Wikipedia:Wikipedia NEWS/June 13 16 2001

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Archived news entries from June 13-16 2001.

Bobby Fischer

Posted June 16
Another excellent entry in Wikipedia's Chess Grandmaster's series is brought to us by User:Isofarro: Nobody gave the young Fischer much of a chance of qualifying from the Interzonal (the top four places qualified for the Candidates Tournament), so it was a surprise, and a good finish that Fischer qualified, and with it he was awarded the title of Chess Grandmaster in 1958.
It was at this stage, during the Candidates tournament, Fischer came face to face with the Russian Chess juggernaut...
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World War II's Great Leaders

Posted June 16
Two meaty bio's have recently been posted to add to Wikipedia's impressive collection of World War II articles, thanks to WojPob, Isofarro, and others:
Benito Mussolini created a very, very unfair and anti-democratic version of Italy, he forced the people to believe in ?Fascism? as the way of the future through his total control of the media, he had complete control of the country of Italy after he disassembled the existing democratic government system. He used corrupt and unfortunate means to keep his dictatorship.
Winston Churchill Churchill came to the fore of British politics during the cumulation of World War Two. He was a heavy critic of Neville Chamberlain's political handling of Adolf Hitler. On Chamberlain's resignation in early 1940, Churchill formed the next coalition government.
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Threepenny Opera

Posted June 16
Sjc brings us an article on a very revolutionary piece of theater. The play challenges conventional notions of property, and, to paraphrase from the play, asks the central rhetorical question: "Who is the bigger criminal? He who robs a bank or he who founds one?"
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Bruce Sterling

Posted June 16
Wikipedia's Science fiction author collection grows with an article by User:Malcolm Farmer on Bruce Sterling. In the late 1970s onwards, Sterling wrote a series of stories set in a `Mechanist/Shaper' universe: the solar system is colonised, with two major warring factions. The Mechanists use a great deal of computer-based mechanical technologies, the Shapers do genetic engineering on a massive scale.
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Today in the News

June 15, 2001
NASA astronauts on the space station Alpha rehearse to fix a malfunctioning robotic arm. Worldwide controversy over the U.S. National Missile Defense system grew today, as Chinese President Jiang Zemin and Russia President Vladimir Putin condemned the missile system during a meeting at the newly named Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). FBI agent and convicted Russian spy Robert Hanssen is in negotiations with U.S. federal prosecuters to avoid suffering the death penalty. The anticipated Lara Croft: Tomb Raider film is released, starring Angelina Jolie as Lara Croft, and Noah Taylor as her sidekick and brilliant engineer Bryce (yay!) And farmers in Zentsuji, Japan have developed a clever technique to grow square watermelons by inserting the melons into glass cases the exact dimension of Japanese refrigerators; they cost four times as much as regular watermelons, though.
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Michael Moorcock

Posted June 15
Sjc brings us knowledge of a prolific British Science fiction author, Michael Moorcock, who is considered one of the founders of the so-called `New Wave' movement in science fiction: his serialisation of Norman Spinrad's `Bug Jack Barron' was notorious for causing a British MP to condemn the Arts Council's funding of the magazine. He is author of such books as 'Universal Champion', 'Mother London' and 'Byzantium endures'.
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Two Chess Grandmasters

Today User:Isofarro posts two articles to introduce us to two of the grand masters of Chess.
Anatoly Karpov Russian chess player who started off his playing career by annexing the Junior World Championship (not won by a Russian since Boris Spassky), everything sky-rocketed from there.
Gary Kasparov's rise up the FIDE ranking order is nothing short of phenomenal. Starting with an oversight by the Russian chess federation, Gary Kasparov participated in a Grandmaster tournament in Banja Luka whilst still an unknown...
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John Cabot

Posted June 15
Andre Engels posts an interesting article about an Explorer from Genova who searched for a route to the Indies, yet ran into North America, instead. [John] Cabot went to Bristol to make the preparations for his voyage. Bristol by then was the second-largest seaport of England, and during the past years (from 1480 onwards) several expeditions had been sent out to look for Hy-Brasil, an island that would lay somewhere in the Atlantic according to Celtic legends.... Cabot left with only one vessel, the Matthew, a small ship (50 tuns), but fast and able. The crew consisted of only 18 people.
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Column: Disambiguating parenthesis

Posted on June 15
Larry Sanger posts a new column to introduce to us a new feature coming with the next release and installation of our Wiki code: Soon, we will be able to disambiguate topics by using parentheses. It's worth starting to think about some general principles about when to use parentheses, and what to put in the parentheses.
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Electronic Music

Posted on June 15
Several people have been working on the page about a form of music that has been around since the 60's yet only recently has reached the mainstream in significant measure. Today, two duplicate pages on electronic music were combined to form a nicely detailed unified article. There's a wealth of links to interesting bands, origin history, and influence theory to help fill in. Examples of early adopters in this field are bands like Deep Purple and Pink Floyd, and although their music is not thought of as being primarily electronic, much of their resulting sound was dependant upon the synthesised element. In the 1970s, this style was mainly popularised by Kraftwerk, who used electronics and robotics to symbolise the alienation of the modern world; to this day their music remains uncompromisingly electronic.
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Attack of the Patent Nonsense

Posted on June 15
Some idiot hit the site today defacing pages, putting up PatentNonsense and generally giving us a chuckle at his immaturity. Once again, the wikipedians rose to the challenge to restore pages almost as quickly as they were broken. Larry advises: "Restore pages by clicking on "Edit revision N" of the last intact version of the page..." You can do this by clicking on "View other revisions" at the bottom of the page, selecting the last "clean" version, picking "Edit revision N of this page" at the bottom, and then "Saving". Wiki will overwrite the current version with this update.
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Cannabis

Posted on June 14
A lively discussion is underway on a newly written article on Cannabis, as well fits this most controversial of topics. :-) When prepared for smoking, the top, tender leaves are dried. The visible effects of smoking marijuana include "mellow" good feelings as well as giggling, and the frequent short-term side-effect of increased appetite. There is controversy over the nature and extent of marijuana's addictiveness and over many of its alleged side effects... The most interesting reading is in the Talk section.
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LZW Data compression

Posted on June 14
A contributor of an article on one of the most influential compression algorithms writes: LZW compression provided a better compression ratio, in most applications, than any well known method available up to that time. It became the first widely used general purpose data compression method on computers. On large English texts, it typically compressed to about half original size. Other kinds of data were also quite usefully compressed in many cases... There are many legal issues surrounding this method which I hope someone in a country with free speech will write up (it would be illegal for me to mention many of the basic legal facts).
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World War II: The Battle of Britain

Posted on June 14
RedMabuse and Rmhermen have posted a very readable summary of the important air war between Britain and Germany. The Battle of Britain began on August 1940. After the Fall of France in June, the Germans were not exactly sure what to do next. Adolf Hitler (and the German people) believed the war was over and the Britons would come to terms very soon. Stubborn as they are, Albion refused to give in.... So, the onus of the task lay on the German Luftwaffe.
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Games: Stone, Paper, Scissors

Posted on June 13
As part of the Game section, the rules of the game Stone, Paper, Scissors was added. Several other games, such as Go have been written up, but there's still many more yet to do.
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See also : Wikipedia NEWS