Wikipedia:WikiProject Military history/Canadian military history task force/Canadian Battle Honours

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Battle Honours and their History in the Canadian Military[edit]

Battle honours are awarded to military units to commemorate their actions in combat.

There are two types of battle honours; campaign honours, which commemorate a campaign or war, such as FRANCE AND FLANDERS, NORTH-WEST EUROPE or KOREA, and individual battle honours which commemorate a specific action, such as Vimy, 1917, Passchendaele, Ortona, Normandy Landing or Falaise Road.

The Canadian system of battle honours was adapted from the British military, which has awarded distinctions to regiments for service in the field since a standing British Army was formed in 1660.

Originally, battle honours could be granted if a regiment had been "engaged in musketry" with the enemy. Later, eligibility for battle honours was expanded to include units supporting an operation. In both cases, the regiment's headquarters and at least 50 percent of the regiment's members were present, except under alternate conditions as pubished in the terms for award of battle honours. In addition, other criteria can also be considered.

After a war or conflict, a list of battle honours was created from which regiments would make application for specific battle honours to be awarded for their actions.

The first battle honours awarded to Canadian regiments were for the North West Campaign of 1885.

MOTTO (Honorary Distinction)[edit]

UBIQUE (Latin, "everywhere") — Awarded in lieu of all individual battle honours to The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery and the Canadian Military Engineers

War of 1812 (1812–1815)[edit]

DEFENCE OF CANADA – 1812–1815 – DÉFENSE DU CANADA [1]
DETROIT
QUEENSTON
MAUMEE
CHATEAUGUAY
CRYSLER'S FARM
NIAGARA [2]

Honourary distinctions:

The 30 units that perpetuate the traditions of militia and fencible units on active service during the War of 1812 received the honourary distinction Defence of Canada 1812–1815 Defence du Canada.[3]

Fenian Raids (1866–1870)[edit]

ECCLES HILL

TROUT RIVER

Northwest Rebellion (1885)[edit]

NORTH WEST CANADA, 1885

SASKATCHEWAN

BATOCHE

FISH CREEK

Second Boer War (1899–1902)[edit]

SOUTH AFRICA (with year dates)

PAARDEBERG

World War I (1914–1919)[edit]

YPRES, 1915

Gravenstafel
St. Julien
Frezenberg
Bellewaarde

FESTUBERT, 1915

MOUNT SORREL

SOMME, 1916

Albert (Beaumont Hamel), 1916*
Bazentin
Pozières
Flers-Courcelette
Thiepval
Le Transloy*
Ancre Heights
Ancre, 1916

ARRAS, 1917

Vimy, 1917

ARLEUX

Scarpe, 1917

HILL 70

YPRES, 1917

Pilckem
Langemarck, 1917
Menin Road
Polygon Wood
Broodseinde
Poelcappelle
Passchendaele

CAMBRAI, 1917 (First Battle; see also 1918)

SOMME, 1918

St. Quentin
Bapaume, 1918
Rosières
Arras, 1918 (First Battle; see below)
Avre

LYS*

Bailleul*
Kemmel*

AMIENS

ARRAS, 1918 (Second Battle; see above)

Scarpe, 1918
Drocourt-Quéant

HINDENBURG LINE

Epéhy
Canal du Nord
St. Quentin Canal
Beaurevoir
Battle of Cambrai 1918 (Second Battle, see also 1917)

YPRES, 1918

VALENCIENNES

SAMBRE

PURSUIT TO MONS – this honour cannot be perpetuated by a regiment which already holds either YPRES 1918, COURTRAI, SELLE, VALENCIENNES, or SAMBRE

COURTRAI*

FRANCE AND FLANDERS (with year dates)

GALLIPOLI, 1915–16*

EGYPT, 1915–16*

SIBERIA, 1918–19

THE GREAT WAR (with year dates) – this honour cannot be perpetuated and was awarded to units disbanded in England only.

NOTE: (*) Awarded to The Royal Newfoundland Regiment before Newfoundland entered Confederation.

Honorary Distinctions:

10th and 16th Canadian Infantry Battalions (Canadian Expeditionary Force) – oak leaf shoulder badges commemorating action in Kitchener's Wood April 1915. The Calgary Highlanders and The Royal Winnipeg Rifles perpetuate the 10th Battalion and The Canadian Scottish Regiment (Princess Mary's) perpetuates the 16th Battalion. The Royal Winnipeg Rifles choose not to wear the distinction.

World War II (1939–1945)[edit]

Naval Campaigns[edit]

DUNKIRK, 1940

NORTH SEA, 1940

AEGEAN, 1944

NORMANDY, 1944

BISCAY, 1944

SOUTH FRANCE, 1944

NORWAY (with year dates)

OKINAWA, 1945

ATLANTIC (with year dates)

ENGLISH CHANNEL (with year dates)

MEDITERRANEAN (with year dates)

ARCTIC (with year dates)

GULF OF ST. LAWRENCE, 1942, 1944

ALEUTIANS (with year dates)

Air campaigns[edit]

BATTLE OF BRITAIN, 1940

DEFENCE OF BRITAIN (with year dates)

FORTRESS EUROPE (with year dates)

BERLIN (with year dates)

ATLANTIC (with year dates)

BISCAY PORTS (with year dates)

ENGLISH CHANNEL AND THE NORTH SEA (with year dates)

GERMAN PORTS (with year dates)

RUHR (with year dates)

ARCTIC, 1942

DIEPPE, 1942

BISCAY (with year dates)

NORTH WEST ATLANTIC

EGYPT AND LIBYA, 1942-42

BALTIC (with year dates)

NORTH AFRICA, 1943

SICILY, 1943

ITALY, (with year dates)

SALERNO, 1943

ANSIO AND NETTUNO, 1943

GUSTAFF LINE, 1944

GOTHIC LINE, 1944–45

FRANCE AND GERMANY, 1944–45

NORMANDY, 1944

ARNHEM, 1944

WALCHEREN, 1944

RHINE, 1944–45

CEYLON, 1942

EASTERN WATERS, 1942–44

ALEUTIANS, 1942–43

BURMA, 1944–45

PACIFIC COAST [4], 1941–45.

THE SECOND WORLD WAR, 1939–1945 (LAND)[edit]

Europe 1939–45

SOUTH-EAST ASIA, 1941[edit]

Hong Kong

NORTH-WEST EUROPE, 1942[edit]

Dieppe

SICILY, 1943[edit]

LANDING IN SICILY

Grammichele
Piazza Armerina
Valguarnera
Assoro
Leonforte
Agira

ADRANO

Catenanuova
Regalbuto
Centuripe
Troina Valley
Pursuit to Messina

ITALY (with year dates)[edit]

Landing at Reggio
Potenza
Motta Montecorvino
Termoli
Monte San Marco
Gambatesa
Campobasso
Baranello
Colle d'Anchise
Torella

THE SANGRO

Castel di Sangro
The Moro
San Leonardo
The Gully
Casa Berardi
Ortona
San Nicola-San Tommaso
Point 59 or Torre Mucchia

MONTE CAMINO

Monte La Difensa-Monte La Remetanea
Monte Majo

ANZIO

CASSINO II

Gustav Line
Sant' Angelo in Teodice
Pignataro

LIRI VALLEY

Hitler Line
Aquino
Melfa Crossing
Ceprano
Torrice Crossroads

ROME

Advance to the Tiber

TRASIMENE LINE

Sanfatucchio

AREZZO

ADVANCE TO FLORENCE

Cerrone

GOTHIC LINE

Monteciccardo
Montecchio
Point 204 or Pozzo Alto Ridge
Monte Luro
Borgo Santa Maria
Tomba di Pesaro

CORIANO

LAMONE CROSSING

Misano Ridge

RIMINI LINE

San Martino-San Lorenzo
San Fortunato
Casale
Sant' Angelo in Salute
Bulgaria Village
Cesena
Pisciatello
Savio Bridgehead
Naviglio Canal
Fosso Vecchio
Fosso Munio
Coventello-Comacchio
Granarolo
Monte La Pieve
Monte Spaduro

NORTH-WEST EUROPE (with year dates)[edit]

SOUTHERN FRANCE

NORMANDY LANDING

Authie
Putot-en-Bessin
Bretteville-l'Orgueilleuse
Le Mesnil-Patry

CAEN

Carpiquet
The Orne or The Orne (Buron)

BOURGUEBUS RIDGE

Faubourg de Vaucelles
St. André-sur-Orne
Maltot
Verrières Ridge – Tilly-la-Campagne

FALAISE

Falaise Road
Quesnay Wood
Clair Tizon
The Laison
Chambois
St. Lambert-sur-Dives
Dives Crossing
Forêt de la Londe
The Seine, 1944
Moerbrugge
Dunkirk, 1944
Le Havre
Boulogne, 1944
Calais, 1944
Moerkerke
Wyneghem
Antwerp-Turnhout Canal

THE SCHELDT

Leopold Canal
Woensdrecht
Savojaards Plaat
Breskens Pocket
South Beveland
Walcheren Causeway
The Lower Maas
Kapelsche Veer

ARDENNES

The Roer

THE RHINELAND

The Reichswald
Waal Flats
Cleve
Moyland Wood
Goch-Calcar Road
The Hochwald
Xanten
Veen
The Rhine
Emmerich-Hoch Elten
Twente Canal
Zutphen
Deventer
Apeldoorn
Arnhem 1945
Groningen
Friesoythe
Ijsselmeer
Küsten Canal
Delfzijl Pocket
Bad Zwischenahn
Oldenburg
Leer

Korean War (1950–1953)[edit]

KOREA

Kapyong

Persian Gulf War (1990–91)[edit]

GULF AND KUWAIT

Honourary distinctions:

416 and 437 Squadrons received the Gulf War honourary distinction for significantly reinforcing the Canadian tactical fighter force that fought in the United Nations' action against Iraq.

Balkans (1999)[edit]

KOSOVO

South-West Asia (2001-14)[edit]

AFGHANISTAN

ARABIAN SEA[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Prime Minister of Canada. Retrieved 2014-05-09. 

References[edit]

A-AD-200-000/AG-000 The Heritage Structure of the Canadian Forces, Chapter 3

Canadian Army Battle Honours at The Regimental Rogue

http://www.rcaf.com/squadrons/

Department of National Defence