Wikipedia:WikiProject Fishes

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Synchiropus splendidus 2 Luc Viatour.jpg

WikiProject Fishes aims to help organise our rapidly growing collection of articles about fish taxa. Issues outside the scope of this WikiProject include fishkeeping (fish aquarium topics), fishing, fisheries, fish cuisine topics, fish farm topics, fish market topics, fish processing topics, fish product sales topics, fish products topics, and fish trap topics.

Related WikiProjects[edit]

This WikiProject is an offshoot of WikiProject Tree of Life:

WikiProject Science.
WikiProject Biology
WikiProject Tree of Life
WikiProject Animals
WikiProject Fishes

It is the parent project of:

WikiProject Aquarium Fishes
WikiProject Fisheries and Fishing (co-parent with WikiProject Sports)
WikiProject Sharks
WikiProject Fishes of Bangladesh

It is worth keeping one eye on several Wikiprojects that overlap with this one, including:

Associated Portal[edit]

The fish portalL2 by Melanochromis.png

The Fish Portal is the associated portal of WikiProject Fishes.

Participants[edit]

For recruiting additional members, see users associating themselves with fish.
  1. Alexander_ktn (talk · contribs) - trying to destub a few marine articles.
  2. Antarctic-adventurer (talk · contribs) - any but has a fondness for tropical reef fish
  3. Bruinfan12 (talk · contribs) - Seahorses and pipefish, et. al.
  4. Cwmhiraeth (talk · contribs)
  5. Cynops3 (talk · contribs)
  6. Daniel Mietchen (talk · contribs) - mainly images and references
  7. Dmanrulz180 (talk · contribs) Im a student in AP Bio working on the article for spot croaker as well as Gambusia affinis
  8. Eliezg (talk · contribs) - has a particular fondness for sturgeon
  9. ENeville (talk · contribs)
  10. Ejakeh7 (talk · contribs) - Developed articles about species of different fish and created other fish articles including Apogon maculatus, Apogon trimaculatus ,and Apogon parvulus
  11. Electriccatfish2 (talk · contribs) Mainly focused on Electric fish.
  12. Enlil Ninlil (talk · contribs)
  13. Epipelagic (talk · contribs) – I've developed many articles for this project, mostly about fish types, habitats and ecology or related to fisheries.
  14. Esoxid (talk · contribs) (Created 2 fish articles before signing up here. Black scabbardfish and Amphiprion akallopisos)
  15. Fastily (talk · contribs)
  16. Ginkgo100 (talk · contribs)
  17. Hethokrilliondata (talk · contribs)
  18. Innotata (talk · contribs)
  19. Intelligentsium (talk · contribs) I have written several articles about fish. My focus is generally vertebrate animals.
  20. JackFrost2121 (talk · contribs) I have created 3 fish related articles such as Great northern tilefish.
  21. John Troodon (talk · contribs)-Everything about prehistoric
  22. Jnpet (talk · contribs)
  23. Jourdy288 (talk · contribs)
  24. Jule Firework (talk · contribs) A dwarf pufferfish enthusiast. On the hunt for kuhli loaches now.
  25. Kare Kare (talk · contribs)
  26. Killidude (talk · contribs)
  27. KittyKat (talk · contribs)
  28. Knight of Gloucestershire (talk · contribs) I like fish. They're fascinating and it's lovely to know more about them init?
  29. KnowledgeRequire (talk · contribs) Writing Articles
  30. KokiHaps (talk · contribs) I am active in the German Wikipedia section as well as in Wikispecies under the Username 'Haps' (which is in other Wikipedia languages unfortunately occupied by other users)
  31. Kraftlos (talk · contribs)
  32. Kyknos (talk · contribs) - mainly focused on labyrinth fishes, snakeheads, blackwater species and fishkeeping in general
  33. Lerdsuwa (talk · contribs)
  34. lfstevens (talk · contribs)
  35. Liopleurodon93 (talk · contribs)
  36. ManfromButtonwillow (talk · contribs) Been editing/creating smelt articles, as that is the sort of fish I am most interested in, for some reason.
  37. Mark Chung (talk · contribs)
  38. Melanochromis (talk · contribs)
  39. MidgleyDJ (talk · contribs)
  40. Mitternacht90 (talk · contribs)
  41. Nick Thorne (talk · contribs)
  42. pacman451 (talk · contribs) i'd love to help
  43. Palaxzorodice (talk · contribs) Betta fish lover, mostly contribute on Betta-related articles, aim to improve Betta articles to be good or featured articles.
  44. Philip Mark Green (talk · contribs) Passionate about Zambian fish and would like to start contributing.
  45. Pteronura brasiliensis (talk · contribs) I got interested in this sort of thing for the Fish Quiz itself I am willing and ready to help!
  46. Renice (talk · contribs)
  47. Rex shock (talk · contribs)
  48. Richard Barlow (talk · contribs) (been adding a few articles, thought I'd make myself known)
  49. Rlendog (talk · contribs)
  50. Ryan shell (talk · contribs) (ive created 12 articles for this project, but i just realised i didnot sign the project page)
  51. Sablegsd (talk · contribs) I am passionate about Hydrocynus and take an intense personal interest in that genus and the five species contained therein. As of the time of this writing, I own two species.
  52. Shrumster (talk · contribs)
  53. Support.and.Defend (talk · contribs)
  54. Stanfordbound 14 (talk · contribs) I am a student working as part of the Wikipedia:WikiProject AP Biology 2011 and am doing an article on the Bluespotted stingray any assistance/collaboration would be highly valued.
  55. Stan Shebs (talk · contribs)
  56. Stefan (talk · contribs)
  57. TeaDrinker (talk · contribs)
  58. Tkinias (talk · contribs)
  59. Ugen64 (talk · contribs)
  60. Wilhelmina Will (talk · contribs) I've recently created many fish species articles, and a genus article, and am interested in creating many more.
  61. Ykvach (talk · contribs) - Yuriy Kvach
  62. Ensignricky (talk · contribs) I try to add more to fish articles that are stubs
  63. Mike Cline (talk · contribs) Interested in expanding and improving all articles on North American Salmonidae
  64. SuperPayara123 (talk · contribs) I edit and create articles about tropical fish.

Other participants[edit]

See Category:WikiProject Fishes participants for participants who have associated themselves with the project using the {{User WPFishes}} or {{User WPFishes2}} userboxes.

Inactive[edit]

Structure and criteria for inclusion[edit]

Articles should normally be about particular taxa. For example:

If a family has only a single genus, the family name should redirect to the article on the genus (e.g., Elassomatidae). If a genus has only a single species, the generic name should redirect to the species (e.g., Centrarchus).

When a genus contains only a small number of similar species, the articles may be combined with the article on the genus (e.g., Crappie, which includes the white crappie, Pomoxis annularis, and the black crappie, P. nigromaculatus.)

Also see the lists at Tkinias/Fish, Gæa/Fishes, SpeciesFishes1, SpeciesFishes2, SpeciesFishes3, and MarineFishList

WikiProject Fishes categories[edit]


Fish names and article titles[edit]

Common names[edit]

Common names should be written in sentence case rather than title case, following normal English usage and that of FishBase. (This contrasts with WikiProject Birds, which follows the practice in many ornithology journals of using title case for bird common names.) Use, for example, "largemouth bass", not "Largemouth Bass". Place names or personal names that form part of a common name remain capitalized, hence "Guadalupe bass" (in reference to the Guadalupe River) or "White Cloud Mountain minnow" (in reference to White Cloud Mountain in China).

Systematic names[edit]

  • Use systematic or "scientific" names according to established biological usage.
  • Capitalize but do not italicize names of taxa higher than genus, e.g., the family Exocoetidae.
  • Capitalize and italicize generic names, e.g., Xiphophorus.
  • Italicize but do not capitalize specific epithets.
  • Refer to species using full names, e.g., Xiphophorus hellerii or X. hellerii but not hellerii.
  • Neither italicize nor capitalize anglicizations of systematic names, e.g., "the pumpkinseed is a perciform fish".

Article titles[edit]

Article naming for fishes differs, as detailed below, from Naming conventions (fauna).

Use the common name for any species that satisfies at least one of the following criteria:

  • 1(i) The species has a single common name that is widely used and never used for any other species. While the species in question may have additional common names, those names are rarely used. Example: Greenland halibut.
  • 1(ii) The species has a widely recognised common name that is so rarely applied to other species that confusion as to the subject of the article is unlikely to arise. Example: Guppy.
  • 1(iii) Within the area where the species is endemic and/or of commercial importance, only a single common name is used by the relevant legal, conservation, fisheries or local institutions, even though other common names may exist. Example: Atlantic salmon.
  • 1(iv) The species has a common name that is normally separated from similar common names by use of geographical, descriptive, or other modifications to those names. Once differentiated, these names satisfy criteria i, ii, or iii above. Examples: Shovelnose sturgeon, Little shovelnose sturgeon, False shovelnose sturgeon.

Use the Latin name for any species that fails to satisfy criteria 1(i) to 1(iv), including such situations as the following:

Guidelines

  • Regardless of the title used, articles should include the scientific name in italics and all significant English common names in bold in the first paragraph (and preferably the first sentence).
  • The first paragraph should differentiate the fish from other species with which it might be confused. This may be done by explaining the ambiguity, with links to other fish (e.g., at tilapia), or by mentioning geographical distribution, for example:
The guppy (Poecilia reticulata), also known as the millionsfish, is a small fresh and brackish water fish from Central America.
This article is about the <put text>; for the <put text> see <put link>.
  • Create a disambiguation page when the ambiguity involves many fish and a hatnote would be too long. Example: Tigerfish.
  • Before renaming articles, discuss the reasons for doing so on the Talk page. In cases of disputed naming, where a consensus cannot be reached on the article's Talk page, the matter should be discussed at WikiProject Fishes to allow a consensus decision to be reached.

Regional lists of species

Lists of fish species should follow the form: List of fishes of <Region>. The definite article may be needed for the name of some regions. Note that "List of fish of ..." is incorrect when dealing with a list of the species.

Higher taxa[edit]

Articles on taxa above species should be titled using the common name, if one exists and is unambiguous. Otherwise, the scientific epithet should be used. For example, Micropodia is known commonly and unambiguously as the black basses. The Centrarchidae, however, are the sunfishes, which is a term commonly (if loosely) used for a variety of taxa, especially those of genus Lepomis, but also of unrelated fishes (see Sunfish). The article is therefore titled using the scientific epithet. When FishBase or other references give a common name of "xes and ys" or "xes or ys" for a higher taxon, the scientific epithet (possibly anglicized) should be used for the article title.

Articles on taxa above the generic level should be titled with the Latin form of the name and not the anglicization, e.g. Cyprinidae not cyprinid, and Perciformes not perciform. The anglicizations may be freely used in article text however.

Taxonomy[edit]

Taxonomy at the level of genera and species should follow FishBase. Higher-level classification should follow the 2006 fourth edition of Joseph Nelson's Fishes of the World, for consistence. If applicable, disputes in classification should be noted in article text.

  • Note: When listing the species authority (the author(s) who originally named the species or subspecies of interest), in the taxobox or elsewhere, parentheses matter. For example, "Foogenus fishii Smith, 1900" has a subtly different meaning than "Foogenus fishii (Smith, 1900)". Parentheses indicate that Smith originally placed fishii in a different genus, and the species was subsequently placed in Foogenus. See more at Binomial nomenclature and Template:Taxobox#Authorities (Animalia usage).

Categorization[edit]

Wikipedia categories should be created for well-known families, using the plural of the common name of the family (Category:Sunfishes or Category:Cyprinids), and for orders, using the common name (e.g., Category:Catfishes) or the scientific epithet (e.g., Category:Cyprinodontiformes). For very small families (e.g., the pygmy sunfishes), only the order category may be used, but usage must be consistent among members of a family.

Article format[edit]

Taxoboxes[edit]

Warmouth
Chaenobryttus gulosus.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Centrarchidae
Genus: Lepomis
Species: L. gulosus
Binomial name
Lepomis gulosus
(Cuvier, 1829)

All articles on taxa should have taxoboxes (constructed using the taxobox template, not built from scratch) including kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species. The new taxa above class should not be indicated, since they can be found elsewhere in Wikipedia. Taxa between class and order should not be used, since they are unstable and can be found in the class and order articles. For large taxa, intermediate classifications may be indicated in the taxobox. For example, Perciformes should indicate their suborder and (if one exists) superfamily, and members of large families should indicate subfamilies. All members of a taxon should, however, be consistent in the usage of intermediate classifications.

See Wikipedia:WikiProject Tree of Life/taxobox usage for the full details of taxobox construction.

An example taxobox, for the warmouth (Lepomis gulosus), is given at right. Note that the specific name is L. gulosus, not simply gulosus, and that the generic name is not bolded, since the article is not about the entire genus Lepomis.

Images[edit]

An image should be included in the taxobox if an appropriate one is available.

Higher taxa should use images reflecting their types, if possible. For example, Lepomis uses an image of L. auritus, the redbreast sunfish, which is the type species of the genus, while Centrarchidae uses an image of Centrarchus macropterus, the flier, which is the type (and only) species of Centrarchus, the type genus of Centrarchidae.

The taxobox image should ideally picture a single fish, facing left, in a horizontal orientation, cropped to 20 percent of the fish's length around the fish's body, and should be 250 pixels wide. (The image should not be resized manually; the full-size image should be uploaded and markup used to create the 250px image. Note that very large images may be resized before upload so that they will fit in a normal browser window when enlarged.) For articles long enough to warrant inclusion of additional images, these may be placed as thumbnails in the article body, ideally showing the fish in its native environment.

Note that images of fishes which do not possess right-left symmetry should not be flipped to obtain a left-facing fish; doing so would, for example, convert a righteye flounder into a lefteye flounder.

Text captions should not be used on taxobox images in species articles, but in articles on higher taxa, the article caption should indicate the species pictured (if known), in the format "[[Common name]] (''Genus species'')". If the species depicted is not known, the caption should identify the fish as closely as possible, as in "Pygmy sunfish (Elassoma sp.)"

A example size comparison of a whale shark and a human

It is always beneficial to have a picture that communicates a sense of scale. This can be achieved by

  • placing standard sized physical objects next to the fish (human hand or body, tape measure, etc), before taking the photo. Sometimes the background scenery will already do the job.
  • painting a measuring scale into an existing image, if you know its exact scale (that's not the same as knowing the average size of the species, btw).
  • painting a reference shape (human silhouette, etc) into the picture, if your idea about the scale is less accurate.
  • painting a measuring scale is highly unscientific if it is based on nothing but a guess. In this case you should use the image as it is!

Anyway, any image is better than no image - esp. if you have only third party material available, or if you don't want to get the animal out of its living environment.

Introduction[edit]

The first paragraph should give the common and systematic names of the taxon featured in the article, as well as some information about its classification. Species articles should follow the form:

The foofish (Barus foous) is a species of freshwater fish in the baz family (family Bazidae) of order Quuxiformes. It is native to the Big River basin in Ruritania.

Higher order articles should follow the form:

Barus is a genus of freshwater fish in the baz family (family Bazidae) of order Quuxiformes. The type species is the common barfish (B. vulgaris), and fishes of this genus are known as the barfishes.

Succeeding paragraphs should give, in order (omitting paragraphs for which no information is available):

  1. Range or geographic distribution
  2. Physical description, including size, weight, and age data from FishBase
  3. Habitat, diet, and related information
  4. Importance to humans (aquarium fish, game fish, commercial fishing, research uses, etc.)
  5. Conservation status (if not Secure) for species, including explanation for the classification, and mention of members classified as Vulnerable or worse for higher taxa
  6. Other noteworthy information (life-cycle, breeding, etc.)
  7. Trivia (state fish, national emblem, ships bearing the name, other uses of the name, etc.)
  8. Etymology of name (especially for genus names, which FishBase normally provides), alternate common names, important binomial synonyms, etc.

Other sections[edit]

Information on keeping fish in an aquarium should be put in a section entitled "In the aquarium". Breeding and dietary information pertaining to captive fish should go here, rather than in the main section, which should refer primarily to the fish in its natural habitat.

Other sections may address topics of interest warranting discussion longer than a brief paragraph.

References[edit]

Every article should include a section entitled "References", with a bullet-list of sources. Every article should include a citation there of the relevant entries in FishBase and, if possible, ITIS. It is not necessary to include Fishes of the World unless it has been used as a source for the article. Other sources for information in the article should be included, following normal citation format.

Templates exist for citing FishBase and ITIS, and these should be used.

FishBase[edit]

For a FishBase entry on an order, use:

{{FishBase order | order = Bariformes | year = YYYY | month = Month}}

For a FishBase entry on a family, use:

{{FishBase family | family = Baridae | year = YYYY | month = Month}}

For a FishBase entry on a genus, use:

{{FishBase genus | genus = Barus | year = YYYY | month = Month}}

For most FishBase entries on species, use:

{{FishBase species | genus = Barus | species = foous | year = YYYY | month = Month}}

For most FishBase entries on subspecies, use:

{{FishBase subspecies | genus = Barus | species = foous | subspecies = subfoous | year = YYYY | month = Month}}

For FishBase entries that are problematic for the above templates, get the numeric ID from their URL and use:

{{FishBase species alt | ID = ???? | taxon = Barus foous foous | year = YYYY | month = Month}}

For all FishBase templates, year and month refer to the FishBase revision consulted, not the date on which you consulted FishBase; the revision can be found from the FishBase home page.

ITIS[edit]

For an ITIS entry, use:

{{ITIS | ID = ????? | taxon = ''Barus foous'' | year = YYYY | date = DD Month}}

For the ITIS template, year and date refer to the date on which ITIS was consulted. Date can be in either U.S. or international format, as it will be wikified.

External links[edit]

Web sites or pages not used as sources for the article (except for FishBase and ITIS) should appear in a section entitled "External links" (using the plural even if only one link is present).

Fish-related templates and categories[edit]

Talk pages[edit]

WikiProject Fishes' project banner is {{Fishproject}}. Please place at the top of an appropriate talk page. Placing the template on the talk page will help to direct editors to this WikiProject Fishes main page. This is how the template will look when it has been added:

WikiProject Fishes  
WikiProject icon This page is part of WikiProject Fishes, an attempt to organise a detailed guide to all topics related to Fish taxa. To participate, you can edit the attached article, or contribute further at WikiProject Fishes. This project is an offshoot of the WikiProject Tree of Life
 ???  This page does not require a rating on the project's quality scale.
 

Stub templates[edit]

Remember to mark up stub articles with the appropriate stub template at the bottom of the article. This automatically adds it to the appropriate page and inserts the banners to the bottom of the page. These are the current stub templates:

Stub name Category Usage Stub count Banner
{{catfish-stub}} Category:Siluriformes stubs Any fish of the order Siluriformes 197
{{characiformes-stub}} Category:Characiformes stubs Any fish of the order Characiformes 76
{{Perciformes-stub}} Category:Perciformes stubs Any fish belonging to the order Perciformes other than Cichlids 195
{{cichlidae-stub}} Category:Cichlidae stubs Any fish of the family Cichlidae 197
{{Cypriniformes-stub}} Category:Cypriniformes stubs Any fish of the order Cypriniformes 197
{{shark-stub}} Category:Shark stubs Any fish of the superorder Selachimorpha 180
{{Rajiformes-stub}} Category:Rajiformes stubs Any fish articles in Class Rajiformes 158
{{Acipenseriformes-stub}} upmerged to Category:Actinopterygii stubs * Any fish of the order Acipenseriformes N/A
{{Cyprinodontiformes-stub}} Category:Cyprinodontiformes stubs Any fish of the order Cyprinodontiformes 205
{{Osteoglossiformes-stub}} Category:Osteoglossiformes stubs Any fish of the order Osteoglossiformes 110
{{Pleuronectiformes-stub}} Category:Pleuronectiformes stubs Any fish of the order Pleuronectiformes 110
{{Salmoniformes-stub}} Category:Salmoniformes stubs Any fish of the order Salmoniformes 78
{{Scorpaeniformes-stub}} Category:Scorpaeniformes stubs Any fish of the order Scorpaeniformes 75
{{Atheriniformes-stub}} Category:Atheriniformes stubs Any fish of the order Atheriniformes 130
{{Tetraodontiformes-stub}} Category:Tetraodontiformes stubs Any fish of the order Tetraodontiformes 64
{{paleo-fish-stub}} Category:Prehistoric fish stubs Any prehistoric fish articles 199
{{Actinopterygii-stub}} Category:Actinopterygii stubs Any other ray-finned fish articles (Class Actinopterygii) 798
{{fishkeeping-stub}} Category:Fishkeeping stubs Fishkeeping-related articles 39
{{fish-stub}} Category:Fish stubs Any other articles related to fish 176

The pages were counted on March 13, 2010.

* Stub templates with very few articles are often upmerged into a parent category. To propose a separate category, please visit Wikipedia:WSS/P.

Categories[edit]

Please make sure to add articles to the appropriate categories among the ones listed on Wikipedia:WikiProject Fishes/Categories. If there are any categories that you think should be created, please request them in the tasklist on this page or on the talk page.

In some cases, there might be more appropriate ways to group articles than categories, such as lists or article series boxes. For more information, see Wikipedia:Categories, lists, and series boxes.

Userboxes[edit]

WikiProject Fishes This user is a member of
WikiProject Fishes


{{User WPFishes}}


WikiProject Fishes This user is a member of
Wikiproject Fishes


{{User WPFishes2}}


Userbox enthusiasts may want to add one of these userboxes to their userpage to show that they are members of this WikiProject, by adding {{User WPFishes}} or {{User WPFishes2}}. For more userboxes, see additional fish related userboxes.

Article assessment[edit]

See WikiProject Fishes/Assessment.



Article traffic[edit]

See WikiProject Fishes/Popular pages.

Collaboration[edit]

Pacific jack mackerel (edit|talk|history|protect|delete|links|watch|logs|views)

Since Image:Trachurus symmetricus baitball.jpg is the image used on the project banner, it is important that the article Pacific jack mackerel be improved. Please work together to imrove the pacific jack mackerel article.

Neon highfin barb (edit|talk|history|protect|delete|links|watch|logs|views)

I originally nominated the article for deletion as original research. There seems to be some confusion with this article about whether it represents a distinct species and whether it's actually been scientifically described. It's been improved, but it'd be great if an expert would comment on the AfD, improve the article, or otherwise help us figure this one out. Graymornings(talk) 11:30, 19 January 2009 (UTC)

Peer Review[edit]

See Wikipedia:WikiProject Fishes/Peer review

Any fish article requiring a review may be placed here for review specifically by members of the wikiproject.

Bluespotted stingray

Tasklist[edit]

Clipboard.svg

Here are some tasks you can do, as organized by the WikiProject Fishes, if you are interested, please sign up on the project page.

If you have any question, comment or suggestion, please discussion here.

view edit discusshistorywatch

Automated list of featured and good articles[edit]

Featured articles[edit]

Good articles[edit]

Former featured articles[edit]

Former good articles[edit]

Featured pictures[edit]

Did you know? articles[edit]

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