Wikipedia:WikiProject Olympics/Manual of Style (Games summary – Nations)

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The Manual of Style (Games summary – Nations) sets out the style guidelines recommended by the WikiProject Olympics to achieve a consistent format for articles describing the results obtained by the competitors of a specific National Olympic Committee (henceforth referred simply as "nation") at an edition of the Olympic Games or Paralympic Games. These articles can be found under the categories: Nations at the Summer Olympics, Nations at the Winter Olympics, Nations at the Summer Paralympics, and Nations at the Winter Paralympics.

Summary[edit]

Articles describing the participation of a nation at a specific edition of the Olympic or Paralympic Games must contain three important elements:

  • An infobox template specific for that nation, where data such as medal count, flag bearers, and links to participation in other editions of the Games is quickly presented;
  • A medalists section, containing a table listing all medal winners from that nation, at that specific edition;
  • A results by sport section, containing results for every competitor in every sport where that nation was represented.

These main elements must follow the conventions presented hereafter, to promote layout consistency and data organization throughout the whole article series.

Infobox[edit]

Switzerland at the Olympic Games

Flag of Switzerland
IOC code  SUI
NOC Swiss Olympic Association
Website www.swissolympic.ch (German) (French)
At the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin
Competitors
Medals Gold
0
Silver
0
Bronze
0
Total
0
Olympic history (summary)
Summer Games
Winter Games
Intercalated Games
1906

A nation-specific infobox template, derived from {{Infobox country Olympics}} or {{Infobox country Paralympics}}, is transcluded at the beginning of the corresponding article's lead section. It provides a summarized table with the most important information concerning a nation's participation at the Olympic or Paralympic Games, as well as a history section allowing the navigation through its other participations. Use the appropriate infobox template from Category:Olympics by country infobox templates or Category:Paralympics infobox templates by country.

Only the games parameter is compulsory for the proper display of the infobox (see example on the right). The remaining are not essential but it is recommended that they are provided, whenever available, in order to present an infobox with the most complete information:

games
A string like year season (e.g. games=2008 Summer or games=2006 Winter) displays a Games-specific panel within the infobox.
competitors
Number of competitors for the nation at the specified Games. Use a simple number (e.g. competitors=12) or a string that also identifies the number of male and female competitors (e.g. competitors=12 (7 men, 5 women)).
sports
Number of sports in which this nation had athletes competing at the specified Games. Only supply an integer number here (e.g. sports=4) .
flagbearer
Name of the person/people who served as flagbearer at the opening and/or closing ceremonies (e.g. flagbearer=[[Veronica Campbell]] or flagbearer=[[Dirk Nowitzki]] (opening)<br/>[[Katrin Wagner-Augustin]] (closing)).
officials
Number of officials sent by the nation to the specified Games. For example, if the total delegation was 40 people and there were 24 competitors, you would use officials=16.
gold
Number of gold medals won by the nation's competitors. Default is 0, if no value is specified.
silver
Number of silver medals won by the nation's competitors. Default is 0, if no value is specified.
bronze
Number of bronze medals won by the nation's competitors. Default is 0, if no value is specified.

Note that the "Total" value is computed automatically as the sum of all three medal types.

Medalists[edit]

This section, placed under a level-two heading (== Medalists == or == Medallists ==, where British English is appropriate), contains a sortable table listing all the medals and respecitive medal-winning competitors from a nation at the Games.

  • The table should feature columns with the headers Medal (for the medal type won), Name (for the medal winner(s)), Sport (for the sport in which the medal winner(s) competed), Event (for the specific event where that medal was won), and Date (for the day that the medal was won).
  • The Medal column should display the medals won by the use of the templates {{gold medal}}, {{silver medal}} and {{bronze medal}}. These render sortable icon-sized images of the respective medal followed by "Gold", "Silver" or "Bronze". Do not use background colors or any other images of poorer resolution for this purpose.
  • The Name column should contain the name of the medal winners through the use of {{sortname}} so that the medalists are sorted by their surname (Chinese and Korean family names come first, so the template is not needed in these cases).
    • For pairs or teams of small or intermediate size, list medalists in separate lines (use <br />) and by alphabetical order of their surname. Use {{sortname}} only for the first medalist to enable sorting of the pair/team.
    • For large team sports, use {{CompactTable}} to display the full team roster in reduced font size (it is not necessary to use {{sortname}} for the names here), and place it just after the team name, which should also be sorted and linked to its corresponding page.
  • Medalists, sports and events should all be linked to their corresponding pages, even if these currently do not exist. Sports should link to the "Sport at the year Summer Olympics" page, not the general sport article, while events should link directly to the subsidiary event results page.
  • Dates formats are optional ("Month Day" or "Day Month") but should be the consistent within the table. For sorting purposes, format dates using {{dts}}.

Example (from Sweden at the 2006 Winter Olympics):

Medal Name Sport Event Date
 Gold Pärson, AnjaAnja Pärson Alpine skiing Women's slalom February 22
 Gold Olofsson, Anna CarinAnna Carin Olofsson Biathlon Women's mass start February 25
 Gold Bergman, UlrikaUlrika Bergman
Cathrine Lindahl
Eva Lund
Anette Norberg
Anna Svärd
Curling Women's team February 23
 Gold Fredriksson, ThobiasThobias Fredriksson
Björn Lind
Cross-country skiing Men's team sprint February 14
 Gold Lind, BjörnBjörn Lind Cross-country skiing Men's individual sprint February 22
 Gold Andersson, LinaLina Andersson
Anna Dahlberg
Cross-country skiing Women's team sprint February 14
 Gold men's national ice hockey team, SwedenSweden men's national ice hockey team
Daniel Alfredsson   Kenny Jönsson   Mikael Samuelsson
P. J. Axelsson   Niklas Kronwall   Daniel Sedin
Christian Bäckman   Nicklas Lidström   Henrik Sedin
Peter Forsberg   Stefan Liv   Mats Sundin
Mika Hannula   Henrik Lundqvist   Ronnie Sundin
Niclas Hävelid   Fredrik Modin   Mikael Tellqvist
Tomas Holmström   Mattias Öhlund   Daniel Tjärnqvist
Jörgen Jönsson   Samuel Påhlsson   Henrik Zetterberg
Ice hockey Men's competition February 20
 Silver Olofsson, Anna CarinAnna Carin Olofsson Biathlon Women's sprint February 16
 Silver women's national ice hockey team, SwedenSweden women's national ice hockey team
Cecilia Andersson   Nanna Jansson   Maria Rooth
Gunilla Andersson   Jenny Lindqvist   Danijela Rundqvist
Jenni Asserholt   Kristina Lundberg   Therese Sjölander
Ann-Louise Edstrand   Kim Martin   Katarina Timglas
Joa Elfsberg   Frida Nevalainen   Anna Vikman
Emma Eliasson   Emilie O'Konor   Pernilla Winberg
Erika Holst
Ice hockey Women's competition February 20
 Bronze Pärson, AnjaAnja Pärson Alpine skiing Women's downhill February 15
 Bronze Pärson, AnjaAnja Pärson Alpine skiing Women's combined February 18
 Bronze Ottosson, AnnaAnna Ottosson Alpine skiing Women's giant slalom February 24
 Bronze Fredriksson, MathiasMathias Fredriksson
Mats Larsson
Johan Olsson
Anders Södergren
Cross-country skiing Men's 4 × 10 km relay February 19
 Bronze Fredriksson, ThobiasThobias Fredriksson Cross-country skiing Men's individual sprint February 22

Results by sport[edit]

Heading[edit]

The results section for each sport where the competitors of a nation take part should have an level two heading (== Sport ==). The section should begin with a link to the main article of that sport for the Games in question, by means of the {{main}} template. If available, the article on the Olympic qualification for the sport can also be added.

Example:

== Badminton ==

{{main|Badminton at the 2008 Summer Olympics|Badminton at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Qualification}}
Badminton
Main articles: Badminton at the 2008 Summer Olympics and Badminton at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Qualification

Results tables[edit]

  • Underneath these headings there should be a results table listing all athletes from the nation competing in that sport. In the case of a nation having more than six competitors in a given sport, this table may be further split into "Men" and "Women" results tables. In this case, use a semi-colon to create the table headings, instead of a level 3 headline code, in order to reduce TOC cluttering; i.e. use ;Men, not ===Men===.
  • The format of the results table required will vary depending on the sport but can be in general split into three categories:
    • Those where an athlete competes against an individual or team (judo, badminton, etc.);
    • Those where an athlete competes against a field (athletics, swimming, etc.);
    • Team sports (such as football, handball, etc.).
    • More than a single athlete in a sport category, whether individual, pair, or team, must be arranged alphabetically according to their last names (Chinese and Korean family names come first, so this table is not needed for these cases).

General notes on all tables[edit]

  • All columns containing results or ranks should be center-aligned. The name and event columns should be left-aligned.
  • Results cells integrated in columns specific for rounds:
    • that did not occur in an event, should be filled with "N/A"
    • where the athlete received a bye, should be filled with "Bye"
  • If an athlete qualified for a later round, a bolded "Q" should be placed at the right side of the rank (or "q" if it is a fastest loser qualification).
  • Ranks should be given as a cardinal number, i.e. "13" not "13th". In the case of joint placings, display an equal sign (=) before the rank number.
Records[edit]
  • As stated for the qualification symbols, records should be denoted in the column of the appropriate result, at the right side of the value.
  • World records are highlighted using template {{WR}} that produces WR (link to World record). If a world record is specific for a sport, like swimming, using {{WR|swimming}} will change the link to World records in swimming; if the previous standing record was equaled, one can use {{WR|swimming|eq=y}} that yields =WR.
  • Olympic records are handled with {{OlyR}} that produces OR, linking to Olympic record. As mentioned for world records, using {{OlyR|swimming}} will create a new link to List of Olympic records in swimming; if the previous standing record was equaled, one can use {{OlyR|swimming|eq=y}} yielding =OR.
  • National record marks should be designated as "NR" (unbolded)
  • Continental records using the appropriate abbreviation: AF = African record, AM = Americas record, AS = Asian record, EU = European record, OC = Oceanian record (all unbolded)
Medalists[edit]
  • The names of medal-winning athletes should be bolded.
  • No background colour in the athlete's row is necessary or recommended.
  • The medal icons Gold medal icon.svg ({{gold01}}), Silver medal icon.svg ({{silver02}}) or Bronze medal icon.svg ({{bronze03}}) should be placed either in the final "Rank" column or beneath the final result, if no separate column exists.

Example (from Great Britain at the 2008 Summer Olympics):

Athlete Event Heat Semifinal Final
Time Rank Time Rank Time Rank
Rebecca Adlington 400 m freestyle 4:02.24 NR 2 Q N/A 4:03.22 1
800 m freestyle 8:18.08 OR 1 Q N/A 8:14.10 WR 1
Key[edit]
  • All abbreviations used in a results table should be explained in a key included just below that table, in the form of "XX = foo".

Example (from Great Britain at the 2008 Summer Olympics#Swimming)

Key: WR=World record; OR=Olympic record; ER=European record; CR=Commonwealth record; NR=National record; DNS=Did not start

Against an individual or team[edit]

  • Sports in this category include:
  • The table should begin with "Athlete" and "Event" columns, followed by a variable number of columns for each of the competition's rounds, with the heading being the name of that round.
  • Within each round column, both the opponent and result should be registered; this is denoted by a second cell at the top of the column containing "Opposition" and "Result" (use the code !style="line-height:1em"|<small>Opposition<br />Result</small> to render properly this content within the table).
  • The name of the opponent should be given through the use of {{flagIOCathlete}} template, but only the last name should be visible.

Example:

{{flagIOCathlete|[[Erwin Kehlhoffner|Kehlhoffner]]|FRA|2008 Summer}}
 Kehlhoffner (FRA)
  • Results should be recorded using a bolded "W" (won) or "L" (lost), followed by the scores for each set/timed round. The main athlete's score is always presented on the left side. Scores should always be separated by an en dash (–) and not a hyphen (-), per the Manual of Style. An en dash can be inserted through the wiki markup symbol (–) or the HTML element (&ndash;).
Boxing

Example (from North Korea at the 2008 Summer Olympics):

Athlete Event Round of 32 Round of 16 Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Rank
Kim Song Guk Lightweight  Sow (FRA)
L 3–13
Did not advance
  • If bronze medal match exists in a matching sport

Example (from Belarus at the 2012 Summer Olympics)

Tennis
Athlete Event Round of 64 Round of 32 Round of 16 Quarterfinals Semifinals Final / BM
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Opposition
Score
Rank
Victoria Azarenka Women's singles  Begu (ROU)
W 6–1, 3–6, 6–1
 Martínez (ESP)
W 6–1, 6–2
 Petrova (RUS)
W 7–6(8–6), 6–4
 Kerber (GER)
W 6–4, 7–5
  S. Williams (USA)
L 1–6, 2–6
 Kirilenko (RUS)
W 6–4, 6–3
3
  • For wrestling, each opponent must qualify for the succeeding rounds based on the classification points, not on the technical points. The following classification points are:
    • VT - Victory by Fall.
    • PP - Decision by Points - the loser with technical points.
    • PO - Decision by Points - the loser without technical points.

Example (from Japan at the 2008 Summer Olympics)

Women's freestyle
Athlete Event Qualification Round of 16 Quarterfinal Semifinal Repechage 1 Repechage 2 Final / BM
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Opposition
Result
Rank
Saori Yoshida −55 kg BYE  Nerell (SWE)
W 3–1 PP
 Golts (RUS)
W 3–0 PO
 Verbeek (CAN)
W 3–0 PO
BYE  Xu L (CHN)
W 5–0 VT
1

Against a field[edit]

  • Sports in this category include:
  • The table should begin with "Athlete" and "Event" columns, followed by a variable number of columns for each of the competition's rounds, with the heading being the name of that round. These columns are further split into "Result" (other titles are possible, depending on the event) and "Rank" columns (a "Total" column may also be added if, at any stage, the results from multiple rounds are added up).
  • The form of recording the rank will vary between sports, depending on how qualifiers are decided:
    • For athletics, it should be the position within the heat;
    • For swimming, it is the overall rank when all heats are compared.
  • Additional columns may be needed (e.g. "Horse" for the name of the animal used in equestrian events)

Example (from Jamaica at the 2008 Summer Olympics):

Athlete Horse Event Dressage Cross-country Jumping Total
Qualifier Final
Penalties Rank Penalties Rank Penalties Rank Penalties Rank Penalties Rank
Samantha Albert Before I Do It Individual

Team sports[edit]

  • Sports in this category include:
  • When entering the name of a sports team, in either a results table or a match result, one should use the appropriate template, that produces the nation's flag and a link to the team's main article:

Example:

{{bk|Argentina}}
 Argentina
{{Wpw-rt|HUN}}
Hungary 
  • The results table for groups/pools should have a league-type format, with rows dedicated to each of the group teams and columns for every relevant statistics of the sport in question.
  • Teams qualifying for the next round of the competition should be highlighted in green (#ccffcc).

Example (from United States at the 2008 Summer Olympics):

Rank Team Points Played Won Lost PW PL Ratio SW SL Ratio
1  United States 10 5 5 0 460 371 1.240 15 4 3.750
2  Italy 9 5 4 1 439 401 1.095 13 6 2.167
3  Bulgaria 8 5 3 2 446 440 1.014 10 9 1.111
4  China 7 5 2 3 445 492 0.904 9 13 0.692
5  Venezuela 6 5 1 4 421 451 0.933 8 12 0.667
6  Japan 5 5 0 5 392 448 0.875 4 15 0.267
  • Results for individual games should be recorded using sport-specific templates, like the ones shown below, with parameter keys and rendered examples:
Basketball
Template:Basketballbox(edit talk links history)
{{basketballbox 
 | date = Date of the match
 | time = Scheduled time for match start
 | report = Report/Summary of the match (external link)
 | teamA = First ("home") team
 | scoreA = Team A score
 | scoreB = Team B score
 | Q1 = First quarter score
 | Q2 = Second quarter score
 | Q3 = Third quarter score
 | Q4 = Fourth quarter score
 | OT = Over-time score(s)
 | teamB = Second ("away") team
 | points1 = Top scorer from team A
 | rebounds1 = Top rebounder from team A
 | assist1 = Top assist-man from team A
 | otherstat1 = Team A player(s) with relevant stats
 | points2 = Top scorer from team B
 | rebounds2 = Top rebounder from team B
 | assist2 = Top assist-man from team B
 | otherstat2 Team B player(s) with relevant stats
 | place = Venue of the match
 | attendance = Attendance figures
 | referee = Referee's name and nationality
}}
August 10
14:30
Spain  81–66  Greece
Scoring by quarter: 20-16, 15-13, 27-17, 19-20
Pts: Fernández 16
Rebs: P. Gasol 7
Asts: Navarro, Rodríguez 2
Pts: Spanoulis 15
Rebs: Tsartsaris 8
Asts: Diamantidis 3
Wukesong Indoor Stadium, Beijing
Attendance: 11,083
Referees: Reynaldo Mercedes Sanchez (Dominican Republic)
Volleyball
Template:Volleyballbox(edit talk links history)
{{volleyballbox
|date = Match date
|time = Scheduled time for match start
|team1 = First team ("home") team
|score = Team 1 score 
|team2 = Team 2 score
|set1 = Team 1 score per set (separate different sets with <br/>) 
|set= Set count (Set 1<br/>Set 2<br/>Set 3<br/>Set 4<br/>Set 5)
|set2 = Team 2 score per set (separate different sets with <br/>)
|stadium = Match venue
|attendance = Attendance figures
|referee = Referee's name and nationality
}}
August 20
10:00
United States  3–2  Serbia Capital Indoor Stadium
Attendance: 7,500
Referee(s): Wang Ning (China), Mohammad Shahmiri (Iran)
20
25
21
25
15
Set 1
Set 2
Set 3
Set 4
Set 5
25
23
25
18
12
Football
Template:Footballbox(edit talk links history)
{{footballbox
|date = Match date
|time = Scheduled time for match start
|team1 = First ("home") team
|score = Final score (use en dash) 
|report = Match report/summary (external link)
|team2 = Second ("away") team
|goals1 = Team 1 scored goals
|goals2 = Team 2 scored goals
|stadium = Match venue
|attendance = Attendance figures
|referee = Referee's name and nationality
}}
August 10
17:00
New Zealand  0–5  Brazil
(Report) Anderson Goal 3'
Pato Goal 33'
Ronaldinho Goal 54' Goal 61' (pen.)
Sóbis Goal 90+3'
Handball
Template:Handballbox(edit talk links history)
{{handballbox 
|date = Match date
|time = Scheduled time for match start
|team1 = First ("home") team
|score = Final score
|team2 = Second ("away") team
|report = Match report/summary
|goals1 = Team 1 scored goals
|goals2 = Team 2 scored goals
|HT= [[Half-time]] score
|FT= Full time score (used if overtime is played)
|OT1= Overtime period 1 score
|OT2= Overtime period 2 score
|OT3= Overtime period 3 score
|twomin1= # of Two minute suspensions to team 1
|yellow1= # of Yellow cards to team 1
|red1= # of Red cards to team 1
|twomin2= # of Two minute suspensions to team 2
|yellow2= # of Yellow cards to team 2
|red2= # of Red cards to team 2
|stadium = Match venue
|attendance = Attendance figures
|referee = Referee's names
|refnat = Referee's nationality
}}
12 August
9:00
Brazil  14–33  Croatia Olympic Sports Centre Gymnasium
Referees: Gjeding, Hansen (DEN)
Ertel, Souza 3 (9–18) Džomba 7
Suspension 3×Booked (Report) Suspension 2×Booked
Field hockey
Template:Fieldhockeybox(edit talk links history)
{{fieldhockeybox 
|date = Match date
|time = Scheduled time for match start
|team1 = First ("home") team
|score = Final score
|team2 = Second ("away") team
|report = Match report (external links)
|goals1 = Team 1 scored goals
|goals2 = Team 2 scored goals
|stadium = Match venue 
|umpires = Umpires' names and nationalities
}}
23 August 2008
20:30
Germany  1 – 0  Spain
C. Zeller Goal 16' Report
Umpires:
Henrik Ehlers (DEN)
David Gentles (AUS)
Water polo
Template:Waterpolobox(edit talk links history)
{{waterpolobox
 | date = Match date
 | time = Scheduled time for match start
 | report = Match report/summary (external link)
 | team1 = First ("home") team
 | score1 = Team 1 scored goals
 | team2 = Second ("away") team
 | score2 = Team 2 scored goals 
 | location = Match venue
 | attendance = Attendance figures
 | referees = Referees' names and nationalities
 | Q1 = First quarter score
 | Q2 = Second quarter score
 | Q3 = Third quarter score
 | Q4 = Fourth quarter score
 | OT = Over-time score
 | goals1 = Team 1 goalscorers
 | goals2 = Team 2 goalscorers
}}
August 24
14:20
Game 43 Montenegro  4–6  Serbia Ying Tung Natatorium
Referees:
Tulga (TUR), Margeta (SLO)
Score by quarters: 0-2, 1-2, 1-2, 2-0
Janovic M. 2 Goals Savic 2
Baseball
Template:Linescore(edit talk links history)
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
 South Korea 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 4 0
 Cuba 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 5 1
WP: Hyun-Jin Ryu (2-0)   LP: Norberto González (0-1)   Sv: Tae-Hyon Chong (2)
Home runs:
KOR: Seung-Yeop Lee (2)
CUB: Michel Enríquez (2), Alexei Bell (2)
Softball
Template:Linescore(edit talk links history)
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 R H E
 Japan 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 3 4 0
 United States 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 5 2
WP: Yukiko Ueno(5-1)   LP: Cat Osterman(3-1)
Home runs:
JPN: Eri Yamada (2)
USA: Crystl Bustos (6)

Navigation box[edit]

At the bottom of the page, place the template {{NOCinYearSeasonOlympics}} or {{NPCinYearSeasonParalympics}}, replacing "Year" and "Season" with the year and season, respectively, in which the Games that the article refers to took place. For example:

{{NOCin2006WinterOlympics}}
{{NPCin2008SummerParalympics}}

This template works as a navigation box between the several articles (one per nation participating at the specified Games) that are included in the "Nation at the year Season Olympics" or "Nation at the year Season Paralympics" series.

Categories[edit]

This type of article should be included in the adequate categories:

  • [[Category:Nations at the <YEAR> <SEASON> Olympics]] or [[Category:Nations at the <YEAR> <SEASON> Paralympics]]
Replace <YEAR> and <SEASON> with the year and season, respectively, in which the Games that the article refers to took place (e.g. Category:Nations at the 2004 Summer Paralympics)
  • [[Category:<NATION> at the Olympics|<YEAR>]] or [[Category:<NATION> at the Paralympics|<YEAR>]]
Replace <NATION> with the name of the nation that the article refers to (e.g. Category:Togo at the Olympics). Use the appropriate year as the sort key for the category.