Wilderness Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of the Wilderness (May 5–7, 1864) of the American Civil War. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately. Order of battle compiled from the army organization May 5, 1864,[1] the casualty returns[2] and the reports.[3]

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

Forces operating against Richmond[edit]

LTG Ulysses S. Grant, General-in-Chief, Union Armies

Escort:

IX Corps[edit]

MG Ambrose Burnside[4]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Thomas G. Stevenson

1st Brigade


   Col Sumner Carruth[5]
   Col Jacob P. Gould

2nd Brigade


   Col Daniel Leasure

Artillery

Second Division
     BG Robert B. Potter

1st Brigade


   Col Zenas Bliss[5]
   Col John I. Curtin

2nd Brigade


   Col Simon G. Griffin

Artillery
  • Massachusetts Light, 11th Battery: Cpt Edward J. Jones
  • New York Light, 19th Battery: Cpt Edward W. Rogers

Third Division
     BG Orlando B. Willcox

1st Brigade


   Col John F. Hartranft

2nd Brigade


   Col Benjamin C. Christ

Artillery

Fourth Division[11]
     BG Edward Ferrero

1st Brigade


   Col Joshua K. Sigfried

  • 27th United States Colored Troops: Ltc Charles J. Wright
  • 30th United States Colored Troops: Col Delayan Bates
  • 39th United States Colored Troops: Col Ozora P. Stearns
  • 43rd United States Colored Troops: Ltc H. Seymour Hall
2nd Brigade


   Col Henry G. Thomas

  • 30th Connecticut Colored (detachment): Cpt Charles Robinson
  • 19th United States Colored Troops: Ltc Joseph G. Perkins
  • 23rd United States Colored Troops: Ltc Cleaveland J. Campbell
Artillery
  • Pennsylvania Light, Battery D: Cpt George W. Durell
  • Vermont Light, 3rd Battery: Cpt Romeo H. Start

Reporting directly

Provost Guard
Cavalry
  • 3rd New Jersey: Col Andrew J. Morrison
  • 22nd New York: Col Samuel J. Crooks
  • 2nd Ohio: Ltc George A. Purington
  • 13th Pennsylvania: Maj Michael Kerwin
Reserve Artillery


   Cpt John Edwards, Jr.

Provisional Brigade


   Col Elisha Marshall

  • 24th New York Cavalry (dismounted): Col William C. Raulston
  • 14th New York Heavy Artillery: Ltc Clarence H. Corning
  • 2nd Pennsylvania Provisional Heavy Artillery: Col Thomas Wilhelm

Army of the Potomac[edit]

MG George Meade

General Staff:

General Headquarters:

Provost Guard: BG Marsena R. Patrick

  • 1st Massachusetts Cavalry, Companies C and D: Cpt Edward A. Flint
  • 80th New York (20th Militia): Col Theodore B. Gates
  • 3rd Pennsylvania Cavalry: Maj James W. Walsh
  • 68th Pennsylvania: Ltc Robert E. Winslow
  • 114th Pennsylvania: Col Charles H. T. Collis

Engineer Troops:

  • 50th New York Engineers (11 Companies): Ltc Ira Spaulding
  • Battalion United States Engineers: Cpt George H. Mendell

Guards and Orderlies:

  • Independent Company Oneida (New York) Cavalry: Cpt Daniel P. Mann

II Corps[edit]

MG Winfield S. Hancock

Escort:

  • 1st Vermont Cavalry, Company M: Cpt John H. Hazelton
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Francis C. Barlow

1st Brigade


   Col Nelson A. Miles

2nd Brigade


   Col Thomas A. Smyth

3rd Brigade


   Col Paul Frank

4th Brigade


   Col John R. Brooke

Second Division
     BG John Gibbon

1st Brigade


   BG Alexander S. Webb

2nd Brigade


   BG Joshua T. Owen

3rd Brigade


   Col Samuel S. Carroll (w)[13]

Provost Guard
  • 2nd Company Minnesota Sharpshooters: Cpt Mahlon Black

Third Division
     MG David B. Birney

1st Brigade


   BG J. H. Hobart Ward

2nd Brigade


   BG Alexander Hays (k)
   Col John S. Crocker

Fourth Division
     BG Gershom Mott

1st Brigade


   Col Robert McAllister

2nd Brigade


   Col William R. Brewster

Artillery Brigade


   Col John C. Tidball

V Corps[edit]

MG Gouverneur K. Warren

Provost Guard:

  • 12th New York Battalion: Maj Henry W. Rider
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Charles Griffin

1st Brigade


   BG Romeyn B. Ayres

2nd Brigade


   Col Jacob B. Sweitzer

3rd Brigade


   BG Joseph J. Bartlett

Second Division
     BG John C. Robinson

1st Brigade


   Col Samuel H. Leonard
   Col Peter Lyle[16]

2nd Brigade


   BG Henry Baxter (w)
   Col Richard Coulter

3rd Brigade


   Col Andrew W. Denison

  • 1st Maryland: Maj Benjamin H. Schley
  • 4th Maryland: Col Richard N. Bowerman
  • 7th Maryland: Col Charles E. Phelps
  • 8th Maryland: Ltc John G. Johannes

Third Division
     BG Samuel W. Crawford

1st Brigade


   Col William McCandless

  • 1st Pennsylvania Reserves: Col William C. Talley
  • 2nd Pennsylvania Reserves: Ltc Patrick McDonough
  • 6th Pennsylvania Reserves: Col Wellington H. Ent
  • 7th Pennsylvania Reserves: Maj LeGrand B. Speece
  • 11th Pennsylvania Reserves: Col Samuel M. Jackson
  • 13th Pennsylvania Reserves (1st Rifles): Maj William R. Hartshorne
3rd Brigade


   Col Joseph W. Fisher

  • 5th Pennsylvania Reserves: Ltc George Dare
  • 8th Pennsylvania Reserves: Col Silas M. Baily
  • 10th Pennsylvania Reserves: Ltc Ira Ayer, Jr.
  • 12th Pennsylvania Reserves: Ltc Richard Gustin

Fourth Division
     BG James S. Wadsworth (mw)
     BG Lysander Cutler

1st Brigade


   BG Lysander Cutler
   Col William W. Robinson

2nd Brigade


   BG James C. Rice

  • 76th New York: Ltc John E. Cook
  • 84th New York (14th Militia): Col Edward B. Fowler
  • 95th New York: Col Edward Pye
  • 147th New York: Col Francis C. Miller
  • 56th Pennsylvania: Col J. William Hofmann
3rd Brigade


   Col Roy Stone[19]
   Col Edward S. Bragg

Artillery Brigade


   Col Charles S. Wainwright

  • Massachusetts Light, Battery C: Cpt Augustus P. Martin
  • Massachusetts Light, Battery E: Cpt Charles A. Phillips
  • 1st New York Light, Battery D: Cpt George B. Winslow
  • 1st New York Light, Batteries E and L: Lt George Breck
  • 1st New York Light, Battery H: Cpt Charles E. Mink
  • 4th New York Heavy, 2nd Battalion: Maj William Arthur
  • 1st Pennsylvania Light, Battery B: Cpt James H. Cooper
  • 4th United States, Battery B: Lt James Stewart
  • 5th United States, Battery D: Lt Benjamin F. Rittenhouse

VI Corps[edit]

MG John Sedgwick

Escort:

  • 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company A: Cpt Charles E. Fellows
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Horatio Wright

1st Brigade


   Col Henry W. Brown

2nd Brigade


   Col Emory Upton

3rd Brigade


   BG David A. Russell

  • 6th Maine: Maj George Fuller
  • 49th Pennsylvania: Col Thomas M. Hulings
  • 119th Pennsylvania: Maj Henry P. Truefitt, Jr.
  • 5th Wisconsin: Ltc Theodore B. Catlin
4th Brigade


   BG Alexander Shaler (c)
   Col Nelson Cross

Second Division[20]
     BG George W. Getty (w)
     BG Frank Wheaton
     BG Thomas H. Neill

1st Brigade


   BG Frank Wheaton

  • 62nd New York: Col David J. Nevin
  • 93rd Pennsylvania: Ltc John S. Long
  • 98th Pennsylvania: Col John F. Ballier
  • 102nd Pennsylvania: Col John W. Patterson (k)
  • 139th Pennsylvania: Ltc William H. Moody
2nd Brigade


   Col Lewis A. Grant

3rd Brigade


   BG Thomas H. Neill
   Col Daniel D. Bidwell

  • 7th Maine: Col Edwin C. Mason
  • 43rd New York: Ltc John Wilson (k), Maj John Fryer (k)
  • 49th New York: Col Daniel D. Bidwell
  • 77th New York: Maj Nathan S. Babcock
  • 61st Pennsylvania: Col George F. Smith
4th Brigade


   BG Henry L. Eustis

Third Division
     BG James B. Ricketts

1st Brigade


   BG William H. Morris

2nd Brigade


   BG Truman Seymour (c)
   Col Benjamin F. Smith

Artillery Brigade


   Col Charles H. Tompkins

Cavalry Corps[edit]

MG Philip H. Sheridan

Escort:

  • 6th United States: Cpt Ira W. Claflin (Headquarter)
  • 8th Illinois (detachment): Lt William W. Long (Third Division)
Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
     BG Alfred T. A. Torbert[21]
     BG Wesley Merritt

1st Brigade (Michigan Brigade)


   BG George A. Custer

2nd Brigade


   Col Thomas Devin

  • 4th New York:[22] Ltc William R. Parnell
  • 6th New York: Ltc William H. Crocker
  • 9th New York: Col William Sackett
  • 17th Pennsylvania: Ltc James Q. Anderson
Reserve Brigade


   BG Wesley Merritt
   Col Alfred Gibbs

Second Division
   BG David McM. Gregg

1st Brigade


   BG Henry E. Davies, Jr.

  • 1st Massachusetts: Maj Lucius M. Sargent
  • 1st New Jersey: Ltc John W. Kester
  • 6th Ohio: Col William Stedman
  • 1st Pennsylvania: Col John P. Taylor
2nd Brigade


   Col J. Irvin Gregg

  • 1st Maine: Col Charles H. Smith
  • 10th New York: Maj M. Henry Avery
  • 2nd Pennsylvania: Ltc Joseph P. Brinton
  • 4th Pennsylvania: Ltc George H. Covode
  • 8th Pennsylvania: Ltc Samuel Wilson
  • 16th Pennsylvania: Ltc John K. Robison

Third Division
     BG James H. Wilson

1st Brigade


   Col Timothy M. Bryan, Jr.
   Col John B. McIntosh[23]

  • 1st Connecticut: Maj Erastus Blakeslee
  • 2nd New York: Col Otto Harhaus
  • 5th New York: Ltc John Hammond
  • 18th Pennsylvania: Ltc William P. Brinton, Col Timothy M. Bryan, Jr.
2nd Brigade


   Col George H. Chapman

1st Brigade Horse Artillery


   Cpt James M. Robertson

  • New York Light, 6th Battery: Cpt Joseph W. Martin
  • 2nd United States, Batteries B and L: Lt Edward Heaton
  • 2nd United States, Battery D: Lt Edward B. Williston
  • 2nd United States, Battery M: Lt Alexander C. M. Pennington, Jr.
  • 4th United States, Battery A: Lt Rufus King, Jr.
  • 4th United States, Batteries C and E: Lt Charles L. Fitzhugh

Artillery[edit]

BG Henry J. Hunt[24][25]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Artillery Reserve
     Col Henry S. Burton

1st Brigade


   Col J. Howard Kitching

2nd Brigade


   Maj John A. Tompkins

3rd Brigade


   Maj Robert H. Fitzhugh

  • Massachusetts Light, 9th Battery: Cpt John Bigelow
  • New York Light, 15th Battery: Cpt Patrick Hart
  • 1st New York Light, Battery C: Lt William H. Phillips
  • New York Light, 11th Battery: Cpt John E. Burton
  • 1st Ohio Light, Battery H: Lt William A. Ewing
  • 5th United States, Battery E: Lt John R. Brinckle
2nd Brigade Horse Artillery[11]


   Cpt Dunbar R. Ransom

  • 1st United States, Batteries E and G: Lt Frank S. French
  • 1st United States, Batteries H and I: Cpt Alanson M. Randol
  • 1st United States, Battery K: Lt John Egan
  • 2nd United States, Battery A: Lt Robert Clarke
  • 2nd United States, Battery G: Lt William N. Dennison
  • 3rd United States, Batteries C, F, and K: Lt James R. Kelly

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXVI, Part 1, pages 106-116
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXVI, Part 1, pages 119-136
  3. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXVI, Part 1, pages 1162-1168
  4. ^ The IX Corps was under the direct orders of Lieutenant General Grant until May 24, 1864, when it was assigned to the Army of the Potomac. (see: Official Records, Series I, Volume XXXVI, Part 3, page 169)
  5. ^ a b Sun-struck May 6, 1864
  6. ^ Train guard; not engaged
  7. ^ Train guard
  8. ^ 1st and 2nd Companies Michigan Sharpshooters attached
  9. ^ a b Detached at Warrenton Junction; rejoined Brigade on May 7, 1864 (see: Cutcheon's report)
  10. ^ 9th and 10th Companies Ohio Sharpshooters attached
  11. ^ a b Not engaged
  12. ^ Detachment 7th New York attached
  13. ^ Wounded, but did not relinquish command (see: Gordon C. Rhea, The Battle of the Wilderness May 5–6, 1864, page 395)
  14. ^ 2nd Company Massachusetts Sharpshooters attached
  15. ^ Brady's Company Sharpshooters attached
  16. ^ Assigned May 6, 1864
  17. ^ Small detachment of the 107th Pennsylvania attached
  18. ^ Assigned to First Brigade May 7, 1864
  19. ^ Accidentally disabled May 6, 1864
  20. ^ Brigadier General Getty was wounded May 6, 1864, and was succeeded in command of the First, Second, and Fourth Brigades by Brigadier General Wheaton, who was relieved by Brigadier General Neill early on the morning of May 7, 1864, when the Division was reunited
  21. ^ Relinquished command, on account of sickness May 7, 1864
  22. ^ Detached guarding trains and prisoners
  23. ^ Assigned May 5, 1864
  24. ^ Chief of Artillery to the whole Army
  25. ^ 1st Brigade Horse Artillery detached with Cavalry Corps; 2nd Brigade Horse Artillery attached to the Artillery Reserve (see: Hunt's report)

References[edit]

  • Rhea, Gordon C. The Battle of the Wilderness May 5–6, 1864. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994. ISBN 0-8071-3021-4
  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.