Wilbur Marshall Urban

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Wilbur Marshall Urban (1873–1952) was an American philosopher of language, influenced by Ernst Cassirer.[1] He wrote also on religion, axiology,[2] ethics and idealism.[3]

Philosophy[edit]

His Language and Reality, besides its exposition of Cassirer's ideas, has been described as the work “that first introduced Husserl’s phenomenology to the English speaking world”.[4] It began with the words “Language is the last and deepest problem for the philosophic mind.”

He was Stone Professor of Philosophy at Dartmouth College, from 1920 to 1931,[5] and President of the American Philosophical Association in 1925-6.[6] He was then a professor at Yale University, succeeded in 1941 by Cassirer.[7]

He was a critic of Alfred North Whitehead,[8] and of Paul Tillich.

In literary criticism[edit]

Cleanth Brooks, in The Well Wrought Urn (1947),[9] gave extended attention to Urban's views on language and symbolism, as applied to poetry. Suzanne Langer, however, starting from a similar base in Cassirer's thought, had criticized what Urban had to say in detail on poetry, in Philosophy in a New Key (1942).[10] These matters are discussed in Cleanth Brooks and William K. Wimsatt, Literary Criticism: A Short History (1957).[11]

Works[edit]

  • The problem of a "logic of the emotions" and affective memory (1901)
  • Definition and analysis of the consciousness of value (1907)
  • Valuation: Its Nature and Laws, Being an Introduction to the General Theory of Value (1909)
  • Ontological problems of value (1917)
  • The Intelligible World: Metaphysics and Value (1929)
  • The philosophy of language (1929)?
  • The church and modern thought: The cure of modern souls (1931)
  • The church and the modern world: The new Erastianism (1935)
  • Language and Reality: The Philosophy of Language and the Principles of Symbolism (1939)
  • Fundamentals of Ethics - An Introduction to Moral Philosophy (1945)
  • Beyond Realism and Idealism (1949)
  • Humanity and Deity (1951)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Ernst Cassirer
  2. ^ Axiological Idealism is a name referring to such philosophies as those of Wilbur M. Urban (1873-1952) and others who have developed Idealistic theories of value and valuation.[1]
  3. ^ Philosophers such as William James, Josiah Royce, William E. Hocking, and Wilbur M. Urban have represented an idealist tradition in interpreting religion, stressing the concepts of purpose, value, and meaning as essential for understanding the nature of God.[2]
  4. ^ International Communicology Institute
  5. ^ American Professors of Philosophy and Theology
  6. ^ APA Presidents
  7. ^ (Chinese) foreign_languages_in_guangxi
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ In Chapter 11 and Appendix 2.
  10. ^ p. 231, 261.
  11. ^ pp.701-2.

External links[edit]