Wilcox County, Alabama

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wilcox County, Alabama
Wilcox County Courthouse.jpg
Wilcox County Courthouse in Camden
Map of Alabama highlighting Wilcox County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 13, 1819
Named for Joseph M. Wilcox
Seat Camden
Largest city Camden
Area
 • Total 907 sq mi (2,349 km2)
 • Land 888 sq mi (2,300 km2)
 • Water 19 sq mi (49 km2), (2.1%)
Population
 • (2010) 11,670
 • Density 13/sq mi (5/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Wilcox County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,670.[1] Its county seat is Camden.[2]

History[edit]

Wilcox County was established on December 13, 1819. The county was named after Joseph M. Wilcox, a US Army lieutenant who was killed in Alabama during the Creek War. [3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 907 square miles (2,350 km2), of which 888 square miles (2,300 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (2.1%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 2,917
1830 9,548 227.3%
1840 15,278 60.0%
1850 17,352 13.6%
1860 24,618 41.9%
1870 28,377 15.3%
1880 31,828 12.2%
1890 30,816 −3.2%
1900 35,631 15.6%
1910 33,810 −5.1%
1920 31,080 −8.1%
1930 24,880 −19.9%
1940 26,279 5.6%
1950 23,476 −10.7%
1960 18,739 −20.2%
1970 16,303 −13.0%
1980 14,755 −9.5%
1990 13,568 −8.0%
2000 13,183 −2.8%
2010 11,670 −11.5%
Est. 2013 11,307 −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 11,670 people residing in the county. 72.5% were Black or African American, 26.8% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% of some other race and 0.4% of two or more races. 0.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 13,183 people, 4,776 households, and 3,376 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 6,183 housing units at an average density of 7 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 71.90% Black or African American, 27.51% White, 0.14% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.19% from two or more races. Nearly 0.74% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,776 households out of which 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.80% were married couples living together, 26.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. Nearly 27.50% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70, and the average family size was 3.31.

In the county, the population was spread out with 30.70% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $16,646, and the median income for a family was $22,200. Males had a median income of $26,216 versus $17,274 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,903. About 36.10% of families and 39.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.40% of those under age 18 and 32.10% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

All public schools in the county are operated by the Wilcox County School District.[10] It is also served by one private school, Wilcox Academy, founded in 1970 as a segregation academy.[11]

Economy[edit]

Major industries in the county include a paper mill operated by International Paper, based in Memphis, Tennessee, on the Alabama River near Pine Hill that employs roughly 400 people and a copper tubing plant under construction during 2012–13 by Golden Dragon Copper Group of Xinxiang, China in Sunny South that is expected to employ approximately 500 people upon completion.[12][13]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost town[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

Wilcox County is home to Roland Cooper State Park, Lake Dannelly, and Bridgeport Beach.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ "Schools". Wilcox County Schools. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  11. ^ Carla Crowder (October 27, 2002). "Private white academies struggle in changing world". Birmingham News. Retrieved March 3, 2013. 
  12. ^ Mitchell, Ellen (September 11, 2012). "International Paper Co. plans $27 million maintenance project for Pine Hill mill". Press-Register. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 
  13. ^ McDonald, George. "Crews Clearing Site of Golden Dragon Copper Plant in Wilcox Co.". WAKA CBS 8. Bahakel Communications, Ltd. Retrieved May 3, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 31°59′06″N 87°18′39″W / 31.98500°N 87.31083°W / 31.98500; -87.31083