Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/October 13
This is a list of selected October 13 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled October 13, 2014 featured article or the October 13, 2014 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
Use only ONE image at a time
|54 – Claudius was fatally poisoned at the instigation of his wife Agrippina the Younger, making her 16-year-old son Nero the next Roman Emperor.||already featured on June 9|
|1773 – French astronomer Charles Messier discovered the Whirlpool Galaxy, an interacting, grand-design spiral galaxy located at a distance of approximately 23 million light-years in the constellation Canes Venatici.||refimprove section|
|1792 – The cornerstone for the Executive Mansion in Washington, D.C., later to be known as the White House, was laid.||already featured on November 1|
|1884 – The Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London, was established as Universal Time meridian of longitude.||needs more footnotes, date not in article|
|1972 – Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashed into a remote area in the Andes mountains near the border of Chile and Argentina; the last of 16 survivors were not rescued until December 23.||refimprove|
|2010 – A live television audience of over 1 billion viewers watched as 33 miners were rescued following a cave-in at the San José Mine in the Atacama Desert of Chile.||refimprove section|
- 1710 – Queen Anne's War: The French surrender ending the Siege of Port Royal gave the British permanent possession of Nova Scotia.
- 1812 – War of 1812: British troops and Mohawk warriors repelled an American invasion from across the Niagara River at the Battle of Queenston Heights near Queenston, Ontario.
- 1881 – Determined to bring about the revival of Hebrew as a spoken language as a way of unifying Jews, Eliezer Ben-Yehuda (pictured) had what is believed to be the first modern conversation in Hebrew while living in Paris.
- 1911 – Prince Arthur, a son of Queen Victoria, became the first Governor General of Canada of royal descent as well as the Prince of Great Britain and Ireland to hold that position.
- 1917 – At least 30,000 people in the Cova da Iria fields near Fátima, Portugal, witnessed the "Miracle of the Sun".
- 1958 – The first book featuring the English children's literature character Paddington Bear, created by Michael Bond and Peggy Fortnum, was published.
- Winnie the Pooh appears on October 13, so Paddington Bear should not appear in the same year.
- 1307 – Agents of King Philip IV of France launched a dawn raid, simultaneously arresting many members of the Knights Templar (seal pictured), and subsequently torturing them into "admitting" heresy.
- 1843 – B'nai B'rith, the oldest continually operating Jewish service organization in the world, was founded in New York City.
- 1885 – The Georgia Institute of Technology was established in Atlanta as part of Reconstruction plans to build an industrial economy in the post-Civil War Southern United States.
- 1921 – The Soviet republics of Russia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia signed the Treaty of Kars with the Grand National Assembly of Turkey to establish the contemporary borders between Turkey and the South Caucasus states.
- 1943 – World War II: With a new government led by General Pietro Badoglio, parts of Italy switched sides to the Allies and declared war on the Axis Powers.