Wikipedia:Selected anniversaries/October 7
This is a list of selected October 7 anniversaries that appears on the "On this day" section of the Main Page. To suggest a new item, in most cases you can be bold and edit this page. Please read the selected anniversaries guidelines before making your edit. However, if your addition might be controversial, or on a day that is or soon will be on the Main Page, please post your suggestion on the talk page instead.
Please note that the events listed on the Main Page are chosen based more on relative article quality and to maintain a mix of topics, not based solely on how important or significant their subjects are. Only 5–6 events are posted at a time and thus not everything that is "most important and significant" can be listed. In addition, an event is not generally posted this year if it is also the subject of the scheduled October 7, 2015 featured article or the October 7, 2015 featured picture.
To report an error when this appears on the Main Page, see Main Page errors. Please remember that this list defers to the supporting articles, so it is best to achieve consensus and make any necessary changes there first.
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|1691 – The North American crown colony Province of Massachusetts Bay received its royal charter from William and Mary.||refimprove section|
|1912 – The Helsinki Stock Exchange, located in Helsinki, Finland, saw its first transaction.||refimprove|
|1919 – KLM, the oldest airline in the world still operating under its original name, was founded.||refimprove section|
|1949 – East Berlin and the Soviet Zone of Occupied Germany became the German Democratic Republic.||unreferenced section, accuracy disputed|
|1959 – Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 captured the first photographs of the far side of the Moon.||unreferenced|
|1985 – The Mediterranean ocean liner MS Achille Lauro was hijacked by Palestine Liberation Front terrorists while sailing from Alexandria to Port Said within Egypt.||unreferenced sections, refimprove sections|
|2001 – War on Terrorism: The War in Afghanistan began with an aerial bombing campaign targeting Taliban and Al-Qaeda forces.||unreferenced section|
|2003 – Californians voted to recall Governor Gray Davis from office and elected Arnold Schwarzenegger from a list of 135 candidates.||refimprove section, external links|
- 1513 – War of the League of Cambrai: A Venetian army under Bartolomeo d'Alviano was decisively defeated by the Spanish army commanded by Ramón de Cardona and Fernando d'Avalos.
- 1542 – Spanish explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo became the first European to set foot on Santa Catalina Island, off the coast of California.
- 1763 – Following Great Britain's acquisition of New France after the end of the Seven Years' War, King George III issued a Royal Proclamation closing most of this land to the residents of the Thirteen Colonies and reserving it for indigenous peoples.
- 1777 – American Revolutionary War: The British suffered a decisive defeat at the Second Battle of Saratoga, generally regarded as a turning point in the war.
- 1780 – American Revolutionary War: Patriots and Loyalist militias engaged each other at the Battle of Kings Mountain in South Carolina.
- 1849 – American writer Edgar Allan Poe died under mysterious circumstances at Washington Medical College four days after being found on the streets of Baltimore, Maryland, in a delirious and incoherent state.
- 1916 – Georgia Tech defeated Cumberland University 222–0 in the most lopsided college football game in American history.
- 1933 – Five French airline companies merged to form Air France.
- 1976 – Hua Guofeng succeeded Mao Zedong as Chairman of the Communist Party of China.
- 1991 – Croatian War of Independence: The Yugoslav People's Army conducted an air strike on Banski dvori, the official residence of the Government of Croatia in Zagreb.
- 1993 – The Great Mississippi and Missouri Rivers Flood came to an end after 103 days, as the Mississippi River at St. Louis finally dropped below flood stage.
- 2006 – Russian journalist and human rights activist Anna Politkovskaya was assassinated in the elevator of her apartment block in central Moscow.
- 1571 – A Western Christian coalition inflicted a significant defeat upon the Ottoman Navy near the Gulf of Corinth in the Battle of Lepanto, the first major Ottoman loss to European powers.
- 1800 – The French privateer Robert Surcouf led a 150-man crew to capture the 40-gun, 437-man East Indiaman Kent.
- 1868 – Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, was inaugurated, with an initial enrollment of 412 students the next day.
- 1944 – The Holocaust: When members of the Sonderkommando—Jewish work units in Auschwitz—learned that they were due to be murdered, they staged a revolt.
- 1958 – Attempting to control the political instability in Pakistan, President Iskander Mirza (pictured) suspended the 1956 constitution, imposed martial law, and cancelled the elections scheduled for January 1959.