Wikipedia:Today's featured article/requests

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Here the community can nominate articles to be selected as "Today's featured article" (TFA) on the main page. The TFA section aims to highlight the range of articles that have "featured article" status, from Art and architecture through to Warfare, and wherever possible it tries to avoid similar topics appearing too close together without good reason. Requests are not the only factor in scheduling the TFA (see Choosing Today's Featured Article); the final decision rests with the TFA coordinator, Bencherlite (who also selects TFAs for dates where no suggestions are put forward). Please confine requests to this page, and remember that community endorsement on this page does not necessarily mean the article will appear on the requested date.

The rules for nominations are relatively simple:

  • The article must be a featured article.
  • The article must not have appeared as TFA before (see the list of possibilities here)
  • The request must be either for a specific date within the next 30 days that have not yet been scheduled (10 spaces), or a non-specific date (4 spaces). If a section is full, you can wait for a vacancy, or ask Bencherlite for advice.

If you have an exceptional request that deviates from these instructions (for example, an article making a second appearance as TFA, or a "double-header"), please discuss the matter with Bencherlite in the first instance.

It can be helpful to add the article to the pending requests template up to 1 year before the requested date. This does not guarantee selection, but does help others see what nominations may be forthcoming. Requestors should still nominate the article here during the 30-day timeframe.

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Featured content:

Today's featured article (TFA):

Featured article tools:

Adding requests:

For an experimental period, you are not required to calculate "points" for your nomination. However, it would be helpful if your nomination could mention factors such as:

  • when the last similar article was, since this helps towards diversity on the main page (see Wikipedia:Today's featured article/recent TFAs);
  • when the article was promoted to FA status (since older articles may need extra checks);
  • and (for date-specific nominations) the article's relevance for the requested date.

If you are not one of the article's primary editors, please notify the primary editors of the TFA nomination; if primary editors are no longer active, please add a message to the article talk page.

Nominations are ordered by requested date below the summary chart. More than one article can be nominated for the same date.

How to post a new nomination:

Create the nomination subpage.

In the box below, enter the full name of the article you are nominating (replacing ARTICLE TITLE, and without using any brackets around the article's name) and click the button to create your nomination page.

Write the nomination.

On that nomination page, fill out as many of the relevant parts of the pre-loaded {{TFAR nom}} template as you can, then save the page.

Please do your best to write a blurb, using the same formatting as the ones used on the main page; see today's example. Specifically: one paragraph only; no reference tags, alternative names, or extraneous bolding; trim birth/death dates to year only; link to the article title in bold and as the first wikilink in the blurb; total length of blurb when previewed (including spaces) as close as possible to 1,200 characters maximum. Add a suitable free-use image if available; fair use images are not allowed.

If you don't feel happy writing a blurb, follow the rest of the instructions, then ask for assistance at WT:TFAR and someone will help.

Post at TFAR.

After you have created the nomination page, add it here under a level-3 heading for the preferred date (or under a free non-specific date header). To do this, add (replacing "ARTICLE TITLE" with the name of your nominated article):
===February 29===
{{Wikipedia:Today's featured article/requests/ARTICLE TITLE}}

It would also then be helpful to add the nomination to the summary chart, following the examples there. Please include the name of the article that you are nominating in your edit summary.


In the absence of exceptional circumstances, TFAs are scheduled in date order, not according to how long nominations have been open or how many supportive comments they have. So, for example, January 31 will not be scheduled until January 30 has been scheduled (by TFAR nomination or otherwise).

Summary chart[edit]

Currently accepting requests from November 14 to December 14.

Date Article Notes Supports Opposes
Nonspecific 1 Not My Life 1 0
Nonspecific 2 Biscayne National Park 1 0
Nonspecific 3
Nonspecific 4
November 14 Harold Larwood 110th anniverary of birth 4 0
November 15 Metroid Prime 2: Echoes 10th anniversary of release date 3 0
November 21 Sega 32X 20th anniversary of release date 4 0
November 23 Franklin Pierce 210th anniversary of birth, first FA for major contributor 3 0
November 29 George Robey
Natchez revolt
60th anniversary of death
285th anniversary of the event
December 1 Carsten Borchgrevink 150th anniversary of birth 1 0

Tally may not be up to date. The nominator is included in the number of supporters.

Nonspecific date nominations[edit]

Nonspecific date 1[edit]

Not My Life[edit]

Bilheimer in Senegal during filming of Not My Life

Not My Life is a 2011 American independent documentary film about human trafficking and contemporary slavery. The film was written, produced, and directed by Robert Bilheimer (pictured), who had been asked to make the film by Antonio Maria Costa, executive director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Not My Life addresses many forms of slavery, including the military use of children in Uganda, involuntary servitude in the United States, forced begging and garbage picking in India, sex trafficking in Europe and Southeast Asia, and other kinds of child abuse. Fifty people are interviewed in the film, including Don Brewster of Agape International Missions, who says that all of the girls they have rescued from child sex tourism in Cambodia identify Americans as the clients who were the most abusive to them. The film was dedicated to Richard Young, its cinematographer and co-director, after he died in December 2010. It had its premiere the following month at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts in New York City. Not My Life was named Best World Documentary at the 2012 Harlem International Film Festival. (Full article...)

  • Most recent similar article(s): The Whistleblower, which is not a documentary but deals with human trafficking (September 4, 2014)
  • Main editors: Neelix
  • Promoted: 2014
  • Reasons for nomination: This film covers human trafficking in thirteen countries representing five continents, and therefore has international relevance.
  • Support as nominator. Neelix (talk) 20:23, 22 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support. Sorry to Neelix that I didn't get a chance to fully take time to do an in-depth reading and subsequent analysis and comment at the FAC itself, but most happy to Support, here. :) The article is high quality and helps with WP:WORLDVIEW. — Cirt (talk) 16:43, 24 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support, raising awareness of people trafficking is always good. —  Cliftonian (talk)  17:30, 24 October 2014 (UTC)

Nonspecific date 2[edit]

Biscayne National Park[edit]

Underwater view of a coral reef at Biscayne National Park

Biscayne National Park is a U.S. National Park in southern Florida, south of Miami. The park, designated in 1968, preserves Biscayne Bay and its offshore barrier reefs, some of the best scuba diving and snorkeling areas in the United States. 95% of the park is water, accessible only by boat. It covers 172,971 acres (69,999 ha) and includes Elliott Key, the first of the true Florida Keys. The park protects four ecosystems: mangrove swamp, shallow waters, coral limestone keys and the Florida Reef, providing a nursery for larval and juvenile fish, molluscs and crustaceans, and nesting grounds for endangered sea turtles. Sixteen endangered species including the Schaus' swallowtail butterfly, smalltooth sawfish, manatees, and green and hawksbill sea turtles may be observed in the park. The people of the Glades culture inhabited the region as early as 10,000 years ago before rising sea levels, the Tequesta people occupied the area from about 4,000 BC to the 16th century, when the Spanish took possession of Florida. Following the Cuban Revolution, Elliott Key was used as a training ground for infiltrators into Castro's Cuba by the CIA and Cuban exile groups. (Full article...)

  • Most recent similar article(s): 14 October and before July were natural features, but not a National Park
  • Main editors: Acroterion
  • Promoted: 2013
  • Reasons for nomination:
  • Support as nominator. Gerda Arendt (talk) 18:54, 25 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support, high quality, educational, high encyclopedic and educational value, helps expand reader's understanding of nature and science and history. — Cirt (talk) 19:01, 25 October 2014 (UTC)

Nonspecific date 3[edit]

Nonspecific date 4[edit]

Specific date nominations[edit]

November 14[edit]

Harold Larwood[edit]

Harold Larwood

Harold Larwood (1904–1995) was a professional cricketer for Nottinghamshire and England between 1924 and 1938, a right-arm fast bowler who was considered by many commentators to be the finest bowler of his generation. He was the main exponent of the bowling style known as "bodyline", developed under the guidance of England's combative captain Douglas Jardine as a response to the domination of Australia's leading batsman, Don Bradman. The tactic was used with considerable success in the 1932–33 Test series, but the Australians' description of the method as "unsportsmanlike" soured cricketing relations between the two countries. Larwood refused to apologise for his bowling, since he was carrying out his captain's instructions, and never played for England again. In retirement after the Second World War, he and his family emigrated to Australia, where he was warmly welcomed, in contrast to the reception accorded him there in his cricketing days. He paid several subsequent visits to England, and was honoured at his old county ground, Trent Bridge, where a stand was named after him. In 1993 he was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE), in delayed recognition of his services to cricket. (Full article...)

  • Most recent similar article(s): Last cricketer featured 2 September
  • Main editors: Brianboulton
  • Promoted: 2012
  • Reasons for nomination: 110th birthday of subject
  • Support as nominator. Brianboulton (talk) 17:00, 10 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support, high quality and significant date connection. — Cirt (talk) 20:41, 10 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support: A high quality article about one of the most significant cricketers of the 20th Century. Good anniversary too. And we can never have too many cricketers on the front page. Sarastro1 (talk) 20:55, 10 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support -- As per above. -- Shudde talk 06:50, 14 October 2014 (UTC)

November 15[edit]

Metroid Prime 2: Echoes[edit]

Retro Studios exterior

Metroid Prime 2: Echoes, known as Metroid Prime 2: Dark Echoes in Japan, is a first-person, action-adventure video game developed by Retro Studios (former headquarters pictured) and published by Nintendo for the GameCube video game console. It is the seventh published game in the Metroid series, a direct sequel to Metroid Prime, and the first game in the series with a multiplayer feature. Echoes was released in North America, Europe, and Australia in 2004, and in Japan the following year. The story follows bounty hunter Samus Aran as she explores Aether, a planet that is infested with the Ing, an evil race from an alternate dimension. Samus must travel to three temples to ensure the destruction of the Ing, while battling Space Pirates and her mysterious doppelgänger called Dark Samus. Retro decided to make the game different from its predecessor by adding more focus on storyline and including new gameplay elements. Echoes '​ single player mode and graphics were praised by critics, while its steep difficulty level and multiplayer components were met less positively. (Full article...)

  • Most recent similar article(s): Drakengard (October 12, 2014)
  • Main editors: User:Gary King, User:Igordebraga
  • Promoted: 2008
  • Reasons for nomination: This is the 10-year anniversary of the game's release date, November 15, 2004.
  • Support as nominator. Gary (talk · scripts) 18:07, 12 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support, Gary, while you're at it, why dontcha take Metroid (video game) from WP:GA to WP:FA? Good luck, — Cirt (talk) 19:57, 12 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support as co-nominator (even put a reminder almost 3 months ago...). And more Metroid FAs would be nice, but making them Good was exhaustive enough. igordebraga 20:45, 12 October 2014 (UTC)
    • Wow, Igordebraga, I hadn't noticed it was part of a quality topic, congratulations! — Cirt (talk) 22:51, 12 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Neutral for now - the article's fine, but you may want to discuss this with Red Phoenix, who has been planning for a long time to nominate Sega 32X on the 21st, and the Sonic: After the Sequel article is supposedly going to be scheduled for sometime soon. I think an easy solution would just be to temporarily relax the moratorium on close video game articles - it's not our fault if we generate a lot - but that likely won't go well... Tezero (talk) 06:24, 14 October 2014 (UTC)
    • Well, as I put on the WP:TFARP, MP2 might have the "longer time as FA" bonus (since 2008, while the 32X nom was this year). But it's up to Red Phoenix to see if he's content with another date, maybe in December. igordebraga 12:39, 14 October 2014 (UTC)
      • Huh. I thought more recent FAs had the leg up because of their greater guarantee of quality. Tezero (talk) 15:28, 14 October 2014 (UTC)
        • I don't have an issue with it; let's let the coordinators decide if they'd be willing to run two close to each other - one is hardware while the other is software. Red Phoenix let's talk... 02:54, 15 October 2014 (UTC)

November 21[edit]

Sega 32X[edit]

Sega Genesis 32X

The Sega 32X is an add-on for the Sega Genesis video game console. Codenamed "Project Mars", the 32X was designed to expand the power of the Genesis and serve as a transitional console into the 32-bit era until the later release of the Sega Saturn. Unveiled at June 1994's Consumer Electronics Show, Sega presented the 32X as a low-cost option for consumers looking to play 32-bit games. Developed in response to the Atari Jaguar and concerns that the Saturn would not make it to market by the end of 1994, the product was originally conceived as an entirely new console. At the suggestion of Sega of America executive Joe Miller and his team, the console was converted into an add-on to the existing Genesis and made more powerful. In order to bring the new add-on to market by its scheduled release date of November 1994, development of the new system and its games were rushed. Ultimately, the console failed to attract third-party video game developers and sufficient consumers due to the announcement of the Sega Saturn's simultaneous release in Japan. By the end of 1994, the 32X had sold 665,000 units. After price reductions in 1995, it was officially discontinued in 1996 as Sega turned their focus toward the Saturn. (Full article...)

  • Most recent similar article(s): Metroid Prime 2: Echoes is also a video game article at TFAR, looks to be dated for November 15th.
  • Main editors: Red Phoenix
  • Promoted: 2014
  • Reasons for nomination: November 21 marks the 20th anniversary of the launch of the 32X, which was released on November 21, 1994.
  • Support as nominator. Red Phoenix let's talk... 03:04, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support. Personally I'd be fine with both this and Metroid Prime 2 running on their intended dates, but if one has to be picked, I'd prefer this one because we've had so few TFAs on consoles, nothing personal. Tezero (talk) 03:19, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Note: Sonic: After the Sequel, another Sega-related article, has been scheduled for October 29, constituting a recent similar article. However, I'd argue they lie at roughly opposite ends of the Sega continuum: the 32X was a corporate-created hardware item that didn't work out financially, while AtS was a game created by a fan and was unexpectedly successful. Tezero (talk) 12:48, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support. I Strongly Support even if there are similar articles around the same time. Good luck, — Cirt (talk) 14:06, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support. Between this and Metroid, I'll go with this one. It's more important to gaming history (it and the Saturn destroyed Sega), and it's a bigger anniversary (20th). So Metroid Prime II can wait later until another anniversary. The Sonic Aricle can also be de-scheduled and run later. Video games are already massively over represented. --Harizotoh9 (talk) 17:43, 16 October 2014 (UTC)
  • I respectfully disagree. The Video games WikiProject is prolific with FAs, and I think relatively few are picked from that pool as a result, to avoid over-TFAing. Even among TFAs, I think articles on stuff like history, politics, and music are much more frequent. (After the Sequel is also running almost a month earlier, so that's definitely not an issue, but even the 32X and Metroid shouldn't be a problem...) Tezero (talk) 18:50, 16 October 2014 (UTC)
  • On (over)representation, the figures at user:Bencherlite/TFA notepad may be interesting:
    • Number of FAs yet to be TFA as at 31.12.13: 1,337
    • Number of unused video games FAs at same date: 76 (5.7% of the total)
    • Number of TFAs that should be video game FAs if TFAs ran solely in proportion to the numbers available in each topic - 20 or 21 a year, or about 5 per quarter (76 / 1337 x 365 = 20.75)
    • Number of video game TFAs on that basis that one might have expected in the 10 months to 31.10.14 - 17
    • Number of actual video game TFAs in the 10 months to 31.10.14 - 12
    • Number of newly promoted FAs in video gaming in 2014 that have yet to be TFA - 15.
  • So, in other words, not only is 1 in every 20 unused FA a video game article, but video game FAs are being promoted in greater numbers than they are being used as TFAs. Of course, it's not as easy as that, otherwise a bot could pick TFAs - politics/history/music cover a much wider range of eras/countries/genres, and so it's much easier to get a diverse selection of 5 music articles than it is to get a diverse selection of 5 video game articles. But this suggestion that video game articles are over-represented at TFA is simply wrong. In comparison to the alternatives, I run them less often. BencherliteTalk 20:10, 16 October 2014 (UTC)

November 23[edit]

Franklin Pierce[edit]

Mathew Brady - Franklin Pierce.jpg

Franklin Pierce (1804–1869) was the 14th President of the United States (1853–1857), whose inability as president to calm tensions over slavery kept the country on the path to the American Civil War. A northern Democrat from New Hampshire, Pierce served in the U.S. House of Representatives and the Senate and took part in the Mexican–American War as a brigadier general in the Army before his election as a compromise candidate for president. Genial and well-spoken, Pierce saw the abolitionist movement as a fundamental threat to the unity of the nation. His polarizing actions in championing and signing the Kansas–Nebraska Act and enforcing the Fugitive Slave Act failed to stem intersectional conflict. His term set the stage for Southern secession, and he was not supported by his party for re-election. Today he is widely regarded as one of the worst presidents in U.S. history. (Full article...)

November 29[edit]

George Robey[edit]

George Robey

George Robey (1869–1954) was an English comedian, singer and actor in musical theatre, known as one of the greatest music hall performers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Robey mixed everyday situations and observations with comic absurdity, and was a popular Christmas pantomime performer. His notable successes during the First World War included the hit revue The Bing Boys Are Here, in which he sang "If You Were the Only Girl (In the World)". Born in London to a middle-class family, he made his debut on stage at age 21 as the straight man to a comic hypnotist. He soon developed his own music hall act. In 1892, he appeared in his first pantomime, Whittington Up-to-date. He starred in the Royal Command Performance in 1912 and regularly entertained before aristocracy. In 1913 he debuted in film, but with only modest success. From 1918, he created sketches based on his character, the Prime Minister of Mirth. He played Falstaff in Henry IV, Part 1 in 1935, repeated in Laurence Olivier's 1944 film. During the Second World War, Robey raised money for charities and promoted recruitment into the forces. He was knighted a few months before his death. (Full article...)

  • Most recent similar article(s): found no recent all-round entertainer of that era
  • Main editors: Cassianto
  • Promoted: 2014
  • Reasons for nomination: 60th anniversary of death
  • Support as nominator. Gerda Arendt (talk) 12:50, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
    • Actually, I would have thought that George Formby was the most recent similar article (17th September); before that Marie Lloyd (18th June - TFAREC even says "Literature and theatre – Biography – Music hall" against her entry, which is a clue...). BencherliteTalk 13:18, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
Possibly I misunderstood "recent". I looked for music and stopped at classical Gustav Holst, sorry. How many battles/ships/tanks did we show recently? --Gerda Arendt (talk) 13:29, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
Well, I almost laughed at the comparison of Holst and Robey, but I'm not happy. The whole point of me keeping WP:TFAREC up to date - which takes a lot of time - is so that nominators can tell everyone when the most recent similar article was. WP:TFAREC - which is specifically linked to the words "Most recent similar article(s)" - gives the last 6 or 7 months of articles. Doesn't that help you to understand the word "recent"? Part of the idea of getting rid of the points was that we'd have the discussion about the issues the points represented without fixating on point calculations, but if people won't complete the "most recent similar article(s)" section properly, that idea doesn't work and I might as well delete WP:TFAREC. Why were you looking at classical musicians if you were then going to say "no recent all-round entertainer"? Classical musicians aren't the same as entertainers. Robey is not even listed under "Music" at WP:FA, is he? He's under "Literature and theatre biographies", the same as Marie Lloyd. I would ask what battles, ships and tanks have to do with this, but it appears that you're just trying to change the subject. BencherliteTalk 13:43, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
Sorry, you misunderstood me. I looked at your list and searched for "music". (OK, I learned from the above that I should have looked for "theatre biographies", will do that next time.) I did not look AT Holst, but saw that I had reached more than two months before the proposed date (which was on the pending list). Within two months (now looking at September and October) we have a tank, a battleship, two battles and a war, - I believe that two entertainers are not too may to bring welcome relief. Please note also that I said "allround", - the other two seem not to have starred in play and film in a Shakespeare role ;) --Gerda Arendt (talk) 14:25, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
I'm still at a loss as to why you searched for similar articles just under "music" in the first place when looking for someone to compare to Robey. Did you not notice that the columns can be sorted by "FA category" so that all the "literature and theatre" articles are together, all the music articles are together, etc? Please don't make too fine a distinction between articles when looking for recent similar articles - you now seem to be discounting Formby, for example, just because he didn't appear in a comedy role in a Shakespeare film, which is unhelpful. And only going back from 31st October (the latest date currently scheduled) to 21st September when the page deliberately gives 6 or 7 months of previous articles is also unhelpful. I might not have said as much about this were it not for the fact that your nomination of Wikipedia:Today's featured article/requests/Peter Warlock was similarly unhelpful: you didn't mention Holst in that context (another TFA about an early 20th-century British composer, just 39 days previously) and just said "no recent critic" as if that was all that Warlock was known for. Please try to be more helpful in your nominations in future. And, for the record, I don't have a problem with having three British light entertainers from the first half of the 20th century within a few months of each other, but if people look at the blurb and think "didn't we have a music hall entertainer recently?" your nomination should be giving the answer. That's the point of the space in the template and the point of me maintaining TFAREC. Thank you. BencherliteTalk 16:50, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support. Relevant date, most high quality article about a deceased person, educational, encyclopedic, teaches our readers about what comedy is. — Cirt (talk) 14:05, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support meets all the criteria, and very relevant for this important anniversary. Jack1956 (talk) 19:57, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support, as it meets the criteria and there are very few recent articles on theatre people. The literature and theatre list is overwhelmingly literature. -- Ssilvers (talk) 21:43, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support – concur entirely with the four supporters above. Tim riley talk 22:14, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support - Over two months between entertainers is plenty. — Crisco 1492 (talk) 23:46, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support – A two month gap should be OK (although it now means I can't list Formby Snr until next year!) – SchroCat (talk) 22:39, 16 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support: A well-written article and it seems to be a suitable anniversary. Sarastro1 (talk) 12:00, 18 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support: Good anniversary, great article, superb comedian (much funnier than Holst) Brianboulton (talk) 21:07, 20 October 2014 (UTC)

Natchez revolt[edit]

Fort Rosalie was destroyed in the 1729 massacre; its ruins now lie within Natchez National Historical Park.

The Natchez revolt was an attack by Natchez people on French colonists near present-day Natchez, Mississippi, on November 29, 1729. The Natchez and French had lived alongside each other in Louisiana for more than a decade. But after a period of deteriorating relations, the Natchez were provoked to revolt when the French colonial commandant, Sieur de Chépart, demanded land from a tribal village near Fort Rosalie. The Natchez plotted an attack over several days and concealed their plans from most of the French. In an armed massacre on the fort and homesteads by the Mississippi River, they killed almost every Frenchman there. About 230 colonists were killed overall, and the fort and homes were burned to the ground. Upon hearing news of the revolt, French leaders in New Orleans feared a broader Native American uprising and ordered an attack on the Chaouacha people, who were not involved in the revolt. Over the next few weeks, French leaders sent two expeditions to besiege the Natchez and recover hostages that had been taken in the revolt. Most of the Natchez attackers escaped and sought refuge with other tribes, but their revolt had been a significant setback to the Louisiana colony. (Full article...)

Since this conflicts with the George Robey nomination, my plan B is to have this as November 30's TFA, which would first appear live in the U.S. on November 29. Jsayre64 (talk) 21:22, 15 October 2014 (UTC)

  • Support. High quality article. Strong encyclopedic value. High educational value as well. — Cirt (talk) 23:51, 15 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Support. I choose this over the George Robey article. --Harizotoh9 (talk) 01:00, 16 October 2014 (UTC)
  • Comment: I'd say this one would be fine for 30 November, as per the nominator's statement being okay with that, above. Cheers, — Cirt (talk) 03:21, 16 October 2014 (UTC)

December 1[edit]

Carsten Borchgrevink[edit]

Carsten Borchgrevink

Carsten Borchgrevink (1864–1934) was an Anglo-Norwegian polar explorer and a pioneer of modern Antarctic travel. He was the precursor of Robert Falcon Scott, Ernest Shackleton, Roald Amundsen and others associated with the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. He began his exploring career in 1894 by joining a Norwegian whaling expedition, from which he brought back a collection of the first specimens of vegetable life within the Antarctic Circle. In 1898–1900 Borchgrevink led the British-financed Southern Cross Expedition, which in 1899 became the first to overwinter on the Antarctic mainland and the first to visit the Great Ice Barrier since the expedition of Sir James Ross nearly sixty years previously. Borchgrevink landed on the Barrier with two companions and made the first sledge journey on its surface, setting a new Farthest South record at 78°50'S. He was one of three scientists sent to the Caribbean in 1902 by the National Geographic Society, to report on the aftermath of the Mount Pelée disaster. His pioneering work was subsequently recognised and honoured by several countries, and in 1912 he received a handsome tribute from Roald Amundsen, conqueror of the South Pole. (Full article...)