Wikipedia:WikiProject Video games/Sources

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Articles related to video games need sources like any other Wikipedia article—content must be verifiable. Due to the nature of video game journalism, however, editors writing articles within the scope of this project may encounter problems finding or citing sources. This guideline aims to discuss some of the most common problem areas. None of the following directions apply in every single instance so always use reason and common sense when citing sources.

Because the fields of video game journalism, research, criticism, and commentary are relatively new compared to similar coverage of traditional media, traditional means of sourcing can be somewhat rare. In addition, the simultaneous development and expansion of internet-based sources alongside the modern video game scene has led to a much higher degree of exclusive online coverage than is the case with other media. These factors make the determination of reliable video-game sources a complex issue. To address this problem, this guideline provides a few general rules of thumb and presents the current consensus regarding the reliability and usability of specific video-game-related sources. Any questions regarding specific sources not covered in this guideline may be directed to the talk page. Remember to search the talk page archives before starting a new topic.

Locating reliable sources[edit]

One of the first places that many editors look for video game sources is the internet. After using one of several search engines to locate information on a subject, the search results must be scrutinized for reliability. A list of sources that have been identified by the WP:VG community as reliable appears lower in this page at the Sources list. This list is neither complete nor can it be used as definitive proof regarding a listed source's reliability determination, but it provides a good rough guide on which to base the scrutiny of sources for reliability.

In order to facilitate the location and recovery of reliable sources, tools are available to filter search results to target reliable sources. Editors can use Reliable Sources for Video Games, a custom Google search engine focusing on the below-listed reliable sites and filtering out many bad or non-RS sites. A second custom Google search engine, Situational Sources for Video Games, is also available to search for reliable sources on a topic. Remember that just because a source shows up in the Reliable Sources for Video Games search engine there is no guarantee that it is reliable. Forum posts, for example, are usually non-reliable. Also, be sure to take note of the conditions and limitations required for proper use of all sources (as listed in the tables below) before relying on them. The template {{find video game sources}} also includes a link to these custom search engines.

Finally, there are a number of online tools that can be used to help determine the reliability and usability of online sources.

  • The Special:LinkSearch tool allows editors to see all places where English Wikipedia and other Wikipedias link to a specific website. This can help to show how commonly cited a source is.
  • The Special:WhatLinksHere tool allows editors to see which Wikipedia-based pages link to other Wikipedia articles. This can help to identify related articles that may demonstrate sourcing conventions for the kind of article in question. This can also aid in the location of sources listed at the WP:VG Reference Library.

Editorial discretion should promote broad coverage and reduce POV[edit]

For many of the articles under the aegis of WP:VG, sources are plentiful and easily located. Because not every source needs to be cited, editorial discretion will play a part in the exclusion of redundant and unnecessary sources. A few of the more important considerations when reviewing sources for inclusion are listed hereunder:

  • Negative as well as positive reviews - It is exceptionally rare for a video game to receive universal critical praise or condemnation. For this reason, reasonable efforts should be made to reduce undue bias by presenting both perspectives on the game. For the few cases where reception is universally slanted in one direction (either positive or negative), remember that exceptional claims require exceptional sourcing.
  • Contemporary as well as modern coverage - As a general rule, reviewers of video games are inextricably tied to their temporal vantage point and because advancements in video game technology increase by leaps and bounds every few years, it is unfair to review a game in light of the game scene 20 years later. Likewise, hindsight can lead to revisionist reviews and nostalgia may lead to unduly positive scores. An effort should be made to include contemporary coverage of games if available in order to maintain a neutral point of view untainted by modern perceptions.
  • Domestic as well as foreign coverage - Because video games are cultural artifacts, when a game comes from X country, then reviews from X country can provide cultural insight that might escape foreign reviewers. Relatedly, when a game depicts Y country or aspects of it, then reviews from Y country can provide reliable, detailed, and direct reaction to the depiction. At the same time, however, when a game comes from Z country, reviews from X and Y countries will help to reduce POV and to provide an international response thereby eliminating systemic cultural biases.
  • Metareviews as well as individual reviews - Although metareviews tend to provide an average and roughly neutral review for games, the specific views of influential and/or well-respected individual reviewers may be of equal importance and should be presented with proper attribution despite the probability of containing a POV-heavy review. Care must be taken to avoid skewing the apparent reception by presenting disproportionate numbers of positive or negative individual reviews.
  • Reviews for multiple different platforms - When video games are released on more than one platform, reviews of all different versions allow readers to gain an insight on the differing perceptions of the game within different gaming subcultures. When games are rereleased or remade for later systems, reviews of all different versions allow readers to grasp the degree to which later ports and remakes were successful in evoking the original. Efforts to report reception in a due manner can often be enhanced by using a prose format to explain why scores on one platform are lower than those of another.

The above considerations should also be taken when seeking out sources to add content such as reception sections to video game articles.

Print sources[edit]

Print sources are often difficult to locate for video game articles, however their use can in some cases improve coverage dramatically. This is especially true when it comes to providing citations for claims covering the early period (generally prior to 2000) before online sources became as established and reliable as they are in some cases today. Although it is incorrect to uncritically assume reliability for a source simply because it exists or existed in printed form, as a general rule of thumb it should be borne in mind that print sources cost money to produce and are therefore likely to make more of an effort at quality and accuracy than most low-cost fan sites. As the length of time a print source remains in continuous publication increases, the source gains in reputation, goodwill, and brand strength. This factor also tends to mean that longer-lasting and more established print sources are more likely to be accurate than brief fly-by-night operations, because readers tend to seek accuracy and evidence of readership can be found in the duration of the print source's time in print. Internationally registered periodicals (as identified by an ISSN number) are generally preferred over unregistered journals.

While there is no proscription against hard-to-access sources, the fact that print sources are more difficult to verify means that it is often a good idea to include additional web-based reliable sourcing if it is available. Editors adding print-based references should also make an effort to substantiate or at least double-check their claims if they are challenged. One of the best places to gain access to print-based video game reference material on Wikipedia is at the WP:VG reference library. Editors listed as contacts at the Reference Library have volunteered to make information from these magazines available on request and this can be used to reference claims in articles as well as to verify references and to establish notability.

Fansites[edit]

Many video games have sites devoted to them that are not affiliated with the developers or publishers. These fansites enable fans to read about and discuss the game. When checked against Wikipedia guidelines such as Wikipedia:Reliable sources#What is a reliable source?, these fansites usually do not qualify as a reliable source. They frequently have little or no editorial oversight, and may be self-published (i.e., the person hosting the website is also the one writing its content). Fact-checking is often of lesser importance than publishing the latest rumours. Quoting the rule of thumb: "...the greater the degree of scrutiny involved in checking facts, analyzing legal issues, and scrutinizing the evidence and arguments of a particular work, the more reliable it is."

Some fansites provide forum excerpts by developers from the game's forums. Favour citing the forum post itself over the fansite's article and commentary about it. When citing a forum post on a fansite's own forum, special scrutiny is advised. Make it clear that it is the post that is cited, not the thread or forum in general. Consider forum posts like journal articles, except that in this case the "journal" is unreliable (see WP:SPS), but the "article" may be, because of its author. Use real names over forum nicknames. An example from Supreme Commander:

Ables, Jeremy (2007-07-30). "Patch notes build 3260". Gas Powered Games. Retrieved 2007-08-06. 

Tools: {{cite web}} and {{citation}}

Video games[edit]

In articles about video games, citing the game itself is often attractive. Wikipedia favours secondary sources, and the use of primary sources should be minimised. Games are primary sources in articles about themselves. Whether it is good to use them as a source varies by perspective, subject and game. For a reader, it is usually very hard to use a video game to check facts. Provide transcripts wherever possible, and enable readers to check the facts themselves by noting which area, level or episode is cited. Using the later levels of games with a linear level progression as sources (without transcripts) should be avoided. The same applies to bonus levels or easter eggs.

It is very hard to find proper sources for sections about the plot or setting of a video game without using the game itself. In many of these sections, the game itself is used as a source, but make sure that it is not the only source. Furthermore, the kind of statements that can be backed up with a reference to the game itself is limited. For example, it is impossible to use the game itself to back up that it "... takes place in a high fantasy setting".

Statements of a technical or critical nature should never contain references to the game itself. Technical details (like the type of texture mapping used) are impossible to discern for the layperson. Using the game itself as a source for critical content is original research. Criticism should not be the editor's own, but for example a reviewer's.

However, instruction booklets, player's guides, and other game-related publications may be cited as normal.

Tools: {{cite video game}} and {{cite video}}

Review sites[edit]

The most important sources for most video game articles are the reviews of the game itself. These reviews come mostly from reliable sources (such as the ones in the list below), but be aware of less reliable reviews. Many sites allow users to submit content, like Wikipedia itself. These reviews are often not independent, and are not reliable because they have not been checked for factuality by an editor. It is also important to make a distinction between review sites, and directory listings. The latter often repeat information from press releases and the game's official website, and do not constitute a reliable source for establishing notability. Their use should be avoided in general as well.

Aggregate review sites such as Metacritic and Game Rankings are generally useful to include in the critical reception portion of a video game article, as these sites provide links to numerous reviews for a game, more than can readily be included in Wikipedia. Data from these aggregate review sites should be handled carefully. There are two primary issues with these sites. Firstly, the site webmasters are free to include or ignore any review source they choose. While these sites will typically include major English gaming review sources, they can (and do) also include less reliable sites. Secondly, the sites average the scores between reviewers without regard for the differences in the rating systems used. Furthermore, video game reviews are not meant to be used in comparison with each other. A reviewer who gave two games both a score of 90% might prefer one above the other, but this does not show in the scores.

Retailers[edit]

Retailers are only considered reliable sources for games that have already been released, and even then, only for information regarding release dates and the existence of games on a particular platform. However other secondary or primary sources should be used if available. Retailers posting future dates for games not yet released raise a red flag as to the legitimacy of the statement, and should not be used unless confirmed by a more reliable source.

Official information[edit]

Shortcut:

In video gaming communities, the adjective "official" is often used to describe information released by the game developer. It denotes that the information is definitive, reliable and sometimes important. This is without regard to whether said information is deemed canonical.

Merely being "official" does not guarantee that information is usable under Wikipedia's editorial standards. Information deriving from official sources but published in generally unreliable ones such as blogs, fansites, or forum posts is likely unusable. Much of what is called official often stems from primary sources such as the game itself, which should largely not be used (see above). Additionally, not all reliably sourced official information merits inclusion, and in fact the bulk of the article may be unofficial. An example of this is the release date: when the official date is at 1998 according to accurate but unreliable (by Wikipedia policy standards) information, but a reliable source writes that it is 1999, Wikipedia should include the latter. Even if one has the knowledge of memory or the word of a trustworthy individual, original research is off-limits.

The crux is that "official" is not relevant to Wikipedia standards. In fan communities, all information released by the game developers is official and important. In a Wikipedia article, information released by game developers is no different from any other reliable source; in fact, it may be less reliable under possible interpretations of the policy regarding self-published or primary sources.

Sourcing style[edit]

Main articles: MOS:TITLE and MOS:ITALICS

When citing a print magazine, the name of the magazine should be written in italics. Likewise for the video games themselves. The usage of italics for an online source depends on the nature of its content, and is detailed in the Manual of Style. When citing a particular article published by a magazine or website, or when citing a chapter within a video game, the title should be surrounded by quotes. The various citation sub-templates of {{cite}} handle this sort of thing for you automatically.

Review table[edit]

A review table exists to list several game reviews in a conveniently readable format. Game publications are specified using short alphanumeric codes to make managing lists is easier.

List[edit]

It is often difficult to gauge whether a source is reliable or not in the area of video gaming. The following is a list of sources that have been established as reliable in the field of video gaming per past consensus. Please bring up all new additions on the talk page before posting them below.

A Google Custom Search engine is available at http://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=003516479746865699832:leawcwkqifq for Google-based searches of only the reliable source websites listed on this page. A second GoogleCustom Search engine available at http://www.google.com/cse/home?cx=003516479746865699832:qdq1uk9p1ua can be used to search through the situational source websites listed on this page. Remember to examine the limitations listed for each situational source in the tables below.

Note: "Media" refers to the publication's principal means of content delivery.

Reliable sources[edit]

General[edit]

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick links
1UP.com online features, news, reviews Formerly EGM online site, merged with UGO in 2009.[1] UGO Networks G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
allgame online credits, summaries, synopses An extension of Allmusic by the same company to video games. Provides IMDb-like details for game credits and useful as a source for those within articles. All Media Network (formerly Macrovision) G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Andriasang online features, news Focused on the Japanese video games industry, contains weekly updates from Famitsu, Dengeki, Jump and other Japanese Magazines. The site is online, but is no longer updated. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Ars Technica online news, reviews Ars Technica, Condé Nast Digital G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Blue's News online UGO Networks G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
CNET online features, news, reviews CBS Corporation/CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Edge (UK) print, online features, news, reviews Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
The Escapist online Features, news, reviews, criticism and opinion Defy Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Eurogamer online features, news, reviews Eurogamer Network G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
FiringSquad online Started by Dennis Fong aka "Thresh". The site's various articles has been cited in many publications and scholarly works. Passed FAC for Giants: Citizen Kabuto, Midtown Madness. FS Media Inc. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GameDaily online features, news, reviews AOL G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Game Informer (US) online features, news, reviews
Gameplanet online features, news, reviews G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GamePro (US) print, online console gaming Sister magazine to GameStar. IDG Entertainment G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GamerBytes online Gaming commentary for online marketplace games Covers online marketplace games such as WiiWare, Xbox Live Arcade, and PlayStation Network. Often contains features that are published on its site before it reaches Gamasutra.[2] Sister site of Gamasutra, Think Services G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Game Revolution online features, news, reviews Site has been cited by numerous scholarly works. AtomicOnline G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Gamertell print, online features, news, reviews GameStop G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GameSetWatch online Gaming commentary Material is generally stuff that has already been published at Gamasutra but will often contain features that are published on its site before it reaches Gamasutra.[3] Sister site of Gamasutra, Think Services G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GamesMaster (UK, PH) print features, news, reviews Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
GameSpy online features, news, reviews Shared database with IGN. J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GamesRadar online features, news, reviews In the same network as Computer and Video Games, PC Gamer.[4] Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GameTrailers online hosting, reviews, video news Make sure that you are not sourcing fanmade material. MTV Networks G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GameZone (US, DE) online features, news, reviews Recommended as an objective and reliable gaming site in books, and referenced for several of its articles in various books and scholarly works.[5] G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Good Game online Australian TV show which reviews video games, and has informative out-of-universe retrospective segments. Website comprehensive Australian Broadcasting Corporation G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Hardcore Gamer Magazine (US) print, online DoubleJump Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
IGN (US, AU, UK) online features, news, reviews Shared database with GameSpy.
Make sure news item are not user-submitted info or blog postings; blog postings from site staff are most likely acceptable.
J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
IndustryGamers online features, news, reviews Independently owned G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Kotaku online, blog features, news, reviews News posts after 2010 are considered reliable. For posts before 2010, only those (significant) opinion posts that are written by established writers are allowed. See:[6] Editors are cautioned of WP:DUCK for blog/geeky posts that have little news or reporting significance. Gawker Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
MCV print, online events, features, news Shared news coverage with Famitsu that is updated weekly. Intent Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Nintendo World Report online news, features, reviews Formerly known as Planet GameCube. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Play print, online Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Shacknews online features, news, reviews Full-time staff and editorial processes. staff about GameFly G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
SKOAR! (IN) print Spinoff from technology magazine, Digit. Owned by 9.9 Mediaworx G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Stratos Group online Acknowledged industry experts.[7] Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
UGO Networks online features, news Operate a host of related networked gaming sites. Hearst Corporation G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
VG247 online features, news Operated by industry veteran Patrick Garett as part of a collaboration with Eurogamer. Won best gaming blog at the Games Media Awards 2009. Patrick Garett G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
VideoGamer.com online Provides content for Virgin Media.[8] Full-time staff includes industry veterans.[9][10] Pro-G Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Voodoo Extreme online J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Wired online features, news Condé Nast Publications G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
X-Play (US) television, online features, news, reviews G4 G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW

Foreign language[edit]

Name Media Type Language Notes and limitations[1] Owner Quick Links
4Gamer.net (JP) online Japanese Appears as if they copied IGN's site design. Published by aetas. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Absolute Games (RU) online Russian G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Comptiq / MeadiaMixx Gaming Magazine (JP) print, online Japanese Older issues deal with computers in general as the magazine transitioned to computer/video gaming. As of September 2003 the print magazine is known as MeadiaMixx Gaming Magazine. Published by Kadokawa Shoten G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Dengeki (JP) print, online Japanese Published by ASCII Media Works G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Famitsu (JP) print, online Japanese Includes several spin-off publications dealing with specific platforms. Published by Enterbrain G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GamesTM (UK, DE, NL, BE) print news, reviews, features Imagine Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Impress Watch (JP) online Japanese Owned by Impress Group G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
ITmedia (JP) online Japanese Owned by ITmedia G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Media Create (JP) print, online rankings, analysis, trends, etc. Japanese When citing their ranking page use Webcitation or another instant archiving resource as their pages change weekly and are not archived.
Some of their older English and Japanese pages are archived.
Media Create Co. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Power Unlimited (NL) print, online Dutch Reshift Digital G·N·B·S·RS·Talk

Games industry-related/academic/other[edit]

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick Links
Chart-Track online Monitors sales of software for the UK, Ireland and Denmark. Controlled by research institute GfK.[11][12] G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
ELSPA online Sales and ratings organization for Europe. Includes Famitsu (Japan) sales, ranging from 2005 to 2008.[13] G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Gamasutra online Focus on video game development, for video game developers. United Business Media; sister publication to Game Developer magazine G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Game Developer (US) print Focus on video game development CMP Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
GamesIndustry.biz online News, features, market and industry info Sister site of Eurogamer Eurogamer Network G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Game Studies online peer-reviewed, scholarly journal Has a Board of reviewers from academic institutes, a team of editors, and is listed on the Directory of Open Access Journals. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Market for Home Computing and Video Games (UK) print, online Industry news, for industry insiders Partnership with Famitsu.[14] Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
The MagicBox online Translates industry news and sales figures, notably Famitsu and Media Create Also combines sales figures from sources for yearly figures (nothing we can't do per WP:CALC) WP:RS/N Independant

Platform-specific[edit]

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick Links
AMIGA Magazine RACK print, online Amiga gaming Use {{Cite journal}} when citing anything from a magazine page and do not directly link the site with the url parameter. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GameStar (DE, HU, CZ, IT, CN) print PC gaming Sister magazine of GamePro. IDG Entertainment G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Inside Mac Games online macintosh gaming site Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Killer List of Videogames online Arcade games Has been cited and mentioned in several publications: magzines, websites, and books International Arcade Museum G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
NGamer (UK) print Nintendo Successor to NGC Magazine. Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
NintendoLife online Nintendo Factual information (especially release dates); for editorial content, author reliability is needed. Nlife Ltd. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Official Nintendo Magazine (UK) print, limited online Nintendo EMAP, Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Official PlayStation Magazine (US, UK) print PlayStation Various magazines bore this title at different times. Various. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Official Xbox Magazine (US, UK) print Xbox, Xbox 360 Sister magazine to PC Gamer. Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PC Gamer (UK, US) print PC gaming Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PC PowerPlay (AU) print PC gaming Next Media Pty Ltd G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PC Zone (UK) print PC gaming Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PlayStation Blog online (US/EU), blog PlayStation Newsblog, with posts mostly from 3rd-party dev studios including announcements, interviews and previews alongside 1st-party SCE Worldwide Studios devs. Sony Computer Entertainment G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Rock, Paper, Shotgun online, blog PC gaming site Blog-style website run by four experienced UK games journalists: Jim Rossignol, Kieron Gillen, John Walker and Alec Meer Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Sega Saturn Magazine print Sega Saturn Successor to Sega Magazine EMAP G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
SlideToPlay.com online iOS gaming site Targets iOS games. See reliability discussion here Independent
TeamXbox online Xbox, Xbox 360 J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW

Genre-specific[edit]

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick Links
Adventure Gamers online Adventure games Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
HookShot Inc. online Downloadable games under $15 Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Just Adventure online Adventure games (mostly) The site and its staff have been cited in numerous publications and have been the subject of multiple interviews by online gaming news sites with several of its members receiving prestigious awards for their work.[15] Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
RPGamer online Role-playing games Part of the CraveOnline Gaming Channel G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
RPG Vault online Role-playing games J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Sports Gaming Network online Sports games The site has been cited in several publications and scholarly works.[16] G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Strategy Gaming Online online Strategy games UGO Network G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Wargamer.com online Wargames (strategy and tactics) Fairly rigorous editorial process,[17] staffed by experts on war-related and editorial fields,[18][19] and received several accolades from established sites.[20][21] Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW

General computing[edit]

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick Links
Mac|Life / MacAddict (US) print Macintosh Formerly a part of CD-ROM Today, along with boot (now Maximum PC). Future US G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Macworld (US, CA, AU) print Macintosh International Data Group; formerly in partnership with Ziff-Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Maximum PC / boot (US) print Windows Formerly a part of CD-ROM Today, along with MacAddict (now Mac|Life). Future US G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
PC Format (UK) print Windows Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk

Aggregate sites[edit]

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick Links
GameStats online Aggregate review scores Combines a "Press Rating" and "Gamer Rating" to produce and "Overall" score.[22] Please only cite the "Press Rating". J2 Global > Ziff Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GameTab online Aggregate review scores Uses statistical methods to weed out review scores that fall outside a given range.[23] Ziff Davis > 1UP.com G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Metacritic online Aggregate review scores Lowers scores of sites it deems "unreliable".[24] CBS Corporation > CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW

Defunct[edit]

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick Links
recently defunct
Computer and Video Games (UK) print Multi-platform The print version of this magazine was suspended for a while and reappeared in a bi-monthly form (CVG Presents) focusing each issue on the life history of a single games franchise. Ceased publication sometime during 2009. Website is a separate entity and unaffected by changes.
CVG (1981–2004), CVG Presents (2008–2009)
EMAP, Dennis Publishing, Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Computer Games Magazine / Computer Games Strategy Plus / Strategy Plus (US) print Multi-platform Currently in hiatus. May make a reappearance at some time in the future.
(?–2007)
Theglobe.com G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Computer Gaming World / Games for Windows (US, CA) print PC games, later Windows games (1981–2006 / 2006–2008) Ziff-Davis, later in partnership with Microsoft. Staff integrated into 1UP.com. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
EGM2 / Expert Gamer / GameNOW (US) print Tips, tricks & guides. Affiliated with Electronic Gaming Monthly.
(1994–1998 / 1998–2001 / 2001–2004)
Sendai Publishing, Ziff-Davis G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Electronic Gaming Monthly (US) print console gaming (1989–2009) Ziff Davis; part of 1UP.com Network G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
GameFan / Diehard GameFan Magazine (US, CA) print Imports and anime. (1992–2000) DieHard Gamers Club, Metropolis Media, Shinno Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
MMO Games Magazine / Massive Magazine (US) print MMO gaming Sister publication to Computer Games Magazine.
(2006–2007)
Theglobe.com G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Music4Games online Focus on video game music, music industry, etc. Established editorial policies, major supporter/media partner of GDC and trade shows. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Next Generation Magazine (UK) print Games, games industry. Affiliated with Edge.
(1995–2002)
Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
NGC Magazine / N64 Magazine (UK) print Nintendo 64, GameCube Successor to Super Play.
(2001–2006 / 1997–2001)
Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Nintendo Power (US) print Nintendo (1988–2012) Published by Nintendo before 2007. Future US G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Official Dreamcast Magazine (UK) print Sega Dreamcast (1999–2001) Dennis Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Official Dreamcast Magazine (US) print Sega Dreamcast (1999–2001) Imagine Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Penny Arcade Report online news, features, reviews Full-time staff and editorial processes. about (?–2013) Penny Arcade G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Pocket Gamer (US, CA) print Handheld games (2000–?) Imagine Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
WorldsInMotion online (archived) Merged with Gamasutra as of 2012.
(2007–2012)
G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
retro
Amiga Power (UK) print Amiga (1991–1996) Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Amstrad Action (UK) print Amstrad CPC (1985–1995) Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
CRASH (UK) print ZX Spectrum (1984–1992) Newsfield Publications Ltd G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Dragon (US) print ZX Spectrum (1976–1007)[25] TSR / WotC / Paizo G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Mean Machines (UK) print Multi-platform Offshoot of Computer and Video Games.
(1990–1992)
EMAP G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
MEGA (UK) print Sega MegaDrive (1992–1995) Future Publishing, Maverick Magazines G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Play Time (DE) print Multi-platform G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Sinclair User (UK) print ZX Spectrum (1982–1993) EMAP G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Super Play (UK) print Super Nintendo (1992–1996) Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Your Sinclair (UK) print ZX Spectrum (1984–1993) Dennis Publishing, Future Publishing G·N·B·S·RS·Talk

Situational sources[edit]

Sources in the following list should only be used for certain situations, as some of the content on the websites is deemed unreliable. Be sure to read a source's limitations before adding content to articles.

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner Quick Links
About.com online encyclopedia This site should generally be used for its sources rather than for its content. Use of this site's content is restricted to signed post-2005 content depending on the reliability of the individual author, and specifically barring its use for fringe theories and BLPs. Articles sourced to Wikipedia are also to be excluded. IAC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Associated Content online (blacklisted) While content by reliable authors could be published there, it is highly unlikely. (see [26]) G·N·B·S·RS·Talk
Bitmob online Multi-author blog Content from the site's staff are approved sources given their collective industry experience. Articles where the author is listed as "Community Writer" are not to be used. Bitmob Media G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Crispy Gamer online Multi-author blog Authorship is composed of several independent games journalist, some with a strong history in gaming journalism, working together as a "Game Trust". Reliability should be based on author. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Deaf Gamers online Video game reviews for the handicapped Reliable with regard to accessibility issues related to video games. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Destructoid online Multi-author blog site, "community blogging" Like other blog sites, some content may be reliable, but only if the author can be established as such. ModernMethod/Destructoid LLC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Forbes online, print News magazine, "contributor" content Forbes publishes content from salaried Forbes staff, and a vetted community of non-salaried Forbes contributors. Articles written by Forbes staff are reliable. Articles written by Forbes contributors do not have the same editorial oversight and may not be reliable. Editors are encouraged to find alternatives to contributor pieces. Forbes G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Game Rankings online Aggregate review scores Only counts sites which produce a stipulated minimum volume of output.[27] Do not use their release dates as they take them from GameFAQs. CBS Corporation > CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
GameSpot online news, features, reviews GameSpot uses a similar interface for displaying news, user blogs, and "union" postings. Be careful to ensure that the author is a staff member. Some content used to be mirrored at Yahoo! Games. Their database is shared by http://www.gamefaqs.com/features/help/entry.html?cat=42 [GameFAQs] which is considered unreliable and their methods of verification do not meet the standards of Wikipedia. There is also other user-created content so beware! CBS Corporation > CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Giant Bomb online news, features, reviews, wiki Reliable for reviews and news content submitted in the site's blog by the site's own editorial staff. Do not use the user contributed content from the site's article/database section for citations. CBS Corporation > CBS Interactive G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Hardcore Gaming 101 online Video game articles Reliability should be based on author. Content by writers like Retro Gamer's John Szczepaniak or Hardcore Gaming 101 head editor and Gamasutra author Kurt Kalata are reliable. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Jay Is Games online blog Use of this site should be restricted to casual games and only if the review is written by Jay Bibby. This site cannot be used to demonstrate notability. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Joystiq online, blog multi-author blog A blog network; use of this site and its affiliates should be carefully considered. Often, it is best to demonstrate the reliability of the individual authors sourced. AOL > Weblogs, Inc. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Major League Gaming (MLGPro) online Primary site for Major League Gaming, an electronic sports league As a primary source this can be used to verify contest results and other information directly related to MLG, but cannot be used to establish notability. Competition web site G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Major Nelson's Blog online, blog Updates on Xbox Live content and performance Should only be used for specific data on Xbox usage/download statistics, or for lack of any other corroborating sources on downloadable content/demo release dates. Replace if possible. Self-published by Larry Hryb in a non-professional manner. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
MTV Multiplayer online news, features, reviews Blog-style game reporting from MTV editors. May need to demonstrate reliability of individual authors. MTV Networks G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Offworld online Blog Content is generally on niche titles or gaming news with meme-like attributes. Primary contributor is Brandon Boyer who also reports for Gamasutra and can be considered reliable; reliability of other content should be based on reliability of author. Boing Boing, Happy Mutants LLC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
ScrewAttack online Use of this source should be restricted to opinion, interviews, and material that also appears on GameTrailers.com. Factual claims should not be cited to this source. The user blog portion of this source should not be cited. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Siliconera online niche-market Blog Interviews can be used in any article; other info can be used only for Japanese exclusive titles or titles there exclusive at the time the page being cited was published. Independent
Square Enix Music Online online Video game music news, composer interviews, CD and concert reviews and reports All content by the site staff except for composer biographies is considered reliable. Independent G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
The Adrenaline Vault online Recently-resurrected former premier site. Now run by volunteers. May need to demonstrate reliability of author. about G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
TheMushroomKingdom online Information Database Factual source only about Mario-related information exlusively Independant G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
WomenGamers.com online A blog; use of this site should be carefully considered. Often, it is best to demonstrate the reliability of the individual authors sourced. G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
Xbox.com online Xbox official site May not be appropriate for reviews, since it's owned by a game publisher. Microsoft G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW
XBLA Fans online News blog, reviews, interviews Authors listed in the collaboration with Gamesauce (print magazine)[28] may be used. Other authors must be proven reliable on a per-case basis. Gorilla Networks LLC G·N·B·S·RS·Talk·LS·CW

Unreliable sources[edit]

Sources in the following list should be not be used and replaced if possible; however, these sources may be useful in finding reference to other, more useful and reliable sources.

Name Media Type Notes and limitations Owner
Everything2 online User-contributed encyclopedia Relies on user-submitted content. Blockstackers Intergalactic
Game Boyz online Reviews Has no editorial policies Independent
Game Interface online Reviews Has no editorial policies Independent
GameClassification.com online Game synopses Relies on user-submitted content. Independent
GameFAQs online Walkthroughs, cheats and release dates Relies on user-submitted content with no apparent editorial oversight. CBS Interactive
Google online Search engine Search engines are not considered reliable sources.
Mana Pool online Reviews Has no editorial policies Independent
MobyGames online Game synopses, credits and aggregate review scores Relies on user-submitted content. While it demands reliable sources for all contributions and all contributed information undergoes scrutiny by experienced users before publication, its info has been shown to be often erroneous and the sources provided by contributors are not publicly displayed. Blue Flame Labs
Mod DB online Mod hosting, news and reviews Has no editorial policies, so can only be used as a primary source for factual information about mods—by mod developers—where the same information cannot otherwise be retrieved from game documentation, developer websites, etc. DesuraNet
N4G online News and reviews Relies on user-submitted content. Havamedia
N-Sider online News, reviews and features Demoted for inaccurate articles and deliberate misinformation to pass off speculation as fact[29]. Also applies to IGN content contributed to by N-Sider ([30][31][32][33][34][35][36]). Independent
TopTenReviews online Aggregate review scores Writes reviews to boost game sales. TechMediaNetwork
VGChartz online Sales figures (US, Japan and Europe) While referenced in reliable sources, the site estimates and adjusts numbers without source referral (method analysis). Replace with NPD Group or Enterbrain numbers for US and Japan, respectively. Relevant discussions 1, 2, and 3. Independent
VGReleases.com online News and release dates Relies on user-submitted content. Havamedia
Wikia online User-contributed encyclopedia Wikia is expressly prohibited as a self-published source, as it is not known for fact checking or accuracy, and its content can wildly change at any time. Independent
Wikipedia online User-contributed encyclopedia Wikipedia is expressly prohibited as a self-published source, as it is not known for fact checking or accuracy, and its content can wildly change at any time. Wikimedia Foundation
Wikis online User-contributed Wiki websites such as StrategyWiki and Bulbapedia can be openly edited by anyone, and they do not have sufficient fact checking or editorial oversight in place.

Checklist[edit]

This is a checklist/index of past discussions. Sources with green checkmarks () are currently considered to meet reliability requirements; sources with red Xs () are currently considered unreliable; sources with orange exclamation marks (!!!) are currently "situational" and may not be used in every circumstance (see the individual notes, above). Other sources have not been discussed at sufficient length to achieve consensus. Remember that consensus can change, so sites listed here may be upgraded or downgraded based on further discussion.

Discussions should be linked to if they exist. If a discussion link does not exist and you'd like confirmation regarding a source's reliability, please start a discussion on the Talk page. If you know of a source that is not listed, please add it, but forbear adding checkmarks until consensus regarding the source's reliability has been achieved.

  • 148Apps 1, 2
  • 1UP.com 1, 2
  • 3D Juegos (Spain) 1, 2
  • 4gamer.net (Japan) 1
  • 576 Konzol (Hungary) 1, 2
  • Abandonia Reloaded 1
  • About.com !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
  • Absolute Games (AG.ru) (Russia) 1
  • AceGamez 1
  • ActionTrip 1, 2
  • Adrenaline Vault, The (AVault) !!! 1, 2
  • Adventure Classic Gaming 1
  • Adventure Gamers 1, 2
  • All Game Guide (allgame) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • AllRPG 1, 2
  • AMIGA Magazine RACK 1, 2, 3
  • Amiga Power 1
  • Amstrad Action 1
  • Andriasang 1
  • Angry Video Game Nerd (AVGN, cinemassacre.com) 1, 2
  • Animetric 1, 2
  • Armchair Empire, The 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Ars Technica 1
  • Associated Content !!! 1
  • AtariAge.com (website) 1, 2
  • Atari Gaming Headquarters (Atari HQ) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Atari User 1, 2
  • AudioGames.net 1
  • AV Club, The 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • BBGSite.com 1
  • Big Download 1
  • Bitmob !!! 1
  • Bit-Tech 1
  • Blue's News 1
  • browser1.de 1
  • CD-Action (Poland) 1
  • Chart-Track 1
  • Cheat Code Central 1, 2, 3
  • Cincinnati Enquirer 1, 2
  • CinnamonPirate.com 1
  • Click! 1
  • CNET 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Collective, The (BBC) 1
  • Coming Soon (Magazine) 1, 2
  • Commodore User 1
  • Comptiq (Japan) 1
  • Computer and Video Games (CVG) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Computer Games (Magazine) (Romania, USA) 1
  • Computer Gaming World (CGW) 1
  • Console Obsession 1
  • contactmusic.com 1
  • CPU Gamer (2404.org PC Gaming) 1
  • Crash! 1
  • Crispy Gamer !!! 1
  • Cubed3 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • CVGames 1
  • Da Gameboyz 1
  • DarkZero 1
  • Deaf Gamers !!! 1, 2, 3
  • Deeko 1
  • Defunct Games 1, 2
  • Dengeki.com (Japan) 1
  • Destructoid !!! 1, 2, 3
  • Detroit Free Press (Freep) 1
  • DevMaster.net 1
  • Digital Press - Classic Video Games 1
  • Digital Something 1
  • Digital Spy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Digital Trends - 1
  • Dragon 1, 2, 3
  • DreamStation.cc 1
  • DualShockers.com 1, 2
  • Edge 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Electric Playground 1
  • Electronic Gaming Monthly (EGM) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • ElectronicTheatere 1
  • Eludamos 1, 2
  • Engadget 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Entertainment and Leisure Software Publishers Association (ELSPA) 1
  • Entertainment Weekly 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Escapist, The 1, 2, 3, 4
  • ESRB 1, 2
  • Eurogamer (Germany, UK) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Everything2.com 1
  • Examiner.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Expert Gamer 1
  • Famitsu (Japan) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • FHM (Magazine) 1, 2
  • FileFactory Games / Gameworld Network 1, 2, 3, 4
  • FiringSquad 1
  • FOK!games (Netherlands) 1
  • Fragland.net 1
  • G4mers 1
  • G4 TV: The Electric Playground 1
  • G4 TV: X-Play 1, 2, 3
  • galaxy-news.net 1
  • Gamasutra 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Gambler (Poland) 1
  • GameAlmighty.com 1
  • Game Arena 1
  • GameBanshee 1, 2
  • Game Chronicles 1
  • Game Classification 1, 2
  • Gamecorner.pl 1
  • GameDaily 1, 2, 3
  • Game Developer 1
  • GameDevResearch 1, 2
  • GameFan (Magazine) (Die Hard GameFAN) 1, 2
  • GameFAQs 1, 2, 3
  • GameGirl.com 1
  • GameHall 1, 2
  • Game industry News (GiN) 1
  • Game Informer (Magazine) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • GameNOW 1
  • Gameological Society, The 1
  • Gameplanet 1, 2
  • GamePlasma 1
  • Gameplay (Russia, Poland) 1
  • Gameplay Monthly 1
  • GamePro (Australia, Germany, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • GameProFamily.com 1
  • Gamer (Israel, Netherlands) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Game Rankings !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Game Rant 1
  • Gamerbytes 1, 2
  • GamerDad 1
  • Game Reactor (Denmark, Finland, Sweden) 1
  • Game Revolution 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • GamerHelp.com 1
  • Gamernode 1
  • GamersHell.com 1, 2, 3
  • GamersInfo 1, 2
  • GamersReports 1
  • Gamers' Temple, The 1
  • Gamertell 1, 2
  • Gamervision 1
  • Games.net 1
  • Games32 1
  • GamesAreFun.com (GAF) 1
  • GameSetWatch 1
  • GamesFirst! 1, 2
  • Games for Windows (GFW) 1
  • Game Shark 1
  • GamesIndustry.biz 1, 2, 3
  • GameSlant 1
  • GamesMaster 1
  • GameSnob 1
  • GameSpot (Belgium, China, Netherlands, UK, USA) !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15
  • GameSpy 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Games Radar 1, 2
  • GameStar (Germany, Hungary, Italy, Poland, USA) 1
  • GameStats 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • GamesTM (Belgium, Germany, Netherlands, UK, USA) 1, 2
  • Game Studies 1, 2
  • Gamestyle (Germany, USA) 1, 2
  • GameTab 1, 2, 3
  • Game Tap 1, 2
  • GameTrailers 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Game Tunnel 1, 2
  • GameZebo 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Gamezilla 1
  • GameZone (Germany, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Gaminator (Poland) 1
  • Gaming Age 1, 2, 3
  • Gaming Nexus 1
  • Gaming Target 1
  • GamingUnion.net 1, 2
  • GamingXP 1
  • Gaygamer.net 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Gery Gry 1
  • Giant Bomb !!! 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Gildia Gier Komputerowych (Poland) 1
  • GoNintendo 1
  • Good Game 1
  • Google 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • GotGame 1
  • Great Games Experiment 1, 2
  • Green Pixels 1, 2
  • Gry Mocny (Poland) 1
  • Gry Onet (Poland) 1
  • Gry OnLine (Poland) 1
  • Gry PC (Poland) 1
  • Hardcore Gamer (Magazine) 1
  • Hardcore Gaming 101 !!! 1, 2
  • HarryBalls.com 1
  • Home of the Underdogs 1, 2
  • HookShot Inc. 1
  • IGN (Australia, UK, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13
  • Imperium Gier (Poland) 1
  • Impress Watch (Japan) 1
  • IndieGames.com 1, 2
  • Indie Game Magazine 1
  • IndustryGamers 1
  • Insert Credit 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Inside Gaming Source, The (TIGSource) 1
  • Inside Mac Games (IMG) 1
  • Internet Games Archive 1
  • Internet Movie Database (IMDB) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
  • ITmedia (Japan) 1
  • JayIsGames !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Jeuxvideo.com (France) 1, 2
  • JoyStik 1, 2
  • Joystiq !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Just Adventure 1
  • Just RPG 1, 2
  • Kikizo Games 1
  • Killer List of Video Games (KLOV) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
  • Kombo.com 1, 2
  • Komputer Świat GRY (Poland) 1
  • Kotaku 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Lost Garden 1
  • LudoScience 1, 2
  • MacAddict 1
  • MacLife 1
  • Macworld 1, 2
  • Magic Box, The 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Major League Gaming (MLGPro) !!! 1, 2
  • Major Nelson's Blog !!! 1
  • MAN!AC 1
  • Mania/AnimeOnDVD.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Market for Home Computing and Video Games (MCV) 1
  • Massively 1, 2, 3
  • Massive (Magazine) 1
  • Maxim 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Maximum PC 1
  • Mean Machines 1, 2, 3
  • Media Cows, The 1
  • Media Create (Japan) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • MEGA 1
  • Megami (Magazine) (Japan) 1
  • Meristation (Spain) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Metacritic 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Miasto Gier 1
  • MMOABC 1
  • MMO Games (Magazine) 1
  • MMOGChart.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • MMO Hub 1, 2
  • MMOHut 1, 2, 3
  • MMORPG.com 1
  • MMOsite.com 1, 2
  • MobyGames 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Mod DB 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • MTV Multiplayer !!! 1, 2
  • Multi-Player Online Gaming Directory (MPOGD.com) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Music4Games 1
  • N4G 1, 2, 3
  • N64 Magazine 1
  • Neoseeker 1, 2
  • Netjak 1, 2
  • New York Times, The 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21
  • neXGam (Germany) 1
  • Next Generation (Magazine) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • NGamer 1
  • NGC (Magazine) 1
  • NinDB 1
  • Nintendojo ? 1, 2
  • Nintendo Life 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Nintendo Magazine System (Australia, UK) 1, 2
  • Nintendo Power (Magazine) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
  • Nintendo World Report 1, 2, 3
  • N-Sider 1, 2
  • NTSC-uk/Bordersdown 1, 2, 3, 4
  • NZGamer 1
  • Official Dreamcast Magazine (UK, USA) 1
  • Official Nintendo Magazine/Nintendo Official Magazine (NOM) (UK, USA, Australia) 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Official PlayStation Magazine (OPM)/Playstation Magazine (PSM)/PlayStation: The Official Magazine (PTOM) (Norway, UK, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Official PlayStation 2 Magazine (Australia, Poland, UK) 1
  • Official Xbox Magazine (UK, USA) 1
  • Official Xbox 360 Magazine/Xbox 360 - Das offiziele Xbox-Magazin (Germany)
  • Offworld !!! 1
  • OMGN.com 1, 2
  • OnRPG 1
  • PAL Gaming Network (PALGN) 1, 2
  • PC Arena - Game Arena 1
  • PC Format (UK) 1
  • PC Gamer (Brazil, Netherlands, Sweden, UK, USA) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • PC Games (Germany, USA) 1
  • PC Magazine (PCMag.com) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • PC Player (Brazil, Denmark, Germany) 1
  • PC PowerPlay (Australia) 1, 2
  • PC World 1, 2, 3, 4
  • PC Zone (Benelux, USA) 1
  • Pelit (Finland) 1, 2, 3
  • Penny Arcade Report 1
  • PiQ 1
  • Play (Poland, UK, USA) 1, 2
  • Playr (UK) 1
  • Playstation 2 Magazine (PSM2) (UK) 1
  • Playstation 3 Magazine (PSM3) (UK) 1, 2
  • PlayStation Blog 1, 2, 3
  • Play This Thing 1, 2
  • Play Time (Germany) 1
  • play.tm (Ferrago Ltd.) 1
  • Pocket Gamer (UK, USA) 1, 2
  • Power Unlimited (Netherlands) 1
  • Practical Webdesign 1
  • Przygodówki (Poland) 1
  • PSPSex.Net 1
  • PSX Extreme 1
  • Rakrent/RTSC 1
  • Reset (Poland) 1
  • Retro Gamer (UK, Italy) 1, 2
  • Reviews on the Run 1, 2
  • Rock, Paper, Shotgun 1, 2
  • RPGamer 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • RPG Codex 1
  • RPGDOT 1
  • RPGFan 1, 2, 3
  • RPG Land 1
  • RPG Vault 1
  • RPG Watch 1, 2
  • SciFi.com 1
  • Screwattack !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Secret Service / New S Service (Poland) 1
  • Sega-16.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Shacknews 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Siliconera !!! 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • Sinclair User 1
  • SKOAR! (India) 1
  • Softonic 1
  • Softpedia 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • SPOnG 1, 2
  • Sports Gaming Network 1
  • Square Enix Music Online !!! 1
  • StrategyCore 1
  • Strategy Gaming Online 1
  • Strategy Informer 1, 2
  • Strategy Plus 1
  • Stratos Group 1
  • SucksOrRules.com 1
  • Suikosource.com 1
  • Super PLAY (Magazine) (UK, USA) 1
  • Świat Gier Komputerowych (Poland) 1
  • Tacticular Cancer 1
  • Tales of the Rampant Coyote 1
  • Tea Leaves 1, 2
  • TeamXbox 1, 2
  • Tech Crunch 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • That Guy with the Glasses (TGWTG) 1
  • That Video Game Blog 1
  • TheMushroomKingdom !!! 1
  • TheSixthAxis 1
  • Thunderbolt Games 1
  • Time (Magazine) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • Times Online 1, 2
  • Tiny Cartridge 1
  • Tom's Games 1
  • Top Secret (Poland) 1
  • TopTenReviews 1, 2, 3, 4
  • TotalVideoGames (TVG) 1
  • TouchArcade 1, 2
  • TV.com 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • UnderGroundOnline (UGO Networks) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • UOL Jogos (Brazil) 1, 2
  • USA Today 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Valhalla 1
  • Valkiria - Arena Gier (Poland) 1
  • Vandal Online 1
  • VG247 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • VGChartz 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • VGReleases.com 1
  • VGrevolution 1
  • Video Game Critic, The 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Video Game PriceCharts.com 1
  • VideoGamer.com 1
  • Video Game Rebirth 1
  • Video Games Blogger (videogamesblogger.com) 1
  • VideoGames & Computer Entertainment 1
  • Virtual Console Reviews 1
  • V Jump (Japan) 1
  • Voodoo Extreme (VE3D) 1, 2
  • Warcry 1
  • Wargamer.com 1
  • Wikia 1, 2, 3
  • Wikipedia 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Wired 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
  • WomenGamers.com !!! 1, 2
  • WorldsInMotion 1
  • Worth Playing 1, 2
  • XBLA Fans !!! 1, 2, 3, 4
  • Xbox.com !!! 1
  • X-Play 1, 2
  • Yahoo! Games (Spain, USA) 1
  • Your Sinclair 1
  • ZTGameDomain (ZTGD) 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Zzap! 64 1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ensure that the translation of its material is sound. URL must be filled if original material is available online to allow for verification.