Wildlife forensic science

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Wildlife forensic science is science that is applied to legal questions involving wildlife.[1]

Wildlife forensic laboratories and organizations[edit]

With the initiative of the Society for Wildlife Forensic Science (SWFS), the Scientific Working Group for Wildlife Forensic Sciences (SWGWILD) was formed in 2011.[2]

Scope of wildlife forensics[edit]

While animals and plants are the victims in the crimes of illegal wildlife trade and animal abuse, society also pays a heavy price when those crimes are used to fund illegal drugs, weapons and terrorism. Links between human trafficking, public corruption and illegal fishing have also been reported.[3] The continued development and integration of wildlife forensic science as a field will be critical for successful management of the many significant social and conservation issues related to the illegal wildlife trade and wildlife law enforcement.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wildlife Forensics Laboratory". Law enforcement division. California Department of Fish and Wildlife. Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "About SWGWILD". Society for Wildlife Forensic Science. 14 January 2013. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  3. ^ US Senate Foreign Relations Committee. 2009. Trafficking and extortion of Burmese migrants in Malaysia and Southern Thailand: a report to the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate. Washington, DC
  • Tobe, Shanan S.; Linacre, A. (13 December 2007). "A multiplex assay to identify 18 European mammal species from mixtures using the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene". ELECTROPHORESIS 29 (2): 340–347. doi:10.1002/elps.200700706. 
  • Linacre, A.; Tobe, Shanan S. (13 January 2011). "An overview to the investigative approach to species testing in wildlife forensic science". Investigative Genetics 2 (2). doi:10.1186/2041-2223-2-2. 
  • Tobe, Shanan S.; Linacre, A. (September 2010). "DNA typing in wildlife crime: recent developments in species identification". Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology 6 (3): 195–206. doi:10.1007/s12024-010-9168-7. 
  • Alacs, E. A.; Georges, A.; FitzSimmons, N. N.; Robertson, J. (16 December 2009). "DNA detective: a review of molecular approaches to wildlife forensics". Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology 6 (3): 180–194. doi:10.1007/s12024-009-9131-7. 
  • Espinoza, Edgard O., and Mary-Jacque Mann. 2000. Identification Guide for Ivory and Ivory Substitutes, 3rd edition. Ivory Identification Incorporated, Richmond, VA
  • Ogden, Rob. "Fisheries forensics: the use of DNA tools for improving compliance, traceability and enforcement in the fishing industry". Fish and Fisheries 9 (4): 462–472. doi:10.1111/j.1467-2979.2008.00305.x. 
  • Ogden, Rob; Nick Dawnay; Ross McEwing. "Wildlife DNA forensics – bridging the gap between conservation genetics and law enforcement". Endangered Species Research 9: 179–195. doi:10.3354/esr001144. 
  • Trail, Pepper W. (18 September 2006). "Avian Mortality at Oil Pits in the United States: A Review of the Problem and Efforts for Its Solution". Environmental Management 38 (4): 532–544. doi:10.1007/s00267-005-0201-7. 
  • U.S. Department of State (8 November 2007). "The coalition against wildlife trafficking: working together to end the illegal trade in wildlife". Retrieved 17 May 2014. 
  • Warchol, A. (2004). "The transnational illegal wildlife trade". Criminal Justice Studies (s) 17: 57–73. doi:10.1080/08884310420001679334. 
  • Yates, Bonnie C.; Espinoza, Edgard O.; Baker, Barry W. (13 June 2010). "Forensic species identification of elephant (Elephantidae) and giraffe (Giraffidae) tail hair using light microscopy". Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology 6 (3): 165–171. doi:10.1007/s12024-010-9169-6. 
  • Zimmerman, M. (2003). "The black market for wildlife: combating transnational organized crime in the illegal wildlife trade". Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 36: 1657–1689. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Baker, Barry (1 November 2008). "A brief overview of forensic herpetology". Applied Herpetology 5 (4): 307–318. doi:10.1163/157075408786532048. 
  • Cooper, John E. Cooper, Margaret E. (2007). Introduction to veterinary and comparative forensic medicine ([Online-Ausg.]. ed.). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Pub. ISBN 9780470752944. 
  • Linacre, Adrian. Tobe, Shanan S. (2013). Wildlife DNA Analysis: Applications in Forensic Science. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780470665954. 
  • Wallace, edited by Jane E. Huffman, John R. (2012). Wildlife forensics methods and applications. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9781119953142. 
  • Leakey, Laurel A. Neme ; foreword by Richard (2009). Animal investigators : how the world's first wildlife forensics lab is solving crimes and saving endangered species (1st Scribner hardcover ed.). New York: Scribner. ISBN 978-1416550563. 
  • Welch, Craig (2010). Shell games rogues, smugglers, and the hunt for nature's bounty (1st ed.). New York: William Morrow. ISBN 0061987980. 

External links[edit]