Wikipedia:Template messages/Sources of articles/Citation quick reference

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Note that the use of these templates is not required.

Use of these templates is manual: authors should cut-and-paste into their text and erase fields they do not need. Remember the {{double curly braces}} and a vertical bar between fields. Introductory ("Beginner" and "Tutorial") pages such as the CITING SOURCES tab in the Wikipedia:Tutorial page do not necessarily cover templates. Another template which covers all these uses may be found at Citation.

If you are using the inline reference citation style in your article (using <ref> tags to create footnotes), then these templates would go inside the <ref> tags as follows:

<ref>{{cite book|author=...}}</ref>

See full list of citation templates at Wikipedia:Citation templates. For other templates, see Wikipedia:Template_namespace.

Citing a book[edit]

{{cite book}}

Longer version Most common fields
{{Cite book
 | last = 
 | first = 
 | authorlink = 
 | editor = 
 | others = 
 | title = <!-- required -->
 | origdate = 
 | origyear = 
 | origmonth = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | accessdate = 
 | edition = 
 | date = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | language = 
 | id = 
 | pages = 
 | chapter = 
 | chapterurl = 
 | quote =
}}
{{Cite book
 | last = 
 | first = 
 | authorlink = 
 | year = 
 | title = <!-- required -->
 | publisher = 
 | location = 
 | id = 
 | pages = 
}}

Citing a journal[edit]

{{cite journal}}

Longer version Most common fields
{{Cite journal
 | first = Jean
 | last = Elford
 | authorlink = 
 | coauthors = 
 | year = 1974
 | month = 
 | date =
 | title = <The Icelanders - Their Ontario Year.>
 | quote =
 | journal = The Beaver
 | volume = 
 | issue = 
 | pages = 53-7
 | doi =
 | id = 
 | url = 
 | format =
 | accessdate =
 }}
{{Cite journal
 | author = 
 | year = 
 | month = 
 | title = <!-- required -->
 | journal = 
 | volume = 
 | issue = 
 | pages = 
 | id = 
 | url = 
 }}

Citing a news article[edit]

{{cite news}}

Not complete
{{Cite news 
 | first = 
 | last = 
 | authorlink =
 | author = 
 | coauthors =
 | title = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | work = 
 | publisher = 
 | pages = 
 | page = 
 | date = 
 | accessdate = 
 | language = 
 | quote = 
}}
  • title is required, rest is optional. Note that title must be on one line in order for the hyperlink to display properly.
  • author: Author
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • coauthors: allows additional authors
  • url: Link to the news item if available online
    • format: Format, i.e. PDF. Don't specify for HTML (implied as default).
      Specify as 'fee required' if free access no longer available.
      Specify as 'Reprint' if a full original version but not hosted by the original publisher.
  • work: If this item is part of a larger work (such as a newspaper), name of that work.
  • publisher: Publisher, if any.
  • date: date of publication, in same format as dates in the body of the article.
  • pages overrides page
  • accessdate: Date when item was accessed, in same format as dates in the body of the article.
  • language: the language in which the source is written.
  • quote: Relevant quote.

Citing the web[edit]

{{cite web}}

Not complete
{{Cite web
| url = <!-- required -->
| title = <!-- required -->
| accessdate = 
| author = 
| last = 
| first = 
| authorlink = 
| coauthors = 
| date = 
| year = 
| month = 
| work = 
| publisher = 
| pages = 
| format = 
| language = 
| quote = 
| archiveurl = 
| archivedate = 
}}

This template is specifically for web sites which are not news sources. See also citation templates for more on templates for citing open-source web content in Wikipedia articles. Here are some convenient examples.

Common form for cases where little is known about authorship of the page

{{Cite web |url= |title= |accessdate= |format= |work= }}

Using author

{{Cite web |url= |title= |accessdate= |author= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher= |pages= |language= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= }}

Using last, first

{{Cite web |url= |title= |accessdate= |last= |first= |authorlink= |coauthors= |date= |year= |month= |format= |work= |publisher= |pages= |language= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |quote= }}

The most common parameters are as follows. See also the complete documentation in Template:Cite web.

  • url (required): URL of online item.
  • title (required): Title of online item.
  • accessdate in same format as dates in body of article.
  • either author, or last and first to produce last, first. Don't wikilink these; instead use authorlink to link to the appropriate wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs. Add optional coauthors to record additional authors. (optional)
  • date: Full date of publication, in same format as main text of article. Or, use year, and optionally month. If you also have the day, use date instead. (optional)
  • archiveurl: URL of the archive location of the item, and archivedate: Date when the item was archived, in same format as main text of the article.