatalities and 537 injuries over a five-day period.
- 1921 – University of Toronto researchers led by Frederick Banting proved that the hormone insulin regulates blood sugar.
- 1942 – World War II: Allied forces halted the Axis invasion of Egypt.
- 1949 – The de Havilland Comet, the world's first commercial jet airliner to reach production, made its maiden flight.
- 1953 – An armistice was signed (pictured) to end hostilities in the Korean War, officially making the Division of Korea indefinite by creating an approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) wide demilitarized zone across the Korean Peninsula.
- 2002 – A Ukrainian Air Force Sukhoi Su-27 aircraft crashed during an aerobatics presentation at an airshow near Lviv, Ukraine, killing 84 people and injuring over 100 others.
- 2007 – While covering a police pursuit in Phoenix, Arizona, US, two news helicopters collided in mid-air, killing the crews of both.
- 1302 – Byzantine–Ottoman Wars: The Ottoman sultanate scored its first major victory against the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Bapheus in Bithynia.
- 1789 – The U.S. State Department, then known as the Department of Foreign Affairs, became the first federal agency created under the U.S. Constitution.
- 1794 – The National Convention ordered the arrest and execution of Reign of Terror leader Maximilien Robespierre after he encouraged the execution of more than 17,000 "enemies of the French Revolution".
- 1914 – Felix Manalo established the modern-day Iglesia ni Cristo religion, an independent, nontrinitarian Christian church, in the Philippines (Iglesia ni Cristo Central Temple pictured).
- 1940 – Bugs Bunny debuted in the animated cartoon A Wild Hare.