Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/March 13
This is a list of selected March 13 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled March 13, 2015 featured article or the March 13, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|874 – The remains of Saint Nicephorus were brought back to Constantinople to be interred at the Church of the Holy Apostles.||no footnotes|
|1639 – Already two years old but usually called simply "the New College", Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, was named after its first principal donor, John Harvard.||Need to verify date, tagged refimprove + cleanup|
|1881 – Tsar Alexander II of Russia was assassinated near his palace in a bomb-throwing plot by Ignacy Hryniewiecki and three other revolutionaries.||unreferenced section|
|1884 – Mahdist War: Forces loyal to self-proclaimed Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad began a 319-day siege of a combined Anglo-Egyptian force defending Khartoum, Sudan.||globalize, refimprove sections|
- 1781 – German-born astronomer and composer William Herschel discovered the planet Uranus while in the garden of his house in Bath, Somerset, thinking it was a comet.
- 1920 – The Kapp Putsch briefly ousted the Weimar Republic government from Berlin.
- 1943 – The Holocaust: Nazi German troops began liquidating the Jewish Ghetto in Kraków, Poland, sending about 8,000 Jews deemed able to work to the Plaszow labor camp, with the rest either killed or sent to Auschwitz.
- 1962 – Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff Lyman Lemnitzer delivered a proposal to Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara called Operation Northwoods to create public support for a war against Fidel Castro and Cuba, which was eventually rejected by President John F. Kennedy.
- 1988 – The Seikan Tunnel, the longest and deepest tunnel in the world, opened between the cities of Hakodate and Aomori, Japan.
- 1996 – A mass-murderer killed sixteen children and a teacher at a primary school in Dunblane, Scotland.
- 1997 – A series of unexplained lights appeared in the skies over the U.S. states of Arizona and New Mexico, and the Mexican state of Sonora.
- 624 – Led by Muhammad, the Muslims of Medina defeated the Quraysh of Mecca in Badr, present-day Saudi Arabia.
- 1697 – Nojpetén, capital of the Itza Maya kingdom, fell to Spanish conquistadors, the final step in the Spanish conquest of Guatemala.
- 1845 – German composer Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto (1st movement Allegro molto appassionato featured), one of the most popular and most frequently performed violin concertos of all time, was first played in Leipzig.
- 1954 – Viet Minh forces under Vo Nguyen Giap unleashed a massive artillery barrage on the French military to begin the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the climactic battle in the First Indochina War.
- 1964 – American Kitty Genovese was murdered, reportedly in view of neighbors who did nothing to help her (later disproved), prompting research into the bystander effect.