He attended Northwest Missouri and played for Hank Iba and was a member of Iba's 1932 team that lost a title game in the Amateur Athletic Union national championship (the only national championship basketball appearance by Northwest)
Stalcup at 138-57 is the second only to Iba in the school's won-loss percentage. His only MIAA championship was in 1939-40 when his team was 17-0) in conference play and 22-1 overall. His teams had winning seasons in eight of his nine season.
Following a hiatus on basketball during World War II Stalcup moved to Missouri. He compiled a 195-179 record at Missouri with no conference championships although winning two Big Seven Holiday Tournaments. Among his players was Norm Stewart. He had the most wins in the school history until Stewart eclipsed him. He was president of the National Association of Basektball Coaches in 1961-62. He was color commentator on basketball broadcasts after leaving coaching and was the athletic director at the university when he died. The Stalcup Room in the Mizzou Arena is named for him.