Review and assessment
|Class||Criteria||Reader's experience||Editing suggestions||Example|
|FA||The article has attained featured article status by passing an official review.
|Professional, outstanding, and thorough; a definitive source for encyclopedic information.||No further content additions should be necessary unless new information becomes available; further improvements to the prose quality are often possible.||Influenza|
|A||The article is well organized and essentially complete, having been reviewed by impartial reviewers from this WikiProject or elsewhere. Good article status is not a requirement for A-Class.
|Very useful to readers. A fairly complete treatment of the subject. A non-expert in the subject would typically find nothing wanting.||Expert knowledge may be needed to tweak the article, and style problems may need solving. Peer review may help.||N/A|
|GA||The article has attained good article status by passing an official review.
|Useful to nearly all readers, with no obvious problems; approaching (but not equalling) the quality of a professional encyclopedia.||Some editing by subject and style experts is helpful; comparison with an existing featured article on a similar topic may highlight areas where content is weak or missing.||Hepatitis B|
|B||The article is mostly complete and without major problems, but requires some further work to reach good article standards.
|Readers are not left wanting, although the content may not be complete enough to satisfy a serious student or researcher.||A few aspects of content and style need to be addressed. Expert knowledge may be needed. The inclusion of supporting materials should also be considered if practical, and the article checked for general compliance with the Manual of Style and related style guidelines.||Orthomyxoviridae|
|C||The article is substantial, but is still missing important content or contains much irrelevant material. The article should have some references to reliable sources, but may still have significant problems or require substantial cleanup.
|Useful to a casual reader, but would not provide a complete picture for even a moderately detailed study.||Considerable editing is needed to close gaps in content and solve cleanup problems.||Coronavirus|
|Start||An article that is developing, but which is quite incomplete and, most notably, lacks adequate reliable sources.
|Provides some meaningful content, but most readers will need more.||Providing references to reliable sources should come first; the article also needs substantial improvement in content and organisation.||Cypovirus|
|Stub||A very basic description of the topic.
|Provides very little meaningful content; may be little more than a dictionary definition.||Any editing or additional material can be helpful. The provision of meaningful content should be a priority.||Apple mosaic virus|
|FL||The article has attained featured list status.
|Professional standard; it comprehensively covers the defined scope, usually providing a complete set of items, and has annotations that provide useful and appropriate information about those items.||No further content additions should be necessary unless new information becomes available.||
(as of December 2012)
|List||Meets the criteria of a stand-alone list, which is an article that contains primarily a list, usually consisting of links to articles in a particular subject area.||There is no set format for a list, but its organization should be logical and useful to the reader.||Lists should be lists of live links to Wikipedia articles, appropriately named and organized.||List of viruses|
|Category||Any category falls under this class.||Categories are mainly used to group together articles within a particular subject area.||Large categories may need to be split into one or more subcategories. Be wary of articles that have been miscategorized.||Category:Viral plant disease stubs|
|Disambig||Any disambiguation page falls under this class.||The page serves to distinguish multiple articles that share the same (or similar) title.||Additions should be made as new articles of that name are created. Pay close attention to the proper naming of such pages, as they often do not need "(disambiguation)" appended to the title.||Virus (disambiguation)|
|Template||Any template falls under this class. The most common types of template include infoboxes and navboxes.||Different types of template serve different purposes. Infoboxes provide easy access to key pieces of information about the subject. Navboxes are for the purpose of grouping together related subjects into an easily accessible format, to assist the user in navigating between articles.||Infoboxes are typically placed at the upper right of an article, while navboxes normally go across the very bottom of a page. Beware of too many different templates, as well as templates that give either too little, too much, or too specialized information.||Template:Virus topics|
|NA||Any non-article page that fits no other classification.||The page contains no article content, and is probably not useful to any casual reader.||Look out for misclassified articles. Currently many NA-class articles need to be re-classified.||Portal:Molecular and Cellular Biology|
|Top||Subject is extremely important, even crucial, to its specific field. Reserved for subjects that have achieved international notability within their field.||Ebola|
|High||Subject is extremely notable, but has not achieved international notability, or is only notable within a particular continent.||Hepatitis B|
|Mid||Subject is only notable within its particular field or subject and has achieved notability in a particular place or area.||Influenza A virus subtype H1N1|
|Low||Subject is not particularly notable or significant even within its field of study. It may only be included to cover a specific part of a notable article.||2009 flu pandemic by country|
|NA||Subject importance is not applicable. Generally applies to non-article pages such as redirects, categories, templates, etc.||Template:ICTVdB|
Virus articles can be on any level that makes sense in context. In some cases, it makes sense to combine several taxonomic levels in a single article - the family Roniviridae contains only one genus, Okavirus, so the one article can cover the other level too. Most will be about particular taxa, for example:
It may be useful to start with a high-level article, such as a family article, and then split off genus and/or species articles as the material builds to prevent the birth of unwanted stubs.
When creating a new article for a virus, ensure that the capitalization follows the suggested orthography:
- Orders, families, subfamilies, genera, and species should be written in italics with the first letter capitalized (e.g. genus Ebolavirus belongs to family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales).
- Other words aren't capitalized unless they're proper nouns (e.g. Murray River encephalitis virus).
In general, the Latin name should be redirected to the common name and the common name used for article titles - for example:
Sometimes exceptions need to be made, usually when newly discovered viruses do not yet have a formal common name. Also, some distinct groups may be known only by their scientific name. Please create a redirect from the uncapitalised form when applicable.
Whilst not practical to enforce or put forth hard guidelines as to how a virus article is structured, some degree of uniformity can be achieved using the following suggestions:
- Use a taxobox at the beginning of the article - for the specific viral taxobox used, please see below. This will also provide links back to immediate taxa above and below
- Provide a short introduction covering most aspects of the article before starting any headers
- Where applicable, use the following headings
- Structure - to state the capsid shape, special appendages or viral envelope constitution
- Genome or Genetic Material - to state the type, shape, sense or strandedness of their nucleic acid
- Diseases - to discuss any diseases a species or family is known to cause. A list of commonly encountered diseases is very useful for the layperson.
Italics and capitalization
Italics and/or capitalization are not used for
- Informal, everyday references (e.g. "the rhinoviruses", not "the Rhinoviruses", c.f. Rhinovirus)
- However, proper nouns in virus species should always be capitalised (e.g. Murray River encephalitis virus, the Ebola virus)
- Common or laymen's terms (e.g. "chicken pox", not "chicken pox")
- Acronyms (e.g. "HIV", not "HIV")
- Adjectival usage (e.g. "poliovirus polymerase" not "Poliovirus polymerase")
- Informal, everyday references (e.g. "the rhinoviruses", not "the Rhinoviruses", c.f. Rhinovirus)
Italics and/or capitalization are used for
- Specific references to viral taxonomic ranks: orders, families, subfamilies, genera, and species should be written in italics with the first letter capitalized (e.g. genus :Ebolavirus belongs to family Filoviridae, order Mononegavirales)
- Proper nouns in virus species should be capitalised (e.g. Murray River encephalitis virus, the Ebola virus)
As an example of the above: "The viral species Human herpesvirus 3 (also known as Varicella-zoster virus) causes the common childhood disease known as chicken pox. Vaccines may prove to be useful in preventing human herpesvirus 3 (HHV-3) but due to the severity of symptoms exhibited when contracting the disease later in life, many parents try to get their children exposed to HHV-3 young."
We recommend the de facto standard for Wikipedia virus articles to be the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) method. A good place to see this in action and get an idea of how it works can be found at Virus classification.
A useful website is ICTV Home.
If you have any suggestions for a better resource, please let us know!